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Here are this week's topics, links only, by order of addition to the list:

Gods, Graves, Glyphs
Weekly Digest #430
Saturday, October 13, 2012

Diet & Cuisine

 Who Mastered Fire?

· 10/06/2012 1:16:02 PM PDT ·
· Posted by presidio9 ·
· 34 replies ·
· Slate ·
· Friday, Oct. 5, 2012 ·
· L.V. Anderson ·

Richard Wrangham, an anthropologist at Harvard, claims that hominids became people -- that is, acquired traits like big brains and dainty jaws -- by mastering fire. He places this development at about 1.8 million years ago. This is an appealing premise no matter who you are. For those who see cooking as morally, culturally, and socially superior to not cooking, it is scientific validation of a worldview: proof that cooking is literally what makes us human. For the rest of us, it means we have a clever retort the next time one of those annoying raw-food faddists starts going on about how natural it...

Biology & Cryptobiology

 DNA has a 521-year half-life

· 10/10/2012 8:32:08 PM PDT ·
· Posted by SunkenCiv ·
· 135 replies ·
· Nature ·
· Wednesday, October 10, 2012 ·
· Matt Kaplan ·

By comparing the specimens' ages and degrees of DNA degradation, the researchers calculated that DNA has a half-life of 521 years. That means that after 521 years, half of the bonds between nucleotides in the backbone of a sample would have broken; after another 521 years half of the remaining bonds would have gone; and so on. The team predicts that even in a bone at an ideal preservation temperature of -5°C, effectively every bond would be destroyed after a maximum of 6.8 million years. The DNA would cease to be readable much earlier -- perhaps after roughly 1.5...

Prehistory & Origins

 Complex Brains Existed 520 Million Years Ago in Cockroach Relative

· 10/11/2012 4:22:26 AM PDT ·
· Posted by SunkenCiv ·
· 10 replies ·
· Scientific American 'blogs ·
· October 10, 2012 ·
· Katherine Harmon ·

Cockroaches and other insects belong to a group called the arthropods, which arose some 540 million years ago. A new Chinese fossil is yielding new insights into how the arthropod brain evolved and shows that within the first 20 million years of the group's emergence, the arthropod brain had already become surprisingly advanced. The new findings are based on a three-inch-long fossil arthropod known as Fuxianhuia protensa, found in what is now China's Yunnan Province and were described online October 10 in Nature (Scientific American is part of Nature Publishing Group)... Fuxianhuia's body is understandably primitive, which is par for...


 How Did Dinosaurs Sleep?

· 10/11/2012 1:09:07 AM PDT ·
· Posted by Renfield ·
· 33 replies ·
· Smithsonian Magazine (blog) ·
· 10-9-2012 ·
· Brian Switek ·

Bone by bone and study by study, paleontologists are learning more than ever before about dinosaurs. But there are still many aspects about prehistoric biology that we know little about. In fact, some of the simplest facets of dinosaur lives remain elusive. For one thing, we don't know much at all about how dinosaurs slept. Did Apatosaurus doze standing up or kneel down to rest? Did tyrannosaurs use their tiny, muscular arms to push themselves off the ground after a nap? And, given the discovery of so many enfluffled dinosaurs, did fuzzy dinosaurs ever cuddle up together to stay warm...


 A Fossilized Scene of a Spider Attacking a Wasp, Preserved for 110 Million Years

· 10/09/2012 2:04:50 PM PDT ·
· Posted by DogByte6RER ·
· 67 replies ·
· IO9 ·
· October 9, 2012 ·
· George Dvorsky ·

Paleontologists have discovered beautifully preserved species trapped in amber before -- but this one is extraordinary. It features a parasitic wasp that has become ensnared in a spider's web, with the owner bearing down on it for an attack. But just before the spider was about to have its meal, a drop of resin flowed down from above, freezing the moment in time. Researchers date the scene to the Early Cretaceous between 97 to 110 million years ago in the Hukawng Valley of Myanmar -- a...

British Isles

 A History of Celtic Britain (1of4) -- Age of Iron

· 10/10/2012 8:25:07 PM PDT ·
· Posted by SunkenCiv ·
· 8 replies ·
· BBC via YouTube ·
· July 22, 2011 ·
· Uploaded by PIETRASZE ·

A History of Celtic Britain (1of4) -- Age of Iron

Scotland Yet

 Neolithic discovery: why Orkney is the centre of ancient Britain

· 10/07/2012 2:56:45 AM PDT ·
· Posted by Renfield ·
· 19 replies ·
· Guardian (UK) ·
· 10-06-2012 ·
· Robin McKie ·

Drive west from Orkney's capital, Kirkwall, and then head north on the narrow B9055 and you will reach a single stone monolith that guards the entrance to a spit of land known as the Ness of Brodgar. The promontory separates the island's two largest bodies of freshwater, the Loch of Stenness and the Loch of Harray. At their furthest edges, the lochs' peaty brown water laps against fields and hills that form a natural amphitheatre; a landscape peppered with giant rings of stone, chambered cairns, ancient villages and other archaeological riches. This is the heartland of the Neolithic North, a...

Roman Empire

 CSIC researchers find the exact spot where Julius Caesar was stabbed

· 10/10/2012 8:46:06 PM PDT ·
· Posted by SunkenCiv ·
· 50 replies ·
· EurekAlert! ·
· Wednesday, October 10, 2012 ·
· CSIC Comunicacion ·

A concrete structure of three meters wide and over two meters high, placed by order of Augustus (adoptive son and successor of Julius Caesar) to condemn the assassination of his father, has given the key to the scientists. This finding confirms that the General was stabbed right at the bottom of the Curia of Pompey while he was presiding, sitting on a chair, over a meeting of the Senate. Currently, the remains of this building are located in the archaeological area of Torre Argentina, right in the historic centre of the Roman capital... Classical sources refer to the closure (years...

 Archaeologists Discover Murder Site Where Julius Caesar Was Assassinated in 44 B.C.

· 10/11/2012 2:55:00 PM PDT ·
· Posted by DogByte6RER ·
· 8 replies ·
· Live Science ·
· October 11, 2012 ·
· Stephanie Pappas ·

Archaeologists believe they have found the first physical evidence of the spot where Julius Caesar died, according to a new Spanish National Research Council report. Caesar, the head of the Roman Republic, was stabbed to death by a group of rival Roman senators on March 14, 44 B.C, the Ides of March. The assassination is well-covered in classical texts, but until now, researchers had no archaeological evidence of the place where it happened. Now, archaeologists have unearthed a concrete structure nearly 10 feet wide and 6.5 feet tall (3 meters by 2 meters)...


 Archeologists uncover new Assyrian site in northern Iraq

· 10/07/2012 10:09:09 AM PDT ·
· Posted by SunkenCiv ·
· 7 replies ·
· Al-Arabiya ·
· Tuesday, 02 October 2012 ·
· Al Arabiya ·

Archeologists working in northern Iraq have discovered a new Assyrian site in the vicinity of the historic Arbil city center, the head of the antiquities office in the Kurdish Province of Arbil, Haydar Hassan, was quoted as saying in an Iraqi newspaper. The Assyrian civilization flourished in northern Iraq between 1000-700 B.C., archeologists were led to discover the site when they exhumed a burial ground, complete with mud brick grave heads. To further unearth this site the foreign archeological team had to study and remove two more layers of civilization under which the Assyrian structure was buried, according to a...


 Crete, 3500-year-old Minoan building found:
  From same period as Knossos Palace, over 1,300 square m

· 10/08/2012 7:06:47 PM PDT ·
· Posted by SunkenCiv ·
· 13 replies ·
· Ansamed ·
· Thursday, October 4 , 2012 ·
· unattributed ·

In the past few years, the remains of an impressive and luxurious building from 3,500 years ago has seen the light. The building has two or three floors and some 80 rooms including workshops and storage rooms over a surface of 1,360 square metres and it is in excellent state. Sapouna-Sakellaraki told To Vima weekly that it is the first Minoan mountain settlement built in the same period as the Palace of Knossos. The archaeologist also said this is the largest summer residence found so far from the Minoan era. The structure of the building shows that it was not...


 Messene, out from under the shadow of Sparta

· 10/06/2012 9:52:36 PM PDT ·
· Posted by SunkenCiv ·
· 10 replies ·
· Athens News ·
· August 17, 2012 ·
· John Leonard ·

Messene's 9.5km-long circuit of stoutly constructed defensive walls enclosed an extensive array of uniquely designed public and private structures... Mt Ithome and its southwestern slopes are soaked in history, their occupation dating back to at least the Early Bronze Age. The city of Messene, within the larger region of the same name, was only founded in 369BC, at the behest of the Theban leader Epaminondas, two years after Boeotian forces had defeated the Spartans at the Battle of Leuctra and ended their domination over the Peloponnese. Messene and its northeastern neighbour Megalopolis, established in 371BC, were intended as a pair...


 Ancient Romans, Chinese Helped Warm Planet

· 10/04/2012 8:25:35 PM PDT ·
· Posted by Milagros ·
· 22 replies ·
· Newser ·
· Oct. 4, 2012 ·

(NEWSER) -- Human activity contributed to climate change long before the Industrial Revolution, according to new research. Scientists analyzing ice core samples from Greenland found a spike in emissions of the greenhouse gas methane during a 200-year period around 2,000 years ago, when the ancient Roman and Chinese empires were at their peak, reports the Los Angeles Times. Researchers believe the rise was caused by the widespread use of charcoal as fuel and the burning of...

PreColumbian, Clovis & PreClovis

 Mexican archaeologists discover the tomb of a pre-hispanic governor in Copalita

· 10/12/2012 7:40:37 PM PDT ·
· Posted by SunkenCiv ·
· 3 replies ·
· Art Daily ·
· Saturday, October 13, 2012 ·
· translator Cristina Perez Ayala ·

The sepulcher of an individual that (possibly) governed a place known today as Bocana del Río Copalita in Huatulco, Oaxaca, 1300 years ago, was discovered by investigators of the ceremonial area of this archaeological site. Here another 38 burials were found, some of which were individuals whom they believe part of the elite. ...archaeologists found a sepulcher made with masonry's stone blocks of about 1.8 meters (5.9 feet) high and 1 meter (3.28 feet) wide. The sepulcher contained the skeleton of an individual, presumably of the male sex who was between 20 and 23 years old at death... estimated to...


 Archaeologists find the largest amount of skulls at the most sacred temple of the Aztec empire

· 10/06/2012 5:37:07 PM PDT ·
· Posted by Renfield ·
· 36 replies ·
· ·
· 10-7-2012 ·
· Adriana Perez Licon ·

MEXICO CITY (AP).- Mexican archaeologists said Friday they uncovered the largest number of skulls ever found in one offering at the most sacred temple of the Aztec empire dating back more than 500 years. The finding reveals new ways the pre-Colombian civilization used skulls in rituals at Mexico City's Templo Mayor, experts said. That's where the most important Aztec ceremonies took place between 1325 until the Spanish conquest in 1521. The 50 skulls were found at one sacrificial stone. Five were buried under the stone, and each had holes on both sides -- signaling they were hung on a skull...

Ancient Autopsies

 Kennewick Man bones not from Columbia Valley, scientist tells tribes

· 10/10/2012 8:02:02 AM PDT ·
· Posted by oh8eleven ·
· 29 replies ·
· The Seattle Times ·
· 10 October 2012 ·
· Lynda V. Mapes ·

Owsley says study shows that not only wasn't Kennewick Man Indian, he wasn't even from the Columbia Valley, which was inhabited by prehistoric Plateau tribes.Tribal members listened for hours to Owsley's highly detailed presentation, but it did not budge their conviction that Kennewick Man is a part of their people's past -- and needs to be reburied.

Megaliths & Archaeoastronomy

 Mysterious Elk-Shaped Structure Discovered in Russia

· 10/12/2012 7:13:56 PM PDT ·
· Posted by SunkenCiv ·
· 25 replies ·
· LiveScience ·
· Thursday, October 11, 2012 ·
· Owen Jarus ·

A huge geoglyph in the shape of an elk or deer discovered in Russia may predate Peru's famous Nazca Lines by thousands of years. The animal-shaped stone structure, located near Lake Zjuratkul in the Ural Mountains, north of Kazakhstan, has an elongated muzzle, four legs and two antlers. A historical Google Earth satellite image from 2007 shows what may be a tail, but this is less clear in more recent imagery. Excluding the possible tail, the animal stretches for about 900 feet (275 meters) at its farthest points (northwest to southeast), the researchers estimate, equivalent to two American football fields....

Central Asia

 Sky Caves of Nepal

· 10/07/2012 3:21:14 AM PDT ·
· Posted by Renfield ·
· 15 replies ·
· National Geographic ·
· 10-2012 ·
· Michael Finkel ·

The skull, a human skull, was perched atop a crumbly boulder in the remote northern reaches of the Nepalese district of Mustang. Pete Athans, the leader of an interdisciplinary team of mountaineers and archaeologists, stepped into his harness and tied himself to a rope. He scrambled up the 20-foot boulder, belayed by another climber, Ted Hesser. ~~~snip~~~ But more intriguing than the skull itself was where it fell from. The boulder Athans scaled sat directly below a soaring cliff, tan rock streaked with bands of pink and white. Toward the top of the cliff were several small caves, painstakingly hand-dug...

Epigraphy & Language

 Maronite Christians Seek To Revive Aramaic Language

· 10/12/2012 11:32:09 AM PDT ·
· Posted by marshmallow ·
· 35 replies ·
· The Jewish Daily Forward ·
· 10/12/12 ·
· Ksenia Svetlova ·

Ancient Israeli Minority Hopes To Win Community Recognition -- On a hot August day in the Galilee, a group of schoolchildren in the Arab Christian village of Jish counted diligently, from one to 10, after their instructor. But the words, though similar to Arabic and Hebrew, were neither. "Chada, tarteyn, telat, arba, khamesh," they recited, "shet, shva, tamney, teysha, asar."At this unique summer camp, some 85 children were being immersed in Aramaic, the language Jesus spoke and in which the Gemara -- one of the Talmud's two major books -- was written. Once the Middle East's lingua franca, Aramaic is an almost...

Helix, Make Mine a Double

 Research unearths Jewish roots in Colorado Indians

· 10/09/2012 7:25:35 PM PDT ·
· Posted by Pharmboy ·
· 68 replies ·
· ynet news ·
· 06.01.12 ·
· Anon ·

Native American Indians from western United States found to have genetic mutation typical of Ashkenazi Jews; connection may date back to time of Christopher Columbus A population of Native American Indians from the US state of Colorado has been found to have a genetic mutation typical of Ashkenazi Jews. The finding suggests the presence of common roots that date back to the days of Christopher Columbus. According to RT news, the so-called "Ashkenazi mutation" is a deleterious modification in BRCA1 gene which increases risk of developing breast and ovarian cancer. Researchers from the Sheba (Tel Hashomer) Medical Center in Israel...

The Vikings

 Happy Leif Erikson Day!

· 10/09/2012 6:02:52 AM PDT ·
· Posted by KC_Lion ·
· 22 replies ·
· October 9th, 2012 ·
· Snorri Sturluson ·

1. kafli Óleifur hét herkonungur er kalladur var Óleifur hvíti. Hann var son Ingjalds konungs Helgasonar, Ólafssonar, Gudrödarsonar, Hálfdanarsonar hvítbeins Upplendingakonungs. Óleifur herjadi í vesturvíking og vann Dyflinni á Írlandi og Dyflinnarskíri og gerdist konungur yfir. Hann fékk Audar djúpúdgu dóttur Ketils Flatnefs Bjarnarsonar bunu, ágæts manns úr Noregi. fiorsteinn raudur hét son fleirra. Óleifur féll á Írlandi í orustu en Audur og fiorsteinn fóru flá í Sudureyjar. fiar fékk fiorsteinn fiurídar dóttur Eyvindar austmanns, systur Helga hins magra. fiau áttu mörg börn.

Age of Sail

 Anglosphere: Celebrating Wrong Italian? (Columbus vs. Cabot)

· 10/13/2002 10:02:58 AM PDT ·
· Posted by Tancred ·
· 7 replies ·
· United Press Int'l ·
· October 12, 2002 ·
· James C. Bennett ·

WASHINGTON, Oct. 12 (UPI) -- A few years ago I chanced to be in Buenos Aires on Columbus Day. It is a major holiday there, during which no business is transacted. I spent the day wandering about town enjoying the celebrations. One plaza held a Columbus Day festival in which passersby could enjoy demonstrations and samples of music, dance, crafts and foods of all the various Latin American nations, and of many of the source-nations of Argentina's immigration. The interesting thing to me was the complete absence of anything representing the United States. This was not a coincidence. Columbus, and...

Twentieth Century Art

 The Discovery Of America By Christopher Columbus (painting by Dali)

· 10/08/2012 5:54:22 PM PDT ·
· Posted by annalex ·
· 42 replies ·
· The Dali Museum ·

The Discovery of America by Christopher Columbus Salvador Dalí 1959 oil on canvas 410 cm x 284 cm (161.4 in x 111.8 in) Salvador Dalí Museum, St. Petersburg, Florida Dalí completed his tenth masterwork, The Discovery of America by Christopher Columbus, in 1959. This work, which is almost 14 feet tall, is an ambitious homage to Dalí's Spain, combining Spanish history, religion, art and myth. This painting was commissioned for Huntington Hartford's Gallery of Modern Art on Columbus Circle in New York. At that time, some Catalan historians claimed that Columbus was actually from Catalonia, not Italy. From that...

Longer Perspectives

 "In 1492, Columbus sailed the ocean blue"

· 10/08/2012 4:11:00 PM PDT ·
· Posted by Starman417 ·
· 36 replies ·
· Flopping Aces ·
· 10-08-12 ·
· Wordsmith ·

"In fourteen hundred ninety-two/ Columbus sailed the ocean blue. "He had three ships and left from Spain/ He sailed through sunshine, wind and rain." -- Source Unknown I'm old enough to remember a time when Christopher Columbus Day was a national holiday that was widely celebrated rather than shamefully downplayed and derided. Columbus has become the symbolic white devil harbinger of all that is evil about America's founding: genocide and manifest destiny imperialism; slavery and racism; annihilation and exploitation of peaceful, "noble savages" living in harmony with the environment. President Obama seems to echo the sentiments of multiculturalist leftists...

 Occupy anti colonial anti capitalist "[snip] Columbus" march results in 22 arrests

· 10/08/2012 5:51:02 PM PDT ·
· Posted by massmike ·
· 24 replies ·
· ·
· 10/08/2012 ·
· n/a ·

Police arrested 22 people during an "anti colonial, anti capitalist" "F--k Columbus Day" march in San Francisco. As they marched, they vandalized cars, slashing the tires of one car and breaking the window of another. They also smashed a Starbucks window. About 15 minutes into the march, they began to throw flares and bags of paint with rocks in them at the police who were accompanying the march.

 Professor mocks Columbus Day with list of "15 most overrated White people'

· 10/08/2012 6:17:20 PM PDT ·
· Posted by oliverdarcy ·
· 122 replies ·
· Campus Reform ·

A prominent Ivy-League professor denounced Columbus Day and mocked those who celebrate it by releasing a list of individuals he deems are the "15 most overrated white people" on Monday. Marc Lamont Hill, Associate Professor of English Education at Columbia University, wrote that the holiday is one of America's "most bizarre cultural rituals" and that he finds it perplexing people "continue to praise the vicious conquistador as a hero." "To honor the true spirit of Columbus Day, I have created my own list of overrated white people," he wrote in his article published on the Huffington Post. The list includes...

Epidemics, Pandemics, Plagues, the Sniffles

 Diary From The HMNZ Tahiti During The 1918 Pandemic

· 10/08/2012 12:00:43 PM PDT ·
· Posted by neverdem ·
· 19 replies ·
· Avian Flu Diary ·
· OCTOBER 08, 2012 ·
· Michael Coston ·

For years historians, epidemiologists, and virologists have been attempting to peel back the cobwebs of time in order to analyze the deadliest pandemic in human history; the 1918 Spanish Flu Pandemic. John Barry's The Great Influenza: The Epic Story of the Greatest Plague in History, has probably done more to reawaken memories of that awful time than any other source, but many gaps in our knowledge remain. Jeffrey K. Taubenberger and David Morens - both researchers at NIAID -- have added considerably to our understanding of the H1N1 virus and the events surrounding its emergence. Taubenberger was the first to...

Oh So Mysteriouso

 World's most mysterious buildings

· 10/11/2012 5:03:46 PM PDT ·
· Posted by SunkenCiv ·
· 26 replies ·
· Yahoo! Travel ·
· Thursday, October 4, 2012 ·
· Adam H. Graham ·

Mysteries come in many forms: ancient, modern, unsolved, and unexplained. But the world's most mysterious buildings are a physical force to be reckoned with. They've become popularized on websites full of user-generated and editor-curated like,, and, an exhaustive database of the unusual. "In an age where it sometimes seems like there's nothing left to discover, our site is for people who still believe in exploration," says cofounder Joshua Foer. Our definition of mysterious is broad and varied. Some buildings on our list are being eaten alive by the earth, such as a lava-buried church in the...

Thoroughly Modern Miscellany

 "Let's Unlose This war"

· 10/12/2012 3:26:13 PM PDT ·
· Posted by TexasBarak ·
· 11 replies ·
· ·
· October 4, 2012 ·
· Orson Scott Card ·

The reason it is so depressing to read Alone, the middle volume of William Manchester's biography of Winston Churchill, is not because the British government was so obtuse in failing to listen to Churchill's constant warnings about the rising menace of Adolf Hitler. Why should that be depressing? After all, when Hitler finally got the war he had wanted for so long, Churchill was elevated at last to be prime minister of Britain, and in that position he saved Britain and, by the way, the world. So this is the prelude to a tale of triumph. It is sad to...


 Keith Campbell, who cloned Dolly the sheep, dead at 58

· 10/12/2012 12:18:38 PM PDT ·
· Posted by mojito ·
· 23 replies ·
· CNN ·
· 10/12/2012 ·
· Staff ·

Keith Campbell, the scientist who helped pioneer the birth of Dolly the sheep, the world's first mammal cloned from fully developed adult cells, has died, according to The University of Nottingham. Campbell, 58, died on October 5, according to a university statement released Thursday. His funeral has been scheduled for October 24. The university did not say how he died. Campbell was part of a team at the Roslin Institute near Edinburgh, Scotland, that cloned Dolly in 1996. Her birth made headlines worldwide, capturing the scientific imagination of many while generating intense controversy over the ethics of cloning. While Campbell...

end of digest #430 20121013

1,465 posted on 10/13/2012 3:54:36 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1463 | View Replies ]

To: 240B; 75thOVI; Adder; albertp; asgardshill; At the Window; bitt; blu; BradyLS; cajungirl; ...

Gods, Graves, Glyphs
Weekly Digest #430 · v 9 · n 14
Saturday, October 13, 2012
30 topics
30 topics, kind of a lot really, and massive variety. I'm going to rip this issue out, because I've barely accomplished anything today.
· view this issue ·
Stuff that doesn't necessarily make it to GGG here on FR sometimes gets shared here, that's my story and I'm sticking with it: Trolls arrive in topics trying to stir up sectarian turmoil and other animosity. They are FINOs and CINOs.

Everything you needed to know about Barry Soetero, you learned on September 11, 2012.
Zero has to go, because it's quite literally him or us. And "him or us" isn't "lesser of two evils".

-- 'Civ, in this topic (and in his FR profile shortly thereafter)
Romney / Ryan in November.
· join list or digest · view topics · view or post blog · bookmark · post a topic ·

1,466 posted on 10/13/2012 4:10:41 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1465 | View Replies ]

Here are this week's topics, links only, by order of addition to the list:

Gods, Graves, Glyphs
Weekly Digest #431
Saturday, October 20, 2012

The Vikings

 Evidence of Viking Outpost Found in Canada

· 10/19/2012 6:11:45 PM PDT ·
· Posted by Engraved-on-His-hands ·
· 76 replies ·
· National Geographic News ·
· October 19, 2012 ·
· Heather Pringle ·

For the past 50 years -- since the discovery of a thousand-year-old Viking way station in Newfoundland -- archaeologists and amateur historians have combed North America's east coast searching for traces of Viking visitors. It has been a long, fruitless quest, littered with bizarre claims and embarrassing failures. But at a conference in Canada earlier this month, archaeologist Patricia Sutherland announced new evidence that points strongly to the discovery of the second Viking outpost ever discovered in the Americas.

Catastrophism & Astronomy

 Earth Was A Baking Lifeless Desert For 5 Million Years

· 10/19/2012 9:11:14 AM PDT ·
· Posted by SeekAndFind ·
· 28 replies ·
· The Register ·
· 10/19/2012 ·
· By Brid-Aine Parnell ·

Boffins have discovered that "lethally hot" ocean temperatures kept the Earth devoid of life for millions of years after the mass extinction that occurred 250 million years ago. The global wipeout that ended the Permian era, before dinosaurs, wiped out nearly all of the world's species. Mass extinctions like these in Earth's history are usually followed by a "dead zone", a period of tens of thousands of years before new species crop up. But the early Triassic dead zone lasted millions of years, not thousands. Boffins now reckon that the extra-long five million year dead zone was caused by screaming...

Megaliths & Archaeoastronomy

 Ancient tomb found at 'Sweden's Stonehenge'

· 10/17/2012 3:41:11 PM PDT ·
· Posted by SunkenCiv ·
· 20 replies ·
· The Local (Sweden) ·
· October 15, 2012 ·
· Rebecca Martin ·

Swedish archaeologists have unearthed what is presumed to be a dolmen, or a portal tomb, that is believed to be over 5,000 years old near the megalithic monument Ale's stones in southern Sweden... Despite a few days of rain, the archaeologists have managed to uncover enough of the site to see that what they have found is like to be a dolmen, a type of megalithic tomb, most often consisting of three or more upright stones supporting a large flat horizontal capstone... According to reports, the archaeologists have found what they believe is an imprint of the tomb, which must...


 'Fox hole' opens passage to Neolithic past, possibly Hades

· 10/20/2012 9:19:10 AM PDT ·
· Posted by SunkenCiv ·
· 26 replies ·
· WBEZ 91.5 Chicago ·
· Thursday, October 18, 2012 ·
· Cassidy Herrington ·

A Field Museum curator is digging around a cave in Southern Greece that's been compared to the mythical underworld, Hades. That cave might help explain why people choose to migrate to big cities or high tail it to the suburbs. And it has a surprising Chicago tie. William Parkinson is the associate curator of Eurasian anthropology at the Field Museum. He is on a research team, called The Diros Project, made up of two Greek and two American archaeologists (both Chicago natives). They are excavating Alepotrypa Cave, which is nearly four football fields long. The researchers compare the most striking...

Scotland Yet

 Ancient 'sauna' unearthed in Assynt

· 10/20/2012 9:09:48 AM PDT ·
· Posted by SunkenCiv ·
· 3 replies ·
· BBC ·
· Wednesday, October 17, 2012 ·
· unattributed ·

Archaeologists have uncovered the remains of what they believe could be an Bronze Age bathing site, or a sauna. The metre-deep pit with a channel to a nearby stream was discovered at Stronechrubie, Assynt, in the north west Highlands. The find was made by the Fire and Water Project, which is run by archaeology and history group Historic Assynt. The project team had been trying to understand what a crescent shaped mound of stones had been created for. Excavations at the mound by archaeologists and volunteers unearthed the pit and channel from beneath a layer of clay. Archaeologists believe it...


 The Most Important Records For Dating Old Objects Were Just Found In A Japanese Lake

· 10/18/2012 2:09:47 PM PDT ·
· Posted by blam ·
· 22 replies ·
· TBI ·
· 10-18-2012 ·
· Dina Spector ·

Lake Suigetsu in Japan -- For tens of thousands of years, leaf and twig fossils have remained undisturbed at the bottom of Lake Suigetsu in Japan. By drilling into well-preserved layers of sediment and extracting cores containing those leaves and twigs, researchers have obtained some of the most accurate records of radiocarbon in the atmosphere yet. These records give a precise estimation of how much radioactive carbon there was in the atmosphere in any given year, and could help increase...

 Core sample sends carbon clock farther back in time

· 10/20/2012 12:07:06 PM PDT ·
· Posted by neverdem ·
· 4 replies ·
· Nature News ·
· 18 October 2012 ·
· Ewen Callaway ·

Sediment from Japanese lake provides more accurate timeline for dating objects as far back as 50,000 years. The carbon clock is getting reset. Climate records from a Japanese lake are set to improve the accuracy of the dating technique, which could help to shed light on archaeological mysteries such as why Neanderthals became extinct. Carbon dating is used to work out the age of organic material -- in effect, any living thing. The technique hinges on carbon-14, a radioactive isotope of the element that, unlike other more stable forms of carbon, decays away at a steady rate. Organisms capture a...

Roman Empire

 Archaeologists Uncover Roman Mosaic in Downtown Sofia

· 10/19/2012 9:17:36 PM PDT ·
· Posted by SunkenCiv ·
· 1 replies ·
· Novinite ·
· Monday, October 15, 2012 ·
· Live News ·

Archaeologists have discovered colorful floor mosaic from the Roman era near the so-called West Gate of Serdica in downtown Sofia. The news was announced Monday by the Mayor of Sofia, Yordanka Fandakova, who visited the archaeological excavations in the company of her Deputy in charge of Culture, Todor Chobanov. The mosaic has an area of 40 square meters and is located in the ruins of a Roman building discovered for the first time between 1975 and 1980 when archaeologists began exploring the site. The works were later abandoned and remained unfinished. Serdica's West Wall followed the current "Washington" and "Lavelle"...

 Cat discovers 2,000-year-old Roman catacomb

· 10/19/2012 9:53:26 PM PDT ·
· Posted by SunkenCiv ·
· 8 replies ·
· Guardian ·
· Thursday, October 18, 2012 ·
· Tom Kington in Rome ·

Rome may not exactly be short of catacombs, but one discovered this week is more deserving of the name than the city's countless other subterranean burial chambers. For Mirko Curti stumbled into a 2,000-year-old tomb piled with bones while chasing a wayward moggy yards from his apartment building. Curti and a friend were following the cat at 10pm on Tuesday when it scampered towards a low tufa rock cliff close to his home near Via di Pietralata in a residential area of the city... Inside the small opening in the cliff the two men found themselves surrounded by niches dug...

 Tomb raiders lead to new archaeological find

· 10/19/2012 9:47:29 PM PDT ·
· Posted by SunkenCiv ·
· 4 replies ·
· Gazzetta del Sud On Line ·
· Friday, October 19, 2012 ·
· ANSA ·

Investigations into the activities of four tomb raiders in the Alban hills near Rome have led to the discovery of a previously unknown site containing ancient Roman votive offerings. The ex-votos date from the fourth to the second century BC and include life-sized statues and depictions of parts of the human anatomy in terracotta offered to the ancient Roman goddess Juno. Police caught the tomb robbers in action as they were stealing the devotional objects from a natural cavity in a tufa wall near Lanuvio and Genzano that did not appear on archaeological maps of the area. The cavity appears...

Religion of Pieces

 A Weak Case for Inaction in Syria

· 10/20/2012 6:34:28 AM PDT ·
· Posted by SunkenCiv ·
· 14 replies ·
· Commentary ·
· Friday, October 19, 2012 ·
· Max Boot ·

There is something that I don't get about opponents of greater American action in Syria, such as the freelance reporter Benjamin Hall, who was recently in Aleppo. He points out, as other observers have, that the rebels are disorganized and that various factions are often at odds with one another. They don't have a central, unified leadership... Hall recommends not arming the rebels -- although he is open to the imposition of a no-fly zone. Here's where I don't follow the logic... while the U.S. is not arming the rebels and is not imposing a no-fly zone or helping to...

Prehistory & Origins

 Islamic Salafists Destroy Ancient Morocco Carvings: NGO (Carvings Date Back 8,000 Years)

· 10/18/2012 8:17:56 PM PDT ·
· Posted by DogByte6RER ·
· 29 replies ·
· AFP ·
· October 18, 2012 ·
· AFP ·

NGO RABAT -- Stone carvings in Morocco's High Atlas mountains dating back more than 8,000 years and depicting the sun as a pagan divinity have been destroyed by Salafists, a local rights group said on Wednesday. "These stone carvings of the sun are more than 8,000 years old. They were destroyed several days ago," Aboubakr Anghir, a member of the Amazigh (Berber) League for Human Rights, told AFP. "One of the carvings, called 'the plaque of the sun,' predates the arrival of the Phoenicians in Morocco," Anghir said. "It lies in a well-known archaeological site...


 Bulgarian Archaeologists Rescue Thracian Treasure from Hwy Construction

· 10/19/2012 7:46:21 AM PDT ·
· Posted by curmudgeonII ·
· 9 replies ·
· Sofia News Agency ·
· Oct. 19, 2012 ·

A real archaeological treasure has popped out underneath the "Struma" highway construction works in western Bulgaria. Archaeologists at the site have managed a last-minute rescue operation, pulling "under the nose" of waiting construction workers and machinery gold soldier breastplates, gold earrings and hairpins, and a number of silver and amber items, the Bulgarian Standard daily writes Friday. The finds came from an unseen so far in size Thracian necropolis in the vicinity of the village of Dren, near the town of Radomir. They have been unearthed in the spring of 2012,...

Middle Ages & Renaissance

 The "Grand Design" for Europe of Henry IV and the Duc de Sully

· 10/13/2012 3:54:36 PM PDT ·
· Posted by Cronos ·
· 4 replies ·
· Henri IV ·
· 1635 ·
· Duc de Sully ·

The "Grand Design" The "Grand Design" was a European confederation project that was progressively drawn up by the duc de Sully between the end of Henri IV's reign in 1610 and Sully's own death in 1641. Sully stated on several occasions that it was Henri IV's concept, and although it is likely that Sully and the king discussed the major points, the evidence seems to indicate that the lion's share of the work was done after 1610. On 26 January 1611, Maximilien de BÈthune , the duc de Sully, submitted his resignation to Marie de MÈdicis, who was acting as...


 Modern-Day Galileo: J. Philippe Rushton (1943-2012)

· 10/13/2012 11:41:04 AM PDT ·
· Posted by River Hawk ·
· 21 replies ·
· Big Think ·
· Oct. 10th, 2012 ·
· Satoshi Kanazawa ·

Last week the world of science lost one of its most courageous and brilliant practitioners, and I have lost a dear friend and colleague. On 02 October, J. Philippe Rushton passed away at an infuriatingly young age of 68. I first learned of Phil's work in 1999 when, as a then member of the Social Psychology Section of the American Sociological Association, I received a complimentary copy of the abridged edition of Race, Evolution and Behavior, which Phil had sent to all 600+ members of the Section at his personal expense. I read it right away, then I purchased and...

Oh So Mysteriouso

 VANITY You Are Transported To The Year 742 AD Europe And Allowed To Bring 3 Items From The Future

· 10/14/2012 8:02:34 AM PDT ·
· Posted by trailhkr1 ·
· 214 replies ·
· Internet ·
· 10-14-12 ·
· Internet ·

What would they be? A gun? Then you are only allowed to bring 2 bullets..see how that works?? Some basic ground rules..has to be a realistic items you can get you hands on tanks etc. You are going with just the clothes on your back + the 3 items to survive an mingle with the folks of the day. Never coming back. Saw this question on another site and wanted to see what you guys would come up with..I will post that link tomorrow after everyone has a chance to come up with their ideas..some people came up with...

The Revolution

 Colonial Baptists used Bible to rally support for revolution

· 10/17/2012 9:42:02 AM PDT ·
· Posted by Alex Murphy ·
· 5 replies ·
· The Baptist Standard ·
· October 16, 2012 ·
· Ken Camp ·

From the days surrounding the American Revolution, Baptists used religious arguments to make political points and political arguments to make religious points, historian James P. Byrd, associate dean at Vanderbilt Divinity School, told a conference at the University of Mary Hardin-Baylor. At the same time Baptists argued for separation of church and state, they did not hesitate to preach on political topics or embrace patriotic causes with religious fervor, Byrd said, addressing an Oct. 12-13 conference on "Baptists and the Shaping of American Culture." In a sense, Baptists reflected their culture. Neither Thomas Jefferson nor Benjamin Franklin accepted orthodox Christian...

The Civil War

 "I Saw John Wilkes Booth Shoot Abraham Lincoln (April 14, 1965)" - 1956 I've Got A Secret on YouTube

· 10/18/2012 7:39:31 PM PDT ·
· Posted by DogByte6RER ·
· 110 replies ·
· YouTube ·
· February 9, 1956 ·
· I've Got A Secret ·

Lincoln Assassination Eyewitness appears on television's "I've Got a Secret" on February 9, 1956. On a 1956 game show, a man appeared who had been present at Ford's Theatre on the night of April 14, 1865. (Note: Link over to the YouTube site provided to watch this amazing historical video.)

World War Eleven

 The Ghosts of World War II: The photographs found at flea markets superimposed on to modern street

· 10/19/2012 2:43:51 PM PDT ·
· Posted by lowbridge ·
· 26 replies ·
· ·
· october 18, 2012 ·
· Emma Reynolds ·

This haunting collection of images shows what it would look like if the ghosts of World War II returned to our streets. The remarkable pictures overlay modern scenes from France with atmospheric photographs taken in the same place during the war. Historical expert Jo Teeuwisse, from Amsterdam, began the project after finding 300 old negatives at a flea market in her home city depicting familiar places in a very different context.

Biology & Cryptobiology

 Cops: Man Says Bigfoot Behind Winnebago Attack

· 10/19/2012 4:09:37 PM PDT ·
· Posted by EveningStar ·
· 22 replies ·
· The Smoking Gun ·
· October 19, 2012 ·

Amazingly, "victim" happens to head sasquatch hunters group OCTOBER 19--A Pennsylvania man today told police that a Bigfoot attacked his 1973 Winnebago motor home, smashing out windows and taillights with a fusillade of rocks.

Longer Perspectives

 Revisiting History: Did JFK Lose the Popular Vote?

· 10/19/2012 12:02:16 PM PDT ·
· Posted by SeekAndFind ·
· 28 replies ·
· RCP ·
· 10/19/2012 ·
· Sean Trende ·

Right now the RCP Averages are showing an odd situation. Mitt Romney leads nationally by one point, but trails in the Electoral College by a 294-244 count. Moreover, electoral vote number 270 (right now, Wisconsin) favors President Obama by a two-point margin. While I believe that an electoral vote/popular vote disconnect of this magnitude is unlikely, it certainly is possible that we'll see another split between the two, especially if the popular vote is decided by less than a point. If that happens, Americans will once again receive a civics lesson in how presidents are really chosen. In particular, we'll...

Thoroughly Modern Miscellany

 America's most attractive politicians: Mitt Romney and Sarah Palin head scientists' list...

· 09/03/2012 2:29:50 PM PDT ·
· Posted by 2ndDivisionVet ·
· 35 replies ·
· The London Daily Mail ·
· September 2, 2012 ·
· Staff ·

Political scientists from UCLA compare candidates based on 'competence' -- Most students interpreted 'competence' as 'attractiveness' -- Mitt Romney scored in the 99th percentile, Sarah Palin in the 95th and Paul Ryan in the 67th -- 'If the election were decided on looks, it would be no contest' -- Republican duo Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan are one of the hottest tickets this nation has ever seen, and now there's proof that its not just their politics. According to professors at the University of California, Mitt Romney scores in the 99th percentile of all politicians for his looks alone, far outpacing his running mate...

end of digest #431 20121020

1,467 posted on 10/20/2012 3:04:26 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (
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