I trap and release about 15-20 raccoons a year and haven’t had to kill any of them yet. Good thing, since I haven’t got a gun, only my boots! Raccoons, possums and sometimes a mink. All after my small chicken flock.
I can’t imagine what kind of idiot goes with bare hands towards wild animals, though.
I usually get rid of only the ones smart enough to get a steel garbage can lid off. Of course a few more may be “encapsulated” before I get the smart one out of the gene pool.