Locke, Hobbes, Newton, Shakespeare, Milton ... the seventeenth century had great minds.
Hobbes’ notion of social contract was rudimentary and not particularly well thought out. It took Locke and Burke to sharpen it to the point that it became a guiding principle for our own Revolution. And it took a misguided zealot like Rousseau to pervert it into the bloodbath that became the French Revolution.
Very well written piece, by the way.
The fundamental problem of absolute authority and power is the question of how to pass it on to succeeding generations. Various schemes have been tried: physical strength, apostolic,blood, riches, and more recently, election by the governed. None of these systems have been entirely successful in maintaining power in the hands of the elites. The latest scheme is selection through the education system.
Obama is the work in progress for this approach. Carefully selected and groomed, he embraces the philosophy of Liberal Facisim and he is given the power to entrench total authority in their hands. The question will be whether they can choose his successor. Hillary Clinton is another who has been groomed for this role, but since those pesky elections are still in place, her ascension is not certain.
Their goal is within their sights. A few more election cycles with the right results will end the election process and begin the Facist elite era of governance. Of course, elections will still be held to keep the peasants fooled and mollified, but the real power decisions will already be made long before some election ritual occurs.
If courage is the foundation of all virtues, then it is probable that cowardice is the foundation of all vices.
Leviathan argues for a social contract and rule by an absolute sovereign
All through this work Hobbes repeatedly refers to "the sovereign" as being one man or a body of men. He does not necessarily stand for autocracy.