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To: ApplegateRanch
That's near Clare Island, old stomping grounds of the famous female Irish smuggler/pirate/privateer Grace O'Malley. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grace_O'Malley Grace O'Malley From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Grace O' Malley (Irish name Gráinne Ní Mháille, also known as Gráinne Mhaol or Granuaile (a corruption of the Gaelic Gráinne Mhaol)) (c. 1530 -c.1603) is an important figure in Irish legend but was in fact a larger than life figure from 16th century Irish history. Clare Island, associated with Grace O' MalleyContents [hide] 1 Early life 2 Marriage to O' Flaherty 3 Second marriage 4 Attack from Galway 5 Later life 6 Fictional portrayals 7 External links 8 Reference [edit] Early life Grace was born into early 16th century Ireland, when Henry VIII was on the throne of England. Under the policies of the English government at the time, the semi-autonomous Irish princes and lords were left mostly to their own devices. Grace was the daughter of Owen Dubhdarra O' Malley, chieftain of the O'Malley clan. The O' Malleys controlled most of what is now the barony of Murrisk in South-West County Mayo and recognised as their nominal overlords the gaelicised anglo-norman Burke or de Burgo family who controlled much of what is now that county. Unusually among the Irish nobility of the time, the O' Malleys were a great seafaring family and taxed all those who fished off their coasts, which included fishermen from as far away as England. Their leader bore the ancient Irish title of The O' Malley. According to Irish legend, as a young girl Grace wished to go on a trading expedition to Spain with her father, and on being told she could not, cut off her hair to embarrass her father into taking her, and thus earning her the nickname "Gráinne Mhaol" (IPA: /ˈgrɑːnʲə veːl/) (Irish maol meaning "bald" or having cropped hair); the name stuck. [edit] Marriage to O' Flaherty Grace was married in 1546 at a young age to Donal An-Chogaidh (Donal of the Batttles) O' Flaherty, tánaist or heir to the O' Flaherty title. Grace bore three children during this marriage. Later the warlike Donal was killed in battle, and Grace recaptured a castle from the Joyces that had been his (now Hen's Castle in Lough Corrib). Grace afterwards returned to Mayo and took up residence at the family castle or tower-house on Clare Island. [edit] Second marriage Grace later married a second time to Richard "Iron Dick" Burke, owner of Rockfleet Castle near Newport. According to tradition they married under Brehon law 'for one year certain', and it is said that when the year was up Grace divorced Richard and kept the castle. It remained for centuries in the O' Malley family and is today open to the public. They had one son, Tibbot Burke nicknamed Tiobóid na Long (Tibbot of the Ships). The meeting of Grace O'Malley and Queen Elizabeth I[edit] Attack from Galway Grace engaged in piracy and her castle at Rockfleet was attacked by an expedition from Galway who wanted to get rid of her. Grace, however, put them to flight and they barely escaped. Later Grace was captured but released some time later. [edit] Later life In the later 16th century English power steadily increased in Ireland and Grace's power was steadily encroached upon. Finally, when two of her sons and her brother were taken captive by a local English ruler, Granuaile sailed to England to petition Elizabeth I of England for their release. The petition was granted, and Granuaile returned to her former ways, though nominally directing her raids against "enemies of England". She died in Rockfleet around 1603. [edit] Fictional portrayals Granuaile's adventurous life has inspired musicians, novelists and playwrights to create works based on her life. The latest artistic project inspired by Granuaile is the upcoming musical play The Pirate Queen by Alain Boublil, Claude-Michel Schönberg and John Dempsey, which will debut at Chicago's Cadillac Palace Theatre in fall 2006. [edit] External links Renaissance-central.com [1] Granuaile O'Malley Web Resources [2] Rootsweb.com [[3]] legends.dm.net[4] Granuaile story and poem The song where Grace O'Malley is celebrated, Óró 'Sé Do Bheatha 'Bhaile Official site for The Pirate Queen musical [edit] Reference Judith Cook, Pirate Queen, the life of Grace O'Malley 1530-1603, 2004, Mercier Press, Cork, ISBN 1-85635-443-1 Patricia Lynch, Orla of Burren (1954), 1970, Knight Books, Brockhampton Press Ltd., Leicester SBN 340 03990 6 (children's literature, historical novel) Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grace_O%27Malley" Categories: 1530 births | 1603 deaths | Women in war |
28 posted on 11/19/2005 10:45:04 AM PST by Kevin OMalley (No, not Freeper#95235, Freeper #1165: Charter member, What Was My Login Club.)
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To: Kevin OMalley

Are you descended from Grace?


32 posted on 11/19/2005 6:00:08 PM PST by Irish_Thatcherite (~~~A vote for Bertie Ahern is a vote for Gerry Adams!~~~)
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