Free Republic
Browse · Search
General/Chat
Topics · Post Article

Skip to comments.

'Speed Gene' in Modern Racehorses Originated from British Mare 300 Years Ago, Scientists Claim
ScienceDaily ^ | January 24, 2012 | NovaUCD

Posted on 01/28/2012 7:50:57 AM PST by SunkenCiv

Scientists have traced the origin of the 'speed gene' in Thoroughbred racehorses back to a single British mare that lived in the United Kingdom around 300 years ago, according to findings published today in the scientific journal Nature Communications.

The origin of the 'speed gene' (C type myostatin gene variant) was revealed by analysing DNA from hundreds of horses, including DNA extracted from the skeletal remains of 12 celebrated Thoroughbred stallions born between 1764 and 1930.

"Changes in racing since the foundation of the Thoroughbred have shaped the distribution of 'speed gene' types over time and in different racing regions," explained Dr Emmeline Hill, the senior author of the study, and a genomics scientist at the School of Agriculture and Food Science, University College Dublin.

"But we have been able to identify that the original 'speed gene' variant entered the Thoroughbred from a single founder, which was most likely a British mare about 300 years ago, when local British horse types were the preeminent racing horses, prior to the formal foundation of the Thoroughbred racehorse."

The international scientific team led by scientists from University College Dublin (UCD), Equinome Ltd and the University of Cambridge, have traced all modern variants of the original 'speed gene' to the legendary Nearctic (1954-1973), and attribute the wider expansion of these variants to Northern Dancer (1961-1990),the son of Nearctic, and one of the most influential stallions of modern times.

(Excerpt) Read more at sciencedaily.com ...


TOPICS: History; Pets/Animals; Science
KEYWORDS: animalhusbandry; equid; godsgravesglyphs; helixmakemineadouble; horse; horses; mtdna; unitedkingdom
Journal Reference: 1. Mim A. Bower, Beatrice A. McGivney, Michael G. Campana, Jingjing Gu, Lisa S. Andersson, Elizabeth Barrett, Catherine R. Davis, Sofia Mikko, Frauke Stock, Valery Voronkova, Daniel G. Bradley, Alan G. Fahey, Gabriella Lindgren, David E. MacHugh, Galina Sulimova, Emmeline W. Hill. The genetic origin and history of speed in the Thoroughbred racehorse. Nature Communications, 2012; 3: 643 DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1644

Speed Gene in Modern Racehorses Originated from British Mare 300 Years Ago, Scientists Claim

1 posted on 01/28/2012 7:51:06 AM PST by SunkenCiv
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv
George Stubbs would have understood:


2 posted on 01/28/2012 8:01:15 AM PST by Parmenio
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv

Breed the best with the best and hope for the best.


3 posted on 01/28/2012 8:04:52 AM PST by Roccus
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; decimon; 1010RD; 21twelve; 24Karet; 2ndDivisionVet; ...

 GGG managers are SunkenCiv, StayAt HomeMother & Ernest_at_the_Beach
Seems like a good moment to trot this one out.

To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list.


4 posted on 01/28/2012 8:18:25 AM PST by SunkenCiv (FReep this FReepathon!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv

Byerley Turk
Godolphin Arabian
Darley Arabian

Those hot bloods bred into the English warm bloods is where it came from.

All horse people know that.

:)


5 posted on 01/28/2012 8:27:41 AM PST by Salamander (If I'm too rough, tell me.....I'm so scared your little head will come off in my hands.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 4 | View Replies]

To: Salamander

Anybody who has ever read the story of the plucky Godolphin Arabian and his mute trainer knows that’s where it came from.


6 posted on 01/28/2012 8:38:38 AM PST by afraidfortherepublic
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 5 | View Replies]

To: afraidfortherepublic

Yep.


7 posted on 01/28/2012 8:44:47 AM PST by Salamander (If I'm too rough, tell me.....I'm so scared your little head will come off in my hands.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 6 | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv

but but but ALLL mutations are BADDDD!


8 posted on 01/28/2012 8:52:06 AM PST by null and void (Day 1102 of America's ObamaVacation from reality [Heroes aren't made, Frank, they're cornered...])
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv

Jimmy the Greek is spinning in his grave.


9 posted on 01/28/2012 8:57:15 AM PST by rabidralph
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: rabidralph

He didn’t beat the spread.


10 posted on 01/28/2012 9:09:38 AM PST by SunkenCiv (FReep this FReepathon!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 9 | View Replies]


11 posted on 01/28/2012 9:09:48 AM PST by SunkenCiv (FReep this FReepathon!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

To: null and void

[singing] Shaft!


12 posted on 01/28/2012 9:11:26 AM PST by SunkenCiv (FReep this FReepathon!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 8 | View Replies]

To: Parmenio; Roccus; Salamander; afraidfortherepublic

Federico Tesio:
Google

13 posted on 01/28/2012 9:19:10 AM PST by SunkenCiv (FReep this FReepathon!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 2 | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv

[refrain] shut you mouf!


14 posted on 01/28/2012 9:32:20 AM PST by null and void (Day 1103 of America's ObamaVacation from reality [Heroes aren't made, Frank, they're cornered...])
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 12 | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv
Google today:

125th anniversary of the worlds largest snowflake.

Compare to the graphics for 4th of July, Memorial Day, Veteran's day, etc.

Company motto: “Don't Be Evil.”

Riiiiiiiiiiiiiight!

15 posted on 01/28/2012 9:38:25 AM PST by null and void (Day 1103 of America's ObamaVacation from reality [Heroes aren't made, Frank, they're cornered...])
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 13 | View Replies]

To: null and void

I hate Google; I use Bing.


16 posted on 01/28/2012 10:24:40 AM PST by Bigg Red (Pray for our republic.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 15 | View Replies]

To: Parmenio

Two Akhal-teke stallions were among the three founding studs of the Thoroughbred breed. The Stavropol Stud in Russia breeds Akhal-teke horses, the famous Golden Argamacks of ancient lore.

The following pictures of Gench, a highly valued sire of Akhal-tekes, strongly resembles early Thoroughbred race horses like the one in that painting. Take a look:

http://www.stavropol-teke.ru/en/gallery/Gench/


17 posted on 01/28/2012 4:48:05 PM PST by SatinDoll (NO FOREIGN NATIONALS AS OUR PRESIDENT)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 2 | View Replies]

Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.

Free Republic
Browse · Search
General/Chat
Topics · Post Article

FreeRepublic, LLC, PO BOX 9771, FRESNO, CA 93794
FreeRepublic.com is powered by software copyright 2000-2008 John Robinson