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TOKYO FACTORIES REPORTED HIT IN RAID; TWO NEW ALARMS KEEP CITY ON ALERT (4/20/42)
Microfilm-New York Times archives, Monterey Public Library | 4/20/42 | David Anderson, F. Tillman Durdin, Frank Hewlett, Ralph Parker, Hanson W. Baldwin

Posted on 04/20/2012 4:33:46 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson

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TOPICS: History
KEYWORDS: milhist; realtime; worldwarii
Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
Reading assignment: New York Times articles delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread
1 posted on 04/20/2012 4:33:50 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
Battle of Bataan, 1942
Micronesia, Melanesia and New Guinea: Japanese Centrifugal Offensive-Japanese Fourth Fleet and South Seas Detachment Operations, December 1941-April 1942
Luzon, P.I., 1941: Centrifugal Offensive, 10 December 1941-6 May 1942-Fourteenth Army Operations on Luzon
Netherlands East Indies, 1941: Japanese Centrifugal Offensive, December 1941-April 1942, Sixteenth Army and Southern Force (Navy) Operations
Southern Asia, 1941: Japanese Centrifugal Offensive (and Continued Operations), January-May 1942
Eastern Europe, 1941: Soviet Winter Offensive – Operations, 6 December 1941-7 May 1942
North Africa, 1940: Rommel’s Second Offensive, 21 January-7 July 1942
2 posted on 04/20/2012 4:35:11 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
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Barbara W. Tuchman, Stilwell and the American Experience in China, 1911-45

3 posted on 04/20/2012 4:37:48 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
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John Toland, The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936-1945

4 posted on 04/20/2012 4:40:52 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
Havoc List Grows – 2
Chinese Reinforce British in Burma (Anderson) – 3
War News Summarized – 3
M’Arthur Ordered to Plan Offensive (Durdin) – 4-5
Priority for Ranks in Leaving Bataan (Hewlett) – 5
Russians Push On against the Finns – 6
Nazis Said to Lose Their Best Fliers (Parker) – 6-7
Texts of Day’s War Communiques – 10-11
Moral Effect of Raids (Baldwin) – 11
5 posted on 04/20/2012 4:44:02 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1942/apr42/f20apr42.htm

British Spitfires reinforce Malta
Monday, April 20, 1942 www.onwar.com

Spitfire taking off from the deck of the HMS RenownIn the Mediterranean... Malta’s precarious position continues. German and Italian bombing continue. When the USS Wasp accompanied by HMS Renown, two cruisers and six destroyers attempt to deliver 47 desperately needed Spitfires to the island, thirty per cent of them are destroyed immediately after landing.


6 posted on 04/20/2012 4:50:51 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://homepage.ntlworld.com/andrew.etherington/frame.htm

April 20th, 1942
MEDITERRANEAN SEA:Operation CALENDAR. Aircraft carriers USS Wasp (CV-7) escorted by the battle cruiser HMS Renown along with 2 cruisers and 6 destroyers ferry 47 Spitfires to Malta. USS Wasp flies off a CAP of Wildcats then launches her first delivery of Spitfires to Malta. They deliver 46 to the island; however, their arrival is also watched on radar screens in Sicily, and Stukas attack; 30 are immediately destroyed and within four days all but six are destroyed. (Jack McKillop)

Paris: Corporal Rohland is severely wounded at metro Molitor, later dying.

Rennes: Resistants attempt to assassinate the leading French fascist Jacques Doriot.

VICHY FRANCE: The new head of the Vichy France government, Pierre Laval, today fawned on Hitler and attacked Britain that but sought friendship with the United States. Speaking on the very day that the Nazis shot 30 hostages in Rouen in reprisal for an attack on a German troop train, Laval called Hitler “a conqueror who did not abuse his victory”. The gigantic battle that Germany was waging against “Bolshevism”. he said, had given a new meaning to the war. But Laval took care not to attack the United States, which he hopes to influence.

ATLANTIC: Unarmed U.S. freighter SS West Imboden, her presence advertised by an accidental fire in her stack, is torpedoed by German submarine U-752 about 200 miles (322 km) off Nantucket lightship and abandoned as she is being shelled by the U-boat. U-752 nears one of the lifeboats and asks about casualties. “That’s good,” one German officer responds when told that the American merchant sailors have come through unharmed. (Jack McKillop)

AUSTRALIA: USAAF Major General George H Brett assumes command of the Allied Air Forces, which has units based in northern and eastern Australia, with advanced facilities in the Port Moresby, New Guinea, area. (Jack McKillop)

PHILIPPINE ISLANDS: Japanese heavy artillery, including 9.5-inch (24,1 cm) mortars, on Bataan smash US positions on Corregidor, 2 miles (3,2 km) away.

The Japanese conquest of the central Philippines is nearly complete as Cebu and Panay are conquered. Small U. S. and Filipino garrisons have fled into the hills of Leyte, Samar, Negros and Bohol. (Jack McKillop)


7 posted on 04/20/2012 4:51:47 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Contrast the 1941 US Gov. being mum on the mission vs. 69 years later on the Osama raid, Biden: “It was the Navy SEALs!”.


8 posted on 04/20/2012 5:04:29 AM PDT by Rebelbase
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To: iowamark; Tainan
From reply #3 above:

Stilwell thought with envy of the 8th Route Army and wished, as he often told his staff, that he could "get those Communists down here to fight."

Does this indicate Stilwell's admiration for communism or his desperate need for troops that will fight? I notice that the other Stilwell quotes in this excerpt are presented as "noted," "said," or "concluded." In this case he "thought," as he often "told his staff." So it is possible Tuchman drew her own conclusion as to what Stilwell might have thought because of her own inclination.

Nevertheless I still see this excerpt as an interesting look at the Burma campaign that I haven't seen elsewhere.

9 posted on 04/20/2012 5:19:44 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Rebelbase

By the same token, contrast the LA Times’ bolstering of the raid “Dolittle Did It!” with recent year’s constant lamentations of troop loses in Iraq, despite the great successes of our troops and then Pres W.

The press is no longer American, it’s liberal, first and foremost.


10 posted on 04/20/2012 5:34:47 AM PDT by ConservativeWarrior (Fall down 7 times, stand up 8. - Japanese proverb)
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To: ConservativeWarrior
The press is no longer American, it’s liberal, first and foremost.

Plus todays media would have headlined, "US aircraft carrier loaded with bombers on deck seen approaching the Japanese coast".

11 posted on 04/20/2012 6:32:00 AM PDT by AU72
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To: AU72

Haha... Too funny. And sad.


12 posted on 04/20/2012 8:41:35 AM PDT by ConservativeWarrior (Fall down 7 times, stand up 8. - Japanese proverb)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

I never said that Gen. Stilwell admired Communism. I said that Barbara Tuchman did. Did Stilwell really often tell his staff how much he admired Communists? Of course not.

Did the ChiComs ever fight against the Japanese in any significant way? No, they did not; in spite of what leftist Americans might claim. The ChiComs were at war with other Chinese.


13 posted on 04/20/2012 8:46:21 AM PDT by iowamark
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Spitfire taking off from the deck of the HMS RenownIn the Mediterranean... Malta’s precarious position continues.

HMS Renown was a battlecruiser and had no flight deck. The Spifires must have taken off from the USS Wasp.


14 posted on 04/20/2012 10:01:02 AM PDT by Cheburashka (It's legal to be out at night in spacesuits, even carrying a rag dolly. Cops hauled us in anyway.)
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To: Cheburashka
I thought that was interesting too. A bit of a typo from the "onwar" guys. Here's a different picture of the Renown. It is Not either of two carriers on the left. (HMS Furious and HMS Courageous).


15 posted on 04/20/2012 10:27:44 AM PDT by CougarGA7 ("History is politics projected into the past" - Michael Pokrovski)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
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How come I never saw hitchhikers like that. I always see the scary looking dude in the dirty orange jumpsuit.

16 posted on 04/20/2012 10:34:14 AM PDT by CougarGA7 ("History is politics projected into the past" - Michael Pokrovski)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
1942 doesn't have nearly the audio files than other years, but here is a news update.

CBS - Mobile Gas News Service

17 posted on 04/20/2012 10:37:13 AM PDT by CougarGA7 ("History is politics projected into the past" - Michael Pokrovski)
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To: iowamark
It's true the Stiwell couldn't stand Chiang kai-Shek.

He called him 'peanut'.

18 posted on 04/20/2012 11:06:10 AM PDT by AU72
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To: iowamark
I never said that Gen. Stilwell admired Communism. I said that Barbara Tuchman did. Did Stilwell really often tell his staff how much he admired Communists? Of course not.

Didn’t mean to imply you did. Sorry if it sounded that way. I was sort of going through the thought process I followed as I reread the passage since you alerted me to Tuchman’s lefty bent. Personally, I have a hard time picturing Stilwell waxing wistfully about getting the People’s Army to join the heroic struggle to rid greater China of the imperialist Japanese pestilence. Maybe more like, “I’d take the goddamn commies if we could get them to stand and fight!”

19 posted on 04/20/2012 11:10:46 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

During the war Whittaker Chambers was an editor at Time magazine. He was fighting a constant battle with the pro-Communist writers. Theodore White, later famous for “The Making of the President” books, was Time’s China correspondent. White was totally under the control of Chou Enlai, as he later admitted.

Whittaker Chambers’ 1952 Autobiography ‘Witness’, Allen Weinstein’s ‘Perjury’, and Sam Tanenhaus’ ‘Whittaker Chambers: a biography’ are all essential reading for those interested in 20th century history.


20 posted on 04/20/2012 11:36:55 AM PDT by iowamark
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

April 20, 1942:


"With his mistress, Eva Braun, at his side, the Führer admires the flowers and gifts presented in celebration of his 53rd birthday on April 20, 1942.
Hitler enjoyed his birthday at his retreat, the Berghof in Berchtesgaden, surrounded by the Bavarian Alps.
Secretive about Eva's presence in his life and disdainful of her girlish tastes, Hitler nonetheless enjoyed the sense of home and comfort she provided.
She played hostess at countless tea parties and evening gatherings of his inner circle."



21 posted on 04/20/2012 11:40:55 AM PDT by BroJoeK (a little historical perspective....)
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To: ConservativeWarrior; Rebelbase; AU72; Homer_J_Simpson; iowamark; CougarGA7
ConservativeWarrior: "The press is no longer American, it’s liberal, first and foremost."

This brings to mind something I've wondered about a long time now...

Suppose that today, an entire allied force of, say, 150,000 troops in some country like Afghanistan or Iraq were in imminent danger of being soon defeated and overrun, with virtually every allied soldier killed or captured?

And suppose that everyone knew this was about to happen, and nobody in authority was doing anything to stop it or even reduce the impending disaster?

Even forget for a moment if the President is Democrat or Republican, since that obviously would make a huge difference.
But even assuming the President is of the same party as his media propagandists, wouldn't you expect that someone, somewhere in the media today would be publicly wringing their hands and sucking their thumbs over the "decline of America" and the "incompetence" or our military?

Has anyone seen such hand-wringing in "today" of 1942?

Just curious...

22 posted on 04/20/2012 12:02:07 PM PDT by BroJoeK (a little historical perspective....)
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