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Planetary wrecking balls: how Jupiter might have destroyed Earth
Christian Science Monitor ^ | May 08, 2012 | Pete Spotts

Posted on 05/20/2012 8:45:06 PM PDT by SunkenCiv

Gas giants orbiting other stars at distances that would fall well inside of Mercury's orbit were the first extrasolar planets discovered. Because of their mass and their close-in orbit, hot Jupiters' effects on their parent stars are more pronounced than in other systems. Once researchers had identified these planets as gas giants, the chin-scratching began.

In our solar system, Jupiter and the other outer gas planets formed beyond what researchers have dubbed the solar system's frost line: a region in the early sun's disk of dust and gas where water, ammonia, methane, and other hydrogen-bearing compounds freeze into ice grains. Inside the frost line, the rocky planets formed.

Two competing scenarios emerged to explain how Jupiter-like gas giants migrated inward. The new report has led one team member to come to a definitive conclusion in the debate.  

The earliest explanation suggested that a hot Jupiter forms beyond the frost line, but gravity from a passing star, or perhaps another massive companion planet, kicks the Jupiter into a highly elliptical orbit around its star. Each time the planet passes close to the star, its orbit is gradually reshaped until the orbit is far less elliptical...

More recently, scientists have posited that Jupiter-class planets could simply migrate inward through the disk of dust and gas surrounding a young star. Under one scenario, it would get so close that it would induce tides on its star, similar to the tides the moon sets up on Earth's seas...

According to this explanation, lower-mass planets could survive in the hot Jupiter's general region.

When the team hunted for evidence of additional planets in the 63 hot-Jupiter systems it studied, it found none.

(Excerpt) Read more at ...

TOPICS: Astronomy; Science
KEYWORDS: catastrophism; hd189733b; jupiter; xplanets
An artist's impression of a 'hot Jupiter,' HD 189733b, being eclipsed by its parent star. [M. Kornmesse/NASA/ESA/REUTERS/File]

Competing scenarios emerge to explain how extrasolar planets migrate inward

1 posted on 05/20/2012 8:45:19 PM PDT by SunkenCiv
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When straying Jupiter went on the pull
SkyMania | February 13th, 2012 | Kulvinder Singh
Posted on 02/15/2012 4:46:03 AM PST by SunkenCiv

2 posted on 05/20/2012 8:46:13 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (FReepathon 2Q time --
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To: 75thOVI; agrace; aimhigh; Alice in Wonderland; AndrewC; aragorn; aristotleman; Avoiding_Sulla; ...

3 posted on 05/20/2012 8:47:04 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (FReepathon 2Q time --
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To: KevinDavis; annie laurie; Knitting A Conundrum; Viking2002; Ernest_at_the_Beach; Mmogamer; ...
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4 posted on 05/20/2012 8:47:11 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (FReepathon 2Q time --
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What’s the Deal With ‘Super-Earth’ Exoplanets?

5 posted on 05/20/2012 9:00:59 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (FReepathon 2Q time --
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