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Survival Sanitation: How to Deal with Human Waste
Tacticalintelligence.net ^ | 8-22-2011

Posted on 11/14/2012 2:14:03 PM PST by Renfield

This is the second post in a three-part series on survival sanitation.

In a SHTF situation, proper sanitation is of utmost importance if you want to keep your family from getting seriously sick. When you add to that a lack of medical facilities due to grid-down issues, staying healthy becomes even more crucial.

In this series I discuss the skills you need to avoid getting and spreading disease, and how to deal with waste and trash when your town and city services are no longer working.

When the grid goes down it doesn’t take long for serious sanitation problems to erupt. Take Auckland New Zealand for example:

In 1998, Auckland suffered a 5-week long power outage that halted water supplies, causing a large part of the city’s apartment dwellers and office workers to lose the ability to flush. Since the average person did not know how to properly deal with human waste, after only three days the resulting lack of wastewater services quickly escalated into a sanitation nightmare.

Here are two accounts of that time (please see footnotes for full articles):

Since water and sewage rely on electrically-driven pumps to get them into office blocks and towers, these services often aren’t available either. What little power is available is being used by emergency and civil services as far as possible, with other services like traffic lights being run if there’s anything to spare. Many office blocks have no power, water, or sewage services available. Combine the lack of sanitation with abscence of airconditioning and you can imagine what conditions are like in parts of these buildings.[1]

And here is an account from someone who was tasked in writing up a white paper for the New Zealand government on the effects caused by no running water:

People in general are not smart. Rather than try and conserve or make a plan once the water stopped flowing, they would flush their toilets. Without power from the force of water pressure the tank doesn’t refill. The domino effect is not only gross but staggering, what human beings that have never lived beyond modern conveniences will do is unimaginable.

What I researched and wrote about blew my own mind…when people were actually confronted with such a situation, they went where ever they could – they filled the toilet, the toilet tank, the tub, the shower, the sink – when the bathrooms became uninhabitable, they went in corners, boxes, bags, closets…most however left by the time they were using the tub. Guess how long that took? That’s right, three days!.[2]

How to Dispose of Human Waste in a Grid-Down Situation

If you’re in a situation where the grid goes down and the water stops flowing, you’ll want to be sure you’re correctly dealing with human waste.

Here’s how:

If You Have a Septic System

First off, if you have your own septic system, you’re in a better spot over others connected to a town/city sewer line. With a septic system, as long as you have availability to water (from storage or any grey water source), you’ll still be able to flush.

How to Flush without Running Water

To flush, you can fill up the back tank until the water reaches the float and then hit the flush lever, or…
If you have a big enough bucket (at least 2 gallons), quickly pour the bucket of water directly in the bowl which…
will trigger the siphoning action and cause it to flush on it’s own.

If you’re short on water, then I recommend you follow the same procedures as those who are connected to town/city sewer lines:

If you are on Town/City Sewer Lines

If you’re connected to a town or city sewer line then the the absolute first step is:

Make sure the sewer main is not down!

If the sewer main is down, don’t flush the toilet. Not flushing will prevent your lines from mixing with neighborhood crap and backing up into your plumbing (not just the toilets but the sink and tub too).

If you’re absolutely sure there is no issue with the sewer lines, then you can follow the same method as someone on a septic system. Just be sure you have enough water for drinking, cleaning and cooking.

Non-Water Dependant Methods of Waste Disposal

Before I get into some of the non-water dependent methods of waste removal, there are three things you need to be mindful of: flies, pests and pets. These guys would like nothing more than to chow down on your business and in some way come into contact with you or your living space.

Flies especially are notorious for landing on your food and plates while eating, and wouldn’t think twice about doing that after having just enjoyed a fecal feast at your expense. And what will soon follow is a fecal-borne pathogen’s ultimate fantasy — amounting to a health nightmare for you and your loved ones.

Given that, you want to do everything in your power to prevent them from coming into contact with your excrement by keeping it covered and clean (more details to follow).

Waste Disposal in a Rural Area

If you live in the boonies or a semi-rural area but are still connected to the grid, consider yourself lucky. For you guys, it’s just a matter of doing your business outside.

The Cat Hole

In a short-term emergency, a few cat holes is all you need. Just take a garden trowel, a small shovel, or a post digger and make a hole about 6-8 inches deep and 4-6 inches in diameter. Do your business in the hole, wipe, throw the toilet paper (or leaves :) ) in there too, and cover it up with the dirt you took out.

Although this is an easy method, here are a few rules you’ll want to abide by:


The Trench Latrine

For a longer-term sanitation solution, you’ll want to build yourself a trench latrine.

A trench latrine is basically an oversized cat hole that is used multiple times. With the exception of dispersing it over a wide area, the same rules above apply to trench latrines as well.

The minimal recommended dimensions are around 1.5 feet (.45 m) wide x 1 foot (.3 m) deep and 2 feet (.6 m) long.

It’s also recommended that you build some type of privacy partition. An emergency situation is stressful enough. You don’t need to give anyone the added pressures of becoming a peep show. For example, a simple partition can be built with a few stakes in the ground with blankets, sheets or tarps stretched between them.

Since it is a multi-use station, you’ll also want to prevent any flies and pests from coming into contact with the exposed excrement. To do this, after each use cover your business with some wood ash, quick lime, or a few inches of the dirt that came out of the ground when making the pit.

Waste Disposal in a City

The average person produces around 2-3 pints of urine and 1 pound of poop a day. Multiply that by the number of people in your family and in a short time you can only imagine the amount of crap that would pile up in an extended grid-down situation in the city.

In most cases, city dwellers (and many suburbanites) do not have access to land where they can safely dig a trench latrine or cat holes. If you are one of these unlucky folk you’ll need to consider other options. Here are two possibilities that you could use:

Use Your Existing Toilet

Even if the sewage lines are down or if you’re short on water, it’s still possible to use your existing toilet:

First, remove as much water as you can from the bowl.
Second, tape a doubled-up trash bag to the underside of the toilet seat and let the bag fill the cavity of the bowl.
Have a pail of wood ash, quicklime, kitty litter or sawdust available so that after each duty is done, the offender can sprinkle a liberal amount over it. This will keep the stench down.
Finally, when the bag is filled up 2/3 the volume of the bowl, add a good amount of quicklime, wood ash or other disinfectant. If you do not have any of these things, you can use dirt with a little bit of a chlorine solution sprayed in it.

After the addition of the disinfectant, securely tie up the bag and place it in a temporary, sealable container (like a 5-gallon bucket or trash container). Keep it in there until you can find a good time and place to dispose of it.

Use a 5-Gallon Bucket

A 5-gallon bucket can be used in a similar way to the toilet as explained above.

Like the toilet-method above, you’ll want to line it with a double-bagged layer of trash bags (heavy duty are highly recommended). For a seat, you can either sit on the rim of the bucket directly (it’s actually not as uncomfortable as you’d think), place your existing toilet seat on it, or place a couple of 2x4s or other similar objects on the rim to fabricate a makeshift seat:

If you feel like spending a little money you can pick up a toilet seat cover made for a 5-gallon bucket.

I’ve also seen them sell bags that are made for these 5-gallon expedient toilets as well as toilet deodorants that control the smell and are made for these types of portable toilets. I don’t have any experience with these but they seem to get good reviews in Amazon (click on an image to see the product and reviews):

For those of you with a bit more money in your pockets, they sell non-electric composting toilets that are completely off-grid, require no water, and supposedly convert human waste into usable compost without odor.

If any of you have these types of toilets, I’d love to hear from your experiences. That may be something that an apartment/city dweller could use in a SHTF situation.

Conclusion

I hope you come out of this post realizing how important the safe disposal of human waste is and how you can properly take care of you and your families waste if times get bad.

In the next and final article in this series I’ll be covering how you can properly dispose of garbage in a grid-down scenario.

Resources

  1. Auckland’s Power Outage
  2. Sanitation in Grid Down Situations


TOPICS: Health/Medicine; Miscellaneous
KEYWORDS: preppers; sanitation; shtf; survival
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1 posted on 11/14/2012 2:14:10 PM PST by Renfield
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To: Renfield

“3 part series on survival sanitation”

That is just sad. lol.


2 posted on 11/14/2012 2:16:59 PM PST by GeronL (http://asspos.blogspot.com)
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To: Renfield

Isn’t it just easier to poop in the hallway of your apartment complex?


3 posted on 11/14/2012 2:18:12 PM PST by MNDude
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To: Kartographer

ping.


4 posted on 11/14/2012 2:20:17 PM PST by JRandomFreeper (Gone Galt)
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To: Renfield; Kartographer

everyone needs a 30,000 gallon septic tank. :p


5 posted on 11/14/2012 2:21:06 PM PST by GeronL (http://asspos.blogspot.com)
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To: Renfield
How to Deal with Human Waste

I just chose to turn off my TV and not watch his press conference...


6 posted on 11/14/2012 2:21:49 PM PST by Buckeye McFrog
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To: Renfield

Or, if you are one of Obama’s people, just go sh*t in somebody else’s hallway or alley and let them deal with it. < / sarcasm >


7 posted on 11/14/2012 2:22:19 PM PST by Vigilanteman (Obama: Fake black man. Fake Messiah. Fake American. How many fakes can you fit in one Zer0?)
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To: Renfield
Survival Sanitation: How to Deal with Human Waste

Too late. He won't be up for election again.

8 posted on 11/14/2012 2:22:32 PM PST by Arthur McGowan (If you're for sticking scissors in a baby girl's neck and sucking out her brains, you are PRO-WOMAN!)
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To: Renfield

Buy plastic disposable gloves now. When water is scarce, washing one’s hands properly may be difficult.


9 posted on 11/14/2012 2:23:58 PM PST by I want the USA back
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To: GeronL

Mine is 10k and I haven’t had to pump it in over three years.


10 posted on 11/14/2012 2:24:13 PM PST by TheRhinelander
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To: Renfield
Humanure - if you can't flush it, what can you do with it?

Humanure can be mulched. The secret is to have a lot of greens. The additional greens will get hot enough to burn off anything.
Dead animals were mulched this way for generations.

There are numerous ways to build a composting toilet on the net. We have emergency 5 gal buckets handy, and even a toilet seat that's designed to sit on top of a 5 gallon bucket. We put up a tall emergency mulch bin away from the house for this type of mulching just in case.

Prepare for the worst and hope for the best.

11 posted on 11/14/2012 2:24:21 PM PST by concerned about politics ("Get thee behind me, Liberal")
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To: Buckeye McFrog
How to Deal with Human Waste
I just chose to turn off my TV and not watch his press conference...

LOL

12 posted on 11/14/2012 2:26:06 PM PST by concerned about politics ("Get thee behind me, Liberal")
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To: MNDude
If you have no need to go outside of your apartment, then yes, NMP or NYP (not my or your problem).

Be prepared to barricade inside for who knows how long then.

13 posted on 11/14/2012 2:29:42 PM PST by Sir Napsalot (Pravda + Useful Idiots = CCCP; JournOList + Useful Idiots = DopeyChangey!)
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To: Arthur McGowan
Too late. He won't be up for election again.

If we're still having elections in 2016, one of his thugs will be running for office.

14 posted on 11/14/2012 2:29:42 PM PST by ArrogantBustard (Western Civilization is Aborting, Buggering, and Contracepting itself out of existence.)
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To: ArrogantBustard

“If we’re still having elections in 2016, one of his thugs will be running for office.”

Sad - but I think most of us feel this way - we’ve just had our last free election.

250 years - we had a great run - too bad the lazy thinkers had to trash mankind’s best hope.


15 posted on 11/14/2012 2:41:27 PM PST by Psalm 73 ("Gentlemen, you can't fight in here - this is the War Room".)
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To: appalachian_dweller; OldPossum; DuncanWaring; VirginiaMom; CodeToad; goosie; kalee; ...

Preppers’ PING!!


16 posted on 11/14/2012 2:46:26 PM PST by Kartographer ("We mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor.")
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To: appalachian_dweller; OldPossum; DuncanWaring; VirginiaMom; CodeToad; goosie; kalee; ...

Preppers’ PING!!


17 posted on 11/14/2012 2:47:04 PM PST by Kartographer ("We mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor.")
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To: Renfield
Saw the thread title and had to click on it to see if it was about disposing of inner city types that might come looking for your food and stuff.

We used rocket pods half burried in the dirt in RVN as urinals, but maybe PVC pipe might be more available here. The old slit trench worked fine for the sit down stuff.

18 posted on 11/14/2012 2:50:10 PM PST by doorgunner69
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To: GeronL
Luckily, we are in an area of the Big Island where cesspools were the norm for decades. Nice porous lava.

Of course, the do-gooders have changed that for new construction to sewer hookups (very rare) or septic tanks. Thankfully we are cesspool, so if we can find enough water to flush...........

19 posted on 11/14/2012 2:54:59 PM PST by doorgunner69
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To: Renfield
"How to deal with human waste"

Fling it at every liberal who passes by.

20 posted on 11/14/2012 3:01:29 PM PST by CatherineofAragon (The idiocracy has come home to roost. God help us.)
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To: Renfield
How do we best deal with it?

Dump it on the White Hut lawn...

21 posted on 11/14/2012 3:04:22 PM PST by Gritty (The can no longer can be kicked down the road. We're all out of road, there's only an abyss-Mk Steyn)
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To: MNDude

That’s what the Occupy crowd would do.


22 posted on 11/14/2012 3:16:51 PM PST by rfp1234 (Arguing with a liberal is like playing chess with a pigeon.)
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To: Renfield

23 posted on 11/14/2012 3:18:05 PM PST by Obadiah (Americans said, "Give us Barabbas!")
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To: Renfield

Ping


24 posted on 11/14/2012 3:18:59 PM PST by JOAT
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To: Renfield

HUMANURE composting toilets. The best way to cleanly dispose of poop. It’s online, I’ve seen it work on a small city lot, used it myself out in the country, it WORKS. Just need buckets and some composting materials - dirt, leaf mould, chipper shredded stuff, sawdust (raw wood, not kiln dried lumber, microbes aren’t there).

http://humanurehandbook.com/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humanure

Trench latrines and cat holes work well, used ‘em both for long periods of time, it composts fast when done properly.


25 posted on 11/14/2012 3:32:48 PM PST by little jeremiah (Courage is not simply one of the virtues, but the form of every virtue at the testing point. CSLewis)
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To: concerned about politics

I just posted the link to Humanure online.

I’ve used that kind of toilet and it works very well. No smell.


26 posted on 11/14/2012 3:35:25 PM PST by little jeremiah (Courage is not simply one of the virtues, but the form of every virtue at the testing point. CSLewis)
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To: Renfield

A few pointers that help things out in some situations.

The US Army came up with a neat technique to dispose of most urine apart from feces. Just get a long section of 5” diameter PVC pipe and bury it in the ground at an angle so that one end is waist high. By keeping most of the urine and feces separate, you significantly reduce the volume needed for a sealed waste container.

Quicklime (calcium oxide) is superb stuff for sanitation, both for feces and human remains. It strongly helps decomposition and kills lots of germs while reducing odor. Keeps down insects as well.


27 posted on 11/14/2012 3:40:42 PM PST by yefragetuwrabrumuy (DIY Bumper Sticker: "THREE TIMES,/ DEMOCRATS/ REJECTED GOD")
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To: GeronL

later


28 posted on 11/14/2012 3:42:00 PM PST by quintr
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To: Renfield

For the people in concrete cities like New York, if you forget these proper ways to deal with waste, or fail to prepare, then at least remember this better than nothing, compromise.

Use the ubiquitous plastic grocery bags from the supermarkets, put them over a five gallon bucket, or over a little waste basket from the bathroom or bedroom, or a big cooking pot, use it, tie it shut and pitch it into a garbage bag until that is full, then seal that.

A couple of weeks of that will stink to all get out, but at least it is separate from your environment, and can be disposed of when garbage service is returned.


29 posted on 11/14/2012 3:43:10 PM PST by ansel12 (Todd Akin was NOT the tea party candidate, Sarah Steelman was, Brunner had tea party support also.)
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To: Renfield
Reminds me of the old book sold in outdoors stores. "How to sh!t in the woods"

Actually, it's good advice. I didn't think about the flies and animals. The water I part I did, but that's obvious.

30 posted on 11/14/2012 3:51:42 PM PST by Darren McCarty (If most people were more than keyboard warriors, we might have won the election)
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To: rfp1234; Sir Napsalot

I was referring to the NJ apartment hallway poopers.


31 posted on 11/14/2012 3:59:02 PM PST by MNDude
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To: MNDude

Only in New York.


32 posted on 11/14/2012 4:05:11 PM PST by BenLurkin (This is not a statement of fact. It is either opinion or satire; or both)
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To: CatherineofAragon

A catapult works well for that. For future reference, take note of the 0bama campaign signs in your neighborhood and use google maps to compute the range and bearing.


33 posted on 11/14/2012 4:07:55 PM PST by smokingfrog ( sleep with one eye open (<o> ---)
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To: smokingfrog

Oh, you have it down, all right. Good tips, LOL.


34 posted on 11/14/2012 4:16:11 PM PST by CatherineofAragon (The idiocracy has come home to roost. God help us.)
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To: MNDude

LOLOLOLOL! Best laugh I had today. (Rough day)


35 posted on 11/14/2012 4:28:53 PM PST by carriage_hill (America - a great idea while it lasted.)
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To: Kartographer; Ladysmith

Bucket Toilets at the ready, SIR! :)


36 posted on 11/14/2012 4:30:14 PM PST by Diana in Wisconsin (I don't have 'Hobbies.' I'm developing a robust Post-Apocalyptic skill set...)
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To: GeronL

http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/2958107/posts?page=6#6


37 posted on 11/14/2012 4:36:46 PM PST by carriage_hill (America - a great idea while it lasted.)
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To: Renfield

Maybe I should build some trench latrines near my property lines. After they’re filled up and covered with brush, they would make a good booby trap.
While we’re on the subject, will there be any posts on booby traps and defenses?


38 posted on 11/14/2012 4:43:58 PM PST by grumpygresh (Democrats delenda est; zero sera dans l'enfer bientot)
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To: concerned about politics
Humanure can be mulched. The secret is to have a lot of greens. The additional greens will get hot enough to burn off anything.

Urine is very high in nitrogen (i.e. "green").
39 posted on 11/14/2012 4:47:40 PM PST by LearsFool ("Thou shouldst not have been old, till thou hadst been wise.")
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To: Renfield
I know I've said this before, but just in case anybody missed it, with a bit of practice you can use a plastic refillable spray bottle full of water as a bidet, drastically cutting down on the amount of TP needed.

(Also good for anyone who has trouble with hemorrhoids.)

40 posted on 11/14/2012 4:59:10 PM PST by Ellendra (http://www.ustrendy.com/ellendra-nauriel/portfolio/18423/concealed-couture/)
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To: quintr

How many peole thought “human aste” was about liberals?


41 posted on 11/14/2012 5:00:50 PM PST by GeronL (http://asspos.blogspot.com)
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To: doorgunner69

cesspools... that is old school..


42 posted on 11/14/2012 5:01:23 PM PST by GeronL (http://asspos.blogspot.com)
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To: Renfield

SAVING this one!


43 posted on 11/14/2012 5:16:06 PM PST by Old Sarge (We are officially over the precipice, we just havent struck the ground yet...)
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To: GeronL
It is amazing that these 'three day dufeses' had no idea that the water heater has gallons of waterf or flushing or boiling. And I shudder to think what happened to the poor souls int he ground floor apartments!

The very first thing I think of when the possibility of power outages arrives is to fill the bathtubs and use a plastic bag to seal the drain plug so the water doesn't seap out. BTW, it takes less than a gallon of water to flush the toilet by pouring fast into the bowl, then slowly pour another pint into the flushed bowl, to leave water sealign the gass from coming into the house via the toilet pipes. When I've had to do this before, I always leave the tank full and flush via direct pour.

44 posted on 11/14/2012 5:41:23 PM PST by MHGinTN (Being deceived can be cured.)
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To: little jeremiah

Funny that this came up. We have a 40 foot sailboat with a holding tank. I hate that thing. I have actually been looking at a couple of different compost toilets for the boat. The Natures head and the c-Head.


45 posted on 11/14/2012 5:56:59 PM PST by sheana
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To: GeronL

Maybe, but no pumping. Works just fine, maintenance free.....I do toss in a bottle of some cesspool treatment stuff once a year for insurance.................


46 posted on 11/14/2012 8:49:27 PM PST by doorgunner69
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To: doorgunner69

Just don’t let the kids swim in it.


47 posted on 11/14/2012 8:59:37 PM PST by GeronL (http://asspos.blogspot.com)
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To: GeronL

“cesspools... that is old school..”

My aunt’s homne in Carlsbad CA is on cesspools, and it’s a 3/4 million dollar home in the city limits.

The only sewer line on the street is a high pressure line going to the sewage treatment facility.

The ground won’t take a perk test and therefore can’t put in leach lines.


48 posted on 11/14/2012 9:14:47 PM PST by dalereed
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To: GeronL
Just don’t let the kids swim in it.

Mebbe we be talking about two different things. The Hawaii cesspool is a concrete vault buried well down. No one gets into it without major excavation. Never know it is there or where it is.

You thinking of something else?

49 posted on 11/14/2012 9:23:06 PM PST by doorgunner69
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To: doorgunner69

mental image was an open pit next to the hot volcanic lava


50 posted on 11/14/2012 9:29:08 PM PST by GeronL (http://asspos.blogspot.com)
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