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Clues to Prehistoric Human Exploration Found in Sweet Potato Genome
Science ^ | 21 Jan 2013 | Lizzie Wade

Posted on 01/21/2013 8:39:59 PM PST by Theoria

Europeans raced across oceans and continents during the Age of Exploration in search of territory and riches. But when they reached the South Pacific, they found they had been beaten there by a more humble traveler: the sweet potato. Now, a new study suggests that the plant's genetics may be the key to unraveling another great age of exploration, one that predated European expansion by several hundred years and remains an anthropological enigma.

Humans domesticated the sweet potato in the Peruvian highlands about 8000 years ago, and previous generations of scholars believed that Spanish and Portuguese explorers introduced the crop to Southeast Asia and the Pacific beginning in the 16th century. But in recent years, archaeologists and linguists have accumulated evidence supporting another hypothesis: Premodern Polynesian sailors navigated their sophisticated ships all the way to the west coast of South America and brought the sweet potato back home with them. The oldest carbonized sample of the crop found by archaeologists in the Pacific dates to about 1000 C.E.—nearly 500 years before Columbus's first voyage. What's more, the word for "sweet potato" in many Polynesian languages closely resembles the Quechua word for the plant.

Studying the genetic lineage of the sweet potato directly has proved difficult, however. European traders exported varieties of sweet potato from Mexico and the Caribbean to the Pacific, and those breeds mixed with the older Polynesian varieties, obscuring their genetic history. Therefore, it's difficult to apply information culled from modern samples to older varieties without a prehistoric control. Now a team of researchers working with France's Centre of Evolutionary and Functional Ecology and CIRAD, a French agricultural research and development center, has identified one such temporal control: sweet potato samples preserved in herbariums assembled by the first European explorers to visit many Polynesian islands.

(Excerpt) Read more at news.sciencemag.org ...


TOPICS: History
KEYWORDS: agriculture; ancientnavigation; animalhusbandry; dietandcuisine; easterisland; godsgravesglyphs; helixmakemineadouble; huntergatherers; kontiki; kontiki2; moai; navigation; polynesia; polynesian; polynesians; raexpeditions; rapanui; southamerica; sweetpotato; thorheyerdahl
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To: martin_fierro; Theoria; SunkenCiv; Charles Henrickson
Humans domesticated the sweet potato in the Peruvian highlands about 8000 years ago

I think potatoes may have been boiled, mashed & stewed for far longer than that...

21 posted on 01/22/2013 9:42:14 AM PST by mikrofon (Hobbit-forming)
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To: bunkerhill7

I’m wondering...did they bring back Lima beans too?


22 posted on 01/22/2013 11:18:14 AM PST by Verginius Rufus
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To: Theoria; HiTech RedNeck; martin_fierro; mikrofon

 GGG managers are SunkenCiv, StayAt HomeMother & Ernest_at_the_Beach
Thanks Theoria, and thanks HiTech RedNeck, martin_fierro, and mikrofon.

Just adding to the catalog, not sending a general distribution.

To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list.


23 posted on 01/23/2013 4:18:31 AM PST by SunkenCiv (Romney would have been worse, if you're a dumb ass.)
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To: Theoria; SunkenCiv

Thanks for posting. It’s interesting to think about possible Polynesia/South America interactions.


24 posted on 02/05/2013 4:00:31 PM PST by colorado tanker
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To: Theoria; SunkenCiv
Dental plaque reveals key plant in prehistoric Easter Island diet
25 posted on 12/19/2014 6:32:36 PM PST by blam (Jeff Sessions For President)
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To: Theoria; SunkenCiv
Easter Island's Ancient Inhabitants Weren't So Lonely After All
26 posted on 12/19/2014 6:34:15 PM PST by blam (Jeff Sessions For President)
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