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Disease and trauma within collapsing Indus Civilisation
Past Horizons ^ | 12-25-2013

Posted on 12/27/2013 3:02:52 AM PST by Renfield

During the third millennium BCE, the Indus Civilisation flourished in what is now northwest India and Pakistan. Between 2200-1900 BCE the culture was characterised by long-distance exchange networks, carefully planned urban settlements such as Harappa and Mohenjo Daro that had sophisticated sanitation facilities, standardised weights and measures, and a sphere of influence that extended over a million square kilometres of territory.

The culture was seemingly at its height when the end came (collapse attributed to climatic change) but recent research published in both the open access journal PLoS ONE and an earlier 2012 article in the International Journal of Palaeopathology has expanded on this hypothesis. A climatic collapse

Recent palaeoclimate reconstructions from the Beas River Valley demonstrates hydro-climatic stress due to a weakened monsoon system may have impacted urban centres like Harappa by the end of the third millennium BCE. However, the impact of environmental change was compounded by disruptions to the regional interaction sphere.

Lead author in both these studies, Gwen Robbins Schug, an Associate Professor of Anthropology at the Appalachian State University, explained, “we assessed evidence for palaeopathology to infer the biological consequences of climate change and socio-economic disruption in the post-urban period at Harappa”...

(Excerpt) Read more at pasthorizonspr.com ...


TOPICS: History; Science
KEYWORDS: archaeology; aryaninvasion; disease; epigraphyandlanguage; godsgravesglyphs; harappa; harappan; indus; indusvalley; tamil

1 posted on 12/27/2013 3:02:52 AM PST by Renfield
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To: SunkenCiv

Ping

I’m taking Mrs. Renfield to Charleston to celebrate our 25th anniversary. I’ll be out of commission for a week or so.


2 posted on 12/27/2013 3:04:08 AM PST by Renfield (Turning apples into venison since 1999!)
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To: Renfield
However, the impact of environmental change was compounded by disruptions to the regional interaction sphere.

What, in the name of St Noah of Webster, is a "regional interaction sphere?"

3 posted on 12/27/2013 3:36:31 AM PST by SES1066 (Quality, Speed or Economical - Any 2 of 3 except in government - 1 at best but never #3!)
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To: SES1066

I find it impossible to read anything that uses “BCE.” It is an immediate giveaway that there is some defective thinking going on.


4 posted on 12/27/2013 3:57:19 AM PST by Vehmgericht
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To: Renfield

Shoot, I thought this was a Prepper article about the disease and trauma in the US during OUR coming collapse.


5 posted on 12/27/2013 4:00:50 AM PST by Lazamataz (Early 2009 to 7/21/2013 - RIP my little girl Cathy. You were the best cat ever. You will be missed.)
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To: Renfield

This article sounds like someone with something to prove to support his politically correct assumptions about our society now.


6 posted on 12/27/2013 4:52:17 AM PST by arthurus (Read Hazlitt's Economics In One Lesson ONLINEhttp://steshaw.org/economics-in-one-lesson/)
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To: Renfield
"Observations of the intersection between climate change and social processes in proto-historic cities offer valuable lessons about vulnerability, insecurity, and the long-term consequences of short-term strategies for coping with our own climate change."

There was not a lot of evidence presented indicating that climate change causes those in the privileged ranks of soceity to bash in the skulls of those less fortunate. However, if I were Michael Mann, I would be very, very careful.

7 posted on 12/27/2013 5:05:03 AM PST by norwaypinesavage (Galileo: In science, the authority of a thousand is not worth the humble reasoning of one individual)
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To: Vehmgericht
I, on the other hand, interpret BCE as Before Christian Era, in which form it makes perfect sense.

BC, on the other hand, means Before Christ. When exactly was that? If Christ is God, and God is eternal, then there cannot be a time before Christ.

8 posted on 12/27/2013 5:12:22 AM PST by reg45 (Barack 0bama: Implementing class warfare by having no class.)
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To: Vehmgericht
I find it impossible to read anything that uses “BCE.” It is an immediate giveaway that there is some defective thinking going on.

Me, too.

Just to annoy these so-called "historian-experts," I play dumb and ask 'em what does "BCE" stand for?

"Before the Common Era."

"Oh? Common to what? Oh...I notice the zero point for your measurement JUST HAPPENS to correspond to Christ's birth...do you mind if I call it 'Before the Christian Era'?"

Then sit back, relax, watch the apopleptic fit set in. ;)

9 posted on 12/27/2013 5:16:54 AM PST by sauron ("Truth is hate to those who hate Truth" --unknown)
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To: SES1066

I took a technical writing class in college many moons ago. We had a guest speaker one day who handed out these neat triple wheels to generate buzz phrases to jazz up our work. Meant in complete satire, that sort of thing has clearly now become serious academic work.

Read about the buzzword generator here; worthwhile:
Cohen buzzword generator
http://www.horton.com/cohenbuzzword.htm


10 posted on 12/27/2013 5:25:44 AM PST by FreedomPoster (Islam delenda est)
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To: Renfield

Translation: Climate change berry berry bad; women, children, minorities hardest hit.


11 posted on 12/27/2013 5:44:02 AM PST by Zeppo ("Happy Pony is on - and I'm NOT missing Happy Pony")
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To: sauron

Technically, Jesus wasn’t born in 1 AD, but several years before.


12 posted on 12/27/2013 5:45:49 AM PST by James C. Bennett (An Australian.)
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To: sauron

How about “GAL” and stop obsessing about trivia like abbreviations for brevity?


13 posted on 12/27/2013 6:22:22 AM PST by John Valentine (Deep in the Heart of Texas)
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To: sauron

The concept of “Common Era” dates back to the 17th Century - it’s nothing new. The designation CE/CBE was originally developed by Jewish scholars in the 19th Century to secularize scientific writing - Anno Domini just doesn’t pass muster in some cultures. Considering the contributions of Jewish academics in Europe, it’s quite understandable.


14 posted on 12/27/2013 6:46:22 AM PST by stormer
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To: Renfield
The culture was seemingly at its height when the end came (collapse attributed to climatic change)...

When they say climatic change do they by chance mean mass immigration from inferior cultures mixed with rampant homosexuality? Maybe I'm just projecting.

15 posted on 12/27/2013 6:55:14 AM PST by Pan_Yan (Who told you that you were naked? Genesis 3:11)
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To: Renfield
Whenever I see “BCE” I stop reading.The same goes with this piece.
16 posted on 12/27/2013 7:23:30 AM PST by Gay State Conservative (Osama Obama Care: A Religion That Will Have You On Your Knees!)
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To: Renfield; StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; decimon; 1010RD; 21twelve; 24Karet; ...
Thanks Renfield.

17 posted on 12/27/2013 8:24:08 AM PST by SunkenCiv (http://www.freerepublic.com/~mestamachine/)
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To: stormer; John Valentine; James C. Bennett; reg45

Thanks.


18 posted on 12/27/2013 8:27:21 AM PST by SunkenCiv (http://www.freerepublic.com/~mestamachine/)
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To: SES1066
What, in the name of St Noah of Webster, is a "regional interaction sphere?"

I think you see one whenver Chris Christie walks fast.

19 posted on 12/27/2013 8:35:08 AM PST by COBOL2Java (I'm a Christian, pro-life, pro-gun, Reaganite. The GOP hates me. Why should I vote for them?)
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To: Renfield

Hmm, I think in “normal people English” this translates to “They had a drought, then farmed their land to dust trying to continue to squeeze crops out of the soil.”. Do I get a cookie?


20 posted on 12/27/2013 8:52:41 AM PST by Fire_on_High (RIP City of Heroes and Paragon Studios, victim of the Obamaconomy.)
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To: Fire_on_High

Actually, there was a very widespread climate disruption, streching from southern Europe, through the eastern Med region, through India.

Nations and cultures all over collapsed. Egypt, Old Babylon, Mycenaean Greeks and others all fell apart in roughly the same time.


21 posted on 12/27/2013 12:18:40 PM PST by jimtorr
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To: SES1066

An interaction sphere is an area that different cultures interact with trade, ideas, etc. The eastern Mediterranean and Mesopotamia are the earliest and best known. The term is used mostly in Anthropology and Economics. Globalization is the idea that all regions are now interrelated. Does this make sense?


22 posted on 12/30/2013 10:16:11 AM PST by fatez ("If you're going through Hell, keep going." Winston Churchill)
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To: fatez
An interaction sphere is an area that different cultures interact with trade, ideas, etc.

Thank you for the response and I guess it could be expected for a professional journal to use 'terms of the art', but that one got my goat. You got to admit that it does sound like one of those buzz word generators without the background knowledge you brought forward. Thank you for the info.

23 posted on 12/30/2013 1:47:48 PM PST by SES1066 (Quality, Speed or Economical - Any 2 of 3 except in government - 1 at best but never #3!)
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To: SES1066

Sure thing, it actually is a little more involved, but that is what it is in essence. Happy New Year!!!


24 posted on 12/30/2013 1:55:45 PM PST by fatez ("If you're going through Hell, keep going." Winston Churchill)
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To: Renfield

Two words. Shrimp and grits.


25 posted on 12/30/2013 3:39:38 PM PST by colorado tanker
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To: SunkenCiv

It’s too bad there is so much pressure for academics to work in a “climate change” angle to their research, but, hey, she got funded.


26 posted on 12/30/2013 4:39:00 PM PST by colorado tanker
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To: colorado tanker; blam
I think, with out any proof, that it went like this: Drought, sharp swords. These thing seem to go together, balm can give a better time line.
27 posted on 12/30/2013 4:52:55 PM PST by Little Bill (A)
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To: Little Bill; blam
The real "climate change" crisis will be the onset of the next ice age when the glaciers start moving south, chewing up arable land and populations start moving south. Something tells me the northerners won't be welcomed with open arms. Sharp swords, indeed.

Glad I won't be here to see it.

28 posted on 12/30/2013 4:57:08 PM PST by colorado tanker
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To: Little Bill; colorado tanker

29 posted on 12/30/2013 5:04:38 PM PST by blam
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To: colorado tanker
Around the time we speak of the Sargonite Empire went South and there was a 300 year drought in the Middle East. Blam had some research about this but I can naught remember the finer points.
30 posted on 12/30/2013 5:05:03 PM PST by Little Bill (A)
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To: blam

That Battle showed that Nappy had hid head up hid A##.


31 posted on 12/30/2013 5:10:12 PM PST by Little Bill (A)
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To: colorado tanker

It’s a little bit of lip service. :’)


32 posted on 12/30/2013 6:05:49 PM PST by SunkenCiv (http://www.freerepublic.com/~mestamachine/)
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