Skip to comments."The Gospel of God . . . Concerning His Son" (Sermon on Romans 1:1-7)
Posted on 03/23/2011 7:24:40 PM PDT by Charles Henrickson
The Gospel of God . . . Concerning His Son (Romans 1:1-7)
During this Lent, and on through Easter Day, were doing a series of sermons based on texts from St. Pauls Epistle to the Romans. Readings in Romans: Righteousness Revealed is our theme, and tonight we come to the fifth of sixteen messages in this series. So far weve had texts from Romans 6, Romans 5, Romans 10, and Romans 4, but tonight we finally get around to going where the epistle begins, in Romans 1.
This is St. Pauls formal introduction to his letter, and it follows the familiar format for an epistle: the name of the writer, Paul; something about him and his office as apostle; a little hint of what is going to be the theme of his letter; the name of the recipients, the church to whom he is writing, and something about them; and then Pauls standard apostolic greeting, Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. So far, so good.
But because this format for opening an epistle is so familiar, we might be tempted to breeze right past it. Lets not do that. There are some nuggets of gold lying right here at our feet, as we walk in the door and enter this epistle. For here Paul says he has been set apart for The Gospel of God . . . Concerning His Son. Its all about Gods Son, Christ Jesus! The gospel is all about him. Pauls apostolic office is all about Gods Son. And so are you, the saints of God, those called to belong to Christ Jesus. You too are all about Gods Son.
The gospel of God, concerning his Son. Paul has not yet been to Rome when he writes this epistle. So hes going to lay out for them the gospel as he preaches it, to make sure they know the basics of the Christian faith. And Paul makes clear, right at the outset, that this gospel, this good news, this message of salvation, is focused and centered on the person and work of Gods own Son, Jesus Christ. Without Christ, there is nothing to preach and nothing to believe.
It is the person and the work of Christ that is paramount. Who Jesus is, and what he has done for us--this is the heart and core of the Christian faith. Get it wrong, gloss over it or take it for granted, and the whole thing goes to pieces. Get it right, put the spotlight and the emphasis on the person and work of Gods Son, Jesus Christ, and what that means for us, and then you have a gospel worth preaching and believing, because its the only gospel there is.
Paul says he was set apart for the gospel of God, and then he tells us what it is: the gospel of God, which he promised beforehand through his prophets in the holy Scriptures, concerning his Son, who was descended from David according to the flesh and was declared to be the Son of God in power according to the Spirit of holiness by his resurrection from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord.
This gospel of God concerning his Son, God promised it beforehand. It didnt appear out of the blue. Long ago in the prophets, that is, in the Holy Scriptures, the Hebrew Scriptures, what we call the Old Testament, God told his people what was coming--or should I say, who was coming: a divinely appointed deliverer, sent to rescue humanity from the curse of sin and death, and to restore all of creation to the beauty and good order God designed for it. God promised this beforehand through his prophets in the holy Scriptures. God promised that he would send the seed of the woman, to crush the serpents head. He promised to send the offspring of Abraham, to bring blessing to all the families of the earth. The Lord God promised to send the Son of David, to usher in an everlasting kingdom, the kingdom of heaven here on earth.
And that is where Paul goes next: the gospel of God . . . concerning his Son, who was descended from David according to the flesh. Now stop right there. Gods own Son, that is, the Son of God from eternity, descended from David according to the flesh. Is not this a wonder? How can this be? How can he be both the eternal Son of God and the historical son of David, born in the flesh? But he is!
You know, Jesus once asked the Pharisees a question, What do you think about the Christ? Whose son is he? They said, The son of David. But Jesus then asked them, quoting Psalm 110, How is it then that David, in the Spirit, calls him Lord, saying, The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand, until I put your enemies under your feet? If then David calls him Lord, how is he his son?
You see, Jesus was getting at the mystery of his own person. As the Messiah, he is the physical descendant of King David. But David himself calls him Lord, acknowledging that the Messiah is greater than he, and in fact sits at the right hand of God Almighty with full divine authority! Son of David, yet also Davids Lord! This is a conundrum, is it not, to our human reason. But this is the mystery of the person of Christ. True God and true man, in one person. God come in the flesh.
And not just any flesh, but specifically, flesh of the line of David, in order to be the great end-time King. King David of old was told that out of his line would come the Christ, the Messiah. 2 Samuel 7: I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever.
The prophets of the Old Testament reminded the people of this promise as a hope to hold on to during dark days. Jeremiah spoke of it: I will raise up for David a righteous Branch, and he shall reign as king. . . . I will cause a righteous Branch to spring up for David.
And it was this promise that the angel Gabriel told the virgin Mary was about to be fulfilled: You will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus. He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. And the Lord God will give to him the throne of his father David, and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom there will be no end.
And so the gospel of God concerning his Son is all about Christ Jesus, descended from David according to the flesh, which is to say, the great end-time deliverer, come to usher in the everlasting kingdom of blessing and glory.
But Paul has even more to say about Gods Son. Descended from David according to the flesh, yes. And declared to be the Son of God in power according to the Spirit of holiness by his resurrection from the dead. And this gets at how the Son of God come in the flesh as the long-promised Davidic Messiah--how he would usher in this everlasting kingdom of blessing. In his earthly ministry, Jesus Christ was indeed the divine Son of God, but that exalted identity was hidden in humility. His divine majesty was hidden in lowliness. His power was hidden in weakness. His glory was hidden in shame.
And this was for a purpose. Christ came as a servant. He came to serve and to give his life as a ransom for many. By going to the cross, willingly, to suffer and die for our sake, the Son of God fulfilled the will of his Father to rescue sinful humanity. Christ bore our sins in our body--that is why he had to come in the flesh. And because he is the holy Son of God, his shedding of blood for our sins has infinite value, to cover all the sins of the whole world. That is why our Savior had to be both true God and true man in one person. The person and the work of Christ are inseparable. Only as true God could he save us. Only as true man could he die for us. The gospel of God concerning his Son is all about the person and work of Christ, for us.
A suffering Savior, God in the flesh, his glory hidden in shame, dying on a cross, to save us from our sins and be our righteousness. Then by his rising from the dead in glory on Easter Day, Christ Jesus is declared to be the Son of God in power. Now its out in the open: Jesus Christ is Lord. Now the full good news is ready to be preached. Its all about Gods Son, Christ Jesus, promised in the Scriptures, descended from David, risen from the dead.
Paul came preaching this message. Its what he was set apart for, called to be an apostle. Paul was all about the gospel, all about Christ. And thats what every preacher since Paul is all about, too. Every preacher, if he is faithful to his office, is all about bringing the gospel to you, to your ears, so you too can believe. Through Christ, Paul says, we have received grace and apostleship to bring about the obedience of faith for the sake of his name among all the nations, including you who are called to belong to Jesus Christ,
The gospel of God, concerning his Son, coming through set-apart called preachers, to you, for you. Thats how it goes. So that you too will join in the obedience of faith. That means the obedience that consists of faith. Obedience, in the sense of hearkening to the voice of God when he calls to you. Listen, God is calling! Calling you with the sweet voice of the gospel. Calling you to forgiveness, faith, and new life. Calling you to eternal life. You, dear friends, are called to belong to Jesus Christ. You are loved by God and called to be saints, that is, Gods holy ones, set apart to belong to him now and for eternity.
The gospel of God, concerning his Son. All the blessings of the gospel come in the name of your Savior, Gods Son, our Lord Jesus Christ. Its all about Jesus! And its all for you.
Paul, a servant of Christ Jesus, called to be an apostle, set apart for the gospel of God, which he promised beforehand through his prophets in the holy Scriptures, concerning his Son, who was descended from David according to the flesh and was declared to be the Son of God in power according to the Spirit of holiness by his resurrection from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord, through whom we have received grace and apostleship to bring about the obedience of faith for the sake of his name among all the nations, including you who are called to belong to Jesus Christ,
To all those in Rome who are loved by God and called to be saints:
Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
Jesus was not descended from David. Matthew 1 and Luke 3:13 actually show different descendancy from David to Joseph. Joseph is not the father of Jesus. Jesus is the Son of God. If you do not believe Jesus is the Son of God ,you go to Hell. (John 3:16). Joseph is irrelevant.
False. The Scriptures say he is, in numerous places. If you do not think Jesus Christ is the Davidic Messiah, you either do not know the Scriptures very well or you do not believe them.
Jesus is the Son of God.
True. The Scriptures say he is, in numerous places.
Matthew 1 and Luke 3:13 actually show different descendancy from David to Joseph.
Matthew traces Jesus' legal descent from David, through Joseph, who adopted him. Luke traces Jesus' physical descent from David, through Mary, who gave birth to him.
I do not know what you think you are doing or defending, in denying that Jesus is the Messiah.
Well ,of course you are wrong . “Jesus, when he began his ministry, was about thirty years of age, being the son (as was supposed) of Joseph, the son of Heli, 24the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Melchi, the son of Jannai, the son of Joseph.”
The irrelevancy of Joseph is beyond discussion. The errantcy of the scriptures is beyond doubt here. There are two lineal decendancies here on Joseph and who could care less? Jesus is the Son of God through the virgin Mary. What are you talking about? http://antinomianism-salvation.blogspot.com/
I would rather believe the Bible than you, who claim the Scriptures are errant.
I guess you are saying the angel Gabriel was wrong. I'll go with Gabriel.
I’ll also go with The Word, and Gabriel as well as the prophets.
Jesus, during His time here on earth, was 100% man and 100% God.
He still is! His dual nature did not cease when he ascended into heaven.
So Jesus is not the Son of God as God says in Luke 3:22. If Jesus is not the Son of God as you believe (he being the Son of Joseph) then we are all doomed.
Yes . The Old Testament was wrong. Jesus is clearly the Son of God— not Joseph. Not from David’s loins. David is not God.
I never said Jesus was a physical son of Joseph. Clearly, he is not. As the Apostles' Creed states, Jesus Christ was "conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the virgin Mary."
But Jesus is indeed, through Mary, "descended from David according to the flesh," as Romans 1:3 directly states--as do the other NT passages I quoted, and many others as well. If you do not believe Jesus is descended from David, then you are denying that he is the Christ. If you do not believe that Jesus is descended from David, you are saying that both the Old Testament and the New Testament are wrong.
What is your religion? What kind of a church do you belong to? Are you a Gnostic?
Show me a scripture that Mary descended from David. Then explain to me why the linage of Joseph is relevant to any thing and why it is different in Matthew from the linage in Luke? It is not the same. Did they just make it up?
Romans 1:3, for starters. How was Jesus "descended from David according to the flesh," if not through Mary? Jesus is descended "according to the flesh" only through the virgin Mary.
Then take all of the many Old Testament passages that state that the Christ will be descended from David. Then take all of the many New Testament passages that state that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of David.
Do you know how many times David is mentioned in the New Testament? Over 50 times. In many of those passages, the fact that Jesus is descended from David, that he is the Son of David, is directly stated.
Matthew 1:1, "The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David. . . ."
Many times in the gospels Jesus is called by the Messianic title, "Son of David."
In Matthew 22 (and the parallels in Mark 12 and Luke 20), Jesus refers to himself as the Christ, both David's son and David's Lord.
In Luke 1, in the Annunciation account (appropriately enough, since today, March 25, is the Annunciation), the angel Gabriel tells the virgin Mary that her son, Jesus, "will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. And the Lord God will give to him the throne of his father David."
In the genealogy in Luke 3, Jesus is shown to be descended from David.
2 Timothy 2:8, "Remember Jesus Christ, risen from the dead, the offspring of David, as preached in my gospel. . . ."
Revelation 22:16, "I, Jesus, have sent my angel to testify to you about these things for the churches. I am the root and the descendant of David, the bright morning star."
How do you get around all these clear passages? Besides which, how many times is Jesus called "Christ"? Hundreds of times! But he could not be the Christ if he were not descended from David!
If you say that Jesus is not descended from David, that he is not the Christ, then you are disagreeing with THE ENTIRE BIBLE.
Jesus is the Son of God. He is not the son of Joseph. He cannot be the Son of both. The Old testament was just as wrong as it could be and the scholars try to boot strap off of Joseph which is silly and the Mary. No where does it say Mary was from the loins of David. I do accept you extrapolation from Romans. But good discussion and we both are saved through simple belief that Jesus is the Son of God so it is academic unless you think Jesus was the son of Joseph as is implied in Matthew 1 and Luke 3 and of course those scriptures are errors.
Furthermore, neither the Old Testament nor the New Testament is "wrong," as you claim. And Matthew's genealogy and Luke's genealogy are not in conflict. Matthew's Infancy Narrative (chaps. 1-2) is told from Joseph's perspective. Luke's Infancy Narrative (chaps. 1-2) is told from Mary's. Joseph is the legal, adoptive father of Jesus--not physical, not according to the flesh. Mary is the physical mother of Jesus, and she too is descended from David.
Is that so difficult for you to understand?
Again, are you a Gnostic? What kind of church do you belong to?
You really must read Luke 3: 22 et seq and then you will feel so silly. Not a word about Mary. In fact, its all about Joseph. Why do you say “Mary” ? “OF the Flesh” Means that God on Earth — I. E. Jesus was “of the Flesh” rather than spirit. Why do you keep trying to put a square peg in a round hole? It is quite entertaining though.
Do you believe that humanity is still part of the godhead then? Would that not mean that G-d is not Triune but Triune + Human?
No the problem is with the new testament. Matthew has Jesus coming through a cursed king jeconiah, whos offspring would never sit on the throne of David.
Luke has Jesus coming through Nathan instead of Solomon. Cant be. The messiah HAS to come through Solomon.
Both NT genealogies are fataly flawed.
Plus, the bible NEVER says the messiah will be from a virgin birth. That is a mistranslation of the Hebrew word HaAlma, which means the young woman. Not virgin.
And furthermore, the passage in Isaiah is about a prophecy long ago fulfilled. It was a sign for King Ahaz. What was the sign? Not a virgin birth, it was the AGE OF THE CHILD. "Before the child reaches the age of knowing right from wrong....the two wicked Kings would be killed". That was the sign for King Ahaz. check it out.
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