We tend to think the Framers walked into the Convention with a fully developed concept of separation of powers. Early debate over the Council of Revision illustrated otherwise. While it was assumed Americans would never stand for a President with Kingly attributes, delegates were concerned the President would be rolled by headstrong Congresses. The short experience of the thirteen States in which weak Executives could exert little pushback against populist Legislatures prompted Governor Randolph and the VA delegation to give the Executive a little back up support from the Supreme Court. Fortunately, the majority came to realize it would be improper to structurally involve the Judiciary in political decisions.
Notice the various strengths of Executive vetoes. From absolute to conditional on two thirds or three fourths Congressional overrides, the delegates had to decide to what extent this new Executive could defeat majoritarian decisions of the popularly elected House and State appointed Senate. Heady stuff.
Good Morning and Thank You!
Very much so. Thanks for your work. History/Education BUMP!