My dad is reading Bernard Bailyn’s ‘The Barbarous Years’, concerning the North American Colonies from 1600-1675.
Now those were remarkably harsh times for everyone involved. You could make a case that the indentured servants of that time, mostly British, lived very rough lives, but their masters didn’t have it much better.
One interesting story I heard in New Orleans concerned the digging of the canals. The canals were dug by Irish laborers because the work was considered far too dangerous for risking slaves. Slaves were expensive, something we often don’t consider.
indeed...with a price tag neverending