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The Fall of a Worthy Foe-The Dying Gaul:Attalos I of Pergamon, National Gallery of Art
Wall Street Journal ^ | January 24 ,2014 | Catesby Leigh

Posted on 01/27/2014 7:37:58 AM PST by lbryce

During the 230s B.C., Attalos I of Pergamon in Asia Minor decisively defeated marauding tribes of Gauls. Known for their muscular physique and the feral appearance imparted by the thick, manelike locks of hair they washed with water and lime, these Celtic warriors were at various times a terror to Greeks and Romans alike. In 387 B.C. they had plundered Rome itself.

"The Dying Gaul," on loan to the National Gallery of Art, in Washington, from Rome's Capitoline Museum through March 16, is a superb antique copy of a sculptural masterpiece originally intended to commemorate the Pergamene triumph. Attalos I (who ruled 241-197 B.C.) probably commissioned the original bronze sculpture himself, as part of a larger composition devoted to the theme of a vanquished but noble adversary. One other complete sculpture, also extant in the form of a high-quality marble copy, can be associated with near certainty with this larger composition: the "Gaul Committing Suicide With His Wife" in the National Museum of Rome's Palazzo Altemps.

(Excerpt) Read more at online.wsj.com ...


TOPICS: Arts/Photography; Chit/Chat; History
KEYWORDS: art; attalos; attalosi; dyinggaul; galatia; gaul; gauls; godsgravesglyphs; italy; pergamon; romanempire; sculpture; thedyinggaul

Created to commemorate a celebrated war victory, 'The Dying Gaul' is on display at
Washington's National Gallery of Art, the first time in two centuries that the sculpture
has left Italy.

One other complete sculpture, also extant in the form of a high-quality marble copy, can be associated with near certainty with this larger composition: the "Gaul Committing Suicide With His Wife" in the National Museum of Rome's Palazzo Altemps.

The "Gaul Committing Suicide With His Wife"

Often, art has served as basis for others to emulate in achieving a legacy larger than life. There are those among us, leaders, heads of state, illegitimate and unpopular, vainglorious, self-aggrandizing, bereft of any legacy of their own to speak of, might consider following in the footsteps of those exemplified in art, sculpture, as their only means to achieving immortality.

1 posted on 01/27/2014 7:37:58 AM PST by lbryce
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To: SunkenCiv

Art, history, the ancient world, a trifecta of sunkenciv indulgences.


2 posted on 01/27/2014 7:46:43 AM PST by lbryce (Obama:The Worst is Yet To Come)
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To: lbryce

Just after that battle, someone invented clothes


3 posted on 01/27/2014 7:58:51 AM PST by GeronL (Vote for Conservatives not for Republicans!)
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To: lbryce

We saw it earlier this month. Anyone who can get to the National Gallery should just go.


4 posted on 01/27/2014 8:02:06 AM PST by EDINVA ( m)
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To: GeronL
Well, the Emperor is still not wearing them.
5 posted on 01/27/2014 8:02:48 AM PST by lbryce (Obama:The Worst is Yet To Come)
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To: lbryce

One of the most beautiful sculptures in western art. I saw it thousand years ago at the Capitoline.


6 posted on 01/27/2014 8:04:53 AM PST by miss marmelstein (Richard Lives Yet!)
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To: EDINVA

My husband just said he has never seen it. I think we’ll do a trip to Washington - it’s only 3/4 hours away. Hurray for the National Gallery for this coup!


7 posted on 01/27/2014 8:09:58 AM PST by miss marmelstein (Richard Lives Yet!)
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To: FReepers

Click The Pic To Donate

Support FR, Donate Monthly If You Can

8 posted on 01/27/2014 8:22:20 AM PST by DJ MacWoW (The Fed Gov is not one ring to rule them all)
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To: lbryce

“What a [community activist] is now about to perish!”


9 posted on 01/27/2014 8:54:22 AM PST by pierrem15 (Claudius: "Let all the poisons that lurk in the mud hatch out.")
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To: miss marmelstein

I don’t think the museum allows taking pictures of works of art on display, but if they do, it would be great to have you post them here at FR, at your convenience.


10 posted on 01/27/2014 9:30:21 AM PST by lbryce (Obama:The Worst is Yet To Come)
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To: DJ MacWoW

Uh,oh. Nekid pictures of the Wookie making the rounds again on the internets.


11 posted on 01/27/2014 9:32:44 AM PST by lbryce (Obama:The Worst is Yet To Come)
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To: lbryce

I think you can take photos - I took a photo of a Giorgione/Titian there several years ago - I was given permission. Nice to know the Gaul is with us. He has always reminded me of Kirk Douglas in “The Vikings,” lol.


12 posted on 01/27/2014 9:38:54 AM PST by miss marmelstein (Richard Lives Yet!)
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To: lbryce

Yup. That poor cat!


13 posted on 01/27/2014 9:44:05 AM PST by DJ MacWoW (The Fed Gov is not one ring to rule them all)
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To: miss marmelstein

You are quite the romantic!


14 posted on 01/27/2014 9:45:48 AM PST by lbryce (Obama:The Worst is Yet To Come)
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To: lbryce

Not really. I just like art & movies.


15 posted on 01/27/2014 9:50:03 AM PST by miss marmelstein (Richard Lives Yet!)
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To: miss marmelstein

The Gallacian will be at the NGA till March 16. EVERYONE there was snapping photos. He’s in the rotunda area at the main entrance. Surprisingly, nothing really special about the presentation.

Right now there’s a special exhibition on Byzantium that’s just wonderful. http://www.nga.gov/content/ngaweb/features/byzantine.html. NGA is such a magnificent place, hard to imagine just how much priceless art is housed there.

You might consider parking at the Greenbelt Metro station, close to where I95 meets the Beltway, and taking Metro to the Archives stop 1+ blocks from the NGA. It’s a 26 minute ride; $3.50/$2.30 for seniors (plus $1 for farecard) and $4.50 parking from 10:30a till closing (@ midnight). A LOT less time and $$ than driving to downtown to park. Just a thought.


16 posted on 01/27/2014 4:01:15 PM PST by EDINVA ( m)
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To: lbryce; StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; decimon; 1010RD; 21twelve; 24Karet; ...
Thanks lbryce.

17 posted on 01/27/2014 7:32:23 PM PST by SunkenCiv (;http://www.freerepublic.com/~mestamachine/)
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To: lbryce
‘The Dying Gaul’ is wearing a Torc around his neck.

It's strange that what most of the world saw as a symbol of slavery, the Gauls saw as the badge of a free man.

18 posted on 01/27/2014 10:35:19 PM PST by exodus
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To: EDINVA

Thanks for the info. Interestingly, when I saw the Gaul at the Capitoline, he was in the entrance hall, almost overlooked it seemed to me.


19 posted on 01/27/2014 11:39:34 PM PST by miss marmelstein (Richard Lives Yet!)
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To: exodus

The torc led people to believe for many years that he was a gladiator rather than a warrior.


20 posted on 01/27/2014 11:42:11 PM PST by miss marmelstein (Richard Lives Yet!)
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To: miss marmelstein
There are so many things we misunderstand due to our ignorance of the cultural context of symbolism.
21 posted on 01/28/2014 5:53:45 AM PST by exodus
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To: exodus

Of course, it seems educated art critics were mislead about this ancient statue.

By the way, I was wrong regarding Kirk Douglas and the Vikings. Indeed, he did model his appearance on the Dying Gaul - but in the film Spartacus.


22 posted on 01/28/2014 6:06:37 AM PST by miss marmelstein (Richard Lives Yet!)
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To: miss marmelstein

No, I am Spartacus!!


23 posted on 01/28/2014 8:06:41 AM PST by exodus
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To: exodus

I’d probably be the one person not to say that!


24 posted on 01/28/2014 8:12:14 AM PST by miss marmelstein (Richard Lives Yet!)
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To: EDINVA

You might consider parking at the Greenbelt Metro station....

***
You are tempting me, but how safe is the Light Rail these days?


25 posted on 01/28/2014 2:00:42 PM PST by Bigg Red (O LORD, our Lord, how majestic is your name in all the earth! Ps 8)
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To: Bigg Red

I haven’t heard of any incidents in quite some time. Ever since a fatal crash @ 4 years ago they have had endless track work. I ride somewhat regularly and feel safe. hahahaha -— LOTS safer than driving on the Beltway.

As to crime AT the stations (punks), haven’t heard of that in quite some time, either.

Greenbelt Metro Station works for visitors from the N; Vienna from the W; and Springfield from the S. You can use “Rider Tools” at wmata.com. Now you HAVE to use a farecard ($1.00). They are available at ALL stations. If you’re eligible for reduced (disabled/senior) fares, there’s a special card available at only a few places (possibly by mail). All that info is available at the Metro website under fares or farecards (not the easiest to navigate but with patience, it’s quite doable). DO come. A day at the National Gallery (and you might throw in the Natl Archives across the street) is a wonderful experience.


26 posted on 01/28/2014 2:25:59 PM PST by EDINVA ( m)
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To: EDINVA

Okay. Thanks very much.

Will have to work on the DH about planning a visit.


27 posted on 01/28/2014 2:42:08 PM PST by Bigg Red (O LORD, our Lord, how majestic is your name in all the earth! Ps 8)
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To: lbryce; SunkenCiv
Gaul Committing Suicide with his Wife.


28 posted on 01/28/2014 2:51:18 PM PST by colorado tanker
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