Free Republic
Browse · Search
General/Chat
Topics · Post Article

Skip to comments.

Nazism is Socialism
The Free Market ^ | Sept 2001 | Adam Young

Posted on 01/30/2004 12:42:48 AM PST by GeronL

Nazism is Socialism
Adam Young

By the standards of the Left, Adolf Hitler would have been deemed a "great statesman," had he died before he started the war (or if he had won it). That's because the left tends to measure greatness by the amount of land and number of people under one man's thumb. By that standard, Hitler was a great socialist-which is precisely what he and his part aspired to become.

The problem began in the Weimar Republic. In order to counterbalance the Reichstag, the president of Germany was given broad powers: he was directly elected, could make treaties and alliances, was supreme commander of the armed forces, could dissolve the Reichstag and submit any of its laws to a referendum, and, under the infamous Article 48, had the power to suspend civil and political liberties "in case of emergency."

This was done in 1933 and remained the basis of Hitler's "legality" throughout the Nazi period when he succeeded Hindenburg as president in 1934. Hitler occupied both the presidency and the chancellorship, and their powers were combined into the "office" of führer. The Reichstag passed the Enabling Act, which transferred to the cabinet the Reichstag's legislative functions.

Decrees abolished the states' parliaments or diets, abolished their flags and symbols, and reduced them to provincial status and mere administrative divisions of the central government. With the stabilization of the regime came the sprawling tentacles of the state octopus- an alphabet-soup of executive administrative agencies, forty-two in all (which, by the way, as of 1992, the United States government has fifty-two such executive agencies). And in addition to these forty-two agencies were the regular Cabinet, the Secret Cabinet Council, the Reich Defense Council and its many working committees, the Ministry of Education, the Office of the Deputy Führer, the Office of the Plenipotentiary of War Economy, the Office of the Plenipotentiary of Administration, the Office of the Delegate for the Four Year Plan, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Economics, and so on.

In 1933 Germany had an estimated six million unemployed. Like his contemporaries in the capitals and governments of the world-and like so many politicians today-Hitler had little interest in economics and, in fact, was totally ignorant of economic theory. Although economic centralization had to wait until political opponents and organized opposition was suppressed or liquidated, the Nazis' "new deal" began almost immediately.

For instance, in October 1933, Hitler declared that "the ruin of the German peasant will be the ruin of the German people." New farm programs were instated, along with propaganda about Blut und Bloden. Hitler appointed as head of the Ministry of Food and Agriculture Walther Darre, who in 1929 published a book, The Peasantry as the Life Source of the Nordic Race.

Darre wished to "reform" the production and marketing of food and to raise prices for farmers. Darre's entire program was designed with one objective in mind: to insulate the peasant farmer from the market. To this end, Darre issued the Hereditary Farm Law in 1933, which had the purpose of preventing foreclosure on or the sale of farmland-at the expense of the peasant farmers` liberty. This "law" established that only Aryan Germans who could prove the purity of their bloodline back to 1800 could own a farm.

Every farm up to 308 acres was declared a hereditary estate-it could not be sold, divided, mortgaged or foreclosed on for debt. With the death of its owner, it would pass to his nearest male relative, who in turn was obligated to provide an income and education for his relatives. The peasant farmer was called a bauer or peasant, an "honored title" that he forfeited if he broke the "peasant honor code"-that is, if he stopped farming.

To compliment this the Reich Food Estate was established to regulate the conditions and production of the farmers. Its vast bureaucracy enforced regulations that touched all areas of the farmer's life and his food production, processing, and marketing. It was headed by Darre himself as "Reich Peasant Leader."

The Reich Food Estate had two goals: to jack up agricultural prices, and to make Germany "self-sufficient in food." Darre arbitrarily fixed the prices of agricultural products: within the first two years of the regime, wholesale prices rose 20 percent, and for cattle, vegetables, and dairy products, the rise was even steeper. But the farming sector was not exempt; the additional costs of these artificial prices were passed on to all consumers.

For its first year, the regime concentrated on a program of government grants of loan credit; stimulus bills for public works, such as road-building and forestation; and it "targeted tax cuts" to enterprises that increased capital expenditure and increased their number of employees. But from 1934 onward, the implementation of the Wehrwirtschaft, or war economy, became the model to which business and labor were subordinated and which was designed to function, not just in time of war, but in the period before war began.

The economy of total war was based on rearmament-the construction and maintenance of an enormous war machine to which all of society was subordinated. To do this the regime resorted to inflation. Hjalmar Schacht, the minister of economics, printed Reichmarks, and manipulated their official exchange value so that, at one time, they were estimated to have 237 different official values. He arranged barter deals with foreign governments and invented financial instruments that were issued by the central bank and "guaranteed" by the government, and that were kept "off-budget" to pay for rearmament. German banks were required to accept them, and they were discounted by the central bank. The minister of finance explained to Hitler that these were "merely a way of printing money."

In 1936, Göring's Four Year Plan was inaugurated. This made Göring, who was almost as ignorant about economics as Hitler, Germany's economic dictator. In the drive for a total war economy, protectionism was decreed and autarchy the desire-the so-called "Battle of Production." Consumer imports were nearly eliminated, price and wage controls were enacted, and vast state projects were built to manufacture raw materials.

The bureaucratization of the economy necessarily followed suit. Walther Funk, who replaced Walther Schacht as minister of economics in 1937, admitted that "official communications now make up more than one half of a German Manufacturer's entire correspondence" and that "Germany's export trade involves 40,000 separate transactions daily; yet for a single transaction as many as forty different forms must be filled out."

Businessmen and entrepreneurs were smothered by red tape, were told by the state what they could produce and how much and at what price, burdened by taxation, and were forced to make "special contributions" to the party. Corporations below a capitalization of $40,000 were dissolved and the founding of any below a capitalization of $2,000,000 was forbidden, which wiped out a fifth of all German businesses.

The cartelization of industry-which began before the Nazi regime-was made compulsory, and the Ministry of Economics was empowered to form new compulsory cartels or to force firms to join existing ones. The maze of business and trade associations created to lobby the Weimar Republic for various considerations in the law were nationalized and made compulsory for all businesses.

The Reich Economic Chamber was established on top of all these associations. It consisted of seven national economic groups, twenty-three economic chambers, seventy chambers of handicrafts, and one hundred chambers of industry and commerce. From these bureaucracies and the numerous offices and agencies of the Ministry of Economics and the Office of the Four Year Plan rained down a flood of decrees and laws, which in turn created for businesses the need on the one hand for lawyers and a legal department to understand these rules, and on the other, for a systematic regime of bribing officials.

Then, in February 1935 all employment came under the exclusive control of government employment offices which determined who would work where and for how much. And on June 22, 1938, the Office of the Four Year Plan instituted guaranteed employment by conscripting labor. Every German worker was assigned a position from which he could not be released by the employer, nor could he switch jobs, without permission of the government employment office. Worker absenteeism was met with fines or imprisonment-all in the name of job security. A popular Nazi slogan at the time was "the Common Interest before Self"!

And in his foreword to the 1936 German language edition of his General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money, John Maynard Keynes wrote: "The theory of aggregate production, which is the point of the following book, nevertheless can be much easier adapted to the conditions of a totalitarian state than the theory of production and distribution put forth under conditions of free competition and a large degree of laissez-faire."

Social life too, was centralized by the Reich. Under the organization "Strength through Joy," the leisure time of the people was regimented. No organized social, sport or recreational groups-from chess and soccer clubs to bird-watching, to adult education, to the theatre, opera, and music concerts-were allowed to function without the oversight of the state. Besides the social costs of not trusting people to be able to look after themselves, there were the enormous costs of this vast bureaucracy that policed the private activities of the citizens.

Local traditions were attacked and eliminated, private firearms were outlawed and confiscated, and the amalgamation of the various Christian churches and the elimination of Christian symbols from public places and schools was attempted. Education, too, came under central control under the Reich Minister of Education, which designed the curriculum, rewrote textbooks, and licensed teachers.

Last but not least, and perhaps the Nazis' true unspoken legacy, is their doctrine of collective guilt which is now so fashionable to deploy not only against the Germans themselves, but also against Catholics, Palestinians, Jews, Muslims, and so many others; which is the basis for the claim of reparations for black slavery; and which has been most recently used against the Serbs as well as the Chinese. Collective guilt has returned as central-state policy in relation to official victims' groups and their alleged victimizers and has become the central feature of political ethics debates today.

In Germany, Britain, France, and the United States, among so many others, we still hear the same old calls for protectionism, for national development and "national policies," for price controls and wage and farm subsidies, for greater central control over and funding for education, for wealth redistributionism schemes and moral justifications, and for the resolute maintenance of a war economy in peacetime. We see that all these so_called progressive causes lead to is social waste, grief and mounting anger.

Ludwig von Mises reminded us in Human Action that the Nazis used "Jewish" as a synonym for "capitalist." What these 46 percent of Germans-and, indeed, vast majorities in all nations-don't see is that these very same so-called good policies inevitably result in the drive to war and total control. The latter necessitates the former as the inevitable proposed remedy for economic decline and impending collapse. It is unfortunate that so many who believe that it is necessary to learn from the past have not learned the true lessons.


Adam Young is studying computer science in Ontario, Canada (adam_young@hotmail.com). Further Reading: William L. Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: A History of Nazi Germany, vol. 2: Triumph and Consolidation, chap. 8: "Life in the Third Reich: 1933-1937.


TOPICS: Business/Economy; Education; History; Reference; Society
KEYWORDS: economy; nazi; nazileft; socialism
So much for the liberals who keep calling Nazi's "right-wingers"

This should be sent to all the talk show hosts...

Interesting stuff

1 posted on 01/30/2004 12:42:49 AM PST by GeronL
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

To: JohnHuang2; Sabertooth; mhking; Travis McGee; cajungirl
A history lesson you won't get in school. Plus something to print and hand out to your leftist friends.
2 posted on 01/30/2004 12:43:46 AM PST by GeronL (www.ArmorforCongress.com ............... Support a FReeper for Congress)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: GeronL
Thanks for the ping, amigo
3 posted on 01/30/2004 12:44:25 AM PST by JohnHuang2
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 2 | View Replies]

To: JohnHuang2
Its amazing what you can learn from the Mises.org website... even if you can't agree with them 100% on politics. They are really good when it comes to economics.
4 posted on 01/30/2004 12:46:32 AM PST by GeronL (www.ArmorforCongress.com ............... Support a FReeper for Congress)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 3 | View Replies]

To: The Bat Lady
Synchronicity-with-our-earlier-converstion PING....
5 posted on 01/30/2004 1:35:21 AM PST by TheSarce
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: TheSarce
There are dozens of great articles like this on the mises.org website... I agree with them on economics.. their Free Market newsletters are all available on the website. Its a great resource, lots of good stuff there.
6 posted on 01/30/2004 2:13:52 AM PST by GeronL (www.ArmorforCongress.com ............... Support a FReeper for Congress)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 5 | View Replies]

To: GeronL
Yep!!!

Ayn Rand once wrote that the end-point for liberals is either communism or Nazism.

Either way - when confroned with reality, socialists in the past seem to like killing people in large numbers when their dreams fall flat.
7 posted on 01/30/2004 2:32:43 AM PST by The Raven
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: The Raven
There is a saying that true communism will have a very short ending.

Production ends, people starve.

Hey, FR has been mentioned in several newspaper articles lately, I just did a google search...

8 posted on 01/30/2004 2:38:34 AM PST by GeronL (www.ArmorforCongress.com ............... Support a FReeper for Congress)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 7 | View Replies]

To: GeronL
Excellent post. Bookmarked.
9 posted on 01/30/2004 3:42:23 AM PST by 11B3 (I support post-term abortion on demand for leftists, especially if we could demand it.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 8 | View Replies]

To: GeronL; Howlin; Ed_NYC; MonroeDNA; widgysoft; Springman; Timesink; dubyaismypresident; Grani; ...
This is something that needs to go in everyone's library/bookmark list...

Thanks for posting it!!!!

Just damn.

If you want on the list, FReepmail me. This IS a high-volume PING list...

10 posted on 01/30/2004 5:53:35 AM PST by mhking
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: GeronL
bttt. Good Stuff.
11 posted on 01/30/2004 6:07:29 AM PST by SquirrelKing (a href="http://www.michaelmoore.com" target="_blank">miserable failure)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: The Raven
I always thought killing people in large numbers was their dream.
12 posted on 01/30/2004 6:26:11 AM PST by xp38
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 7 | View Replies]

To: GeronL
I watched a History Channel program on the SS that I had on tape the other day. By the end of the program, they stopped referring to them as Nazis and constantly called them "Right-Wingers". It could have been an interesting documentary, but that just made me sick. Those people were anything BUT conservatives. Their name is proof of that.
13 posted on 01/30/2004 6:46:00 AM PST by JustPlainJoe
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: GeronL; imintrouble; E.G.C.
. . . It is high time to discard, once and for all, these most harmful illusions about the possibility of “unity” or “peace” with the Dittmanns and the Crispiens, with the Right wing of the German Independent Social-Democratic Party, the British Independent Labour Party, the French Socialist Party, etc. It is high time for all revolutionary workers to purge their parties of these trends, and form genuinely united Communist parties of the proletariat.

N. Lenin

September 24, 1920

Letter To
The German and the French Workers
. . . which makes clear that Lennin applied the term "right wing" to other socialists who were not sufficently militant.

And as Hayek bemoans in a preface to later editions of his classic The Road to Serfdom, American usage of the word "liberal" means "very nearly the opposite" of what Hayek meant, writing in Britain. That, to my understanding, is because the brand name "socialism" didn't sell in America as it did in Europe, so the socialists rebranded themselves "liberals"--thereby taking from those of us whom Americans now call "conservatives" what Hayek called "a nearly indispensible word."

"Liberal" socialists and "conservative" advocates of freedom to change are really a singular American confusion. And the confusion of "right wing" versions of socialism with--of all things--American traditions of freedom, is of a piece with that. And no accident. Indeed the very root "social" in "socialism" is deceitful; socialists systematically conflate "society" with "government." They do so because "society" is a nice, cooperative word whereas "government"--their actual intent--is coersion. And they do it so unremittingly that we have learned to check our wallets whenever we hear the word "social." Notwithstanding the fact that social interaction--e.g., free markets--is what we stand for. But they have essentially evicerated the word.

Such systematic confusion betrays the existence of a systematic effort to control the language and thus to control thought--that is, Newspeak. The natural question is, "How could Newspeak possibly be instituted in free America?" I believe that I am converging on the answer in this FR thread. A sort of conspiracy, actually driven by obvious commercial incentives, operates in plain sight in journalism. Anyone with one eye open has seen it, but (surprise!) it is hard to give it a name.


14 posted on 01/30/2004 6:51:45 AM PST by conservatism_IS_compassion (Belief in your own objectivity is the essence of subjectivity.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: conservatism_IS_compassion
BTTT!!!!!!
15 posted on 01/30/2004 7:19:15 AM PST by E.G.C.
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 14 | View Replies]

To: GeronL
This "law" established that only Aryan Germans who could prove the purity of their bloodline back to 1800 could own a farm.

Every farm up to 308 acres was declared a hereditary estate-it could not be sold, divided, mortgaged or foreclosed on for debt. With the death of its owner, it would pass to his nearest male relative, who in turn was obligated to provide an income and education for his relatives. The peasant farmer was called a bauer or peasant, an "honored title" that he forfeited if he broke the "peasant honor code"-that is, if he stopped farming.

The Old Testament can I believe be used to suport the idea of, as law of the founding era put it, holding property "in fee tail." Precisely how the feudal estates were held together--the oldest son inherited the entire real estate of his father with the proviso that he had to pass the entire real estate down to his oldest son. Which of course excludes the idea of using the property as collateral for a loan; it would be illegal to relinquish ownership of it.

The inheritor of such land might easily be "property poor," and (according to Dumas Malone's biography of Jefferson) it was common for members of the House of Burgess of Virginia to get a law passed which allowed a member to sell a particular parcel of land to escape the problem. But Jefferson, when he fell into the clutches of that trap, cut the Gordian Knot--he pushed through the House of Burgess the following law:

Holders of property in fee tail

shall be holders of property in fee simple.

Problem solved. Not evaded, but abolished.

The irony of Hitler's version is that it pretty clearly turns the landowner into a de facto serf.

16 posted on 01/30/2004 7:31:00 AM PST by conservatism_IS_compassion (Belief in your own objectivity is the essence of subjectivity.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: GeronL
INTREP - WV: Marxism and Socialism
17 posted on 01/30/2004 9:37:03 AM PST by LiteKeeper
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: GeronL
good read. bookmarking.
18 posted on 01/30/2004 3:09:04 PM PST by King Prout ("Islam" is to "Peace" as a Zen Koan is to a binary logical "if-then" statement)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: xp38
I always thought killing people in large numbers was their dream

Under 'pure' socialism, production stops and people stave, experiment over.

19 posted on 01/30/2004 5:12:35 PM PST by GeronL (www.ArmorforCongress.com ............... Support a FReeper for Congress)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 12 | View Replies]

To: conservatism_IS_compassion
fascinating stuff
20 posted on 01/30/2004 5:13:00 PM PST by GeronL (www.ArmorforCongress.com ............... Support a FReeper for Congress)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 16 | View Replies]

To: mhking
Thank you for sending this to me.
21 posted on 01/31/2004 8:23:07 AM PST by Rollee (Our country is not the doormat nor the ATM of the world!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 10 | View Replies]

To: GeronL
Very good read. This should come in handy in the future.
22 posted on 02/01/2004 11:44:30 AM PST by Prodigal Son
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: GeronL
bump
23 posted on 02/01/2004 5:18:15 PM PST by nkycincinnatikid
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: GeronL
bump
24 posted on 02/01/2004 8:10:51 PM PST by foreverfree
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: af_vet_1981; Guillermo
BUMP for reading
25 posted on 03/07/2004 8:29:26 PM PST by GeronL (http://www.ArmorforCongress.com......................Send a Freeper to Congress!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: GeronL

26 posted on 03/26/2004 10:41:59 PM PST by Tailgunner Joe
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Tailgunner Joe
LOL

someone been looking at the links on my FR homepage?

27 posted on 03/26/2004 10:43:27 PM PST by GeronL (Freep, Freep........ Freeping to the Oldies.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 26 | View Replies]

To: GeronL; All
great post.

28 posted on 12/24/2012 3:08:07 PM PST by skinkinthegrass (Who'll take tomorrow,spend it all today;who can take your income & tax it all away..0Bama man can :-)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 2 | View Replies]

To: skinkinthegrass

Wow, I didn’t know posts this old would still work. Some of my good ones don’t seem to exist any more.

:p


29 posted on 12/24/2012 8:07:46 PM PST by GeronL (http://asspos.blogspot.com)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 28 | View Replies]

To: GeronL; All
I didn’t know posts this old would still work.
history, always work; if someone is paying attention...
and who knows how to teach it
...


30 posted on 12/24/2012 8:43:02 PM PST by skinkinthegrass (Who'll take tomorrow,spend it all today;who can take your income & tax it all away..0Bama man can :-)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 29 | View Replies]

To: GeronL
Here in America the National Socialist Democrat Workers Party (Nationalsozialistische Democrat Arbeiterpartei, abbreviated NSDAP or simply “the Nazi Party”, or even more simply “the Democrats”) use strongarm tactics to remove Christianity from public view, populate the universities and newsrooms to rewrite history and propagandize the daily news, attack traditional cultural institutions like marriage, the nuclear family, and even the Boy Scouts, and personally destroy scientists and professors who do not toe the line with regard to Democrat Party doctrine on abortion, embryonic stem cells, the environment, and “global warming”.

Naturally, imposing rationed state-controlled health care on the masses, threatening to suppress opposing opinion and free speech through a “fairness doctrine”, and using quasi-terrorist tactics to stonewall any attempt to roll back socialism (for example, legislators in Wisconsin fleeing the state with a clap on the back from Fuhrer Ubama in order to prevent a vote on pending legislation) perfectly fits the modus operandi of America's own 21st century Nazi party.

In other words, America’s Democrats are operating in EXACTLY the same way the original version of their party operated in Germany during the 1930s.


31 posted on 12/24/2012 8:48:50 PM PST by Lancey Howard
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Lancey Howard; All
You wanted; Change 1838 = 2009.
well...You got it; coming to a locale near you.
thanks to this year's very low information voter...

Well, 0'Buttcracks' Media Minions have four (more) years to make his "Personality Cult"
even stronger....North Korean Great Leader; the personal embodiment of Kim Il Sung lives!"

TIME got it all wrong...It wasn't Barrack Hussein OBama the 2013 Person of the Year
it was really The Very Low Information Voter...he's still an empty suit / chair.

32 posted on 12/24/2012 9:17:42 PM PST by skinkinthegrass (Who'll take tomorrow,spend it all today;who can take your income & tax it all away..0Bama man can :-)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 31 | View Replies]

To: skinkinthegrass; Lancey Howard

one symptom is ‘Organizational Sclerosis’ :

So many special interests get so many benefits that the living standard for all is reduced


33 posted on 12/24/2012 9:30:07 PM PST by GeronL (http://asspos.blogspot.com)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 30 | View Replies]

To: GeronL; All
So many special interests get so many benefits
that the living standard for all is reduced
fits...(Democrat "the freeloader" Party ;)...scrambling for piece of an ever shrinking pie....

34 posted on 12/24/2012 9:56:17 PM PST by skinkinthegrass (Who'll take tomorrow,spend it all today;who can take your income & tax it all away..0Bama man can :-)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 33 | View Replies]

Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.

Free Republic
Browse · Search
General/Chat
Topics · Post Article

FreeRepublic, LLC, PO BOX 9771, FRESNO, CA 93794
FreeRepublic.com is powered by software copyright 2000-2008 John Robinson