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Ancient Islanders Get A Leg Up ('Hobbits')
Science News ^ | 5-16-2006 | Bruce Bower

Posted on 05/16/2006 12:45:36 PM PDT by blam

Ancient islanders get a leg up

Bruce Bower

From San Juan, Puerto Rico, at the Paleoanthropology Society and Society for American Archaeology meeting

Fossils of a humanlike species dubbed Homo floresiensis that lived on the Pacific island of Flores between 18,000 and 12,000 years ago recently grabbed headlines because scientists deduced that this creature stood no more than 1 meter tall and possessed a surprisingly small brain. Nonetheless, H. floresiensis packed considerable weight on its diminutive frame and possessed far stronger legs than people do today, says William L. Jungers of the State University of New York at Stony Brook.

Jungers and his colleagues used a computed tomography scanner to measure the thickness and shape of three H. floresiensis leg bones from two individuals. Members of that species were shorter than today's tiniest folk, Jungers notes. Still, the ancient individuals had leg bones as thick as those of some modern adults who would have towered over them, he says.

Calculations based on measures of upper-leg-bone lengths and thicknesses showed that these individuals had a leg strength "in another universe," according to Jungers, compared with estimates for Homo sapiens from that time and measurements of modern people.

H. floresiensis adults weighed an estimated 25 to 35 kilograms (55 to 77 pounds). In body size and build, Jungers says, the Flores individuals strikingly resemble Lucy, the 3.2-million-year-old Australopithecus afarensis skeleton from eastern Africa.

Some other investigators suspect that the Flores remains come from small people who had a genetic condition that drastically reduced their brain size.

(SN: 10/15/05, p. 244: Available to subscribers at

TOPICS: Science
KEYWORDS: ancient; flores; get; godsgravesglyphs; hobbit; hobbits; homofloresiensis; ip; islanders; leg; mikemorwood; multiregionalism

1 posted on 05/16/2006 12:45:40 PM PDT by blam
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To: SunkenCiv

GGG Ping.

2 posted on 05/16/2006 12:46:07 PM PDT by blam
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To: blam

"this creature stood no more than 1 meter tall and possessed a surprisingly small brain."

A prehistoric liberal? Have we found theor roots?

3 posted on 05/16/2006 12:49:27 PM PDT by conservativewasp (Liberals lie for sport and hate our country.)
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To: blam
In body size and build, Jungers says, the Flores individuals strikingly resemble Lucy, the 3.2-million-year-old Australopithecus afarensis skeleton from eastern Africa.

Wow -- how did that get through the censors?

4 posted on 05/16/2006 12:49:54 PM PDT by SirJohnBarleycorn
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To: blam
...this creature stood no more than 1 meter tall and possessed a surprisingly small brain

5 posted on 05/16/2006 12:50:13 PM PDT by Lekker 1 (("Stocks have reached what looks like a permanently high plateau" - I. Fisher, Yale Econ Prof, 1929))
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To: blam
creature stood no more than 1 meter tall and possessed a surprisingly small brain
6 posted on 05/16/2006 12:56:02 PM PDT by texas_mrs (Immigrants made this country great - Illegal immigrants are now destroying it)
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To: blam

Were they human?

7 posted on 05/16/2006 12:58:00 PM PDT by mlc9852
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To: blam

These are sometimes called "monkeys".

8 posted on 05/16/2006 12:58:58 PM PDT by AppyPappy (If you aren't part of the solution, there is good money to be made prolonging the problem.)
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To: blam
They actually were much better looking than Helen Thomas
9 posted on 05/16/2006 1:03:18 PM PDT by texas_mrs (Immigrants made this country great - Illegal immigrants are now destroying it)
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To: mlc9852
"Were they human?"

IMO, yes.

Some say they're Homo-Erectus and the Brocha's Area of their brain was four times larger than Modern Humans.

10 posted on 05/16/2006 1:11:50 PM PDT by blam
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To: blam; FairOpinion; StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; 24Karet; 3AngelaD; ...
Thanks Blam.

To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list. Thanks.
Please FREEPMAIL me if you want on or off the
"Gods, Graves, Glyphs" PING list or GGG weekly digest
-- Archaeology/Anthropology/Ancient Cultures/Artifacts/Antiquities, etc.
Gods, Graves, Glyphs (alpha order)

11 posted on 05/16/2006 10:52:01 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (
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Multiregionalism keyword topics, as of right now, sorted chrono, minus the current topic:
New Evidence for Multiregional Origins
  Posted by sarcasm
On News/Activism 09/05/2001 8:05:20 PM EDT · 32 replies · 1,027+ views

Anthropology | Alec Christensen
Part 1: The debate Over recent years, there has been a loud debate within palaeoanthropology over the origins of anatomically modern humans, or AMH. Opinions have polarized into two camps: Multiregional Evolution, or MRE, and Out-of-Africa, or OOA. The former group of anthropologists, including Milford Wolpoff and Loring Brace, argue that ever since members of the genus Homo first spread out of Africa, probably before 1 million years ago (mya), we have all been members of one species. The many different populations of humans were all subject to natural selection, and gradually evolved along similar lines. These different populations may ...

Free Republic "Bump List" Register
  Posted by John Robinson
On News/Activism 09/30/2001 7:46:44 AM EDT · 190 replies · 4,532+ views

I have created a public register of "bump lists" here on Free Republic. I define a bump list as a name listed in the "To" field used to index articles. Free Republic Bump List Register

Calico: A 200,000-year Old Site In The Americas?
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 12/17/2001 5:22:22 PM EST · 97 replies · 5,046+ views

ASA On Line | unknown
Calico: A 200,000-year old site in the Americas? New World archaeological sites inferred to be even slightly older than the 11.5 ka Clovis complexes have been controversial; so claims for a 200 ka site in North America have heretofore been treated with substantial disdain. But the acceptance of Monte Verde and Diring may soon change that. The classic "ancient site" in the New World is "Calico," located in the Central Mojave Desert of California (Shlemon and Budinger, 1990). Two issues have dogged acceptance of Calico by mainstream archaeologists: (1) the authenticity of the artifacts; are they truly the product of ...

Theory on origins of man gets genetic overhaul
  Posted by johnandrhonda
On News/Activism 03/07/2002 6:27:07 AM EST · 35 replies · 493+ views

USA Today newspaper | March 7, 2002 | Dan Vergano
Theory on origin of man gets genetic overhaul By Dan Vergano, USA TODAY Modern man evolved from a mixture of ancient African immigrants and primitive humans elsewhere, suggests a genetic analysis released today that raises new questions about long-held theories of human origins. For decades, archaeologists, paleontologists and genetics experts have argued about the evolution of modern man. While the various disciplines had remained divided, the weight of genetic studies had recently favored the "Out of Africa" theory. It says modern-looking humans originated in Africa and spread worldwide about 100,000 years ago, slowly replacing Neanderthals and other evolutionary dead-end humans ...

Did Humans And Neanderthals Battle For Control Of The Middle East?
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 03/08/2002 6:33:16 PM EST · 69 replies · 1,034+ views

National Geographic | 3-8-2002 | Ben Harder
Did Humans and Neandertals Battle for Control of the Middle East? By Ben Harder for National Geographic News March 8, 2002 Thousands of years before Christians, Muslims, and Jews became locked in dispute over the Middle East, humans wrested control of the region from its true original inhabitants, the Neandertals, in what one scientist compares to a prolonged game of football. The Neandertals, stocky and intelligent humanoids, lived in Europe and Western Asia for thousands of years before the first humans settled in the area. Then true humans moved into the region from Africa. Face-to-Face Fight The new arrivals settled ...

Neanderthals 'used violence'
  Posted by Gladwin
On News/Activism 04/23/2002 2:13:21 AM EDT · 33 replies · 477+ views

BBC Online | Monday, 22 April, 2002, 23:04 GMT 00:04 UK | Helen Briggs
Evidence has emerged to suggest the Neanderthals had a war-mongering nature. The early hunter-gatherers got into fights and used weapons, according to the results of a study of a skeleton uncovered in French caves. A crack in the skull of the 36,000 year-old Neanderthal was caused by a sharp tool, say anthropologists. An early modern human may have struck the blow. They think another Neanderthal or an early human attacked the young adult. The Neanderthal survived but would have had to be nursed by other members of the tribe. The findings indicate that the contemporaries of early modern humans were...

New Evidence of Neanderthal Violence
  Posted by blam
On General/Chat 04/23/2002 6:06:24 PM EDT · 13 replies · 239+ views

BBC | 4-22-2002 | Helen Biggs
Monday, 22 April, 2002, 23:04 GMT 00:04 UK New evidence of Neanderthal violence Reconstruction of Neanderthal skull Helen Briggs BBC News Online Evidence has emerged to suggest the Neanderthals had a war-mongering nature. The early hunter-gatherers got into fights and used weapons, according to the results of a study of a skeleton uncovered in French caves. A crack in the skull of the 36,000 year-old Neanderthal was caused by a sharp tool, say anthropologists. An early modern human may have struck the blow They think another Neanderthal or an early human attacked the young adult. The Neanderthal survived but would...

'Astonishing' skull unearthed in Africa
  Posted by Kermit
On News/Activism 07/10/2002 4:00:11 PM EDT · 114 replies · 514+ views

BBC Online | 10 July, 2002 | Ivan Noble
/media/images/38125000/jpg/_38125056_hom Wednesday, 10 July, 2002, 18:00 GMT 19:00 UK 'Astonishing' skull unearthed in Africa Toumai: Oldest ancestor? Image: MPFT By Ivan Noble BBC News Online science staff This is a picture of the recently unearthed human-like skull which is being described as the most important find of its type in living memory. It's the most important find in living memory Henry GeeNature It was found in the desert in Chad by an international team and is thought to be approximately seven million years old. "I knew I would one day find it... I've been looking for 25 years," said Michel...

Oldest member of human family found
  Posted by jennyp
On News/Activism 07/11/2002 7:13:07 PM EDT · 64 replies · 4,062+ views

Nature | 07/11/2002 | John Whitfield
After a decade of digging through the sand dunes of northern Chad, Michel Brunet found a skull 6-7 million years old. He named it ToumaÔ.ToumaÔ is thought to be the oldest fossil from a member of the human family. It's a dispatch from the time when humans and chimpanzee were going their separate evolutionary ways. A thrilling, but confusing dispatch1,2. Sahelanthropus tchadensis - ToumaÔ's scientific name - was probably one of many similar species living in Africa at that time. "There must have been a group of apes knocking around between 5 and 8 million years ago for which there's...

Skulls Found in Africa and in Europe Challenge Theories of Human Origins
  Posted by vannrox
On News/Activism 08/11/2002 6:59:04 PM EDT · 466 replies · 761+ views

NY Times | August 6, 2002 | By JOHN NOBLE WILFORD
August 6, 2002 Skulls Found in Africa and in Europe Challenge Theories of Human OriginsBy JOHN NOBLE WILFORD wo ancient skulls, one from central Africa and the other from the Black Sea republic of Georgia, have shaken the human family tree to its roots, sending scientists scrambling to see if their favorite theories are among the fallen fruit. Probably so, according to paleontologists, who may have to make major revisions in the human genealogy and rethink some of their ideas about the first migrations out of Africa by human relatives. Yet, despite all the confusion and uncertainty the skulls...

Mitochondrial DNA Mutation Rates
  Posted by Ahban
On News/Activism 09/01/2002 7:20:09 PM EDT · 153 replies · 548+ views

University of North Carlolina Computer Science Department website | from 1997 to present | David Plaistid
Mitochondrial DNA Mutation Rates David A. Plaisted Recently an attempt was made to estimate the age of the human race using mitochondrial DNA. This material is inherited always from mother to children only. By measuring the difference in mitochondrial DNA among many individuals, the age of the common maternal ancestor of humanity was estimated at about 200,000 years. A problem is that rates of mutation are not known by direct measurement, and are often computed based on assumed evolutionary time scales. Thus all of these age estimates could be greatly in error. In fact, many different rates of mutation are...

Neanderthal Skeleton Rediscovered
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 09/05/2002 10:24:37 AM EDT · 37 replies · 733+ views

BBC | 9-4-2002 | Dr David Whitehouse
Wednesday, 4 September, 2002, 18:32 GMT 19:32 UKNeanderthal skeleton rediscovered Neanderthals became extinct more than 20,000 years ago By Dr David Whitehouse BBC News Online science editor The beautifully preserved and extremely rare skeleton of a newborn Neanderthal, thought to have been lost to science for almost 90 years, has been rediscovered. It could lead to new insights into the evolution of modern humans and our relationship with our extinct cousins. Anthropologists during the first half of the 20th Century were not interested in juvenile specimens Bruno Maureille The fossil is of a baby Neanderthal that was just four months...

Genes May Be Reason For Jews' Low Alcoholism Rate
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 09/17/2002 11:21:39 AM EDT · 76 replies · 821+ views

Ananova | 9-17-2002
Genes may be reason for Jews' low alcoholism rate Genes, and not religious conviction, explain why Jewish people typically have fewer drink problems than non-Jews. Researchers in the US say a genetic mutation carried by at least a fifth of Jews appears to protect against alcoholism. The same inherited trait is fairly common in Asian people, but is much rarer in white Europeans. The Daily Telegraph says the findings could help explain why Israel has one of the lowest levels of alcoholism in the developed world. The mutation, called ADH2*2, is involved in the way the body breaks down alcohol...

First Americans
  Posted by blam
On General/Chat 10/07/2002 12:57:05 AM EDT · 31 replies · 1,693+ views

Discover | 2-1999 | Karen Wright
Discover Feb, 1999 First Americans.(origins of man) Author/s: Karen Wright Not long ago we thought the first humans in the New World were mammoth hunters from Siberia who crossed the Bering Strait at the end of the Ice Age. Now, we are learning, none of that may be true not the who, not the where, not the how, and certainly not the when. You don't expect someone who has been dead for more than 9,000 years to have any odor left--let alone a strong one. But you don't expect him to have any hair or skin or clothes left, either,...

Scientist: Oldest American skull found
  Posted by CobaltBlue
On News/Activism 12/03/2002 1:09:59 PM EST · 40 replies · 516+ views

CNN | December 3 2002 | Jeordan Legon
<p>The "PeÒon Woman III" skeleton was found near Mexico City International Airport.</p> <p>But perhaps more significant than the bones' age, researchers said, is that they were found while digging a well near Mexico City International Airport. Because the remains were discovered outside the United States, scientists will be able to study the DNA and structure of the skeleton without the objection of Native American groups, who can claim and rebury ancestral remains under a 1990 U.S. law.</p>

Gene Study Identifies 5 Main Human Populations
  Posted by Pharmboy
On News/Activism 12/21/2002 6:54:34 AM EST · 204 replies · 2,659+ views

New York Times | 12-20-02 | Nicholas Wade
Scientists studying the DNA of 52 human groups from around the world have concluded that people belong to five principal groups corresponding to the major geographical regions of the world: Africa, Europe, Asia, Melanesia and the Americas. The study, based on scans of the whole human genome, is the most thorough to look for patterns corresponding to major geographical regions. These regions broadly correspond with popular notions of race, the researchers said in interviews. The researchers did not analyze genes but rather short segments of DNA known as markers, similar to those used in DNA fingerprinting tests, that have no...

Fresh debate over human origins
  Posted by PatrickHenry
On News/Activism 12/26/2002 11:02:36 AM EST · 117 replies · 606+ views

BBC News | 24 December 2002 | staff
The theory that we are all descended from early humans who left Africa about 100,000 years ago has again been called into question. US researchers sifting through data from the human genome project say they have uncovered evidence in support of a rival theory. Most scientists agree with the idea that our ancestors first spread out of Africa about 1.8 million years ago, conquering other lands. What happened next is more controversial. The prevailing theory is that a second exodus from Africa replaced all of the local populations, such as Europe's Neanderthals. Some anthropologists, however, advocate the so-called multiregional theory,...

A Rebuilt Neanderthal
  Posted by Pharmboy
On News/Activism 12/31/2002 7:38:20 PM EST · 96 replies · 5,161+ views

The New York Times | 12-31-02 | JOHN NOBLE WILFORD
In a laboratory in the upper recesses of the American Museum of Natural History, away from the public galleries, Dr. Ian Tattersall, a tall Homo sapiens, stooped and came face to face with a Neanderthal man, short and robust but bearing a family resemblance ó until one looked especially closely. A paleoanthropologist who has studied and written about Neanderthals, Dr. Tattersall was getting his first look at a virtually complete skeleton from this famously extinct branch of the hominid family. Nothing quite like it has ever been assembled before, the foot bones connected to the ankle bones and everything else...

Excalibur, The Rock That May Mark A New Dawn For Man
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 01/10/2003 12:10:31 AM EST · 31 replies · 580+ views

The Guardian (UK) | 1-9-2003 | Giles Tremlett
Excalibur, the rock that may mark a new dawn for man Paleontologists claim 350,000-year-old find in Spanish cave pushes back boundary of early human evolution Giles Tremlett in Madrid Thursday January 9, 2003 The Guardian They have called it Excalibur, though it was plucked from a pit of bones rather than the stone of Arthurian legend. To the ordinary eye it is a hand-sized, triangular chunk of ochre and purple rock, its surface slightly scratched. But to the palaeontologists who found this axe-head buried in a deep cavern on a Spanish hilltop, it is proof of a terrible and defining...

Documentary Redraws Humans' Family Tree
  Posted by vannrox
On News/Activism 01/28/2003 4:06:27 PM EST · 17 replies · 527+ views

National Geographic News | January 21, 2003 | Hillary Mayell
Documentary Redraws Humans' Family Tree Hillary Mayell for National Geographic News January 21, 2003 By analyzing DNA from people in all regions of the world, geneticist Spencer Wells has concluded that all humans alive today are descended from a single man who lived in Africa around 60,000 years ago. Modern humans, he contends, didn't start their spread across the globe until after that time. Most archaeologists would say the exodus began 100,000 years agoóa 40,000-year discrepancy. Wells's take on the origins of modern humans and how they came to populate the rest of the planet is bound to be...

Neanderthal DNA Sequencing
  Posted by vannrox
On News/Activism 02/03/2003 4:02:30 PM EST · 27 replies · 639+ views

Neanderthal DNA Sequencing | FR Post 2-3-03 | Essays by James Q. Jacobs
Neanderthal DNA Sequencing In July of 1997 the first ever sequencing of Neanderthal DNA was announced in the Jouranl Cell (Krings, et. al., 1997), a breakthrough in the study of modern human evolution. The DNA was extracted for the type specimen and the mitochondrial DNA sequence was determined. This sequence was compared to living human mtDNA sequences and found to be outside the range of variation in modern humans. Age estimation of the Neanderthal and human divergence is four times older than the age of the common mtDNA ancestor of all living humans. The authors suggest that the Neanderthals...

The Ultimate Sidebar Management Thread
  Posted by I Am Not A Mod
On News/Activism 03/04/2003 10:15:40 AM EST · 87 replies · 2,208+ views

<p>Did you know that any Free Republic topic can be a sidebar for you? Did you know you can remove any sidebar that you currently have? Did you know you can control how many posts show up in each sidebar, and what order the sidebars show up on your latest posts page?</p> <p>I have compiled this thread to help make the task of managing your sidebars easier.</p>

Gene for Red Hair May Help Suppress Pain in Women
  Posted by Pharmboy
On News/Activism 03/25/2003 8:57:32 AM EST · 29 replies · 1,059+ views

Reuters via Yahoo | March 24, 2003 | Linda Carroll
NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - A gene found in redheads and fair-skinned people may also play a role in the body's natural pain suppression system. But the gene, Mc1r, appears to impact pain suppression only in women, according to the study, published Monday in the advance online publication of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (news - web sites). The researchers found that redheaded women were able to tolerate more pain than other people when given an analgesic drug called pentazocine. All redheaded men, as well as men and women who did not have red hair, had similar-and...

Neanderthals 'Had Hands Like Ours'
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 03/27/2003 6:07:42 PM EST · 24 replies · 354+ views

BBC | 3-27-2003 | Helen Briggs
Neanderthals 'had hands like ours' By Helen Briggs BBC News Online science reporter The popular image of Neanderthals as clumsy, backward creatures has been dealt another blow. Neanderthals used tools and had a capacity for speech It was always thought they were a somewhat ham-fisted lot. However, computer reconstructions of fossilised bones show their hands had almost the same manual dexterity as ours. Far from being "butter fingered", they would have been adept at using implements such as axes and knives. The finding is important because it casts doubt on the idea that Neanderthals died out because of a physical...

Blow to Neanderthal breeding theory
  Posted by presidio9
On News/Activism 05/13/2003 12:22:35 PM EDT · 84 replies · 450+ views

BBC | Tuesday, 13 May, 2003
Scientists know that Neanderthals and early human ancestors were distinct species, even though they lived during the same period. However, there is controversy over theories that Neanderthals made a contribution to the modern human gene pool. A skeleton uncovered in Portugal appeared to show both Neanderthal and human features. DNA taken The latest research, from the University of Ferrara in Italy, compared genetic material from Neaderthals, Cro-Magnon humans and modern Europeans. The DNA from the Neanderthals and Cro-Magnons was taken from their bones. The DNA came from cell structures called mitochondriae rather than the nucleus. They found that while, unsurprisingly,...

Neandertals Not Our Ancestors, DNA Study Suggests (Whewww!!!)
  Posted by NormsRevenge
On News/Activism 05/15/2003 1:49:29 AM EDT · 50 replies · 620+ views

National Geographic News | 5/14/03 | Hillary Mayell
One more piece of evidence has been added to the debate on whether there was any interbreeding between Neandertals and early modern humans. Around 50,000 years ago, small groups of anatomically modern humans migrated out of Africa and began to colonize the rest of the world. Known as Cro-Magnons for the site in France where the earliest remains were found, these early humans co-existed with the Neandertals then living in Europe until the Neandertals became extinct roughly 30,000 years ago. What happened and whyódid the two groups war, did they mate, did they even meet?óhas been an enduring puzzle...

When Humans Faced Extinction
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 06/10/2003 11:05:32 AM EDT · 127 replies · 791+ views

BBC | 6-10-2003 | Dr David Whitehouse
When humans faced extinction By Dr David Whitehouse BBC News Online science editor Humans may have come close to extinction about 70,000 years ago, according to the latest genetic research. From just a few, six billion sprang The study suggests that at one point there may have been only 2,000 individuals alive as our species teetered on the brink. This means that, for a while, humanity was in a perilous state, vulnerable to disease, environmental disasters and conflict. If any of these factors had turned against us, we would not be here. The research also suggests that humans (Homo sapiens...

'First Americans Were Australian'
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 06/16/2003 12:18:19 AM EDT · 105 replies · 2,409+ views

BBC | 6-15-2003
'First Americans were Australian' This is the face of the first known American, Lucia The first Americans were descended from Australian aborigines, according to evidence in a new BBC documentary. The skulls suggest faces like those of Australian aborigines The programme, Ancient Voices, shows that the dimensions of prehistoric skulls found in Brazil match those of the aboriginal peoples of Australia and Melanesia. Other evidence suggests that these first Americans were later massacred by invaders from Asia. Until now, native Americans were believed to have descended from Asian ancestors who arrived over a land bridge between Siberia and Alaska and...

Anthropologist Sets The Record Straight Regarding Neanderthal Facial Length
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 06/17/2003 9:58:40 PM EDT · 20 replies · 1,165+ views

New Scientist | 6-17-2003 | Washington University
Source: Washington University In St. Louis Date: 2003-06-17 About Face: Washington University Anthropologist Sets The Record Straight Regarding Neandertal Facial Length New scientific evidence challenges a common perception that Neandertals -- a close evolutionary relative to modern humans that lived 230,000 to 30,000 years ago -- possessed exceptionally long faces. Instead, a report authored by Erik Trinkaus, Ph.D., the Mary Tileston Hemenway Professor of Anthropology in Arts & Sciences at Washington University in St. Louis, shows that modern humans are really the "odd man out" when it comes to facial lengths, which drop off dramatically compared with their ancestral predecessors....

Debate Over a Skull [NYT Letter to Ed.]
  Posted by Pharmboy
On News/Activism 06/22/2003 8:01:21 AM EDT · 8 replies · 104+ views

NY Times: Letters | 6-22-03 | C. LORING BRACE
To the Editor: "The Beginning of Modern Humans" (editorial, June 15) states that a newly discovered Ethiopian skull more than 150,000 years old is "recognizably modern to paleoanthropologists but not to most of the rest of us." It does not look recognizably modern to this paleoanthropologist, and it is a much less probable candidate for being the ancestor of the modern European human than the European Neanderthal is. I have superimposed the outlines of the crania being compared. Statistical analysis of a battery of measurements shows that the European Neanderthal is more closely related to modern Europeans than to anyone...

Neanderthal Facial Length Issue Settled
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 08/12/2003 10:53:24 PM EDT · 21 replies · 500+ views

University Of Washington, St Louis | 8-12-2003 | Susan Killenberg McGinn
Contact: Susan Killenberg McGinn 314-935-5254 Washington University in St. Louis Neandertal facial length issue settled About face: Washington University anthropologist sets the record straight regarding Neandertal facial length New scientific evidence challenges a common perception that Neandertals -- a close evolutionary relative to modern humans that lived 230,000 to 30,000 years ago -- possessed exceptionally long faces. Instead, a report authored by Erik Trinkaus, Ph.D., the Mary Tileston Hemenway Professor of Anthropology in Arts & Sciences at Washington University in St. Louis, shows that modern humans are really the "odd man out" when it comes to facial lengths, which...

Seeking answers to a new Mystery Ape
  Posted by Ahban
On News/Activism 08/13/2003 11:47:06 PM EDT · 16 replies · 433+ views

CNN | august 9th 2003 | Marsha Walton
<p>A skull belonging to a 'mystery ape,' on the left, is placed next to a chimpazee skull for comparison. Researchers say the mystery ape is much more 'flat-faced' and substantially bigger.</p> <p>We cannot rule out the possibility that it is a new species of ape, or a new subspecies or some form of hybrid.</p>

Why Humans and Their Fur Parted Ways
  Posted by Pharmboy
On News/Activism 08/19/2003 8:41:06 AM EDT · 139 replies · 9,406+ views

The New York Times (Science Times) | August 19, 2003 | NICHOLAS WADE
Illustration by Michael Rothman Before An Australopithecus, sporting full-bodied fur about four million years ago. After An archaic human walked fur-free about 1.2 million years ago, carrying fire on the savanna ONE of the most distinctive evolutionary changes as humans parted company from their fellow apes was their loss of body hair. But why and when human body hair disappeared, together with the matter of when people first started to wear clothes, are questions that have long lain beyond the reach of archaeology and paleontology. Ingenious solutions to both issues have now been proposed, independently, by two research groups analyzing...

The naked ape / As it turns out, clothes do make the man
  Posted by Willie Green
On News/Activism 09/02/2003 5:24:40 PM EDT · 10 replies · 167+ views

The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette | Tuesday, September 02, 2003 | Editorial
<p>The expression "clothes make the man" may be more prescient than imagined. New theories about our evolutionary development are making the rounds in scientific journals that attempt to explain why modern humans shed the fur that characterized earlier hominids.</p> <p>Evidence is mounting that when our ancestors wandered out of the forests and onto the African savannas 1.7 million years ago, they weren't simply leaving leafy trees behind. Many millennia before the heartbreak of psoriasis, early humans had an affliction that surely would've led to an unbearably itchy existence, if not extinction, had we not shed our matted body hair over hundreds of generations.</p>

Narrow Skulls Clue To First Americans
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 09/05/2003 7:06:22 PM EDT · 10 replies · 266+ views

New Scientist | 9-4-2003 | Jeff Hecht
Narrow skulls clue to first Americans 11:24 04 September 03 news service Skull measurements on the remains of an isolated group of people who lived at the southern tip of Mexico's Baja California has stirred up the debate on the identity of the first Americans once again. The earliest inhabitants of North America differed subtly but significantly from modern native Americans. The difference is clearly seen in the skull shapes of the first people to colonise the continent, who had longer, narrower skulls than modern people. One theory says it is because two distinct groups of people migrated to...

Ancient Amazon Settlements Uncovered
  Posted by aruanan
On News/Activism 09/18/2003 10:38:01 PM EDT · 7 replies · 400+ views

Science--AP | Thu Sep 18, 7:26 PM ET | PAUL RECER, AP Science Writer
Ancient Amazon Settlements Uncovered Thu Sep 18, 7:26 PM ET Add Science - AP to My Yahoo! By PAUL RECER, AP Science Writer WASHINGTON - The Amazon River basin was not all a pristine, untouched wilderness before Columbus came to the Americas, as was once believed. Researchers have uncovered clusters of extensive settlements linked by wide roads with other communities and surrounded by agricultural developments. The researchers, including some descendants of pre-Columbian tribes that lived along the Amazon, have found evidence of densely settled, well-organized communities with roads, moats and bridges in the Upper Xingu part of the vast...

Neanderthal Hunters Rivalled Human Skill
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 09/24/2003 11:19:27 AM EDT · 23 replies · 435+ views

BBC | 9-23-2003 | Will Knight
Neanderthal hunters rivalled human skills 17:34 23 September 03 news service Neanderthals were not driven from northern Europe by vastly superior human hunters, suggests an analysis of hunting remains. The study by Donald Grayson of the University of Washington and Francoise Delpech of the University of Bordeaux challenges a popular theory that the primitive peoples died out because they were far less skillful hunters. The pair examined the fossilised remains of butchered animals from a cave in southwest France. Neanderthals inhabited southern France from 65,000 years before the present until roughly 40,000 to 35,000 years ago. Neanderthals disappeared from...

Migrants Poured Into Britain After Ice Age
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 10/26/2003 7:46:38 PM EST · 25 replies · 308+ views | 10-26-2003 | John von Radowitz
Migrants Poured into Britain after Ice Age By John von Radowitz, Science Correspondent, PA News Britain experienced a tidal wave of immigration as soon as the last Ice Age ended, new data has shown. Previously it was thought that Britainís repopulation was a slow process led by a few pioneering explorers. Researchers now know that humans responded rapidly to climate change and moved into Britain en masse as soon as the ice receded. Up to 20,000 years ago a huge ice sheet extended as far south as Norfolk. Then temperatures rose rapidly, producing warming weather than we have now. Once...

Fossil Hints At Primate Origins (Out-Of-Asia?)
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 10/29/2003 10:44:16 AM EST · 44 replies · 208+ views

BBC | 10-29-2003 | PNAS
Fossil hints at primate origins The bone is just over a centimetre long An ankle bone discovered in central Burma could be evidence of an ancient ancestor common to many of today's primates, including humans. The 45-million-year-old fossil has features that link it to all of the anthropoids, the grouping of human-like species such as apes and monkeys. If correct, this would tie their line of evolutionary descent to Asia and not Africa as some have suggested. The findings appear in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The PNAS journal presents a paper on the discovery by Laurent...

Neanderthal 'Face' Found Loire
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 12/03/2003 6:38:10 PM EST · 19 replies · 290+ views

BBC | 12-3-2003 | Jonothan Amos
Neanderthal 'face' found in Loire By Jonathan Amos BBC News Online science staff A bone splinter forms the eyes A flint object with a striking likeness to a human face may be one of the best examples of art by Neanderthal man ever found, the journal Antiquity reports. The "mask", which is dated to be about 35,000 years old, was recovered on the banks of the Loire at La Roche-Cotard. It is about 10 cm tall and wide and has a bone splinter rammed through a hole, making the rock look as if it has eyes. Commentators say the object...

Fossils Bridge Gap in African Mammal Evolution
  Posted by Pharmboy
On News/Activism 12/03/2003 7:53:26 PM EST · 1,104 replies · 1,266+ views

Reuters to My Yahoo! | Wed Dec 3, 2003 | Patricia Reaney
LONDON (Reuters) - Fossils discovered in Ethiopia's highlands are a missing piece in the puzzle of how African mammals evolved, a team of international scientists said on Wednesday. Little is known about what happened to mammals between 24 million to 32 million years ago, when Africa and Arabia were still joined together in a single continent. But the remains of ancestors of modern-day elephants and other animals, unearthed by the team of U.S. and Ethiopian scientists 27 million years on, provide some answers. "We show that some of these very primitive forms continue to live through the missing years, and...

The Samurai And The Ainu (Read This Before Seeing The Movie "The Last Samurai")
  Posted by blam
On General/Chat 01/17/2004 5:50:55 PM EST · 78 replies · 5,679+ views

Science Frontiers | 1989 | Dr C Loring Brace
THE SAMURAI AND THE AINU Findings by American anthropologist C. Loring Brace, University of Michigan, will surely be controversial in race conscious Japan. The eye of the predicted storm will be the Ainu, a "racially different" group of some 18,000 people now living on the northern island of Hokkaido. Pure-blooded Ainu are easy to spot: they have lighter skin, more body hair, and higher-bridged noses than most Japanese. Most Japanese tend to look down on the Ainu. Brace has studied the skeletons of about 1,100 Japanese, Ainu, and other Asian ethnic groups and has concluded that the revered samurai of...

Big Chill Killed Off The Neanderthals
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 01/21/2004 6:26:51 PM EST · 102 replies · 878+ views

New Scientist | 1-21-2004 | Douglas Palmer
Big chill killed off the Neanderthals 19:00 21 January 04 It is possibly the longest-running murder mystery of them all. What, or even who, killed humankind's nearest relatives, the Neanderthals who once roamed Europe before dying out almost 30,000 years ago? Suspects have ranged from the climate to humans themselves, and the mystery has deeply divided experts. Now 30 scientists have come together to publish the most definitive answer yet to this enigma. They say Neanderthals simply did not have the technological know-how to survive the increasingly harsh winters. And intriguingly, rather than being Neanderthal killers, the original human settlers...

'Your Forefathers Were Not Neanderthals'
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 01/27/2004 11:08:04 AM EST · 331 replies · 1,636+ views

IOL | 1-26-2004 | Maggie Fox
'Your forefathers were not Neanderthals' January 26 2004 at 02:30PM By Maggie Fox Washington - You may think your grandparents act like Neanderthals, but United States researchers said on Monday they had strong evidence that modern humans are not descended from them. A computer analysis of the skulls of modern humans, Neanderthals, monkeys and apes shows that we are substantially different, physically, from those early humans. New York University paleoanthropologist Katerina Harvati said Neanderthals should be considered a separate species from Homo sapiens, and not just a sub-species. "We interpret the evidence presented here as supporting the view that Neanderthals...

Neanderthal Extinction Pieced Together
  Posted by LibWhacker
On News/Activism 01/27/2004 4:31:28 PM EST · 84 replies · 1,940+ views

Discovery Channel | 1/27/04 | Jennifer Viegas
Jan. 27, 2004 ó In a prehistoric battle for survival, Neanderthals had to compete against modern humans and were wiped off the face of the Earth, according to a new study on life in Europe from 60,000 to 25,000 years ago. The findings, compiled by 30 scientists, were based on extensive data from sediment cores, archaeological artifacts such as fossils and tools, radiometric dating, and climate models. The collected information was part of a project known as Stage 3, which refers to the time period analyzed. The number three also seems significant in terms of why the Neanderthals became extinct....

Neanderthal Extinction Pieced Together
  Posted by vannrox
On News/Activism 01/30/2004 9:27:14 AM EST · 16 replies · 373+ views

Discovery News | Jan. 27, 2004 | By Jennifer Viegas, Discovery News
Jan. 27, 2004 ? In a prehistoric battle for survival, Neanderthals had to compete against modern humans and were wiped off the face of the Earth, according to a new study on life in Europe from 60,000 to 25,000 years ago. The findings, compiled by 30 scientists, were based on extensive data from sediment cores, archaeological artifacts such as fossils and tools, radiometric dating, and climate models. The collected information was part of a project known as Stage 3, which refers to the time period analyzed. he number three also seems significant in terms of why the Neanderthals became extinct....

Anthropologists Hail Romania Fossil Find (35K Y.O. Humans)
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 03/07/2004 3:49:38 PM EST · 14 replies · 461+ views

AP/Yahoo | 3-6-2004 | Alison Mutler
Anthropologists Hail Romania Fossil Find Sat Mar 6,11:27 AM ET By ALISON MUTLER, Associated Press Writer BUCHAREST, Romania - Experts analyzing remains of a man, woman and teenage boy unearthed in Romania last year are convinced that the 35,000 year-old fossils are the most complete ever of modern humans of that era, a U.S. scientist said Saturday. International scientists have been carrying out further analysis to get a clearer picture on the find, said anthropologist Erik Trinkaus, of Washington University in St. Louis. But it's already clear that, "this is the most complete collection of modern humans in Europe older...

35,000 year old "modern human" remains Discovered!
  Posted by vannrox
On News/Activism 03/10/2004 9:10:11 AM EST · 215 replies · 974+ views

Yahoo News | Sat Mar 6,11:27 AM ET | By ALISON MUTLER, Associated Press Writer
Anthropologists Hail Romania Fossil Find Sat Mar 6,11:27 AM ET Add Science - AP to My Yahoo! By ALISON MUTLER, Associated Press Writer BUCHAREST, Romania - Experts analyzing remains of a man, woman and teenage boy unearthed in Romania last year are convinced that the 35,000 year-old fossils are the most complete ever of modern humans of that era, a U.S. scientist said Saturday. International scientists have been carrying out further analysis to get a clearer picture on the find, said anthropologist Erik Trinkaus, of Washington University in St. Louis. But it's already clear that, "this is the most complete...

How likely is human extinction?
  Posted by Momaw Nadon
On News/Activism 04/14/2004 9:15:04 AM EDT · 519 replies · 1,034+ views

Mail & Guardian Online | Tuesday, April 13, 2004 | Kate Ravilious
Every species seems to come and go. Some last longer than others, but nothing lasts forever. Humans are a relatively recent phenomenon, jumping out of trees and striding across the land around 200 000 years ago. Will we persist for many millions of years to come, or are we headed for an evolutionary makeover, or even extinction? According to Reinhard Stindl, of the Institute of Medical Biology in Vienna, the answer to this question could lie at the tips of our chromosomes. In a controversial new theory he suggests that all eukaryotic species (everything except bacteria and algae) have an...

Neanderthals Matured Faster Than Modern Man -Study
  Posted by Junior
On News/Activism 04/28/2004 3:57:48 PM EDT · 88 replies · 385+ views

Science - Reuters | 2004-04-28 | Patricia Reaney
LONDON (Reuters) - Neanderthals may conjure up images of an uncivilized, brutish species but they were surprisingly early developers, researchers said Wednesday. Although Neanderthals disappeared from Europe about 30,000 years ago, scientists at the French research institute CRNS in Paris have uncovered new details about them by studying teeth fossils. The findings, reported in the science journal Nature, suggest Neanderthals reached adulthood by the age of 15 -- about three years before early modern humans -- probably ate a high calorie diet and were a distinct species from modern humans. "Neanderthals, despite having a large brain, were characterized by a...

The Relationship Between The Basque And Ainu
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 06/25/2004 6:44:16 PM EDT · 82 replies · 3,874+ views

High Speed Plus | 1996 | Edo Nyland
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BASQUE AND AINU INTRODUCTION The language of the Ainu bear-worshippers of Northern Japan has generally been considered a language-isolate, supposedly being unlike any other language on earth. A few researchers noticed a relationship with languages in south-east Asia, others saw similarity with the Ostiak and Uralic languages of northern Siberia. The Ainu look like Caucasian people, they have white skin, their hair is wavy and thick, their heads are mesocephalic (round) and a few have grey or blue eyes. However, their blood types are more like the Mongolian people, possibly through many millennia of intermixing. The Ainu...

New Twist On Out-Of-Africa Theory
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 07/14/2004 11:53:47 AM EDT · 111 replies · 3,752+ views

ABC Science News | 7-14-2004 | Judy Skatssoon
New twist on out-of-Africa theory Judy Skatssoon ABC Science Online Wednesday, 14 July 2004 Homo erectus, the species thought to be the first to leave Africa for Eurasia in the out-of-Africa model of human origin (Image: Science) Early humans made love, not war, according to new DNA analysis presented at a genetics conference that gives a new twist on the out-of-Africa hypothesis of human origins. U.S. researcher Professor Alan Templeton of Washington University, St Louis, debunks the prevailing version of the out-of-Africa hypothesis, which says early humans migrated from Africa and wiped out Eurasian populations. Instead, they bred, he told...

Anthropology profs. debate origin of humans
  Posted by SunkenCiv
On Bloggers & Personal 07/17/2004 9:00:38 PM EDT · 3 replies · 236+ views

The Michigan Daily | 11-04-97 | David Bricker
Anthropology Profs. Milford Wolpoff and Rachel Caspari, who spoke at Rackham West Conference Hall, are leading the increasingly popular charge against the Out of Africa hypothesis, in an intellectual clash that has become anthropology's equivalent of the Battle of Waterloo. The book "Race and Human Evolution: A Fatal Attraction," which Wolpoff and Caspari co-authored, discusses an alternative to Out of Africa known as the Multiregional Evolution (MRE) hypothesis. The theory states that the races of modern humans evolved within their respective continents at the same time.

Baby's First Word Filled Stone Age Papa With Pride
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 07/21/2004 9:31:50 PM EDT · 41 replies · 1,089+ views

The Telegraph (UK) | 7-22-2004 | David Derbyshire
Baby's first word filled Stone Age Papa with pride By David Derbyshire, Science Correspondent (Filed: 22/07/2004) One of the first words to be uttered by Stone Age babies was probably "papa", according to scientists trying to piece together the origins of human language. Researchers believe the word may have been passed down through the generations from a "proto-language" spoken 50,000 years ago. However, other linguists have argued that "papa", "dada" and "mama" are common in many languages simply because they are the first noises made by babbling babies. A new French study has found that the word "papa" is used...

Data Links Early Settlers To African Diaspora (Taiwan)
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 08/30/2004 2:38:24 PM EDT · 6 replies · 440+ views

Taipei Times | 8-29-2004 | Wang Hsiao-wen
Data links early settlers to African diaspora DIFFERENT STORIES: While genetic research puts this land on a main route of early humans' dispersion, anthropologists tie early settlements to the Pearl River Delta By Wang Hsiao-wen STAFF REPORTER Sunday, Aug 29, 2004,Page 2 Long before Portuguese sailors put "Formosa" on the world map, and long before Chinese people crossed the dark current to set up home here, this land was inhabited by Austronesian Aborigines for thousands of years. Multigenetic analysis reveals that Austronesian tribes arrived as early as 14,000 years ago. According to Marie Lin (™L?´´<=?), who conducted the research as...

Neanderthal Life No Tougher Than That Of "Modern" Inuits
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 09/03/2004 7:32:47 PM EDT · 16 replies · 656+ views

Ohio State University | 9-3-2004 | OSU
NEANDERTHAL LIFE NO TOUGHER THAN THAT OF ìMODERNî INUITS COLUMBUS, Ohio ñ The bands of ancient Neanderthals that struggled throughout Europe during the last Ice Age faced challenges no tougher than those confronted by the modern Inuit, or Eskimos. Thatís the conclusion of a new study intended to test a long-standing belief among anthropologists that the life of the Neanderthals was too tough for their line to coexist with Homo sapiens. ìLooking at these fossilized teeth, you can easily see these defects that showed Neanderthals periodically struggled nutritionally,î Guatelli-Steinberg said. ìBut I wanted to know if that struggle was any...

Tribe challenges American origins (South Pacific Rim peoples were 1st Americans)
  Posted by yankeedame
On News/Activism 09/08/2004 5:43:26 PM EDT · 21 replies · 541+ views

BBC On-Line | Tuesday, 7 September, 2004 | Paul Rincon
Last Updated: Tuesday, 7 September, 2004, 14:26 GMT 15:26 UK Tribe challenges American origins By Paul Rincon BBC News Online science staff, at the BA festival The skulls (r) are long and narrow, not in keeping with Native Indians' broader, rounder features. Some of the earliest settlers of America may have come from Australia, southern Asia, and the Pacific, new research suggests. Traditional theories have held that the first Americans originated from northern Asia. Dr Silvia Gonzalez conducted a study of ancient bones found in Mexico and found that they have very different characteristics to Native Americans. The results are...

Did the First Americans Come From, Er, Australia?
  Posted by SunkenCiv
On General/Chat 09/06/2004 11:04:53 AM EDT · 29 replies · 552+ views

Reuters | Mon Sep 6, 2004 09:24 AM ET | staff
Silvia Gonzalez from John Moores University in Liverpool said skeletal evidence pointed strongly to this unpalatable truth and hinted that recovered DNA would corroborate it... She said there was very strong evidence that the first migration came from Australia via Japan and Polynesia and down the Pacific Coast of America. Skulls of a people with distinctively long and narrow heads discovered in Mexico and California predated by several thousand years the more rounded features of the skulls of native Americans. One particularly well preserved skull of a long-face woman had been carbon dated to 12,700 years ago, whereas the...

Divers Find Ancient Skeleton in Mexico
  Posted by NCjim
On News/Activism 09/09/2004 11:02:57 PM EDT · 32 replies · 928+ views

Associated Press | September 9, 2004
Divers making dangerous probes through underwater caves near the Caribbean coast have discovered what appears to be one of oldest human skeletons in the Americas, archaeologists announced at a seminar that was ending on Friday. The report by a team from Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History exploits a new way of investigating the past. Most coastal settlements by early Americans now lie deep beneath the sea, which during the Ice Age was hundreds of feet lower than now. Researchers at the international "Early Man in America" seminar here also reported other ancient finds -- including a California bone...

Sifting for Clues at W.Md. Dig
  Posted by SunkenCiv
On General/Chat 09/15/2004 11:46:53 AM EDT · 4 replies · 227+ views

Washington Post | Saturday, September 11, 2004 | Mary Otto
Radiocarbon dating of charcoal found elsewhere on this site has suggested people might have camped here and built fires by the north branch of the Potomac River, anywhere from 9,000 years ago to as much as 16,000 years ago... Some tools and bones have been found in Pennsylvania and Virginia that date well before the Clovis era, although scientists debate whether the dating is accurate.

In The Neanderthal Mind
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 09/22/2004 8:32:57 PM EDT · 32 replies · 807+ views

Science News | 9-18-2004 | Bruce Bower
Week of Sept. 18, 2004; Vol. 166, No. 12 , p. 183 In the Neandertal MindOur evolutionary comrades celebrated vaunted intellects before meeting a memorable demise Bruce Bower Call a person a Neandertal, and no one within earshot will mistake the statement for a compliment. It's a common, convenient way to cast someone as a stupid, brutish lout. From an evolutionary perspective, the invective has no basis in truth, say archaeologist Thomas Wynn and psychologist Frederick L. Coolidge. This interdisciplinary duo, based at the University of Colorado in Colorado Springs, has drawn on a range of scientific research and prehistoric...

Retracing the footprints of time
  Posted by SunkenCiv
On General/Chat 09/30/2004 10:56:25 AM EDT · 8 replies · 319+ views

Alberta Report (via Web Archive) | September 9, 1996 | Steve Sandford
In an otherwise unremarkable gravel bluff on the banks of the Bow River in Calgary, University of Alberta researchers Jiri Chlachula and Alan Bryan believe they have unearthed the remains of what could be the oldest human artifacts in North America, the pair announced this month. If substantiated, the discovery pushes back the known date of human settlement in North America by several thousand years. Other earth scientists are sceptical about the find's authenticity: U of A geomorphologist Rob Young describes it as "based only on pure speculation." ...Comments Prof. Young: "Any dude could have put that rock there."

The Human Family Tree: 10 Adams and 18 Eves
  Posted by neverdem
On News/Activism 10/10/2004 11:21:08 PM EDT · 71 replies · 2,648+ views

NY Times | May 2, 2000 | NICHOLAS WADE
May 2, 2000 The Human Family Tree: 10 Adams and 18 Eves Related Articles Genetics: Gene TherapyGenetics: Genetically Modified FoodsGenetics: The Human Genome ProjectThe New York Times on the Web: Science/HealthMapTracing Human History Through Genetic MutationsChartFollow the LineagesForumJoin a Discussion on DNA Research By NICHOLAS WADE he book of Genesis mentions three of Adam and Eve's children: Cain, Abel and Seth. But geneticists, by tracing the DNA patterns found in people throughout the world, have now identified lineages descended from 10 sons of a genetic Adam and 18 daughters of Eve. The human genome is turning out to be...

Mexico Discovery Fuels Debate About Man's Origins
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 10/11/2004 9:04:15 PM EDT · 30 replies · 1,560+ views

Deseret Morning News/Associated Press | 10-3-2004 | John Rice
Deseret Morning News, Sunday, October 03, 2004 Mexico discovery fuels debate about man's origins Archeologists are baffled by hominid bones By John Rice Associated Press MEXICO CITY ó For decades, Federico Solorzano has gathered old bones from the shores of Mexico's largest lake ó bones he found and bones he was brought, bones of beasts and bones of men. Mexican professor Federico Solorzano shows the supraorbital arch from the fossil of an early hominid. Guillermo Arias, Associated Press The longtime teacher of anthropology and paleontology was sifting through his collection one day when he noticed some that didn't seem to...

Extinct humans left louse legacy(Homo Erectus and Homo Sapiens)
  Posted by TigerLikesRooster
On News/Activism 10/16/2004 6:53:39 AM EDT · 26 replies · 811+ views

BBC News | 10/06/04 | Paul Rincon
Extinct humans left louse legacy By Paul Rincon BBC News Online science staff The evolutionary history of head lice is tied very closely to that of their hosts Some head lice infesting people today were probably spread to us thousands of years ago by an extinct species of early human, a genetics study reveals. It shows that when our ancestors left Africa after 100,000 years ago, they made direct contact with tribes of "archaic" peoples, probably in Asia. Lice could have jumped from them on to our ancestors during fights, sex, clothes-sharing or even cannibalism. Details of the research appear...

Archaeologist Continues To Dig Up History (Meadowcroft, 16K Year Old)
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 10/17/2004 9:25:09 PM EDT · 11 replies · 642+ views

Pittsburglive | 10-17-2004 | Majorie Wertz
Archaeologist continues to dig up history By Marjorie Wertz For The Tribune-Review Sunday, October 17, 2004 In the past 30 years archaeologists worldwide have visited the Meadowcroft Rockshelter in Washington County. The general public can now see what's involved in the archaeological dig that has proved the existence of early humans dating back 16,000 years. "The site was opened last year for the first time to the public," said David Scofield, director of Meadowcroft Museum of Rural Life. "We are now in the process of getting an architect to create a design for a permanent roof over the excavation. This...

Vikings/Norse in Minnesota
  Posted by DoloresCobbPhifer
On General/Chat 10/26/2004 1:23:31 PM EDT · 10 replies · 303+ views | 10/26-2004 | DoloresCobbPhifer
Did the Vikings Stay... Vatican Files May Offer Clues. / How did the Swedes end up in Minnesota?

Vikings/Norse in Minnesota
  Posted by DoloresCobbPhifer
On General/Chat 10/26/2004 1:34:20 PM EDT · 3 replies · 242+ views | 10/26/2004 | DoloresCobbPhifer
Did the Vikings Stay... Vatican Files May Offer Clues. / How did the Swedes end up in Minnesota?

Anthropologist Claims Humans, Neanderthals, Australopithecines All Variations on One Species
  Posted by bondserv
On News/Activism 01/03/2005 12:41:39 AM EST · 83 replies · 9,163+ views

Creation-Evolution Headlines | 01/01/2005 | Creation-Evolution Headlines
Anthropologist Claims Humans, Neanderthals, Australopithecines All Variations on One Species† †01/01/2005 According to a news story in the UK News Telegraph, all fossil hominims, including modern humans, Australopithecines, Neandertals and the recent Indonesian ìhobbit man,î belong to the same species: Homo sapiens.† Reporter Robert Matthews wrote about Maciej Henneberg (U of Adelaide) and his argument, based on skull sizes and body weights for 200 fossil specimens, that all known hominim bones fit within the range of variation expected for a single species.† Henneberg made the startling claim in the Journal of Comparative Human Biology, where he said, ìAll hominims appear...

New species may have relatives in next villlage
  Posted by aculeus
On News/Activism 01/12/2005 8:52:22 PM EST · 22 replies · 766+ views

The Guardian (UK) | January 13, 2005 | John Vidal
A growing number of scientists are challenging the sensational discovery last year of a new species of one-metre-tall intelligent humans whose 13,000-year-old bones were said to have been found in an Indonesian cave. According to some leading anthropologists in Australia, Indonesia and elsewhere, Homo floresiensis is not "one of the most important discoveries of the last 150 years" as was widely reported last October, but a pygmy version of modern Homo sapiens with a not uncommon brain disease. Now a leading critic of the Homo floresiensis theory is to send researchers to a village near the cave where the bones...

Bones of contention(Discovery of a new species of human astounds the world,but is it what it seems?)
  Posted by nickcarraway
On News/Activism 01/13/2005 4:08:28 AM EST · 22 replies · 1,554+ views

Guardian (U.K.) | Thursday January 13, 2005 | John Vidal
The discovery of a new species of human astounded the world. But is it what it seems? John Vidal went to remotest Flores to find out If you want to understand human evolution, it may be worth starting with Johannes Daak from the remote village of Akel in the heavily forested centre of the Indonesian island of Flores. Johannes, from the Manggarai ethnic group, reckons he is 100 years old and says he owes his longevity and enduring strength to having only ever known one woman. He says he owes his stature to his ancestors. Johannes is no more than...

London - Red hair may be the genetic legacy of Neanderthals...
  Posted by IGBT
On News/Activism 01/16/2005 3:47:07 PM EST · 357 replies · 17,760+ views

Planet | 1/14/05 | Planet
London - Red hair may be the genetic legacy of Neanderthals, according to a new study by British scientists. Researchers at the John Radcliffe Institute of Molecular Medicine in Oxford were quoted by The Times as saying the so-called "ginger gene" which gives people red hair, fair skin and freckles could be up to 100 000 years old. They claim that their discovery points to the gene having originated in Neanderthal man who lived in Europe for 200 000 years before Homo sapien settlers, the ancestors of modern man, arrived from Africa about 40 000 years ago. Rosalind Harding, the...

Genes Promoting Fertility Are Found in Europeans
  Posted by 4mor3
On News/Activism 01/16/2005 8:11:46 PM EST · 25 replies · 874+ views

New York Times | January 16, 2005 | Nicholas Wade
Researchers in Iceland have discovered a region in the human genome that, among Europeans, appears to promote fertility, and maybe longevity as well. Though the region, a stretch of DNA on the 17th chromosome, occurs in people of all countries, it is much more common in Europeans, as if its effect is set off by something in the European environment. A further unusual property is that the region has a much more ancient lineage than most human genes and the researchers suggest, as one possible explanation, that it could have been inserted into the human genome through interbreeding with one...

Amazing hominid haul in Ethiopia
  Posted by aculeus
On News/Activism 01/19/2005 5:22:02 PM EST · 47 replies · 1,136+ views

BBC News | January 19, 2005 | Unsigned
Fossil hunters working in Ethiopia have unearthed the remains of at least nine primitive hominids that are between 4.5 million and 4.3 million years old. The fossils, which were uncovered at As Duma in the north of the country, are mostly teeth and jaw fragments, but also include parts of hands and feet. All finds belong to the same species - Ardipithecus ramidus - which was first described about a decade ago. Details of the discoveries appear in the latest issue of Nature magazine. Scientists say features of a phalanx, or foot bone, unearthed at the site show the hominid...

Fossils Push Human Emergence Back To 195,000 Years Ago
  Posted by tricky_k_1972
On News/Activism 02/19/2005 11:44:08 AM EST · 46 replies · 1,101+ views

TERRADAILY | Feb 17, 2005 | Salt Lake City UT (SPX)
Fossils Push Human Emergence Back To 195,000 Years Ago Omo I skeletal parts (National Museum of Ethiopia) The bones of an early member of our species, Homo sapiens, known as Omo I, excavated from Ethiopia's Kibish rock formation. The bones are kept in the National Museum of Ethiopia. When the first bones from Omo I were found in 1967, they were thought to be 130,000 years old. Later, 160,000-year-old bones of our species were found elsewhere. Now, scientists from the University of Utah, Australian National University and Stony Brook University have determined that Omo I lived about 195,000 years ago...

Australian Scientist Disputes 'Hobbit' Findings (Stop evolution lies - petition)
  Posted by Truth666
On General/Chat 03/06/2005 4:19:07 PM EST · 26 replies · 705+ views | March 6, 2005
An Australian academic who has examined the skeletal remains of a three-foot hominid discovered in an Indonesian cave and nicknamed a "hobbit" disputed Friday a report that they represent a new species of human. Professor Maciej Henneberg, head of anatomy at Adelaide University, said he thought the bones found in 2003 on Indonesia's Flores island were simply those of a normal human stunted by a viral disease, microcephaly -- a conclusion rejected in the earlier report by another team of scientists. That team analyzed the find and said the partial skeleton was evidence of a new, dwarf species of human....

New Evidence Challenges "Out-of-Africa" Hypothesis of Modern Human origins
  Posted by TigerLikesRooster
On News/Activism 04/28/2005 10:33:06 AM EDT · 38 replies · 1,219+ views

Red Nova | 04/27/05
New Evidence Challenges "Out-of-Africa" Hypothesis of Modern Human origins New evidence challenges "Out-of-Africa" hypothesis of modern human origins WUHAN, April 27 (Xinhua) -- Chinese archaeologists said newly found evidence proves that a valley of Qingjiang River, a tributary on the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, might be one of the regions where Homo sapiens, or modern man, originated. The finding challenges the "Out-of-Africa" hypothesis of modern human origins, according to which about 100,000 years ago modern humans originated in Africa, migrated to other continents, and replaced populations of archaic humans across the globe. The finding comes from a large-scale...

Neanderthal femur from France
  Posted by SunkenCiv
On General/Chat 05/10/2005 1:49:02 AM EDT · 10 replies · 290+ views

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences | March 31, 2005 | CÈdric Beauval et al
In 2002, a Neandertal partial femoral diaphysis was discovered at Les Rochers-de-Villeneuve (Vienne, France). Radiocarbon dated to 40,700 14C years before present, this specimen is one of the most recent Middle Paleolithic Neandertals. The diaphysis derives from an archeological level indicating alternating human and carnivore (mostly hyena) occupation of the cave, reinforcing the close proximity and probable competition of Middle Paleolithic humans with large carnivores for resources and space. Morphological aspects of the diaphysis and ancient DNA extracted from it indicate that it is aligned with the Neandertals and is distinct from early modern humans. However, its midshaft cortical bone...

Seafood Was The Spur For Man's First Migration
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 05/12/2005 8:26:39 PM EDT · 36 replies · 923+ views

The Telegraph (UK) | 5-13-2005 | Roger Highfield
Seafood was the spur for Man's first migration By Roger Highfield, Science Editor (Filed: 13/05/2005) The lure of a seafood diet may explain why the first people left Africa, according to a genetic analysis published today that overturns the conventional picture of the very first migration of modern humans. The international project shows - contrary to previous thinking - that early modern humans spread across the Red Sea from the Horn of Africa, along the tropical coast of the Indian Ocean towards the Pacific in just a few thousand years. And it suggests that the first migratory wave probably included...

400,000-Year-Old Stone Tools Discovered In Mazandaran (Iran)
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 06/08/2005 2:08:52 PM EDT · 98 replies · 1,824+ views

Mehr News | 6-8-2005
400,000-year-old stone tools discovered in Mazandaran TEHRAN, June 8 (MNA) -- Recent discoveries by a team of archaeologists indicate that the coast of the Caspian Sea in Mazandaran Province was home to the earliest hominid habitation in that region. Archaeologist Ali Mahforuzi said on Wednesday that 400,000-year-old stone tools discovered in the valleys of Shuresh near the Rostam Kola, Huto, and Kamarband caves are the oldest ever found in the area. The previous studies had dated human settlement in the region to have begun about 50,000 years ago. ìThe recent studies conducted by a joint team of archaeologists from the...

Faithful Ancestors
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 06/17/2005 11:33:25 AM EDT · 155 replies · 2,483+ views

Science News Magazine | 6-11-2005 | Bruce Bower
Faithful AncestorsResearchers debate claims of monogamy for Lucy and her ancient kin Bruce Bower A weird kind of creature strode across the eastern African landscape from around 4 million to 3 million years ago. Known today by the scientific label Australopithecus afarensis, these ancient ancestors of people may have taken the battle of the sexes in a strange direction, for primates at any rate. True, no one can re-create with certainty the court and spark that led to sexual unions between early hominids. Nothing short of a time machine full of scientifically trained paparazzi could manage that trick. All is...

Footsteps in time that add 30,000 years to history of America
  Posted by freedom44
On News/Activism 07/05/2005 12:59:36 AM EDT · 56 replies · 1,211+ views

Times Online UK | 7/4/05 | Lewis Smith
THE discovery of human footprints, preserved by volcanic ash, have put back the likely date that the American continent was colonised by Man by almost 30,000 years, British scientists say. The prints, found by the scientists at the edge of a lake in Mexico, are thought to be about 40,000 years old. Their discovery upsets the widely accepted theory that Man first reached America across a land bridge, now covered by the Bering Sea, 11,500 years ago. Casts of the footprints reveal that a community of Homo sapiens lived in the Valsequillo Basin, near Puebla in central Mexico. Their feet...

Neanderthal Genome May Be Reconstructed
  Posted by malakhi
On News/Activism 07/06/2005 1:10:07 PM EDT · 122 replies · 1,874+ views

AP via Yahoo! | 7/6/05 | Not given
German and U.S. scientists have launched a project to reconstruct the Neanderthal genome, the Max-Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology said Wednesday. The project, which involves isolating genetic fragments from fossils of the prehistoric beings who originally inhabited Europe, is being carried out at the Leipzig-based institute. [snip] "Firstly, we will learn a lot about the Neanderthals. Secondly, we will learn a lot about the uniqueness of human beings. And thirdly, it's simply cool," Rubin said. [snip]

Minatogawa People (An Asian Neanderthal?)
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 07/24/2005 8:01:11 PM EDT · 10 replies · 614+ views

University Of Tokyo | 7-24-2005 | Hisoa Baba/Banri Endo
Postcranial Skeleton of the Minatogawa Man Hisao Baba* and Banri Endo** *Department of Anatomy, Dokkyo University School of Medicine; **Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Science, The University of Tokyo GENERAL DISCUSSION Estimation of the Stature The stature of the Minatogawa man was estimated according to the methods of Peason (1899) and of Fujii (1960). The estimated statures using the femora by Fujii's method are 1532, 1499, 1556, 1499 mm in MI, MII, MIII, MIV, respectively. The value for MIII seems too great when the relative shortness of her tibia is taken into account. In estimating statures by Peason's formula, various...

Neanderthal Teeth Grew No Faster Than Comparable Modern Humans'
  Posted by DaveLoneRanger
On News/Activism 09/19/2005 5:11:50 PM EDT · 62 replies · 1,277+ views

Ohio State Research | Monday, September 19, 2005 | Staff
(Embargoed until 5 p.m. ET, Monday, September 19, 2005, to coincide with publication in the online edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.) COLUMBUS , Ohio ñ Recent research suggested that ancient Neanderthals might have had an accelerated childhood compared to that of modern humans but that seems flawed, based on a new assessment by researchers from Ohio State University and the University of Newcastle . They found that the rate of tooth growth present in the Neanderthal fossils they examined was comparable to that of three different populations of modern humans. And since the rate of...

The Roots Of Civilization Trace Back To ... Roots
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 09/19/2005 6:25:13 PM EDT · 27 replies · 609+ views

Eureka Alert | 9-19-2005 | Mark Cassutt
Contact: Mark Cassutt 612-624-8038 University of Minnesota The roots of civilization trace back to ... roots MINNEAPOLIS / ST. PAUL- About five to seven million years ago, when the lineage of humans and chimpanzees split, edible root plants similar to rutabagas and turnips may have been one of the reasons. According to research by anthropologists Greg Laden of the University of Minnesota and Richard Wrangham of Harvard University, the presence of fleshy underground storage organs like roots and tubers must have sustained our ancestors who left the rain forest to colonize the savannah. They have published their research in...

Big chill killed off the Neanderthals
  Posted by george76
On News/Activism 09/21/2005 3:22:31 PM EDT · 74 replies · 1,575+ views

New Scientist | 24 January 2004 | Douglas Palmer
IT IS possibly the longest-running murder mystery of them all. What, or even who, killed humankind's nearest relatives, the Neanderthals who once roamed Europe before dying out almost 30,000 years ago? Suspects have ranged from the climate to humans themselves, and the mystery has deeply divided experts. Now 30 scientists have come together to publish the most definitive answer yet to this enigma. They say Neanderthals simply did not have the technological know-how to survive the increasingly harsh winters. And intriguingly, rather than being Neanderthal killers, the original human settlers of Europe almost suffered the same fate. Ice cores recovered...

27,000 Year-Old Grave of Two Babies Found (Austria)
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 09/24/2005 6:27:17 PM EDT · 75 replies · 2,362+ views

Reuters/Yahoo News | 9-24-2005
Reuters - Fri Sep 23,11:08 AM ET A more than 27,000 year-old grave with the bodies of two babies is pictured near Krems in Lower Austria September 23, 2005. Archaeologists of the Prehistoric Commission of the Austrian Academy of Scienses (OeAW) excavated the bodies which were covered with an omoplate of a mammoth. This is the oldest grave ever found in Austria. REUTERS/HO/OeAW Praehistorische Kommission

More bones of hobbit-sized humans discovered
  Posted by aculeus
On General/Chat 10/11/2005 11:34:12 AM EDT · 84 replies · 1,550+ views

Reuters | October 11, 2005 | By Patricia Reaney
LONDON (Reuters) - Australian scientists said on Tuesday they have discovered more remains of hobbit-sized humans which belong to a previously unknown species that lived at the end of the last Ice Age. Professor Mike Morwood, of the University of New England, in Armidale, Australia, stunned the science world last year when he and his team announced the discovery of 18,000-year-old remains of a new human species called Homo floresiensis. The partial skeleton discovered in a limestone cave on the remote Indonesian island of Flores in 2003 was of a tiny adult hominid, or early human, only one meter (3...

Anthropologists Uncover Ancient Jawbone
  Posted by NormsRevenge
On News/Activism 10/11/2005 12:47:00 PM EDT · 19 replies · 708+ views

ap on Yahoo | 10/11/05 | Joseph B. Verrengia - AP
Scientists digging in a remote Indonesian cave have uncovered a jaw bone that they say adds more evidence that a tiny prehistoric Hobbit-like species once existed. The jaw is from the ninth individual believed to have lived as recently as 12,000 years ago. The bones are in a wet cave on the island of Flores in the eastern limb of the Indonesian archipelago, near Australia. The research team which reported the original sensational finding nearly a year ago strongly believes that the skeletons belong to a separate species of early human that shared Earth with modern humans far more recently...

New finds of human ancestor jumble evolutionary puzzle
  Posted by Crackingham
On News/Activism 10/13/2005 11:12:50 AM EDT · 167 replies · 2,486+ views

Christian Science Monitor | 10/13/5 | Peter N. Spotts
In their study of the evolutionary ladder, scientists have found that modern humans rubbed elbows with some colorful cousins. But few have been as puzzling as a purported cousin unearthed on the Indonesian island of Flores. The partial skeleton, first reported last October, was stunning. Estimated to stand just over three feet tall, it offered the tantalizing possibility that a new species of mini-human lived 18,000 years ago. But some researchers dismissed the find as a pygmy or the result of a physical defect. Now the research team that gave the world the hobbit-like Homo floresiensis has found what it...

On Human Diversity: Why has the genetics community discarded so many phenotypes?
  Posted by Pharmboy
On News/Activism 10/25/2005 11:03:25 PM EDT · 60 replies · 1,279+ views

The Scientist | 10-24-05 | Armand M. Leroi
HEAD CASES: The physical phenotypic differences between this Sudanese skull (right) and this European skull (left) are apparent. (From J.L.A. de Quatrefages, E.T. Hamy, Crania ethnica: les Cranes des races humaines, Baillere et fils: Paris, 1882.) Henry Flower became director of the British Museum of Natural History in 1884, and promptly set about rearranging exhibits. He set a display of human skulls to show their diversity of shape across the globe. A century later, the skulls had gone, and in their place was a large photograph of soccer fans standing in their terraces bearing the legend: "We are all...

African cousins behind extinction of Indians 70,000 years ago!
  Posted by CarrotAndStick
On News/Activism 11/06/2005 4:00:32 AM EST · 50 replies · 1,020+ views

New & ANI | 05 Nov 2005
Washington : Scientists have said that that the arrival of modern humans from Africa to South Asia some 70,000 years ago may have led to the extermination of the native populations. Researchers from the University of Cambridge have said that the arrival of Homo sapiens in regions like India and other parts of South Asia had most probably led to conflicts and competition between the Homo sapiens and the indigenous hominids (Homo heidelbergensis), leading to the latterís extinction over the years. ìWhile the precise explanations for the demise of the archaic populations is not yet obvious, it is abundantly clear...

Prehistoric skull found in dump may be missing common ancestor of apes & humans
  Posted by dead
On News/Activism 11/07/2005 11:35:20 AM EST · 186 replies · 2,822+ views

The Guardian | Monday November 7, 2005 | Dale Fuchs in Madrid
Palaeontologists excavating a dump outside Barcelona have found a skull dating back 14m years that could belong to a common ancestor of apes and humans. The nearly intact skull, which has a flat face, jaw and teeth, may belong to a previously unknown species of great ape, said Salvador Moya, the chief palaeontologist on the dig. "We could find a cradle of humanity in the Mediterranean," he said. A routine land survey for a planned expansion of the Can Mata dump in Els Hostalets de Pierola turned up the first surprise in 2002: a primate's tooth. Since then, scientists from...

Kennewick Man, Meet Your Distant Cousins
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 11/07/2005 6:24:22 PM EST · 58 replies · 1,627+ views

Seattle Times | 11-7-2005 | Kate Riley
Kennewick Man, meet your distant cousins By Kate Riley Monday, November 7, 2005 - Page updated at 12:00 AM COLUMBIA, S.C. ó Discerning the story of America's prehistoric past is a bit like groping through an unfamiliar room in the dark. One learned scientist's tattooing tool is another's piece of rock. Ask them to agree how long it has been there and you're bound to set off an argument that makes Seattle's whether-to-monorail conflict seem like a tea party. So it goes with evolving thought in archaeology. We all know the prevailing theory. Our children's high-school textbooks talk about the...

Ancient drought 'changed history'
  Posted by TigerLikesRooster
On News/Activism 12/08/2005 6:58:46 AM EST · 39 replies · 1,126+ views

BBC | 12/07/05 | Roland Pease
Ancient drought 'changed history' By Roland Pease BBC science unit, San Francisco The sediments are an archive of past climate conditions Scientists have identified a major climate crisis that struck Africa about 70,000 years ago and which may have changed the course of human history.The evidence comes from sediments drilled up from the beds of Lake Malawi and Tanganyika in East Africa, and from Lake Bosumtwi in Ghana. It shows equatorial Africa experienced a prolonged period of drought. It is possible, scientists say, this was the reason some of the first humans left Africa to populate the globe. Certainly,...

Scientists Find A DNA Change That Accounts For White Skin
  Posted by RWR8189
On News/Activism 12/16/2005 1:05:07 AM EST · 205 replies · 3,897+ views

Washington Post | December 16, 2005 | Rick Weiss
Scientists said yesterday that they have discovered a tiny genetic mutation that largely explains the first appearance of white skin in humans tens of thousands of years ago, a finding that helps solve one of biology's most enduring mysteries and illuminates one of humanity's greatest sources of strife. The work suggests that the skin-whitening mutation occurred by chance in a single individual after the first human exodus from Africa, when all people were brown-skinned. That person's offspring apparently thrived as humans moved northward into what is now Europe, helping to give rise to the lightest of the world's races. Leaders...

Gene That Determines Skin Color Is Discovered, Scientists Report
  Posted by Pharmboy
On News/Activism 12/16/2005 5:34:23 AM EST · 101 replies · 1,630+ views

NY Times | December 16, 2005 | NICHOLAS WADE
A gene that is responsible for the pale skin of Europeans and the dark skin of Africans has been discovered by scientists at Pennsylvania State University. The gene comes in two versions, one of which is found in 99 percent of Europeans and the other in 93 to 100 percent of Africans, the researchers report in today's issue of Science. The gene is unusual because with most human genes, different versions are generally shared, though one version may be more common in one race than another. One exception is the Duffy null allele, a version of a gene that prevents...

Not Out Of Africa But Regional Continuity
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 12/16/2005 2:03:02 PM EST · 21 replies · 559+ views

The Bradshaw Foundation | Alan Thorne
Not Out of Africa but regional continuityA challenging idea about Human Evolution by Alan Thorne Mungo Lady Mungo Lady was delivered to Alan Thorne in a small cheap suitcase in 1968 when he was 28 years old. Her burned and shattered bones were embedded in six blocks of calcified sand. The field researchers who dug her up in a parched no-man's-land in southeastern Australia suspected that shewas tens of thousands of years old. 600 Bone Chips Almost every day for the next six months, he painstakingly freed her remains from the sand with a dental drill, prizing out more than...

Redating The Latest Neanderthals In Europe
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 01/05/2006 6:34:12 PM EST · 8 replies · 548+ views

Washington University-St Louis | 1-5-2006 | Neil Schoenherr
Redating of the latest Neandertals in Europe By Neil Schoenherr Jan. 5, 2006 ó Two Neantertal fossils excavated from Vindija Cave in Croatia in 1998, believed to be the last surviving Neandertals, may be 3,000-4,000 years older than originally thought. Erik Trinkaus An international team of researchers involving Erik Trinkaus, Ph.D., the Mary Tileston Hemenway Professor of Anthropology in Arts & Sciences; Tom Higham and Christopher Bronk Ramsey of the Oxford University radiocarbon laboratory; Ivor Karavanic of the University of Zagreb; and Fred Smith of Loyola University, has redated the two Neandertals from Vindija Cave, the results of which have...

New analysis shows three human migrations out of Africa, Replacement theory 'demolished'
  Posted by PatrickHenry
On News/Activism 02/10/2006 5:54:05 AM EST · 120 replies · 2,512+ views

Washington University in St. Louis | 02 February 2006 | Tony Fitzpatrick
A new, more robust analysis of recently derived human gene trees by Alan R. Templeton, Ph.D, of Washington University in St Louis, shows three distinct major waves of human migration out of Africa instead of just two, and statistically refutes — strongly — the 'Out of Africa' replacement theory. That theory holds that populations of Homo sapiens left Africa 100,000 years ago and wiped out existing populations of humans. Templeton has shown that the African populations interbred with the Eurasian populations — thus, making love, not war. "The 'Out of Africa' replacement theory has always been a big controversy," Templeton...

Early Human Ancestors Walked On The Wild Side
  Posted by blam
On General/Chat 02/16/2006 1:14:54 PM EST · 14 replies · 367+ views

Eureka Alert - ASU | 2-16-2006 | Garu Schwartz - Skip Derra
Contact: Skip Derra 480-965-4823 Arizona State University Early human ancestors walked on the wild side Tempe, Ariz. -- Arizona State University anthropologist and Institute of Human Origins researcher Gary Schwartz, along with fellow anthropologist Dan Gebo from Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, have studied fossil anklebones of some early ancestors of modern humans and discovered that they walked on the wild side. It seems some of our earliest ancestors possessed a rather unsteady stride due to subtle anatomical differences. Schwartz and Gebo's findings will be published in the April 2006 edition of the American Journal of Physical Anthropology, but the...

Semi-News: Neanderthals Lived in Iranian Cave
  Posted by John Semmens
On Bloggers & Personal 05/04/2006 3:45:18 PM EDT · 13 replies · 146+ views

AZCONSERVATIVE | 28 Apr 2006 | John Semmens
The latest excavations by an Iranian and French joint team at prehistoric caves of Kermanshah, west of Iran, revealed them to have been early settlements of Neanderthals who used to live there about 85,000 to 40,000 years ago. Current whereabouts any remaining Neanderthals are a matter of speculation. Nevertheless, many are convinced that they are now running the Iranian government.

Evolutionary Back Story: Thoroughly Modern Spine Supported Human Ancestor
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 05/07/2006 11:48:57 AM EDT · 23 replies · 453+ views

Science News | 5-7-2006 | Bruce Bower
Evolutionary Back Story: Thoroughly modern spine supported human ancestor Bruce Bower Bones from a spinal column discovered at a nearly 1.8-million-year-old site in central Asia support the controversial possibility that ancient human ancestors spoke to one another. WIDE OPEN. A recently discovered Homo erectus vertebra from central Asia (left) displays a larger spinal cord canal than does a corresponding bone (right) from a skeleton that had been found in Kenya. Meyer Excavations in 2005 at Dmanisi, Georgia, yielded five vertebrae from a Homo erectus individual, says anthropologist Marc R. Meyer of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. The finds occurred...

Neanderthals And Humans: Perhaps They Never Met
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 05/08/2006 2:29:20 PM EDT · 34 replies · 1,204+ views

Live Science | 5-8-2006 | Robin Lloyd
Neanderthals and Humans: Perhaps They Never Met By Robin Lloyd Special to LiveScience posted: 08 May 2006 The number of years that modern humans are thought to have overlapped with Neanderthals in Europe is shrinking fast, and some scientists now say that figure could drop to zero. Neanderthals lived in Europe and western Asia from 230,000 to 29,000 years ago, petering out soon after the arrival of modern humans from Africa. There is much debate on exactly how Neanderthals went extinct. Theories include climate change and inferior tools compared to those made by modern humans. Anthropologists also disagree on whether...

New Scientist : Many human genes evolved recently ( As recent as 15,000 years ago )
  Posted by SirLinksalot
On News/Activism 05/08/2006 5:59:09 PM EDT · 82 replies · 1,008+ views

New Scientist | 03/07/2006 | Melissa Lee Phillips
Many human genes evolved recently 01:00 07 March 2006 news service Melissa Lee Phillips Human genes involved in metabolism, skin pigmentation, brain function and reproduction have evolved in response to recent environmental changes, according to a new study of natural selection in the human genome. Researchers at the University of Chicago, US, developed a statistical test to find genomic regions that evolution has favoured over the last 15,000 years or so ñ when modern humans dealt with the end of the last ice age, the beginning of agriculture, and increased population densities. Many of the 700 genes the researchers...

Experts Find Rare Romani DNA In Norwich Anglo Saxon Skeleton
  Posted by blam
On News/Activism 05/13/2006 1:43:55 PM EDT · 49 replies · 1,124+ views

24 Hour Museum | 5-12-2006 | Sarah Morley
EXPERTS FIND RARE ROMANI DNA IN NORWICH ANGLO SAXON SKELETON By Sarah Morley 12/05/2006 The recent discovery of Romani DNA in an Anglo Saxon skeleton has made experts re-think the nature of the city's early population. Picture courtesy Sophie Cabot. © HEART Experts from Norfolk Archaeology Unit based at Norwich Castle have discovered a rare form of mitochondrial DNA identified as Romani in a skeleton discovered during excavations in a large area of Norwich for the expansion of the castle mall. The DNA was found in an 11th century young adult male skeleton, and with the first recorded arrival of...

Neanderthal Yields Nuclear DNA
  Posted by blam
On General/Chat 05/16/2006 6:33:16 PM EDT · 16 replies · 591+ views

BBC | 5-16-2006
Neanderthal yields nuclear DNA Neanderthals died out about 29,000 years ago The first sequences of nuclear DNA to be taken from a Neanderthal have been reported at a US science meeting. Geneticist Svante Paabo and his team say they isolated the long segments of genetic material from a 45,000-year-old Neanderthal fossil from Croatia. The work should reveal how closely related the Neanderthal species was to modern humans, Homo sapiens. Details were presented at a conference at New York's Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory and reported by News@Nature. It is a significant advance on previous research that has extracted mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)...

12 posted on 05/16/2006 11:21:03 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (
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To: Corin Stormhands

ping to the title

13 posted on 05/17/2006 6:11:50 AM PDT by xzins (Retired Army Chaplain and Proud of It. Supporting our Troops Means Praying for them to Win!)
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· join list or digest · view topics · view or post blog · bookmark · post a topic · subscribe ·

Just updating the GGG info, not sending a general distribution.

To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list.
GGG managers are SunkenCiv, StayAt HomeMother, and Ernest_at_the_Beach

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14 posted on 06/13/2010 3:15:02 PM PDT by SunkenCiv ("Fools learn from experience. I prefer to learn from the experience of others." -- Otto von Bismarck)
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