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Home gardening offers ways to trim grocery costs [Survival Today, an on going thread]
Dallas ^ | March 14th, 2008 | DEAN FOSDICK

Posted on 03/23/2008 11:36:40 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny

Americans finding soaring food prices hard to stomach can battle back by growing their own food. [Click image for a larger version] Dean Fosdick Dean Fosdick

Home vegetable gardens appear to be booming as a result of the twin movements to eat local and pinch pennies.

At the Southeastern Flower Show in Atlanta this winter, D. Landreth Seed Co. of New Freedom, Pa., sold three to four times more seed packets than last year, says Barb Melera, president. "This is the first time I've ever heard people say, 'I can grow this more cheaply than I can buy it in the supermarket.' That's a 180-degree turn from the norm."

Roger Doiron, a gardener and fresh-food advocate from Scarborough, Maine, said he turned $85 worth of seeds into more than six months of vegetables for his family of five.

A year later, he says, the family still had "several quarts of tomato sauce, bags of mixed vegetables and ice-cube trays of pesto in the freezer; 20 heads of garlic, a five-gallon crock of sauerkraut, more homegrown hot-pepper sauce than one family could comfortably eat in a year and three sorts of squash, which we make into soups, stews and bread."


She compares the current period of market uncertainty with that of the early- to mid-20th century when the concept of victory gardens became popular.

"A lot of companies during the world wars and the Great Depression era encouraged vegetable gardening as a way of addressing layoffs, reduced wages and such," she says. "Some companies, like U.S. Steel, made gardens available at the workplace. Railroads provided easements they'd rent to employees and others for gardening."

(Excerpt) Read more at ...

TOPICS: Food; Gardening
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To: processing please hold; gardengirl

Good for you, it always feels so good to change something.

Be careful on buying lavender plants, some of them are useless for the herbal uses, they are the new hybrids, that are bred for show.

It will not grow here, so I have forgotten what I learned about the types.

Maybe Garden Girl can tell us which is the right variety for using the flowers to scent rooms and make bed pillows that go in the pillow case, etc.

1,951 posted on 04/16/2008 4:18:57 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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To: processing please hold

**a lot of yellow squash this year***

You can freeze it quite well! Grate it—I use the food processor—and put it in ziplock bags, raw. I put 2 cups per bag, as that’s what my zucchini-turned-yellow-squash bread recipe calls for. We like the yellow much better for bread—it’s sweeter! As a bonus, the squash can be used for filler in stir fry, or you can make squash casserole. I use lots of cheese and bacon and onions, a little flour and an egg or two, some salt and pepper, top the casserole with pepperidge farms stuffing.

Sorry your baby has a migraine. When all you can hear is your own heartbeat, or the clock ticking—three rooms away—it will drive you crazy.

1,952 posted on 04/16/2008 4:36:19 PM PDT by gardengirl
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To: nw_arizona_granny; processing please hold

Lavender won’t grow here either. Too humid. It loves heat, but not humidity. You might ping Diana in Wisconsin and see if she knows. Granny is right—some of the newer hybrids are all show and no smell. I’d go with some of the older varieties, if you can find some. Some of the mints might help as well, and they will grow anywhere.

1,953 posted on 04/16/2008 4:41:33 PM PDT by gardengirl
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To: gardengirl; Diana in Wisconsin

Thanks for your answer, I recall that there were types of lavender used as a herbal healer, but not the right varieties names.

Thanks for alerting us that Diana might know.

Diana, any idea’s on Lavender plant varieties for healing uses?

1,954 posted on 04/16/2008 5:16:55 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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To: All

Posted by: “steve

Crockpot Double Squash Combo

1 1/2 pounds zucchini
1 1/2 pounds summer squash
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/4 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper
1/2 teaspoon garlic salt
1/4 cup butter or margarine
3 tablespoons fine dry bread crumbs
3 tablespoons grated Parmesan cheese
Cut both kinds of squash into 1/2-inch pieces. Put in bottom of
crockpot. Sprinkle with salt, pepper and garlic salt (one can use
powder if they choose). Dot with butter; sprinkle with crumbs and
cheese. Cover and cook on LOW for 6 to 7 hours or until tender.
Yields 6 servings.

Good friends are hard to find, harder to leave, and impossible to

1,955 posted on 04/16/2008 5:26:36 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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To: All

Once we become interested in the progress
of the plants in our care, their development
becomes a part of the rhythm of our own lives
and we are refreshed by it. ~Thalassa Cruso
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
T O D A Y ‘ S T I P S
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Today I have a nice menu for a lovely spring dinner
featuring many fresh herbs and vegetables.

Cold Tomato Herb Soup

8 cups fresh ripe tomatoes
1/2 cup olive oil
1/2 cup herb vinegar
1 cup milk
4 tablespoons fresh lemon juice
3 tablespoons granulated sugar
1 1/2 teaspoons dry mustard
2 tablespoon chopped fresh thyme
2 tablespoon chopped fresh basil
2 tablespoon chopped fresh chives
salt and pepper to taste

Place the tomatoes whole in boiling water for two minutes,
remove with tongs and cool in ice water for one minute. The
skins will slide off easily. Allow to finishing cooling. When
cool chop tomatoes and place in a glass bowl with the oil and
vinegar. Beat in milk and lemon juice. Stir in sugar, mustard
and the fresh herbs. Chill overnight. Puree in a food processor
or blender. Garnish with chopped chives before serving.

Lemon Rosemary Green Beans

2 pounds green beans, snipped and cut into 1-inch pieces
3 tablespoons butter
1 tsp. grated lemon zest
1 tablespoon fresh rosemary, minced or 1 tsp. dried
salt and pepper to season

Boil the beans in salted water for 5 minutes, or until just tender.
While the beans are cooking, melt the butter over low heat with
the rosemary, salt and pepper to taste . Keep this warm. When
the beans are done, drain and transfer them to a serving bowl.
Pour the butter mixture over the beans and toss. Serve warm.

Citrus Sage Chicken Breasts

2 pounds boneless chicken breasts
1 can frozen lemonade(6 oz.)
1/3 cup honey
1/2 tsp. lemon juice
1 tsp. crushed dried sage or 2 tsp. minced fresh
1/2 tsp. dried, crushed thyme or 1 tsp. minced fresh
1/2 tsp. dried mustard

Preheat oven to 350 degrees F. Rinse the chicken breasts and
pat dry. Place chicken in a shallow baking dish. Combine the
remaining ingredients. Pour 1/2 of mixture over the chicken
and bake for 20 minutes. Turn chicken and pour the remaining
sauce over top. Bake 15-20 minutes more until done. 8 servings.

Baked Apples with Fresh Mint

8 apples
1 cup raisins
1/2 cup brown sugar
2 tbsp. fresh mint, minced
4 tsp. butter or margarine

Core the apples and peel off a 1 inch strip around the
core hole on the top of each apple. Place apples in a
shallow baking dish. Combine raisins, brown sugar and
mint. Fill apples-dividing the mixture. Top the filling in
each apple with 1/2 tsp. butter. Bake at 350 degrees for
about 50 minutes or until apples are tender. Makes 8

MORE RECIPES: How to use Fines herbes in your cooking:

1,956 posted on 04/16/2008 6:37:16 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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To: All

After extensive field trials our analysis revealed that the variety possessed an extremely high heat level, 1,001,304 SHU. That’s a heat level you normally see only with ultra-hot sauces using pepper extract (capsicum oleoresin). For a more complete and in-depth story please refer to the link below.

To order seeds please download our pdf Chile Pepper Institute Chile Shop catalog.

Seeds are $5.00 per packet plus shipping & handling - SEE MINIMUM ORDER DETAILS($2.00 for the first pack and .15 per additional pack) with 10 seeds per packet. We cannot offer bulk or wholesale, and there are no discounts on this seed.

Seeds seem to germinate better (77%) when treated, please refer to the Guidelines for Chile Crop Seed Production link below on how to treat seeds.

1,957 posted on 04/16/2008 7:30:55 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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To: All

[granny would be in debt with this catalog]

..the Garden and the Website of the most spectacular tropical plants grown by Tatiana & Mike in Florida, USA.
Our Botanical Garden “Tropical Boonies” is located in Punta Gorda (near Fort Myers), SW Florida Coast - see directions to our Garden and Nursery.
This website covers two areas: tropical plants for sale and information about them. (See also Detailed Site Map)

Out of this world links:

Exotic rare tropical fruit and edible plants

Tropical and Subtropical Fruit Crops for the Home Landscape: Alternatives to Citrus

1,958 posted on 04/16/2008 7:57:20 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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Garden For Nutrition Index


These rotations are not intended for commercial agriculture. Commercial agriculture demands adherance to the local environmental limitations much more strictly. Extra expense to overcome local restrictions can be justified because these crops are consumed on site with no distribution costs. The main advantages of self sufficiency are increased reliability, increased nutrition, hopefully improved health, and cash saved for other necessities. Even growing only a portion of your own dietary needs can still be beneficial in that you can be positioned to scale up very quickly if needed.


2 years between grains. Oats and sorghum are the more disease resistant of this category and can be used to bend the rules a little.

2 years between different legumes. Alfalfa is the most disease resistant of this category and can be used to bend the rules a little.

2 years between root crops.

2 years between broadleaf to control mold. Always follow this rule for dry beans, sunflower, and squash, since these are the most susceptible to fungus. For other crops, this rule is almost impossible to follow. Plant resistant varieties, use clean culture, do not plant too thick, do not overwater, never water these crops from overhead, keep squash vines off the ground, etc. Buckwheat, flax, alfalfa, roots, and okra are the most disease resistant of this category and can be used to bend the rules a little.

Because of airborn fungal disease and insect migration, rotations should occassionally skip large distances. Crops should not just move to the adjacent field or plot every year.

Rotate the timing of tilling and planting to keep from creating a pattern that will allow weeds to become established.

Remove diseased plants and diseased parts.

Practice clean culture in the field and under trees and vines. Thoroughly tilling residue into the soil and watering will speed decomposition and reduce mold.

Do not practice clean culture in beneficial perennial plant plots. Many beneficial insects pupate in the soil and they tend to do it around beneficial perennials.

In the late fall, till at night to prevent sprouting of weed seeds. Weeds are easier to control after fall tilling when the temperatures are too cool for many weeds to sprout. Potentially, plant vetch and winter rye or wheat as a cover crop if you can afford to wait until it blooms next spring before stalk chopping or mowing (zone 6+) and your next crop is not small seeded. Large seed will sprout well under allelopathic residue, but small seeds may be suppressed. Winter rye is hardy to -40 F. Vetch can survive to zone 6 and sometimes even further north with snow cover.

Planting a winter cover crop may ruin the attempt to break disease cycles. Instead, leave the current roots in the soil for protection from erosion. Tilling between the rows will help speed decomposition and control weeds. Or plant disease resistant cover varieties such as oats or sorghum.

Try not to plant crops that are heavy feeders of the same soil nutrients repeatedly in the same field.



It is important to have a small kitchen garden where animals are never used during the growing season and it is far from fresh animal manure. This is the garden which is safe to eat raw from. It should only be big enough to grow what you will eat yourself and therefore can be substantially manually cultivated, mulched, and harvested. To prevent disease, always use fresh material (not last years) for mulch.

1. SPRING - inoculated green beans
FALL - collards and kale with leek
2. SPRING - okra
FALL - oat cover
3. SPRING - beet, (parsnip, carrot)
WINTER - work in manure
4. SPRING - inoculated peas, lentils, and/or chickpeas
LATE SUMMER - turnip greens
LATE FALL - cover crop (rye)
5. SPRING - upland rice (or corn)
FALL - oat cover, replant biennials for seed
6. SPRING - squash, onion, allow biennials to seed, (or nightshade)
WINTER - work in manure


Two years between legumes.

Two years between brassica.

Two years between roots, if you grow seven top turnip instead of a root turnip.

High calcium crops are harvested in the majority of harvests from each plot.

Broadleaves are over-represented here, but calcium is the primary need. Compensate with mold resistant varieties, plant peas extremely early, plant brassica only in the fall (except turnip greens), do not water from overhead, do not overwater, till residue thoroughly into the soil, keep squash vines off the ground, etc.


SELF SUFFICIENT GRAIN and LEGUME ROTATION: Since many of these crops are for chicken feed, some for hog feed, and only a few for humans, they need to be grown with as much mechanical efficiency as possible. Some of these crops can be foraged directly by the animals.

1. SPRING - inoculated annual alfalfa
WINTER - work in manure
2. LATE SPRING - sunflower
FALL - winter wheat (or triticale), garlic cloves, biennial roots
3. SUMMER - harvest wheat, garlic, biennial seeds
LATE SUMMER - kale and collards with leek
4. EARLY SPRING - flax
SUMMER - marigold
WINTER - work in manure
5. LATE SPRING - inoculated soybeans and white beans for calcium
FALL - oats and rye for cover
6. LATE SPRING - single swath of oats, keep rye from the fall
EARLY SUMMER - harvest all but one swath of the rye grass to use as mulch
in the vegetable garden, and plant sorghum.
LATE SUMMER - harvest oats and rye, use straw as mulch in the vegetable garden,
and plant buckwheat
FALL - harvest buckwheat and sorghum, use sorghum straw as mulch in the vegetable
garden, plant oats for cover.
7. SPRING - turnip root and greens with leek, sugar beet, (or nightshade)
FALL - rape


Two / three years between legumes.

Two and half years between the most sensitive grains (rice, wheat).

The most vulnerable broadleafs (sunflower, soybeans) are seperated by 2 / 3 years.

Planting and harvest times are spread out.

Brassica are seperated by 2 / 3 years and the most sensitive ones grow in cold weather which reduces disease risk.

Root crops are seperated by 6 years.

The crop that is grown primarily for human consumption, sunflower, has the best position for low disease risk and high yield potential.


Management is complex.

Machinery change over is frequent.


Legumes - potassium
Greens - use nitrogen
Okra - uses potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen
Grains - use phosphorus and potassium
Squash - uses potassium and phosphorus
Root crops - use potassium
Sunflower - uses phosphorus and potassium
Fruits - use large amounts of potassium,
critical for deep roots
Nuts and seeds - phosphorus and potassium

North Dakota State University
University of Connecticut IPM
North Dakota State University crop rotations
Texas Plant Disease Handbook

1,959 posted on 04/16/2008 8:03:19 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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I used this catalog for years as a guide, has all kinds of info and good and rare seeds:

List of companies that carry herbs:

Richter’s Herbs
Goodwood, Ontario
Loc 1ao

Other links that should be checked:

1,960 posted on 04/16/2008 8:07:29 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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To: All

Garlic (Allium sativum):

(Point of origin: Asia)
Allicin helps keep arteries healthy.
In animal tests at SWRI, garlic defended against
radiation poisoning in mice.
Some people cannot tolerate garlic.
Properties: Deer resistant.
Sources: Territorial, Seeds of Change
Press garlic and expose to the air
for at least 10 minutes and
serve garlic without cooking.
Garlic and Radiation Links:

Values of foods:

1,961 posted on 04/16/2008 8:14:14 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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Organic Insect Control With Beneficial Insects, Animals, Bacteria, and Fungus





1. Grow plants that are well adapted to the soil and climate of the area. For example, grow fava when and where the climate is cool and moist for a long period.

2. Grow crops at the proper time. For example, grow cole crops in the fall only; except turnip. They are too attractive to insects in the spring and summer.

3. Grow resistant varieties.

4. Use integrated pest management tehniques by getting bacteria, fungus, plants, beneficial insects, and animals to control harmful insects for you. For example, grow plants that attract beneficial insects in and around the garden.

5. Crop rotation. See:

Organic City Garden Crop Rotation

Organic Self Sufficiency Crop Rotation

6. Avoid large monocultures if at all possible.

7. Hogs can be used to eat fallen fruit and interrupt insect breeding cycles.


Yarrow - parasitic wasps, lady beetles, bees, deer resistant
Tansy - parasitic wasps, lady beetles, insidious flower bugs,
lacewings, deer resistant
Daisy - parasitic wasp, nectar
Alfalfa - parasitic wasp, nectar
Seedum - parasitic wasps
Comfrey - spiders
Tree bark not sprayed by oil - predatory wasp nest site
Golden Marguerite (Anthemis tinctoria) - nectar
Butterfly Weed - nectar
Goldenrod(Solidago sp.) - wasps, preying mantis, deer resistant
Hard-leaved Goldenrod - wasps

Alyssum - parasitic wasps, pollen and nectar
Parsnip - parasitic wasp
Caraway - parasitic wasps, lacewings, hoverflies, insidious flower bugs
, spiders
Amaranth - tachinid fly
Marigolds - pollen and nectar
Buckwheat - hoverflies, minute pirate bugs, predatory wasps,
tachinid flies, lacewings, lady beetles
Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa) - lady beetles
, minute pirate bugs, predatory wasps
Chamomile - predatory wasps
Hyssop - predatory wasps
Celery - predatory wasps
Borage(seed needs light to germinate) - pollen and nectar
Batchelor button - pollen and nectar
Corn flower(Centauren cyanus) - pollen and nectar
Mustard - pollen and nectar
Coriander - pollen and nectar
Nasturtiums - nectar and pollen
Sunflower family - attracts lacewing

Parsley - predatory wasps

WEEDY PERENNIALS AND BIENNIALS (Best grown in fields around garden)
Sweet fennel - parasitic wasps, predatory wasps
Dill - seed needs light to sproat, predatory wasps
Queen Ann’s Lace - parasitic wasps, nectar
White sweet clover - tachinid flies, bees, predatory wasps
Clover - predatory wasps
Dandelion - nectar
Echinacea - nectar and pollen


Practice clean culture in the fall. (Work in all crop residue.)
This will also reduce soil insect populations.

Hard wood chips - grows fungus which kill nematodes
Grasshoppers - plowing in the fall can kill eggs
, work in insectidal plants
, growing oats and peas repels grasshoppers
Parasitic nematodes - kills many soil insects
Milky spore - kills grubs


Bacillus thuringiensis - bacteria which disrupts the disgestive system
of leaf eating worms.
Not necessary for cole crops if they are planted in the fall.

Till into the soil under fruit trees:
tobacco - insecticide
wormwood - insecticide
high camphor lavender - repels everything
walnut (Juglans nigra) - odor of leaves repels insects
wild plants with insecticidal properties
listed in Peterson’s
Medicinal Plants Field Guide


bat nest sites.
very small bird (warblers) nest sites.
grow trees for nest sites.
tomato cages for perching in the garden.
snakes, lizards, and frogs -
water and hiding places.
(ie: log pile, rocks)
snakes will breed in a wood chip pile.
wasp boxes
water in gravel pans for wasps
grass or straw mulched areas - spiders
birds - Do not put out bird feeders.
It will only train them to eat your crops,
instead of the insects you want them to eat.
owl nest boxes - owls for mouse control


Garden For Nutrition Index

1,962 posted on 04/16/2008 8:16:29 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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Organic Soil - How to Build Up Nutrients


1. Avoid composting or the nitrogen will evaporate.
In the fall, residue should be worked into the soil.
Composting can allow as much as 75% of the nitrogen to
escape into the atmosphere as ammonia.
2. When plowing, do not just flip the soil.
Thoroughly mix the previous crop residue and water.
Also, aerobic decomposition is better than anaerobic.
This will encourage decomposition, which will reduce disease,
and also encourage rapid growth of the next crop, which will help
control weeds.
3. Do not try to do the work all by yourself.
Enlist the help of plants, insects, and animals.
Turn animals onto the stubble to reduce material size.
Hogs can be used in orchards to interupt insect cycles,
interrupt certain parasite cycles, etc.
Encourage dung beetles to spread and bury manure in pastures for you.
4. Grow deep rooted plants in your rotation to break up the soil
and bring nutrients up from deep below:
alfalfa, chicory, parsnip, sunflower, okra, etc.
5. Encourage the proper MYCORRHIZAL FUNGUS to aid in nutrient
absorption and soil mineralization.
Never leave soil without roots in it to encourage the fungus.
6. Encourage the proper RHIZOBIAL BACTERIA
to fixate nitrogen.
7. Worms will drag organic material underground in perennial beds
and pastures from the organic matter on top of the soil.
8. Leaves from trees and grass are best left in place to nourish the
plants that grew them.
Try not to rob organic matter from plants that need it.
9. Only add ORGANIC FERTILIZER AMENDMENTS when necessary.
Try to unlock the local nutrients first.
10. Winter cattle and poultry in row crop areas with portable protection
if possible.
Manure will be automatically distributed.
Locate hay barns next to row crop areas for easy hay distribution.
11. Work manure from winter sheltered animals directly into the garden
during winter. Stop working manure in 6 months before harvest time.

Mycorrhizal fungi increases uptake of nutrients for most plants,
especially phosphorus.

Mycorrhizal fungi is a free naturally present fungi that has a
mutualistic relationship with most plants except Brassica,
beets, and buckwheat.

Crops which encourage the widest variety:
Sorghum - Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench
Leek - Allium porrum (L.)

Crops which encourage the highest numbers:

Grain with the greatest response:

Okra and corn produced low populations.

Trichoderma viride:
Flax will encourage this fungus.
The cyanide in the roots will encourage Trichoderma viride,
which will suppress other harmful fungus and bacteria.
Must allow to fully mature for the cyanide to leave the seed
and deposit into the roots.

Chitin (shell of crab, lobster, shrimp, snail, fish scale?) -
will encourage Streptomyces actinomycete which will suppress
harmful fungus.

Legumes use rhizobium to fixate nitrogen, but sunflower and okra
also benefit because most beneficial rhizobium will suppress
harmful bacteria.

Rhizobium meliloti - alfalfa
Rhizobium japonicum - soybean
Rhizobium leguminosarum type C - hairy vetch
Rhizobium leguminosarum var. Viceae - pea and fava
Rhizobium leguminosarum lentil - lentil
Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. phaseoli - common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.),
Rhizobium trifolii - Alsike clover, Red clover
Bradyrhizobium japonicum spp. - Kudzu, Peanut
Rhizobium loti - Bird’s-foot trefoil

Native rhizobium are available in most soils,
but at such low numbers that they are not very effective.

Inoculations survive at useful levels for only about 2-3 years,
under good conditions, without the proper leguminous host plants.
Good conditions are high humus, moderate PH, moderate moisture,
and moderate temperature.

Soak seed for 24 hours prior to inoculation.
This will open the pores for easier inoculation.
Plant immediately.

Rye is good for reducing harmful bacteria.

Peat - natural inoculator of Azospirillum brasilense,
a phytostimulator for grains, legumes, and tomatoes

In studies on mass multiplication of rhizobia, wheat bran showed
more rhizobial population per gm of substrate as compared to
saw dust or rice husk.

Annual Alfalfa - highest in nitrogen fixation among annual crops.
Best if plow under.
Vetch - Can overwinter to zone 6.
High fixation if environment allows overwinter with spring growth.
Maximum nitrogen fixation just as it begins to bloom.
Drops rapidly.
Mixing with rye improves overwintering and summer growth.
Must bloom before mow or chop or may regrow.
Soy, pea - food crops, high fixation.
Lentil, common bean - food crops, moderate fixation.
Fava - Best where moist and cool for 2-3 months
and too cool for vetch or peas to actively grow.
Fixation can be high but only in the right environment.
Will continue to fix nitrogen to full plant maturity
as long as the soil is 40-60 F.
Plant will die when temperatore < 10 F.
Perennial Alfalfa, clover - best in pastures


Phosphorous sources - for root growth and strong stem
Bone or rock phosphate - needed if soil is alkaline,
plant directly in it
Held in soil by clay.
Protozoa, bacteria, and fungi release via mineralization.

Nitrogen sources:
Bacteria fixate from the atmosphere
and held in soil by clay.
Protozoa also release nitrogen.

Potassium sources - for flowering and fruit
Trees can absorb potassium more easily than most other plants.
Hard wood chips should be worked into the soil for potassium.
Work small amounts into the soil every year so as not to
decrease nitrogen levels too quickly.
Rock potash.
Potassium can be held in soil by clay.

Micro nutrients:
Calcium - dolomite, limestone
causes soil to be fluffy and well aerated
excess may inhibit growth by making soil too alkaline
Silica - granite dust, sand
Zinc - granite dust
Molybdenum - rock phosphate
Trace minerals - granite meal, greensand (glauconite)
, kelp meal
Boron - Borax (only add if known deficiency)
Cobolt -
Manganese -
Sulphur -
Copper -
Magnesium -
Aluminium -
Iron -

Mix these materials with local soil and allow time to decompose.
Stir regularly.

hard wood chips - grows a fungus which will kill nematodes.
also high in potassium.
willow wood chips - root stimulant
alfalfa will stimulate growth with octacosanol
high in silica - strengthens against fungus
comfrey - cell proliferant
horseradish greens, garlic, mustard seed
- suppresses fungus
thistle - high in silica
if allowed to grow to full maturity
silica strengthens plants against fungus
allow plants to mature, but not seed, before mowing
burdock leaf - oligosacharides
encourage beneficial bacteria
Stinging nettle - growth stimulant, fungicidal

Garden for Nutrition Index

1,963 posted on 04/16/2008 8:20:36 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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Organic Health Food Recipes

This site is meant to supplement any of the many dozens of full blown recipe books available, with tips you seldom find in other recipe books on using the most nutritious crops fresh from the garden / farm. A few recipes are included, but this site consists mostly of tips on how to use the healthiest of crops which are listed here. Use them to help make substitutions in your favorite recipes.

Breakfast smoothy:
Use soaked, possibly fermented, and cooked wheat berries,
kamut, or spelt and possibly a small amount of
cooked sweet potato with the skin for flavor.
1 hard boiled egg


Blend until smooth with:
Fruit peelings
Fennel, coriander, anise, cardamom
Soaked and cooked flax.
Walnut, pecan, and/or sunflower.

Winter squash soup:
Cook winter squash with the skin


Blend until smooth with:
Fruit peelings
Fennel, coriander, anise, cardamom
Soaked and cooked flax or flax oil
Walnut, pecan, and/or sunflower.

Quick Breads:

Soak the whole grain berries of spelt, kamut, wheat, oat, rice, buckwheat, corn, flax, etc. for 24 hours.
Wash and drain.
Boil the berries until fully cooked.
Grind in blender with fruit.
Ferment for at least several hours with a sourdough starter.

Blend with egg yolk.
Whip and fold in egg whites.

Pour onto hot pan or griddle to cook.

The advantage of this method is that the grain is already thoroughly cooked. Most quick breads do not thoroughly cook the grain so they are difficult to digest.

Mayonaise substitute or butter substitute:
Winter squash
Dried fruit - ground

Squash is a good enough butter substitute by itself if you give the palette time to adjust. It is better to eat foods high in omega 3 than to add any kind of oil to the diet. The major source of cholesterol comes from when the liver converts oils and fats into cholesterol.

Yellow summer squash seeds - if yellow summer squash is allowed to ripen more fully than can be found in most grocery stores and yet not so much as to become tough, the seeds will develope a wonderfully buttery flavor.

Winter Squash Drink:
The cooking water from winter squash makes a delicious sweet beverage.
Serve cold or hot.


Greens will taste much better if they are boiled.

Greens are excellant for stuffings, pies, casseroles,
meatloaf, chili, soup, etc.

It is a great way to sneak healthy food into children’s diets.
Healthy kids don’t need much to make a difference and it is
invaluable to start training the palatte and psychology early.

Adding some stewed lentils is also a great way to improve
the flavor. Adding naturally salty fish also enhances flavor.

If greens are boiled, the cooking water will be full of calcium
so either drink it or use it to cook something else.
Unfortunately, the cooking water may also be full of tannins
which may taste too strong to use any further and are slightly

Soak for 24 hours, then bake for a very nutty flavor.

Winter squash:
When removing the seeds from winter squash, leave as much as
possible of the loose tissue around the seeds. It is extremely
high in nutrients and very flavorful. Use a fork to tease the
seeds out of the surrounding tissue.

Tartness is a wonderfull flavor which is very appealing
for sauces. Good sources of tart flavor are some of the
more wild fruits sold by One Green World and
St. Lawrence Nursery.

Also, hibiscus.

If you do not want to eat okra raw, then it is often best to
cook it whole. Do not overcook or it will become slimy.
Cutting the okra before cooking makes it especially slimy.
Cooked whole okra is not anywhere near as slimy.
Of course, okra can be intentionally cut open to help
thicken soups like gumbo. The cooking water of okra is also
very soothing to the throat since it is mucilaginous and
high in calcium. Okra eaten raw is the least slimy of all.
But the okra must be very fresh since it does not store well.

Leave on the roots and then soak in water overnight to
reduce bitterness.

To cook rice:
Soak rice for 24 hours, then drain the water.
Cook at a low boil for at least 25-30 minutes once boiling begins.
Whole rice becomes sticky when the outer shell cracks and the inside
is exposed.
Completely turn off the heat to stop cooking the rice as soon as the
outer shell cracks and allow the rice to soak in the remaining
hot water.
This reduction in heat will also help to prevent the starch from
being activated and becoming sticky.
Pour off extra water as soon as rice reaches desired expansion
before excess exposure of the inside of the kernals.
Use the excess water to cook other foods since it will be high
in vitamins and minerals.
Reducing the heat too soon will prevent the rice from becoming
fully cooked.
Under cooking rice to keep it from becoming sticky makes
it very indigestable.
But if you need to freeze the rice, preventing the kernals from
expanding beyond the initial cracking point, will help to
resist the tendency to become sticky when frozen.
Cooking the rice to unfreeze and reheat it can complete
the expansion process.

Rutabaga really does not store well. It is best served
freshly harvested and freshly cooked.

The key to easily peeling hard boiled eggs is to peel them under cold water
as soon as they are finished cooking while they are still very hot.
Concentrate on peeling the inner membrane instead of the shell.

Brains are consumed by cultures all over the world.
There are many dozens of recipes available on the Internet.
But if we look at brains from a nutritional viewpoint, brains
are best used like a highly perishable type of butter or oil
(since it is so high in DHA).
From this perspective it is better to clean brains (and eyes),
grind or cut them up, and then freeze them in a way that allows
you to break off small pieces to be used every day to thicken
soups and sauces.
Samll amounts of DHA on a daily basis is the best way to meet ones
daily needs for DHA.

One of the most important points to remember about cooking
healthy, is to use low heat; just barely enough heat to
destroy the inhibitors or sterilize if required.
Never use high heat to cook food as this can denaturing proteins.
And never use microwaves.

Water boils at sea level at 212 F at sea level.
Most enzyme inhibitors will be neutralized at that temperature over time.
Most bacteria will also be destroyed at that temperature.



Organic Personal Chef

Chef CC’s delicious collection of Organic Pesto, Marinara and Pasta gift baskets are available to order. Send Chef CC an email to find out more about these tasty treats.


A guide to the pre-Hispanic plants and foods of Mexico, with ancient recipes from Mesoamerica. A great resource for the teacher, student, amateur ethno botanist, chef, or anyone interested in the plants and foods of Mexico and Mesoamerica.

Back to Garden for Nutrition Index

1,964 posted on 04/16/2008 8:27:36 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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Recipes & Uses


Lavender is probably the most versatile essential oil available and therefore one of the absolute “essentials”. Fortunately, it’s also a fairly inexpensive oil and can be obtained for a good price in a pure form. Lavender is one of the very few oils that can be applied directly to skin (for adults and older children) without dilution, but it is also nice in a vaporizer, in a bath, in a spritzer, in a foot bath, through steam inhalation or dry inhalation. It’s the catch-all remedy and is safe even for the youngest family members.

Headaches: Mix 5-6 drops with cool water. Dip clean cotton cloth (a facecloth works fabulously) into solution, wring gently and use as a compress across forehead or around neck. Refresh the cloth in the solution as required. This works even better if you have the opportunity to lay down in a dark place while you apply your compress.

Diaper Wipes: Combine ¼ Cup of Aloe Gel, 1 Cup Water, 3 drops lavender essential oil, 2 drops tea tree oil. Mix well and pour over homemade wipes. Reusable flannel cloths are a roll of paper towel cut in half work well. This is an antibacterial, soothing solution without the harsh chemicals and alcohol often found in commercial wipes. For more info on diapering, click here.

Burns: Apply lavender oil directly to burn area. If burn is severe, contact professional advice immediately.

Linen Spray: Lavender has been used in many societies for its ability to help people relax and unwind at day’s end. Add 10-15 drops to ½ Cup of Water in a small spritz bottle. Spray sheets, pillowcases or bedding with a light mist just before crawling in for the night. Alternatively, try 1-2 drops underneath a pillow. This is great for children’s rooms as well as adults and provides an incredibly relaxing bedtime smell.

Insect Bites: Apply 1 drop directly to insect stings or bites or place 2-3 drops on end of q-tip and dab bite to ease pain and discomfort. If you know or suspect the insect was poisonous, be sure to contact professional help immediately.

Depression or Anxiety: Place 5-6 drops on cotton or linen handkerchief and inhale as needed. This is a wonderfully mobile little trick as it can be tucked into a pocket or purse and is only ever a reach away. For children, this can be a great way to connect to parents when separation is required for a small stretch of time. Let them know that anytime they feel overwhelmed or in need of connection, they can take a whiff of the little cloth and know that you are thinking of them too. (Try this for first days of school, etc.)

recommended reading on aromatherapy


Click Here to place order within Canada at


Click Here to place order within Canada at

Room Freshener: Use a diffuser, a spritzer or place a few drops on the vacuum bag before vacuuming to freshen a stale room or to help clear the air after an illness. Dried lavender used to be burnt in hospital wards to clean the air as it contains antiseptic properties and is known for it’s balancing effects. It is also well-known for it’s uplifting and soothing qualities and could help purify the air after an unpleasant discussion or argument.


Synthetic lemon scent is often added to chemical cleansers to denote freshness and cleanliness. The real lemon essential oil is a fabulous addition to homemade, non-toxic cleaners as it is an antiseptic and rejuvenating disinfectant (and much better than all that synthetic stuff). Lemon is also known for its ability to stimulate the immune system and neutralize acid (great for heartburn!). All citrus oils are photosensitive which means you need to avoid sunlight if you apply it to your skin – even in a diluted form. To prolong the life of lemon essential oil, store it in the fridge.

Dishwashing: Add 4-6 drops of lemon essential oil to a sink full of soapy water to do dishes. It adds a fabulous scent which makes washing dishes a little sunnier for the dishes, your hands and your mind.

Insect Bites: Like lavender, lemon essential oil can be applied directly to insect bites to relieve itching and reduce or avoid swelling. Be sure to avoid sunlight for at least 6 hours after applying though.

Room Freshener: Use lemon essential oil in a diffuser or spritzer to purify the air. Lemon blends well with lavender for a fresh, light air cleanser.


Sweet Orange is one of my favourite essential oils and is often favoured by children as well. Like lemon, orange essential oil is a disinfectant and a great addition to homemade cleaning solutions. It is the only citrus oil that is considered relaxing and stimulating and is often recommended for children’s evening baths (no more than one drop in a tub though as it can be rather harsh for young skin). As with all citrus oils, it is photosensitive and should not be exposed to light (especially sunlight when on the skin) and can be stored in the fridge to minimize the light and temperature sensitivity.

Diaper Pail Deodorizer: Add 10 drops to a cotton pad and place in the deodorizer compartment of your diaper pail for fresher smelling change area.

Diaper Spray: Fill a spray bottle with a 1:1 solution of vinegar and water. Add 10-15 drops of orange essential oil, shake well and keep beside the change table. Spray diapers as you throw them into the pail to await wash day. This solution is also a great disinfectant for wiping down the change table area – and it leaves the room smelling so sweet.


Neroli essential oil comes from the blossoms of orange trees and is another of my personal favourites. It is best known for it’s relaxation benefits and received it’s name from the 17th century Italian princess Anna Maria de la Tremoille, Princess of Nerole who used the fragrance everywhere from her stationary to her baths. It is often used in treating depression and I used it after the birth of our baby to help ease those “baby blues” as my hormones regulated themselves from pregnant to lactating state. Neroli is quite safe for use during pregnancy and is often recommended for PMS symptoms. Neroli is one of the more expensive oils and is therefore often sold already diluted. Be sure to buy from a reputable source.

Mama Love Bath: Mix 7 drops of Neroli with 3 tablespoons of honey or 1 tablespoon of a carrier oil, add to warm bath, sit back, relax and pamper yourself – you deserve it!

The Pity Party Romp: Place 2-4 drops in a diffuser or aroma lamp when you’re feeling a little sorry for yourself, a bit depressed or just out of sorts. Have a good cry if you need it and breathe the scent of Neroli deeply.

Tea Tree
Tea tree essential oil is probably the most powerful disinfectant of all the essential oils. It is fabulous added to cleaning solutions (for more information on homemade cleaning solutions, read Clean House, Clean Planet) as it has antiseptic, germicidal and antiviral properties. The oil comes from an Australian tree and is often used for treating acne. It has a distinctly disinfectant smell and blends very nicely with lavender.

Toilet Bowl Cleaner: Shake ½ Cup of Borax and 10 drops of tea tree essential oil into toilet, give it a quick scrub with the toilet brush, close the lid and leave for several hours or overnight. Scrub again, flush and delight in your sparkling clean, fresh-smelling bowl.

Diaper Wipes: Combine ¼ Cup of Aloe Gel, 1 Cup Water, 3 drops lavender essential oil, 2 drops tea tree oil. Mix well and pour over homemade wipes. Reusable flannel cloths are a roll of paper towel cut in half work well. This is an antibacterial, soothing solution without the harsh chemicals and alcohol often found in commercial wipes.

Diaper Pail Cleanser: As you empty your pail into the wash, pour ½ cup of vinegar and 6-8 drops of tea tree essential oil into the pail. Give it a good swirl and wipedown, then pour the excess into the washing machine with your diapers (sometimes I leave the solution in until it’s time to set the diapers for the second cycle and then add it). For more information on cloth diapers, click here.

Germs BeGone!: Tea tree is fabulous for getting rid of sick germs. Add 3-4 drops to a diffuser during and after an illness in the house to minimize airborne germs.
Soap: Add 25 drops of tea tree oil to 1 cup of neutral liquid soap and mix well for an antibacterial handwash. For a more pleasing scent, replace 10-15 of the drops with an equal amount of lavender essential oil. This is a particularly great soap for after gardening or in the bathroom.


Peppermint is an extremely potent oil that should be used with caution around children and pets and is best avoided during pregnancy and while using homeopathic remedies (it will cancel out the effects of the homeopathics). It has the distinctively cooling mint smell and is a fabulous remedy for nausea, digestive issues, and headaches. Be sure to dilute this oil well and use minimum amounts as it is very powerful.

Cooling Bath: Put 2-3 drops of peppermint essential oil in 1 teaspoon of carrier oil, mix well and add to a lukewarm bath just before getting in. What a great way to cool down on those dog days of summer (unfortunately peppermint’s cooling action is also stimulating so this makes a terrible bedtime bath).

Achy bones massage: When the achy joints phase of an illness overcomes, put 2 drops of peppermint oil in 1 tablespoon of carrier oil and ask a loved one for a nice, easy massage.

Bloated Belly Rub: Put 2-3 drops of peppermint essential oil in 1 tablespoon of carrier oil and rub clockwise onto a belly plagued by indigestion.


Eucalyptus oil is best known for its healing scent as it is an amazing decongestant that has been added to many over-the-counter medications. It’s a must for relieving chest and sinus congestions and is also a great insect repellant and fever reducer. Eucalyptus, though it is smells quite strong, is quite safe for young children as long as it is diffused rather than applied directly. Some asthmatics, however, have reportedly had attacks triggered by the strong smell of eucalyptus and therefore it is not recommended for those suffering from asthma.

Fever reducer: Fevers are a wonderful way for the body to rid itself of infection and though they can be difficult to experience or watch in loved ones, they are actually a wonderful sign that the body has a functioning immune system. When they reach incredibly high temperatures, though, fevers can result in febrile seizures – an experience that can frighten both child and parent. If a fever is becoming extreme it can be brought down a degree or two with the following method. Of course, do not hesitate to contact your health provider should you be concerned and/or other symptoms are present. Add 3-4 drops of eucalyptus essential oil to 2 cups of lukewarm to warm water and mix well. Dip a clean cotton or linen cloth (facecloth works great) into the solution, wring and apply to fevered leg. Repeat as necessary and comfortable.

Congestion unclogger: Place 3-4 drops in a diffuser to help relieve congestion and purify the air when a family member has come down with a stuffed up nose and clogged chest. Alternatively, 3-4 drops can be added to 1 tablespoon of carrier oil. This mixture can be added to a bath or rubbed on the chest of older children and adults.

Insect Repellent: Place 1-2 drops on the brim of a hat, pant hems and/or shirt cuffs to ward off insects. They can’t stand the strong smell of eucalyptus.

1,965 posted on 04/16/2008 8:37:47 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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What Essential Oils to Use with Various Ailments

Clove, Sweet Birch, Ginger, Peppermint, Muscle-Relief, Muscle Rub

Balsam Fir, Bergamot, Cedarwood, Frankincense, Geranium, Lavender, Linden Blossom, Jasmine, Neroli, Rose, Ylang Ylang, Calm, Unwind-Your-Mind, Wild

Cedarwood, Eucalyptus, Lavender, Tea Tree, Zit-Zap

Chamomile, Geranium, Lavender, Neroli, Peppermint

Colds, Flu, Sinus
Basil, Clove, Eucalyptus, Ginger, Frankincense, Lavender, Lemon, Pine, Rosemary, Tea Tree, Breathe Easy, Cold & Flu

Cold Sores
Geranium, Lavender, Tea Tree

Balsam Fir, Basil, Bergamot, Cedarwood, Neroli, Jasmine, Lavender, Lemon, Orange, Rose, Ylang Ylang, Unwind-Your-Mind, Wild

Chamomile, Geranium, Lavender, Neroli, Patchouli, Tea Tree, Lavender Balm

Basil, Bergamot, Cinnamon, Clove, Eucalyptus, Ginger, Lavender, Lime, Orange, Neroli, Patchouli

Basil, Clary Sage, Rose, Tea Tree

Basil, Eucalyptus, Lavender, Linden Blossom, Peppermint Relief

Ginger, Orange, Peppermint,

Chamomile, Clary Sage, Frankincense, Lavender, Neroli, Rose, Sandalwood, Sleepy-Time, Tangerine

Chamomile, Clary Sage, Geranium, Jasmine, Lavender, Wild

Menstrual Cycle
Chamomile, Clary Sage, Jasmine, Lavender, Neroli, Rose, Sandalwood, Tangerine, Ylang Ylang, Peppermint Relief

Muscle Aches and Pain
Balsam Fir, Clove, Ginger, Sweet Birch, Chamomile, Peppermint, Rosemary, Muscle Relief, Muscle Rub Balm, Muscle Soak

Ginger, Spearmint

Skin Blemishes
Cedarwood, Chamomile, Lavender, Tea Tree, Geranium, Zit-Zap


1,966 posted on 04/16/2008 8:40:21 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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Herbal Medicine Chest In Your Back Yard
Reproduced with permission,
c. 1998, Susun S Weed

Don’t kill, spray, tear up, or destroy the weeds in your garden, yard, and fence rows. Many of them are actually highly-regarded, widely-used, and extremely-valuable medicinal herbs! What could be easier than growing an herb garden with no effort? Of course, you’ll have to harvest your weeds, but you would do that anyhow: it’s called weeding.

Spring is an especially fertile time for harvesting your weeds - roots and all - and turning them into medicines. Here then are some tips on how to find, harvest, prepare, and use a baker’s dozen (13) of common weeds that probably already grow around you.

To make your medicines you’ll need glass jars of various sizes with tight-fitting lids. And at least a pint each of apple cider vinegar (pasteurized), vodka (100 proof is best, but 80 proof will do), and pure olive oil (not extra virgin) or good quality animal fat such as lanolin, lard, or belly fat from a lamb or kid. You will also want a knife, a cutting board, and some rags to mop up spills.

In general, you will fill a jar (of any size) with coarsely-chopped fresh, but dry, plant material. (Do not wash any part of the plant except roots, if you are using them, and be sure to dry those well with a towel before putting them in your jar.) Then you will fill the jar with your menstruum, that is, the vinegar, the oil, or the alcohol. Label well and allow to stand at room temperature, out of the sunlight for at least six weeks before decanting and using. (See my book Healing Wise for more specific information on making preparations.)

A field guide is helpful for positively identifying your weeds. The one I like best is: A Guide to the Identification of New Zealand Common Weeds in Colour, complied by E. A. Upritchard. (Available from the New Zealand Weed And Pest Control Society, P.O. Box 1654, Palmerston North) This book even shows you how the weeds look when they are emerging.

Ready? OK! Let’s go outside and see what we can find.

Shepherds’s purse (Capsella bursa pastoris) is an annual in the mustard family. Cut the top half of the plant when it has formed its little heart-shaped “purses” (seed pods) and make a tincture (with alcohol), which you can use to stop bleeding. Midwives and women who bleed heavily during their period praise its prompt effectiveness. Gypsies claim it works on the stomach and lungs as well. A dose is 1 dropperful (1ml); which may be repeated up to four times a day.

Cleavers (Gallium aparine) is a persistent, sticky plant which grows profusely in abandoned lots and the edges of cultivated land. The entire plant is used to strengthen lymphatic activity. I cut the top two-thirds of each plant while it is in flower (or setting seeds) and use alcohol to make a tincture which relieves tender, swollen breasts, PMS symptoms, and allergic reactions. A dose is 15-25 drops (.5 - 1 ml); repeated as needed.

Chickweed (Stellaria media) has many uses, including delicious salad greens. I cut the entire top of the plant and eat it or use alcohol to make a tincture, which dissolves cysts, tonifies the thyroid, and aids in weight loss. A dose is a dropperful (1 ml), up to three times a day.

Daisy (Bellis perennis) is a common perennial weed of lawns and open areas. Quite different from the native daisy (Lagenifera petiolata), the little English daisy is related to feverfew and has similar abilities. I use the leaves and flowers to make a tincture (with alcohol) or a medicinal vinegar which relieves headaches, muscle pain, and allergy symptoms. A dose is a dropperful of the tincture (1 ml), up to twice a day; or a tablespoon of the vinegar in the morning.

Dandelion (Taraxacum officinalis) is a persistent perennial of lawns and gardens and one of the best known medicinal herbs in the world. (The native dandelion of New Zealand - Taraxacum magellanicum - is medicinal too.) Those who love a pure green lawn curse the sunny yellow flowers of common dandelion. But those who are willing to see beauty anywhere (such as children and herbalists) treasure this weed. You can use any part of the dandelion - the root, the leaves, the flowers, even the flower stalk - to make a tincture or medicinal vinegar which strengthens the liver. A dose of 10-20 drops of the tincture (.5-1 ml) relieves gas, heartburn, and indigestion, as well as promoting healthy bowel movements. A tablespoon of the vinegar works well, too. More importantly, taken before meals, dandelion increases the production of hydrochloric acid in the stomach, thus increasing bio-availability of many nutrients, especially calcium. The fresh or cooked green leaves are loaded with carotenes, those anti-cancer, anti-heart disease helpers. And the oil of the flowers is an important massage balm for maintaining healthy breasts. (There’s lots more information on dandelions in Healing Wise.)

Dock, also called yellow dock, curly dock, and broad dock is a perennial plant, which my Native American grandmothers use for “all women’s problems.” The Maori call it paewhenua or runa. It is another plant that disagrees with sheep, especially when the land is overgrazed. I dig the yellow roots of Rumex crispus or R. obtusifolius and tincture them in alcohol to use as an ally when the immune system or the liver needs help. A dose is 15-25 drops (.5-1 ml). I also harvest the leaves and/or seeds throughout the growing season and make a medicinal vinegar, taken a tablespoon at a time, which is used to increase blood-levels of iron, reduce menstrual flooding and cramping, and balance hormone levels. If the chopped roots are soaked in oil for six weeks, the resulting ointment is beneficial for keeping the breasts healthy.

Groundsel (Senecio vulgaris) and Ragwort (Senecio jacobea) are hardy perennials that have a reputation for poisoning livestock, like their cousin tansy. Although not good for sheep, these two Senecios are some of the world’s most ancient healing plants, having been found in a grave 60,000 years old. You can use the flowering tops and leaves with your alcohol to make a tincture which acts slowly to tonify the reproductive organs, ease PMS, and stop severe menstrual pain. A dose is 5-10 drops (.2-.5 ml) per day, used only once a day, but for at least 3 months. (A larger dose is used to speed up labor.)

Mallows (Malva neglecta, M. parviflora, M. sylvestres) grow well in neglected gardens and are surprisingly deep-rooted. The flowers, leaves, stalks, seeds, and roots are rich in sticky mucilage which is best extracted by soaking the fresh plant in cold water overnight or longer or by making a medicinal vinegar. The starch is extraordinarily soothing internally (easing sore throats, upset tummies, heart burn, irritable bowel, colic, constipation, and food poisoning) and externally (relieving bug bites, burns, sprains, and sore eyes). The leaves, flowers, and bark (especially) of the native Hohere (Hoheria populnea) are used in exactly the same way by Maori herbalists.

Plantain, also called ribwort, pig’s ear, and the bandaid (?) plant - and kopakopa or parerarera by the Maori - is a common weed of lawns, driveways, parks, and playgrounds. Identify it by the five parallel veins running the length of each leaf. You may find broad leaf plantain (Plantago major) with wide leaves, or narrow leaf plantain (Plantago lanceolata) with lance-thin leaves. Either can be used to make a healing poultice or a soothing oil widely regarded as one of the best wound healers around. Not only does plantain increase the speed of healing, it also relieves pain, stops bleeding, draws out foreign matter, stops itching, prevents and stops allergic reactions from bee stings, kills bacteria, and reduces swelling.

Try a poultice or a generous application of plantain oil or ointment (made by thickening the oil with beeswax) on sprains, cuts, insect bites, rashes, chafed skin, boils, bruises, chapped and cracked lips, rough or sore hands, baby’s diaper area, and burns.

To make a fresh plantain poultice: Pick a leaf, chew it well and put it on the boo-boo. “Like magic” the pain, itching, and swelling disappear, fast! (Yes, you can dry plantain leaves and carry them in your first aid kit. Chew like you would fresh leaves.)

To make plantain ointment: Pick large fresh plantain leaves. Chop coarsely. Fill a clean, dry, glass jar with the chopped leaves. Pour pure olive oil into the leaves, poking about with a chopstick until the jar is completely full of oil and all air bubbles are released. Cap well. Place jar in a small bowl to collect any overflow. Wait six weeks. Then strain oil out of the plant material, squeezing well. Measure the oil. Heat it gently, adding one tablespoon of grated beeswax for every liquid ounce of oil. Pour into jars and allow to cool.

St. Joan’s/John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum) This beautiful perennial wildflower may be hated by sheep farmers but herbalists adore it. The flowering tops are harvested after they begin to bloom (traditionally on Solstice, June 21) and prepared with alcohol, and with oil, to make two of the most useful remedies in my first aid kit. Tincture of St. Joan’s wort not only lends one a sunny disposition, it reliably relieves muscle aches, is a powerful anti-viral, and is my first-choice treatment for those with shingles, sciatica, backpain, neuralgia, and headaches including migraines. The usual dose is 1 dropperful (1 ml) as frequently as needed. In extreme pain from a muscle spasm in my thigh, I used a dropperful every twenty minutes for two hours, or until the pain totally subsided. St. Joan’s wort oil stops cold sores in their tracks and can even relieve genital herpes symptoms. I use it as a sunscreen. Contrary to popular belief, St. Joan’s wort does not cause sun sensitivity, it prevents it. It even prevents burn from radiation therapy. Eases sore muscles, too.

Self heal (Prunella vulgaris) This scentless perennial mint is one of the great unsung healers of the world. The leaves and flowers contain more antioxidants - which prevent cancer and heart disease, among other healthy traits - than any other plant tested. And as part of the mint family, self heal is imbued with lots of minerals, especially calcium, making it an especially important ally for pregnant, nursing, menopausal, and post-menopausal women. I put self heal leaves in salads in the spring and fall, make a medicinal vinegar with the flowers during the summer, and cook the flowering tops (fresh or dried) in winter soups.

Usnea (Usnea barbata) is that many-stranded grey lichen hanging out of the branches of your apple trees or the Monterey pines planted in the plantation over there or in almost any native tree in areas of the South Island Alps, where it is known as angiangi to the Maori. If in doubt of your identification: Pull a strand gently apart with your hands, looking for a white fiber inside the fuzzy grey-green outer coat. To prepare usnea, harvest at any time of the year, being careful not to take too much. Usnea grows slowly. Put your harvest in a cooking pan and just cover it with cold water. Boil for about 15-25 minutes, or until the water is orange and reduced by at least half. Pour usnea and water into a jar, filling it to the top with plant material. (Water should be no more than half of the jar.) Add the highest proof alcohol you can buy. After 6 weeks this tincture is ready to work for you as a superb antibacterial, countering infection anywhere in the body. A dose is a dropperful (1 ml) as frequently as every two hours in acute situations.

Yarrow (Achellia millefolium) This lovely perennial weed is grown in many herb gardens for it has a multitude of uses. Cut the flowering tops (use only white-flowering yarrow) and use your alcohol to make a strongly-scented tincture that you can take internally to prevent colds and the flu. (A dose is 10-20 drops, or up to 1 ml). I carry a little spray bottle of yarrow tincture with me when I’m outside and wet my skin every hour or so. A United States Army study showed yarrow tincture to be more effective than DEET at repelling ticks, mosquitoes, and sand flies. You can also make a healing ointment with yarrow flower tops and your oil or fat. Yarrow oil is antibacterial, pain-relieving, and incredibly helpful in healing all types of wounds.

For more information on making preparations and on the uses of specific herbs, consult Susun’s books: Healing Wise, Wise Woman Herbal for the Childbearing Year, Menopausal Years the Wise Woman Way, and Breast Cancer? Breast Health! The Wise Woman Way

Susun Weed
PO Box 64
Woodstock, NY 12498
Fax: 1-845-246-8081

Visit Susun Weed at: and

1,967 posted on 04/16/2008 8:49:25 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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To: All

Ease Those Bug Bites with Easy Herbs
c. 2000, Susun S Weed

Summertime means insect bites and stings. Ouch! Take a leaf from Susun S. Weed’s storehouse of natural remedies: Soothe, heal, and prevent bites with safe herbal remedies that grow right where you live, north or south, east or west, city or country. The best natural remedies for insect bites are right underfoot.

Plantain, also called ribwort, pig’s ear, and the band-aid plant, is a common weed of lawns, driveways, parks, and playgrounds. Identify it by the five parallel veins running the length of each leaf. (Most leaves have a central vein with smaller ones branching out from it.) You may find broad leaf plantain (Plantago majus), with wide leaves and a tall seed head, or narrow leaf plantain (Plantago lanceolata), with long thin leaves and a small flower head that looks like a flying saucer. Many Plantago species have seeds and leaves that can be used as food or medicine. A South American variety (Plantago psyllium) is used to make Metamucil.(TM)

How to use plantain? Make a fresh leaf poultice. Pick a leaf, chew it well and put it on the bite. “Like magic” the pain, heat, and swelling — even allergic reactions — disappear, fast! (Yes, you can dry plantain leaves and carry them in your first aid kit. Chew like you would fresh leaves.)

Poultices ease pain, reduce swelling, and help heal. No wonder they’re the number one natural choice for treating insect bites, bee and wasp stings.

Mud is the oldest and simplest poultice. Powdered white clay, which should be mixed with a little water or herb tea, can be applied directly to the sting as soon as possible. Clay can be kept on hand at all times and is less likely to contain fungal spores than the real thing. Finely ground grains such as rice or oatmeal, or bland starchy substances like mallow root, grated potato, or arrowroot powder also used as soothing poultices to ease itching and pain from insect bites.

Fresh-herb poultices are a little more complicated, but not by much. Just find a healing leaf, pluck it, chew it, and apply it directly to the sting/bite. If you wish, use a large leaf or an adhesive bandage to hold the poultice in place. Plantain, comfrey (Symphytum uplandica x), yellow dock (Rumex species), wild geranium (Geranium maculatum), wild mallow (Malva neglecta), chickweed (Stellaria media),and yarrow are only a few of the possiblities.

In the woods, you can take a leaf from a tree, chew it and apply that to the bite. Any tree will do in an emergency, but if you have a choice, the best leaves are those from witch hazel, willow, oak, or maple. Play it safe: Learn to recognize witch hazel (Hamamelis virginia) and willow (Salix species) leaves before you chew on them. Maple (Acer) or oak (Quercus) leaves are easier to recognize and safer to chew — unless you live where poison oak grows. If uncertain, avoid all shrubs and any trees with slick or shiny leaves. If the leaf you are chewing tastes extremely bitter or burns your mouth, spit it out at once.

To repel ticks, mosquitoes, and black flies, try a diluted tincture of yarrow (Alchellia millefolium) flowers directly on all exposed skin. A recent US Army study showed yarrow tincture to be more effective than DEET as an insect repellent.

If you’ve spent the day in an area where lyme disease is common, take a shower right away and scrub yourself with a bodybrush. Have a friend check you out for ticks. Also, it takes the tick some time to make up its mind where to bite, so most are unattached and will wash off.

“If the worst happens and I do get a bite, I help my immune system by taking a daily dose of 2-6 dropperfuls of Echinacea tincture. I avoid Goldenseal as I believe it could have adverse effects. If I have symptoms, I use a dropperful of St. Joan’s wort (Hypericum) tincture three times a day to help inactivate the lyme’s organism.”

Susun Weed, green witch and wise woman, is an extraordinary teacher with a joyous spirit, a powerful presence, and an encyclopedic knowledge of herbs and health. She is the voice of the Wise Woman Way, where common weeds, simple ceremony, and compassionate listening support and nourish health/wholeness/holiness. She has opened hearts to the magic and medicine of the green nations for three decades. Ms. Weed’s four herbal medicine books focus on women’s health topics including: menopause, childbearing, and breast health. Visit her site for information on her workshops, apprenticeships, correspondence courses and more! Browse the publishing site online at to learn more about her alternative health books. Venture into the NEW Menopause site to learn all about the Menopausal Years the Wise Woman Way.

1,968 posted on 04/16/2008 8:52:28 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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To: All

Planting by the Moon
May the Force be with you while sowing seeds, mowing the lawn, pruning roses, composting, watering and more!
By Marion Owen, Fearless Weeder for PlanTea, Inc. and Co-author of Chicken Soup for the Gardener’s Soul

Planting by the MoonMy friend Amy sometimes braces herself before going to work. Amy works at the hospital and when the moon is full, those nights in the emergency room are, as she calls it, “memorable.”

Many scientists insist that the myth that a full moon affects the behavior of humans, animals and plants is a bunch of baloney. But police, bartenders and folks like Amy will tell you otherwise.

Before I go further, let me tease you with a possibility: What if mowing your lawn during certain phases of the moon retarded growth which meant you didn’t have to mow as often? Keep reading. I bet you won’t be shaking your head much longer!

According to a National Geographic news article more gardeners today are turning to the moon for sage advice on the best time to plant, prune, weed, and harvest. The practice, known as moon or lunar gardening, centers on the moon’s gravitational effect on the flow of moisture in soil and plants.
Gardening by the moon is as old as time. Long before man (and women!) ever had a watch on his wrist or a calendar on the refrigerator, everything was governed by the phases of the moon.

May the Force be with you!

Moon gardening has been passed down through many generations. “There are firm believers in moon gardening today who will not plant anything unless a favorable moon sign is indicated,” says Ed Hume, one of the Pacific Northwest’s favorite garden gurus and proponent of the moon’s influences on gardening. Hume publishes an annual Garden Almanac which gives month by month moon sign gardening calendar — you can buy your own copy for just $1.49 through my online catalog.

The moon controls ocean tides, influences the groundwater tables beneath our feet and the movement of fluids in plants. Even continental land masses are said to rise 2 to 3 feet in elevation with the passage of the moon. Understanding the effects, and timing your gardening chores accordingly, is the basis of moon gardening.

For example, the best time to turn over garden soil is during the last quarter of the moon (decreasing moon phase) because that’s when the water table has dropped to its lowest point. This means there is less moisture in the soil. Taking your back into consideration, it is easier to turn soil over when there is less moisture in it!

How to garden by moon phases

The moon moves through a complete cycle every 29 days. For moon gardening purposes, this cycle is divided into four quarters or phases. The term phase refers to the moon’s apparent shape as viewed from earth during the month. To plant by the moon phases you will need an almanac or calendar, such as Ed Hume’s Planting Guide, that lists the exact time and date of the moon phases.

The lunar month starts with the new moon, also called “the dark of the moon. From the new moon to the first quarter and from the first quarter to the full moon, the moon appears to grow from nothing to a crescent and then to a full circle at mid-month. These are the increasing or waxing phases.

Increasing Light — New moon to full moon

Examples of garden chores to do by the light of the moon:
(NOTE: These are general guidelines. I highly recommend referring to Ed Hume’s Planting Guide for specific planting tasks):

• Repot and groom houseplants
• Sow seeds of plants that grow above ground
• Fertilize
• Graft fruit trees
• Plant evergreen and deciduous trees

The decreasing or waning phases are when the moon “shrinks” from the full moon down to the new moon (darkness). As the moon wanes during the 3rd and 4th quarters, this is a good time to prune plants, as the water table is diminishing and so less sap will flow out of the cut ends. The plants are said to orient themselves toward their roots, making this a favorable time for planting, transplanting and harvesting root crops in general. The 4th quarter is the most dormant period and is good for chores like weeding.

Decreasing Light — Full moon to dark of the moon

Examples of garden chores to do by the dark of the moon:
(NOTE: These are general guidelines. I highly recommend referring to Ed Hume’s Planting Guide for specific planting tasks).

• Plant bulbs
• Plant crops that grow below the ground, such as potatoes, carrots
• Cultivate weeds
• Plant biennials and perennials because they need strong roots
• Eliminate slugs
• Prune shrubs

How is sowing, transplanting and harvesting linked to phases of the moon? One theory is that during the light (waxing) of the Moon, sap is thought to flow more strongly, filling plants with vitality and energy, favoring the planting and harvesting of crops that mature above ground.
What the moon gardening movement currently lacks is a body of modern scientific work that validates its benefits...

Science or baloney?

John Teasdale, director of the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Systems Laboratory in Beltsville, Maryland, said he is not aware of any research on the lunar influences on agriculture, though he said an experiment could be established.

“We know that the moon influences some natural phenomena such as tides,” he said. “I would guess that a simple hypothesis would be that lunar cycles could influence meteorological cycles which in turn could influence crops.”

RJ Harris, the head gardener at a private estate near Cornwall, England conducts his own experiments. Each year he cultivates a selection of crops in opposition to the best practices of moon-gardening methods. Crops planted according to the lunar cycle fare much better, he said. “I’ve got a large area in potatoes. We’ve got some planted at the right time of the moon and some crops at the wrong time of the moon. The difference is so obvious and there for everybody to see,” he said.

Names of full moons

January: Wolf
February: Snow, Quickening, Storm
March: Worm, Sap, Chaste
April: Seed, Pink, Grass, Sprouting, Wind
May: Flower, Corn Planting, Hare
June: Strong, Rose, Sun, Strawberry
July: Mead, Thunder, Buck
August: Sturgeon, Wort, Corn
September: Barley, Harvest
October: Hunter’s, Blood
November: Mourning, Beaver
December: Cold, Oak, Long Night’s

Now it’s your turn. Test the validity of gardening by the moon in your own garden. Plant some crops by the correct moon sign and others by the wrong moon sign. Experiment with above ground and below ground crops. Try mowing different parts of your lawn according to the moon phases! Send me you results, either by email or, better yet, send me a photograph. I’ll send you a set of my photo note cards and a free box of PlanTea organic fertilizer.

Marion Owen is a master gardener, photographer, entrepreneur, and New York Times bestselling author of Chicken Soup for the Gardener’s Soul. Recently honored with a “Women of Distinction” award by the Soroptimist International of the Americas, she is also a webmother and the creator of PlanTea. (Plant + Tea), the organic fertilizer in pocket sized tea bags.
Check out Marion’s UpBeet Gardener newsletter, which celebrates what is right in this world with upbeat tips, organic gardening tips, photography how-tos, recipes and stories from Chicken Soup for the Gardener’s Soul, which she co-authored. To read the current issue, go to:

1,969 posted on 04/16/2008 8:55:45 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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To: All

The Prayer of St. Francis of Assisi
Lord, make me an instrument of Your peace,
Where there is hatred, let me sow love;
Where there is injury, pardon;
Where there is doubt, faith;
Where there is despair, hope;
And where there is darkness, light; where there is sadness, joy;
O Divine Master, grant that I may not so much seek
To be consoled, as to console;
To be understood, as to understand;
To be loved, as to love.
For it is in giving that we receive;
It is in pardoning that we are pardoned;
And it is in dying that we are born to eternal light.

—St. Francis of Assisi (1182-1226)

1,970 posted on 04/16/2008 9:01:17 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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To: All

Compost Happens!
Tips for composting in any climate, especially cool ones

By Marion Owen, Fearless Weeder for PlanTea, Inc. and
Co-author of Chicken Soup for the Gardener’s Soul

Making compost is like baking a cake!

My neighbor, Mrs. Crayneck, loves to bake. But when her world famous banana bread doesn’t turn out quite right, she doesn’t sweat the small stuff.

“What’s the worst thing that can happen?” she says. “I just put it in the compost pile!”

Sooner or later gardeners come across the word “compost.” As easy as it is to say, compost has a reputation for being difficult to master. Yet nothing could be further from the truth. If I can make hot, 160-degree compost during an Alaska winter (see photo below), you can too—no matter where you grow your tomatoes. It’s easy. In fact, you can compost 163 materials! Here’s how, beginning with a story about my Mom...

“If you can read, you can cook!”

One day, when I was 12 and still climbing trees, Mom came into the kitchen and said, “Honey, how about making dessert for tonight?”

Having just endured months of salad-making for our family of seven, I was ready for a change. Mom picked up an old copy of Gourmet cookbook and started flipping through the pages. It was like watching Wheel of Fortune.

Finally, she pressed her finger to a recipe and said, “Here you go, make this.”

Her finger pointed to a chocolate souffle recipe. I was stunned. “Don’t worry sweetie,” she said. “If you can read, you can cook.”

So began my love affair with cooking. I also learned a valuable lesson: You can do whatever you set your mind to, but if you need help in building a house, installing software, or making compost — follow a recipe!

Let’s begin this lesson by de-mystifying compost. We’ll make it easier by following a recipe. And as you’ll see, making a compost pile is a lot like making a cake. And we can do it in 3 easy steps. 1) Gather up your ingredients, 2) Stir them together, and 3) let it cook. Even Bette Midler knows the value of compost...

Why the Divine “Miss M” loves compost

“My whole life has been spent waiting for an epiphany, a manifestation of God’s presence, the kind of transcendent, magical experience that lets you see your place in the big picture. And that is what I had with my first compost heap. I love compost and I believe that composting can save not the entire world, but a good portion of it.”
—Bette Midler, in a Los Angeles Times interview

I’m sure Bette Midler would agree that making and using compost is not only a life-changing experience, but it’s the world’s best soil conditioner.

* Compost recycles organic materials, from apple cores and coffee grounds, to dried leaves and Shredded Wheat.
* Compost improves any, and all, soil types.
* Compost provides the basic nutrients of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) as well as dozens of micro- and macro nutrients that are vital for healthy plants.
* Compost “gives back” nutrients that flowers, herbs and vegetables remove in their normal growth processes.
* Compost prevents nutrients from leaching away from plant roots.
* Compost protects soil against wind and rain erosion, drought, dust storms, earthquakes and other extreme conditions.
* Compost extends the life of landfills by reducing space needed for food and yard wastes.

The “compost cake” recipe

Did you know you can have finished compost in just 3 to 4 weeks? By combining the right ingredients, your compost pile will not only heat up to 140 degrees (F) or more, but it will “cook down” to a fluffy material that is ready to use in the garden.

Step 1: Collect your compost ingredients

For a hot, active compost pile, you need to build it all at once, not over weeks or months. Imagine making a cake by sifting the flour one day, adding eggs and oil the next and then waiting a week or so before mixing everything together and getting it into the oven. It would be a flop. Start collecting ingredients. Go on organic treasure hunts. Talk to your neighbors, ask your friends, scan the classified ads, and remember to check your own back yard.
Hair for compost
Did you know the hair on your head contains 30 times more nitrogen
than manure? Next time you go to the hairdresser, ask for a few pounds
of this nitrogen gold mine to add to your compost.

You’re looking for a combination of ingredients that will provide the right living conditions for the microorganisms and bacteria that break down the materials in the compost pile. This tiny work force of actimomycetes (act-TIN-OH-my-SEE-tees) must have food, water and oxygen to do their job. They need nitrogen (N) in order to use the carbohydrates or carbon (C) materials as food.

“Without the microorganisms at work in compost, soil would literally be dead.” —Eleanore Perenyi, from “Green Thoughts: A Writer in the Garden”

Therefore, you want to try for a nitrogen (N) to carbon (C) ratio of about 1 to 3.
Nitrogen (N) materials include: “Stable scraps” such as horse, rabbit, goat, chicken and other manures, green grass clippings (minus any chemical fertilizers and herbicides), fish meal, bloodmeal, cottonseed meal, trimmings from grocery store produce, and garden waste, such as weeds and trimmings.

Produce trimmings are good sources of Nitrogen (N).

What about putting URINE in the compost pile?

Do it. According to wikipedia, the online encyclopedia, urine is sterile and contains large amounts of urea, an excellent source of nitrogen for plants. Recommended dilution: 10-15 parts water to 1 part urine for application growing season. Urine is also a good source of phosphorus and potassium, and is widely considered as good as or better than commercially-available chemical fertilizers. Urine is also used in composting to increase the nitrogen content of the mulch, accelerating the composting process and increasing its final nutrient values.

Carbon (C) materials include: Straw, dried leaves, sawdust (in small amounts), wood chips (also in small amounts), and shredded newspaper, cardboard and brown bags. One of the best and easiest combinations to come by occurs in the fall. Mix 3 parts dried leaves to 1 part green grass clippings to make a compost that is light, airy and fine. Now that’s gourmet!

leaves for compostclippings for compost
Gourmet compost: 3 parts leaves + 1 part grass clippings.

Materials you DON’T want to add to a compost pile include: meat scraps, oily products such as salad dressings, peanut butter and mayonnaise, pet litter and food, branches and other large woody materials, slick magazine pages, and waxed cardboard.

If you live near a coastal community, kelp and seaweed is a must-have ingredient. Here on Kodiak Island, kelp piles on the beaches in long windrows, and is available to anyone with a truck or garbage can. Pound per pound, kelp supplies more minerals than any other material on the planet. In the garden, it also aerates the soil and makes an excellent mulch around potato plants, fruit-bearing shrubs, bulbs and perennials. And, contrary to popular belief, seaweed does not add harmful salts to the garden.

Kelp is what I call a “neutral” ingredient, in that it doesn’t fit in the nitrogen or the carbon category. Yet, it benefits every compost pile by adding fluff. So, if you live in North Dakota, either make a pilgrimage to the coast or invite your beach buddies to come visit with their suitcases packed with seaweed.
kelp for compost

To learn more about compost ingredients and composting, check out the list of books, websites and other resources listed at the end of this article.

Step #2: Stir your compost ingredients
Once you assemble your ingredients, you’re ready to build your compost pile. Here are some basic guidelines:

* Work with a minimum size of 3x3x5 feet. (If you live in a milder climate, then 3x3x3 feet is large enough). The key is to make a compost pile large enough to retain heat and prevent ingredients from drying out. Expect temperatures of 120 to 160 degrees (F), which is enough to kill most weed seeds and pests.
* Use an enclosure, either ready-built, or one make of heavy wire screen, wood pallets, etc.
* Coarse materials should be chopped or shredded.
* Build the pile in layers, like a cake, alternating nitrogen and carbon materials.
* Hose down the layers with water. The ingredients should feel like a damp sponge.

Step #3: Let your compost cook

Turn the pile every 4 to 7 days to aerate it and to provide the microorganisms with fresh food. With tumblers, simply give it a spin occasionally. For bin enclosures, use a pitchfork to turn the pile, moving the inside materials to the outside, and the outside materials to the inside—just like folding cake batter. This is a good upper body workout.
How do you know when the compost is done?

The compost pile is done cooking when it no longer warms up within a few days of turning it. Incidentally, the pile will shrink to about half of its original size.

Roses are red, violets are blue.
Compost works, so gather the “doo”
—Nursery rhyme from Marion Owen’s organic gardening class

Troubleshooting the compost pile
With a little practice, you’ll be able to read the symptoms and know what to do to correct the problem. Here are some common problems and their solutions:

Problem: The compost pile doesn’t get very hot, even though it has enough materials.
Possible Solution: You might need to add more nitrogen ingredients such as green grass clippings or manure to correct the nitrogen to carbon ratio. Make sure the ingredients are damp. Too dry, and they won’t start cooking.

Problem: The compost heap heats up and cools down like it’s supposed to, but a lot of the materials are large and not broken down.
Possible Solution: Because the materials are big and chunky, they don’t provide enough surface area for the microorganisms to finish their work. Chop the materials as best you can. A Crocodile Dundee knife, or machete, works great for this.

Problem: Whew, the compost pile has a strong odor.
Possible Solution: The pile is undergoing what’s called “anaerobic decomposition.” Anaerobic means “without oxygen” which is why it smells like the beach at low tide. You need to add introduce oxygen back into the pile by turning it at least once a week.

Problem: Animals on the loose!
Possible Solution: If dogs, mice, rats, cats or raccoons are getting into to your compost pile, fence it in, cover it with wire and avoid adding meat scraps, bones, and fish waste to the pile.

Roses are red, violets are blue.
Use compost on your flowers, and they’ll be happy, too.
—Nursery rhyme from Marion Owen’s organic gardening class

How to use compost

* Apply a 4 to 6-inch layer of compost-mulch around woody perennials in the fall to reduce damage from winter winds.
* After the soil has warmed up in the spring, apply compost around warm season vegetable crops such as zucchini and tomatoes.
* Spread compost on the garden a couple weeks before spring tilling.
* Add compost to container gardens, hanging baskets
* During the growing season, side-dress your plants with compost to provide a slow-release source of nutrients.
* Make compost tea. Add a shovelful of compost to a 5-gallon bucket of water and allowing it to steep for a few days. For larger quantities, add compost to a 55-gallon drum. Use the nutrient-rich tea to fertilize lawns, shrubs, perennials, containers, hanging baskets, as well as annual vegetables, herbs, and flowers. Dilute the tea for younger plants.

compost tea
Adding compost tea to raised beds, Juneau, Alaska.

* Apply a 1 to 2-inch thick mulch around flowers, trees and shrubs in the spring to maintain soil moisture and discourage weed growth.
* Use compost as a growing medium for seedlings and potted plants. After screening out large particles, you’ll need to pasteurize it before using it.

For more information about compost, compost bins, and more:

* “The Rodale Book of Composting” by Deborah L. Martin (Editor), Grace Gershuny (Editor)
* “Let It Rot : The Gardener’s Guide to Composting” (Storey’s Down-To-Earth Guides) by Stu Campbell.
* “Easy Composting,” by Vic Sussman, Rodale Press, Inc.
* “39 Easy Composters You Can Build” by Nick Noyes (Paperback) October 1995.
* Innovative Uses for Compost by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
* Master Composter A “master composter” site which includes sources for everything from bins to worms; recycled products and more.
* A place to bookmark for all your organic gardening questions.
* Seattle Public Utilites’ compost page An excellent resource for the home composter.
* Seattle Tilth Organic Gardening—Urban Ecology—Composting—Recycling. Highly Recommended.

compost cake

Thanks for visiting and please stop by again. I’ll put the coffee on!

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1,971 posted on 04/16/2008 9:08:39 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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To: All

163 Things You Can Compost
And the list keeps growing!

By Marion Owen, Fearless Weeder for PlanTea, Inc. and
Co-author of Chicken Soup for the Gardener’s Soul

Gardening newsletter
Marion’s UpBeet Gardener
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A young boy and his father were walking along a beach, when suddenly they came upon thousands of starfish left stranded on the sand by the receding tide. The young boy leaned over, picked up a starfish and tossed it, like a Frisbee, back into the ocean. Then he picked up another one, and carried it to the water’s edge.

“Son, what are you doing? You can’t possibly save them all.”

“I guess not. But these uns’ll make it.”

The youngster believed that even when the situation seemed hopeless, he could do his part. Composting is like that, too.

organic gardening newsletterEvery year, tons of organic materials are thrown away, needlessly filling up landfills. By composting these materials, you can lengthen the life of your local landfill. Like tossing a starfish back into the ocean, you can make a difference by composting.

Compost to plants is like a healthy gourmet dinner to us. Compared to preparing a snazzy dinner however, making compost is easy, easy, easy. To learn how to make and use compost, read my Compost Happens! article.

Compost is not limited to tossing leaves and grass clippings into a pile. It’s much more creative than that! Here’s a list of 163 materials (and still counting!) you can add to your compost pile or even bury in your garden. Just think, 163 materials that don’t end up in the landfill. Plus, your plants benefit from the gourmet meal. Such a deal.

If you see something I’ve missed, send me an email so I can add it to the list. Just for fun, scan the whole list. You’ll find more resources, plus a surprise at the end by a letter sent in by Jean Bell, an organic gardener in Scotland...

Paper napkins
Freezer-burned vegetables
Burlap coffee bags
Pet hair
Potash rock
Post-it notes
Freezer-burned fruit
Wood chips
Bee droppings
Lint from behind refrigerator
Popcorn (unpopped, ‘Old Maids,’ too)
Freezer-burned fish
Old spices
Pine needles
Matches (paper or wood)
Seaweed and kelp
Chicken manure
Leather dust
Old, dried up and faded herbs
Bird cage cleanings
Paper towels
Brewery wastes
Grass clippings
Hoof and horn meal
Molasses residue
Potato peelings
Unpaid bills
Gin trash (wastes from cotton plants)
Rabbit manure
Hair clippings from the barber
Stale bread
Coffee grounds
Wood ashes
Tea bags and grounds
Shredded newspapers
Egg shells
Cow manure
Winter rye
Grapefruit rinds
Pea vines
Houseplant trimmings
Old pasta
Grape wastes
Garden soil
Powdered/ground phosphate rock
Corncobs (takes a long time to decompose)
Jell-o (gelatin)
Blood meal
Winery wastes
Spanish moss
Fish meal
Aquarium plants
Beet wastes
Sunday comics
Harbor mud
Felt waste
Wheat straw
Peat moss
Kleenex tissues
Milk (in small amounts)
Soy milk
Tree bark
Starfish (dead ones!)
Melted ice cream
Flower petals
Pumpkin seeds
Q-tips (cotton swabs: cardboard, not plastic sticks)
Expired flower arrangements
Elmer’s glue
BBQ’d fish skin
Bone meal
Citrus wastes
Stale potato chips
Rhubarb stems
Old leather gardening gloves
Tobacco wastes
Bird guano
Hog manure
Dried jellyfish
Wheat bran
Guinea pig cage cleanings
Nut shells
Cattail reeds
Granite dust
Moldy cheese
Shredded cardboard
Dolomite lime
Cover crops
Quail eggs (OK, I needed a ‘Q’ word)
Rapeseed meal
Bat guano
Fish scraps
Tea bags (black and herbal)
Apple cores
Electric razor trimmings
Kitchen wastes
Outdated yogurt
Toenail clippings
Shrimp shells
Crab shells
Lobster shells
Pie crust
Leather wallets
Onion skins
Bagasse (sugar cane residue)
Watermelon rinds
Date pits
Goat manure
Olive pits
Peanut shells
Burned oatmeal (sorry, Mom)
Lint from clothes dryer
Bread crusts
Cooked rice
River mud
Tofu (it’s only soybeans, man!)
Wine gone bad (what a waste!)
Banana peels
Fingernail and toenail clippings
Chocolate cookies
Wooden toothpicks
Moss from last year’s hanging baskets
Stale breakfast cereal
‘Dust bunnies’ from under the bed
Pencil shavings
Wool socks
Artichoke leaves
Leather watch bands
Fruit salad
Tossed salad (now THERE’s tossing it!)
Brown paper bags
Soggy Cheerios
Theater tickets
Lees from making wine
Burned toast
Animal fur
Horse manure
Vacuum cleaner bag contents
Coconut hull fiber
Old or outdated seeds
Macaroni and cheese
Liquid from canned vegetables
Liquid from canned fruit
Old beer
Wedding bouquets
Greeting card envelopes
Dead bees and flies
Horse hair
Peanut butter sandwiches
Dirt from soles of shoes, boots
Fish bones
Ivory soap scraps
Spoiled canned fruits and vegetables
Produce trimmings from grocery store
Cardboard cereal boxes (shredded)
Grocery receipts
Urine (It’s true! Read the letters below)

More “compostable” reading:

The World’s Fastest Compost

How to Compost Dog Waste

Manure Matters: How different manures rate

What about urine? As promised, the letter from Jean in Scotland... [continued]

Many links are the hidden kinds, which I hate........granny

1,972 posted on 04/16/2008 9:13:37 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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WHAT’S COOKING: Recipes from our dinner cruises

From April through September, my husband Marty and I operate Galley Gourmet, hosting dinner cruises and whale-watching cruises aboard our 42-foot yacht, the Sea Breeze. I’m the chef (and dish washer!) and since I love to cook creatively, I probably use several hundred recipes each season. And yes, I’m compiling a cookbook! Here are a couple recipes to whet your appetite:

Apple Arugula Salad

A colorful blend of fruit, zesty greens and pecans, this salad is wonderful served with grilled chicken or seafood.

1 tasty red apple
4 cups chopped arugula or cress
3/4 feta cheese
1/4 cup lemon juice
1/2 cup chopped pecans
1/3 cup olive oil
Salt and pepper to taste

Combine all ingredients and serve on a lettuce leaf or a large nasturtium leaf.

If you don’t think you’ll be serving it for several hours, keep it chilled and hold off on adding the olive oil until right before serving.

This is a very forgiving salad, in that you can add grapes, diced zucchini or replace apples with pears. Serves 6 to 8.

Zucchini Mint Cookies

These unusual cookies solve two classic problems: How to use a bunch of zucchini and what to do with that ancient jar of mint jelly that’s sitting in the cupboard.

1/2 cup butter, at room temperature
1 cup mint jelly (1 8-oz jar)
1-1/2 cups grated zucchini
1 egg
2 cups all-purpose flour (or use 1 cup white; 1 cup whole wheat)
1 tsp baking soda
1/4 tsp salt
1 cup finely chopped almonds or coarsely chopped pecans
1 cup raisins or chopped dates
1 cup shredded, unsweetened coconut

Blend butter and jelly together until creamy.

Sift flour, baking soda and salt together.

Stir into butter mixture with grated zucchini.

Fold in nuts, raisins and coconut.

Drop by teaspoonful onto an ungreased cookie sheet and bake for 12 minutes at 350 degrees F.

NOTE: If you want the cookies to be more minty, add a few drops of peppermint extract.

1,973 posted on 04/16/2008 9:18:22 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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Dust Off Your Waffle Iron!
For pennies, you get a million dollars worth of nutrition with these oat-bean waffles!

Hosted by Marion Owen, Fearless Weeder for PlanTea, Inc. and
Co-author of Chicken Soup for the Gardener’s Soul

waffles, recipes
I love waffles, but I don’t like how I feel after eating them. Then I ate a waffle that changed my life!

While visiting friends in Hawaii they treated my husband and I to homemade Belgian-style waffles. They were light, fluffy and really tasty. “They’re made from soybean and rolled oats,” Carrie explained, smiling.

Carrie handed me a tattered copy of “Oats, Peas, Beans and Barley Cookbook.” As I flipped through the pages, timed rolled back to the mid 1970s when I made a lot of dishes with lentils, rice, soy and beans. “That’s hippie food!” my Mom used to say.

Today, we know better. These aren’t just food for hippies because the more plant-based foods we consume, the better.

Back in Alaska, I bought a used copy of the cookbook for $2.00. The waffle recipes in the book call for simple ingredients like pinto beans, garbanzo beans or soybeans, rolled oats, lentils, millet, rice, cashews and buckwheat. No eggs, milk or baking powder. Wheat-free, too.

For pennies you get a million dollars worth of nutrition and health. “One soy-oat waffle has protein equal in quantity and quality to that in a serving of steak,” says author Edyth Young Cottrel.

Since my first experiment with the original recipe, I’ve found it to be quite forgiving. You can add wheat germ, ground flax seeds, sesame seeds and so on. Below is the recipe... when I first posted it in my UpBeet Gardener newsletter, it generated the largest response from anything else I’ve written!

Oats, Peas, Beans & Barley Cookbook


These just might be the best waffles you’ve ever eaten...
2 1/4 cups water
1 1/2 cups rolled oats
1 cup soaked pinto beans (approximately 1/2 cup dry)
1 tablespoon oil
1 tablespoon sugar (optional)
1/2 teaspoon salt

Waring Pro waffle iron, waffle recipeSoak beans several hours or overnight. Drain. Combine and blend all ingredients in a food processor or blender until light and foamy, about 30 seconds. [TIP: if you don’t have room for all the water, then mix the batter with half the water and add the other half to your bowl of batter.]

Let stand while waffle iron is heating. The batter thickens on standing. Grease waffle iron (we like the Waring Pro waffle iron, shown here) with a cooking spray or high-quality solid shortening. Bake in hot waffle iron for a full 8 minutes. (Very important!).

Top with fruit and yogurt, bananas and peanut butter, stewed apples, rhubarb sauce, or creamed broccoli and chicken or smoked salmon (my favorite) . Makes 3 to 4 waffles. TIP: Soak extra beans, measure and freeze them for later. The waffles can be made and frozen, too. Just pop them in the microwave or toaster oven.

Thanks for visiting! You can find more fun recipes here. Cheers to you!

garden newsletter, recipes, booksMarion Owen, organic gardener

1,974 posted on 04/16/2008 9:21:19 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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What is Ecotherapy?

Ecotherapy, says Kathleen, is about getting out of doors and becoming active in a natural environment as a way of boosting mental health.

There are 4 reasons researchers believe our moods change when we are in nature.

1. We make nature and social connections with animals, trees, clouds and our surroundings.
2. We experience Sensory Stimulation; colors, sounds, fresh air, wind, all stimulate our senses.
3. We get active. And by walking and being in motion, we produce endorphins and serotonin - a great natural calm to reduce stress and lower blood pressure.
4. We can escape from our busy lives. By reflecting, thinking and coming home to our self, it de-stresses and nourishes us.

How to incorporate “Ecotherapy” into your life:

+ Take a walk in nature during your lunch.
+ Listen to nature sounds on a nature sound disk or machine a couple of times a week at work.
+ Keep photos of you in nature around your office to remind you of how you love to connect with nature.
+ Keep a plant in your office
+ Keep a small aquarium in your office with a few fish.

Whatever it is you decide to do, get outside. And if you can’t, bring the outdoors to you!

5. QUOTATIONS, CITATIONS, AND GIGGLES Share these with a friend

Call on God, but row away from the rocks. — Robert M. Young

A man has made at least a start on discovering the meaning of human life when he plants shade trees under which he knows full well he will never sit. — D. Elton Trueblood

I think the next best thing to solving a problem is finding some humor in it. — Frank A. Clark

No symphony orchestra ever played music like a two-year-old girl laughing with a puppy. — Bern Williams in National Enquirer

1,975 posted on 04/16/2008 9:24:10 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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Layered Hummus Dip

Topped with chopped cucumbers, radishes and feta cheese, this appetizer is easy to make and always generates compliments. I serve this dip often to our Galley Gourmet dinner cruise guests. One bite, and they are pleasantly surprised. (And, you don’t have to tell your guests that it’s good for them!)

2 cups hummus (garbanzo-based spread available ready-made, or make your own with recipe below)
1/2 cup plain, unflavored yogurt
2 tablespoons fresh mint, chopped
1/2 cup cucumber, diced
1/3 cup thinly-sliced red radish or diced red bell pepper
1/4 cup crumbled feta cheese

Spread hummus onto the center of a round plate or platter, making a 6 to 8-inch diameter circle. Stir yogurt and mint together. Spread evenly over hummus. Sprinkle cucumber, radish and feta cheese over yogurt. Garnish with mint sprigs and arrange chips or triangles made from flour tortillas.

appetizer recipeTo make your own chips: Preheat oven to broil 450 degrees. Cut a stack of tortillas into triangle shapes as shown at right. Place on a cookie sheet in a single layer. Spray lightly with cooking spray. Broil for 3 minutes, or until slightly brown (watch carefully!) Remove from oven. Flip pieces over and spray again. Broil for another 2 to 3 minutes. Watch carefully so they don’t over-brown. Sprinkle with salt or any seasoning of choice. Cool before serving.

A simple hummus recipe

1 can (15 oz) of garbanzo beans, drained, but reserve 1/4 cup of liquid
1/3 cup tahini (sesame seed butter/paste)
1/4 cup orange or lemon juice
1 teaspoon grated orange rind
2 cloves garlic, pressed or minced
1 green onion, chopped or 1/4 cup chopped chives
1/2 teaspoon ground cumin
1/2 teaspoon salt
Place all ingredients in a food processor or blender. Whirl until smooth, adding more orange juice or bean liquid if necessary.


1,976 posted on 04/16/2008 9:27:24 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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How to grow beets

As you can tell, it’s worth it to add beets to your gardening repertoire. Even if it’s just a single row. Here are some beet growing tips to help you get started:
Jewel-toned beet seeds

* Beets perform best in full sun, but do fine in partial shade.
* Light, sandy loam permits rapid, uninterrupted growth for tender roots. Moist, fertile, well-drained soil with a neutral pH of around 6.5 is ideal.
* Beet seeds are actually fruits, producing a cluster of seedlings. So you’ll need to thin these when they emerge. When plants are 2 to 3 inches tall, thin again to 4 to 6 inches apart.
* A tip for northern gardeners: I’ve had good luck sowing seeds in flats and transplant outside when the soil warms.
* Keep the soil evenly moist but not soggy. Lack of moisture causes tough, stringy roots.
* To harvest, pull up roots when they are 1.5 to 3 inches wide. Remove any dirt, then cut the tops off, leaving at least 1 inch of stem to prevent the roots from bleeding. Refrigerate for several weeks, or layer in a box filled with sand and store in a cool spot for up to 5 months. Freeze, can or pickle the extras.

chocolate beet brownies

Chocolate Beet Brownies

These brownies are rich, chewy and secretly nutritious!

1/2 cup butter (or 1/4 cup butter and 1/4 cup applesauce)
4 oz. unsweetened chocolate
4 eggs
1 cup brown sugar (packed)
1 cup applesauce
1 tsp. vanilla
1-1/2 cup unbleached white flour
1/2 tsp. salt
1/2 tsp. nutmeg
1 tsp. cinnamon
1 tsp. baking powder
1 15 oz. can beets packed in water, drained and mashed; or 1 cup cooked beets
1/2 cup finely chopped almonds
1/2 cup wheat germ

Melt butter and chocolate over low heat. Set aside to cool.

In a separate bowl, beat eggs until light in color and foamy.

Add sugar and vanilla and continue beating until well creamed.

Stir in chocolate mixture, followed by applesauce and beets.

Sift together flour, salt, spices and baking powder and stir into creamed mixture.

Fold in wheat germ and almonds.

Turn into greased 9x13-inch pan and bake at 350 degrees for 30 to 40 minutes.

While I had fun developing the chocolate beet recipe, it’s a treat to see the expression on people’s faces when I tell them what’s in the recipe. While watching the movie Chocolat, I couldn’t see my friends’ faces in the dark, but I could tell by their chuckles and giggles that Chocolate Beet Brownies were an Oscar-winning hit!

[There are so many important articles here and I have not even peeked at most of them...granny]

1,977 posted on 04/16/2008 9:36:53 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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How to get the most from carrots
Try these great recipes and tips!

By Marion Owen, Fearless Weeder for PlanTea, Inc. and
Co-author of Chicken Soup for the Gardener’s Soul

Organic carrots

Carrots are the world’s favorite vegetable. No kidding. Carrots boast more carotene than any fruit or vegetable, and they’re recipe-friendly — adapting to a wide assortment of foods and recipes (as you’ll see below). In the garden, carrots are an all-around favorite, along with tomatoes, corn, and lettuce.

But what do you do with a bumper crop of carrots? Give them away to your neighbors when they’re not looking? Dry them and hang them on your Christmas tree? As with a zucchini, too many carrots can be a challenge. Here are eight ways to make the best out of a bounty of carrots:

Let’s start with how to ‘put carrots by’...

How to harvest and store carrots

In the refrigerator, carrots will keep for several months. Just wash, pat them dry and store them in containers or bags with some holes added. For long-term storage, hand-pull the carrots from the soil, but don’t wash them. Twist or cut off the green tops. Layer undamaged roots with sand, dry soil, or a 50:50 combination of sand and (low sap) wood shavings — like the kind used in hamster cages. Make sure the carrots aren’t touching each other and keep them in a cool, dark place.

Invest in your health:
Dried and frozen carrots are like money in the bank

Dried carrots keep well and reconstitute nicely for use in breads, salads, and soups. To dry raw carrots: Slice washed, tender carrots 1/8 to 1/4-inch thick or coarsely shred or grate them. Toss with some lemon juice. Arrange on dryer racks and dry until crisp.

To dry cooked carrots (which keep their color better): Select crisp, tender carrots. Trim the green tops, leaving a 1/2-inch tip. Steam until cooked through,but not mushy — about 20 minutes, depending on size. Trim off the tails, the crowns, and the green tops. Slice 1/8-inch thick or shred. Dry until crisp. Cool and store.

Frozen carrots are one of my favorite ways to store them. Slice fresh and washed carrots into 1/4 to 1/2-inch slices. Steam them until they are still a little solid when poked with a fork. Not quite tender. Then plunge them into cold water. Store them in quart-size, zip-lock, freezer bags, squeezing out as much air as possible. Or vacuum seal them.

Bring out a bag of carrots on a cold, blustery day and steam them up. Serve as a side dish, in rice or mash and add them to a cake recipe, muffins, pancakes, etc. Their sweet flavor and bright color will cheer up your world.

Go ahead, juice ‘em

The foundation for juiced recipes, carrot juice mixes well with many fruits and can be added to soups, salad dressings, and muffins.
Beautiful carrots

Create a designer necklace from carrot beads. It’s fun!

Nordstroms and Saks Fifth Avenue may never carry these 14-karat beauties, but here’s your chance to make a vegetable fashion statement. Wash a few carrots and cut them into 1/4-inch round slices. Thread a heavy duty needle with dental floss and slip the slices onto the floss by pushing the needle through the core. Once you’ve strung enough carrots, tie the ends together to form a necklace. Lay it on paper in a dark, well-ventilated place, making sure the slices don’t touch each other. As they dry, they turn into wrinkled beads. Drying takes a couple weeks.

Go beyond carrot cake with these recipes

I heard that Will Rogers once said, “Some guy invented Vitamin A out of a carrot. I’ll bet he can’t invent a good meal out of one.” If Will had only sampled some of the following recipes! Since carrots pack such a healthy dose of goodness and fuse with so many different recipes, their highest calling might be as nutritional undercover agents. What a great — and sneaky — way to get more healthy food into your diet. If YOU have a favorite (and unusual) carrot recipe, please let me know (

Carrot Marmalade

This marmalade is adapted from an Alaskan homestead recipe.
6 medium-sized carrots
2 lemons
2 large oranges (preferably Valencias or another tasty variety)
11 cups water
8 cups sugar
Scrub lemons and oranges well and cut them into quarters. Remove any seeds. Soak the fruit chunks in the 11 cups of water for 24 hours. Remove the fruit and cut into very small shreds. Wash, peel, and grate carrots. Add fruit and shredded carrots to the water in which the lemons and oranges were soaked. Bring to a boil and simmer for 1 hour. Add the sugar and boil the marmalade until the juice reaches the jelly stage (8 degrees above the boiling point of water — 212 degrees at sea level —for your area). Pour into hot, sterile jelly glasses. Fill to within 1/8-inch of the top. Screw on the tops, then invert the jars for about 5 seconds to seal completely.

Carrot Orange Hummus

Hummus is the Swiss Army Knife of spreads and dips. Smear it on toast and bagels in place of butter, put a dollop on steamed vegetables or potatoes, or spread it on broiled salmon. To jazz up salads, add a couple tablespoons to your favorite oil and vinegar-based dressing.
5 large carrots
2 cans (15 oz each) garbanzo beans, drained
2/3 cup tahini (sesame seed paste)
3 cloves garlic, squashed
1/2 cup orange juice
2 TBL cider vinegar
1 TBL soy sauce
1 tsp salt (or to taste)
3 green onions (white and green tops)
1/2 tsp ground cumin
1/2 tsp ground ginger
1/4 tsp paprika
1 tsp grated orange rind (optional)
Chop carrots into cubes and steam or microwave them until until they mash easily. Drain and add to a food processor with the remaining ingredients. Whirl until smooth. Store in the fridge or put in smaller containers and freeze.

Carrot Spice Pancakes
These pancakes are smaller versions of a carrot cake dessert, only you get to eat them for breakfast! To two cups of your favorite pancake batter, fold in the following ingredients:
3/4 cup grated carrots
1/2 cup applesauce
1/2 tsp. ground cardamom (good, but optional)
1 tsp. ground cinnamon.
1/2 tsp. ground ginger or 1 tablespoon grated fresh ginger
Cook batter on a hot skillet and serve with yogurt, maple syrup or your favorite fresh fruit, jam or jelly.

Carrot Milkshake
Believe it or not, this one tasty treat!
3 to 4 carrots
1/4 cup brown sugar or 1/8 cup honey
Assorted spices, as for pumpkin pie
Pinch of salt
1 cup vanilla or plain yogurt
1 cup milk or soy milk
Wash unpeeled carrots thoroughly. Cut into 1-inch chunks, place in a saucepan and steam until soft. Mash with a potato masher or puree in a blender or food processer. Add all ingredients to a blender or processer and blend well. Chill before serving.

The Best Pickled Carrots
These pickles provide a unique way to serve carrots, especially if you have a bountiful harvest. Try them as an appetizer, salad garnish, with rice or as a side dish with soups, stews or hearty sandwiches.
2 lbs. carrots, peeled, thinly sliced
3/4 cup vinegar
3/4 cup water
1/2 cup sugar
1 tsp. mixed whole pickling spices
Bring vinegar, water, sugar and spices to a boil and simmer for 3 minutes. In a separate pan, cook carrots in boiling salted water for 10 minutes. Drain the carrots and pack them in hot, sterilized pint jars, leaving 1/2-inch of headroom. Cover with the hot pickling liquid, seal and process for 15 minutes in a boiling water bath. If you don’t want to process them, pour in the hot pickling liquid and let the jars cool to room temperature. Keep them in the refrigerator. Makes 4 pints.

Now, whenever you grow too many carrots, or get the urge to buy 30 pounds of them when they go on sale, you’ll know just what to do with your bounty!

1,978 posted on 04/16/2008 9:39:48 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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Though old news now, think back to your first meeting with zucchini bread. A pleasant surprise, I bet. Well now there’s potato fudge. While not entirely healthy and wholesome, it’s great fun to tell people that it’s made with the humble “apple of the earth.”

Have fun surprising — and fooling — your friends and family with this recipe!

Potato Fudge
3 squares (3 oz) unsweetened chocolate
3 tablespoons butter
1/2 cup unseasoned, mashed potatoes (at room temp)
1 teaspoon vanilla
1/4 teaspoon salt
3-3/4 cups (1 pound) powdered sugar
2 teaspoons milk or soy milk
Almonds, finely chopped

Melt chocolate and butter together in a saucepan over low heat, stirring occasionally. Remove from heat and stir in mashed potatoes, vanilla, and salt. Sift powdered sugar into large bowl. Add chocolate mixture and mix well. Mixture will be slightly dry and crumbly. If necessary, add milk to make a dough that can be kneaded. Turn out on a board and knead until smooth.

Dust board with powdered sugar if necessary. Shape mixture into two rolls, about one inch in diameter. Roll in chopped almonds. Wrap in wax paper and chill. Cut into 1/2 inch thick slices. Makes 4 dozen.


1,979 posted on 04/16/2008 9:42:13 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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35+ Uses for Plastic Milk Jugs
You’ll love these clever ideas for plastic containers

By Marion Owen, Fearless Weeder for PlanTea, Inc. and
Co-author of Chicken Soup for the Gardener’s Soul

Uh, oh. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) says that plastic milk jugs deposited in landfills will never degrade. Yet each year, millions of plastic milk jugs are thrown away. In fact, milk jugs (and water bottles) represent one of the largest volume of plastic that end up in landfills and make up the corner-stone of almost all plastic recycling efforts. Fortunately, many people accept the challenge to re-use household items.

Reusing plastic milk jugs is no exception. Along with the plastic milk jug cloche (below) which protects seedlings and bedding plants, here are 34 more uses for your home, garden, yard, garage and boat. And, if you know of another way to use them, don’t be shy! Email me your idea.

recycled plastic milk jug
Plastic milk jugs, minus their bottoms, make excellent cloches by protecting tender plants against frost, heavy rain, scorching sun and so on. To keep it from blowing away, poke a hole at the top of the handle and thread a piece of heavy wire so it reaches down into the soil. Photo by Marion Owen

In the yard and garden

Bird Feeder
Cut a hole in two or three sides of the jug. The holes should be 2 or 4 inches in diameter, depending on the type of birds you want to attract. For perches, make smaller holes below the feeding holes. Push wooden dowel rods through the holes so they poke through the opposite side. Fill the feeder with seed and hang it in a nearby tree. You may want to poke a few small holes in the bottom for rainwater drainage.

recycled plastic milk jug

Easier bird feeder
Cut a strip out of the side opposite the handle. Fill with birdseed and hang in a tree or set on a stump or protected spot. Protect young seedlings Place a plastic milk jug, minus its bottom, over a seedling. To keep the cloche (sounds like gauche) cover in place, poke a hole on the top of the handle and run a 14 to 16-inch piece of coat hanger or wire through the hole and down into the soil.

Tea for two?
Put diluted PlanTea concentrate, liquid fish fertilizer or compost tea in a plastic milk jug. Use the fortified water within a few days, giving the containers a shake each day. Water seedlings, annuals, perennials and shrubs.

Going to a plant sale?
Take a few 4-inch tall bottoms from plastic milk cartons with you to haul away plants.

Seed starting container
Cut 3 inches off the bottom of a milk jug. Poke a few small holes in the bottom for drainage. Fill with seed-starting mix or potting soil and sow with seeds. For complete, easy to follow seed-starting tips, see my Seeding is Believing article.

Plant propagator: Start new plants successfully!
From Lynn Proctor, of Petersburg, Florida: I use both 1/2 and 1 gallon cartons as planters for propagation with cuttings. Leaving the handle intact, cut down through the threaded top beside the handle to just below the curve, go all the way around to where you are on the other side of the handle, cut up to the top of the handle, completely removing the screw top and leaving the handle intact. Poke a few small holes in the bottom.

Fill the container 2/3 to full with planting medium, depending on your use. This provides a top hole big enough to put in some cuttings, small plants or seeds. Since the hole is relatively small, the planter holds its moisture well. It is protected somewhat from insects, and the carton can be cut off for transplanting. It is easy to carry and move around. You can see root growth progress through the plastic. If you have some green algae growth on the inside of the plastic by the soil, it won’t hurt anything. You can paint the carton if you want, or put contact paper on it to the soil level. I just use it the way it is and have had great success.

Mark it or lose it
Cut the sides into long strips or triangles and mark with a waterproof “Sharpie” pen for plant markers.

ecospout recycle plasticMake a watering can or sprinkler
Turn your plastic milk jugs into a sprinkler, funnel or watering can with a few, simple attachments onto the threaded opening. I discovered these great gadgets about 10 years ago and now offer them through this site. They are a great problem solver. You can find them and buy them on my online store.

Soil scoop
Make a scoop by cutting the bottom (and part of the handle side) off. Replace the screw-top and use it to scoop up dry potting soil, vermiculite, grass seed and so on.

Watering hole
Cut the bottoms off 2 or 3 inches from the base and use it for toad and bird watering holes. Did I already say it also makes a great watering bowl for your dog when going on a hike or trip? Speaking of water...

Swimming “floaters” for kids
This one was sent in by Ruth: When my kids were young we didn’t have a lot of money. When we went to the pool swimming we used milk jugs for floaters. Tie a sting to each handle. You may use one or two on each side. Place them near under arm and tie string around the child. Now he can float. May want to super glue the lids on. Have a blessed day, Ruth

You can also have your child simply hold a plastic jug in each hand (lids are screwed on to make an airtight seal, right?). This is a great way for them to practice their kicking and swimming. Remember: Always keep an eye on your children in the water.

Slug watering hole
Cut the bottoms off 2 or 3 inches from the base. Sink the base into the soil so the top rim is level with the soil. Fill (bait) with beer (this Bud’s for you) or your own sugar-water-yeast solution (a pinch of yeast is all you need).

Make a Wall-o-Water
Fill jugs with water and arrange them in a ring around plants. Cover the ring at night to preserve heat absorbed during the day. When the danger of frost and cold has passed, use the warmed water to water your plants. For warmer water, paint the containers black before filling them. This is a good way to regulate heat in cold frames and greenhouses.

Weighty water
Use water-filled jugs as weights to secure floating row covers, plastic, tarps, netting or frost covers over beds.

Around the house
Potted plant bases
Cut the bottoms off and use them as plant saucers.

Hanging clothes on the line?
Here’s a handy way to hold the clothespins. Cut a hole in a plastic milk jug in the side opposite the handle. Then cut through the handle about a half-inch from the bottom of the handle to make a “hook” for hanging it on the clothes line. Fill the jug with pins and use the handle to hang it on the line.

Light your way
Make luminaries by cutting off the top of a milk jug, filling the bottom with 2 or 3 inches of sand, then placing a votive candle in the sand. Line a walkway or garden path with the lights.

Organize your picnics
Cut the tops off several plastic milk jugs and use the bases to keep fruit, cheese, sandwiches, napkins, and spreads separate—and dry—in your cooler or picnic basket.

recycled plastic milk jug

Organize your fridge
Cut the tops off several plastic milk jugs and use the bases to conveniently store grapes, kiwis, pear tomatoes, cheese, lunch meats and other small items in the fridge. Make shorter containers for the storage drawers and trays.

Multi-purpose funnel
Cut the bottom from a plastic milk jug and use as a funnel for liquids, powdered dry goods, flour and more. It couldn’t be easier.

Jelly-making helper
Make a funnel (as above) and line it with a jelly bag or damp piece of muslim. Secure the jelly bag at the top with clips or clothespins if necessary. Pour fruit juice into the funnel and let it drip.

Organize your life!
From a 1/2 to 1-gallon container, cut a hole out of the top corner opposite the handle. Use the easy-access container to sort and store everything from golf balls and dog biscuits; to nails and rubber bands. This same design makes a great container for cleaning paint brushes or as a berry picker (see below).

Organize your car and mini-van
Sent by a reader: Again, from a 1/2 to 1-gallon container, cut a hole out of the top corner opposite the handle. Use the container to as a small garbage can to collect bits of trash that otherwise find their way under seats and on the floor of your car. Got kids? Well, then you can appreciate this one!

Keep your tire chairs clean and ready for use
Hi Marion, I stumbled onto your site and read the milk carton uses with interest. I cut an opening opposite the handle and store tire chains, to keep in the car trunk in the winter. They get wet and rusty and this is a perfect solution. — From Gaye, in California

No-spill measuring
Store uncooked rice and other small grains, nuts, popcorn and seeds in a 1/2 or 1-gallon milk carton and it will be easier to measure out. Be sure to thoroughly clean the carton first.

Storage container
Tired of flimsy plastic bags? Use a 1-2 or 1-gallon plastic milk jug for storing everything from coffee beans, sugar, lentils, split peas and jelly beans.

Poor man’s blender
Add yogurt, soy milk, fruit juice, nutritional powders, crushed berries or jam to a 1/2 to 1-gallon plastic milk. Replace the lid and shake like crazy. Store extra in the fridge.

Clean sweep
A gallon milk jug can also be turned into a dustpan. Set the jug, handle side up, on a table and cut the top off at an angle, leaving the bottom as a flat dustpan.

Where to put the toilet bowl brush?
Cut a hole out from the top corner opposite the handle. Voila, problem solved.

All-purpose scoop
Here’s a great way to scoop up kitty litter (new or used) de-icer, etc. Make a scoop by cutting the bottom (and part of the handle side) off. Replace the screw-top and scoop away.

Toys, berry-picking, giant igloos...

Berry picker
Cut a hole out of the top corner opposite the handle to use for a berry picker. Slip your belt through the handle to free up your hands for picking.

Giant igloos
Collect enough milk jugs and you can make a giant igloo—a favorite project for schools, churches and day care centers. The main trick is connecting them together. Here’s a suggestion from Terri Kaszynski, a Brownie Troup leader in Oconto, Wisconsin: We used 5 packages of glue stick and hot-glued them together. Of course this took adult supervision but it worked like a charm. We anchored them to a large piece of (round) cardboard. We did have to cheat little with 1/2 gallon jugs between some of the gallon ones. It’s a great craft to do late in the fall of the year and have it standing by for when it does actually snow!

Let’s play ball!
Here’s one to use at school for field day and just for play, sent in by M. Lundin of Orlando, Florida. You can use 1/2 gallon or gallon jugs work; even large detergent jugs, etc. INSTRUCTIONS: Cut off the bottom of the jug along the line (that’s about 1.5 inches around the bottom of most milk jugs.) Decorate the jug with peel n’ stick stickers or markers, or whatever! Using old tennis balls, you now have a ball catcher game for yard or beach. The larger jugs make it easier for younger kids to catch the ball. Smaller jugs are more challenging!

Milk jug Jack-O-Lantern
This Jack-O-Lantern is easy for kids to make, plus, it’s weather proof! Draw Jack-O-Lantern facial features onto the milk jug. Cut out the eyes, nose and mouth shapes. Paint the jug with orange acrylic paint. It might take a couple coats for a nice thick finish. Once the paint has dried, draw details with a black, permanent marker or black acrylic paint. For the inner glow, insert a small flashlight to the inside of the jug lid or in a hole cut below the handle and tape it into place.

Gone fishin’?
Reader David Scammon sent us this tip:
“Empty milk jugs with the lid attached make great floaters to drop in the lake for fishing. Tie fishing line, with hook and bait, to the jug handle, toss in the lake and check later. This allowing fishing at all levels of the lake.” (Email your tip!)

A penny saved...
Make a simple piggy bank by cutting a slit near the top of a 1/2 or 1-gallon (if you’re really ambitious) plastic milk jug. Glue or tape the lid closed, if desired. Paint the jug or attach a bow on the handle for a personalized touch.

Bail that boat!
Make a bailer for your boat by cutting the bottom (and part of the handle side) off.

Wait, there’s more!
Plastic milk jugs can also be made into Easter baskets, used for making wine, or stacked into an igloo (minus the chill!).

Hopefully I’ve inspired you to use your imagination to create new ways to use old stuff. Remember, And hey, if you know of another way to use them, don’t by shy! Email me your thoughts so I can add them to the list.

Happy gardening and recycling—everywhere!

Thanks for visiting and please stop by again. I’ll put the coffee on!

Meet Marion Owen /// Learn about PlanTea /// Online Catalog /// Articles, Tips, Recipes /// Get free UpBeet Gardener newsletter /// Read current issue /// Listen to radio show /// Read news and press releases /// More resources and links /// Learn why ‘grow organic?’ /// View guidelines for retailers /// Read love letters /// Book Marion as a speaker /// Site map /// How to link to us /// Contact us /// Go to home page

1,980 posted on 04/16/2008 9:47:14 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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To: All

Great Garden Goofs
We’ve all had our moments. How about you?

By Marion Owen, Fearless Weeder for PlanTea, Inc. and
Co-author of Chicken Soup for the Gardener’s Soul

Garden goofs

Back in the mid-1980’s, Susanne Zingler of Germany became a little surprised when her new potted plant hissed and squeaked after she watered it. She thought it was just air escaping dry soil.

A week later she watered the plant again, only this time, it not only hissed, but the soil began to squirm. Panicked, she called the local florist, who came right over. One look at the plant and he called the Cologne Zoo. The Wildlife experts removed a large female tarantula and her nest of 50 little spiders!

Do YOU have a garden goof, or know of someone else’s goof? If so, email the photo and a description so I can share it with others.

Happy weeding!

1,981 posted on 04/16/2008 9:56:29 PM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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To: Sally'sConcerns


1,982 posted on 04/17/2008 4:36:18 AM PDT by Sally'sConcerns ( - Class I (life threatening) recalls email alert sign-up)
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To: nw_arizona_granny; gardengirl

The Lavenders I sell are ‘Munstead,’ ‘Lady,’ ‘Grosso’ and ‘Hidcote’ because those are the best for Zone 4/5 and have a SLIGHT chance of making it through a Wisconsin Winter if planted near a brick wall, a huge heat-holding rock or someone has a nicely enclosed, yet sunny yard..

All lavenders (even though there are 30 varieties and a many more hybrids) have the same ‘properties’ though some are higher in oils, hence some smell better than others and are better for commercial use.

They usually use “French” lavender in making the oils, however, I’m not sure which genus of lavender that is! Maybe ‘Lavender augustifolia Hidcote?’ I’d assume a rather large plant that puts out lots and lots of leaves and flowers, versus something smaller. In it’s home, lavender (and rosemary) is more of a shrub than the smaller garden plants we’re used to. Same with Sage. Ever seem true ‘Sagebrush’ in the desert? Ten feet and taller is “normal” for that plant, and it’s covered in red blooms. A total Hummingbird Magnet! (As an aside, ‘Pineapple Sage,’ which is a rather different plant, is also great for Hummingbirds, as is red ‘Lady’ Salvia.)

Lavender is used to living on the French Riviera and Rosemary, the rocky shores of Italy. They’re really not at home in the Midwest with our cold winters and higher humidity, though we sure do love them! :)

1,983 posted on 04/17/2008 5:39:02 AM PDT by Diana in Wisconsin (Save The Earth. It's The Only Planet With Chocolate.)
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To: Sally'sConcerns

Welcome to the thread.

From your sig line, you are more up to date on recalls than I, would you care to post anything we should know about?

1,984 posted on 04/17/2008 6:50:29 AM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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To: Diana in Wisconsin; gardengirl; processing please hold; All

Diana, thank you, those are the names that I could not think of for the lavender plants.

I did not know it would grow so tall, it would be fun to trim one into a single trunk tree, LOL, after you had all the massive plants that you wanted.

I am not high enough for the sage plants, about all that is wild here are stickers, and creosote bushes.

If you have a nursery, do you and Garden Girl have links that we will want to visit for them?

There is always something to be learned.

1,985 posted on 04/17/2008 6:56:53 AM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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To: All; milford421

A ProMED-mail post
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases

[1] FDA report
[2] CDC report

[1] FDA report
Date: Sat 12 Apr 2008
Source: US Food & Drug Administration (FDA) News, press release

The [US] Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today [12 Apr 2008]
announced that at least 21 people in 13 states have been diagnosed
with salmonellosis that was caused by the same strain of _Salmonella
enterica_ serotype Agona that was found in the recently recalled
unsweetened Puffed Rice and unsweetened Puffed Wheat Cereals produced
by Malt-O-Meal.

The recalled products were distributed nationally under the
Malt-O-Meal brand name as well as under private label brands
including Acme, America’s Choice, Food Club, Giant, Hannaford, Jewel,
Laura Lynn, Pathmark, Shaw’s, ShopRite, Tops, and Weis Quality. The
cereals have “Best If Used By” dates from 8 Apr 2008 (coded as
“APR0808”) through 18 Mar 2009 (coded as “MAR1809”).

Consumers should throw out any product in their homes from these
recalled lots. Grocery stores and other retailers should promptly
remove the cereals from their shelves.

Individuals who believe they may have experienced an illness
consistent with the symptoms described above after consuming a puffed
wheat or puffed rice cereal made by Malt-O-Meal should contact their
health care practitioner immediately and report the illness to their
state or local health authorities.

On 5 Apr 2008, Malt-O-Meal voluntarily recalled the cereals because
the company’s routine testing found _S._ Agona in a product produced
on 24 Mar 2008.

The FDA is working with Malt-O-Meal to determine the cause of the
contamination and with the states and the CDC (US Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention) to identify and prevent additional illnesses.

A full list of recalled products can be found at

Communicated by:

[2] CDC report
Date: Fri 11 Apr 2008
Source: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) [edited]

The [US] CDC is collaborating with public health officials in
multiple states across the USA and with the FDA to investigate a
multi-state outbreak of _Salmonella [enterica_ serotype] Agona
infections. An investigation that includes interviews of persons with
_S._ Agona infections and comparison of the DNA fingerprints suggests
that cereal from Malt-O-Meal unsweetened Puffed Rice Cereals and
unsweetened Puffed Wheat Cereals is likely related to these illnesses.

As of 11 Apr 2008, state and city health departments from 13 states
identified 21 ill persons infected with _S._ Agona with the same
genetic fingerprint. Ill persons with the outbreak strain have been
reported from California (1), Colorado (1), Delaware (1), Maine (3),
Massachusetts (2), Minnesota (1), North Dakota (1), New Hampshire
(2), New Jersey (3), New York (3), Pennsylvania (1), Rhode Island
(1), and Vermont (1). Illness onset dates, which are known for 9
patients, ranged from 22 Jan 2008 to 2 Mar 2008. Their ages range
from 1 to 95 years; 62 percent are female. 3 hospitalizations and no
deaths have been reported.

Investigation of the outbreak

On 5 Apr 2008, Malt-O-Meal Company initiated a recall after the
company’s routine food testing detected the presence of salmonellae
on 24 Mar 2008 in a Minnesota plant that produces and packages dry
cereals. Malt-O-Meal issued a recall of unsweetened Puffed Rice
Cereals and unsweetened Puffed Wheat Cereals produced during the past
12 months at the plant in Minnesota. On 7 Apr 2008, PulseNet, the
molecular subtyping network for foodborne disease surveillance,
notified CDC’s OutbreakNet Team of a cluster of human _S._ Agona
isolates with an indistinguishable PFGE [pulsed-field gel
electrophoresis] pattern (outbreak pattern) in multiple states. On 10
Apr 2008, CDC was informed by several state health departments that
patients infected with _S._ Agona with the outbreak pattern had eaten
Malt-O-Meal cereal products. On 11 Apr 2008, the Minnesota State
Public Health Department confirmed that the _Salmonella_ isolate
isolated from the Minnesota plant was _S._ Agona and had the same
indistinguishable PFGE pattern as the isolates from ill humans. CDC,
multiple state health departments, and FDA are working
collaboratively to identify additional cases and determine the source
and factors that contribute to this outbreak. Information about this
recall can be found at

Communicated by:

[Since at least some cases occurred before this batch of cereal was
produced, the contamination had to have been occurring (at least
intermittently) for several months.

A 1998 _S._ Agona outbreak was associated with the same company and
was summarized in: CDC: Multistate Outbreak of _Salmonella_ Serotype
Agona Infections Linked to Toasted Oats Cereal — United States,
April-May, 1998. MMWR. 1998;47: 462-4,
The following was abstracted from this report:

During April-May 1998, a total of 11 states reported an increase in
cases of _Salmonella [enterica_] serotype Agona infections; as of 8
Jun 1998, a total of 209 cases have been reported and at least 47
persons have been hospitalized, representing an 8-fold increase over
the median number of cases reported in those states during 1993-1997.
The states reporting increases were Illinois (49 cases), Indiana
(30), Ohio (29), New York (24), Missouri (22), Pennsylvania (20),
Michigan (15), Iowa (8), Wisconsin (6), Kansas (4), and West Virginia
(2). This outbreak represents the 1st time a commercial cereal
product has been implicated in a _Salmonella_ outbreak, although an
infant cereal product was implicated in an outbreak of _S._
Senftenberg in the United Kingdom (1). _Salmonella_ spp. are
relatively resistant to desiccation and can survive for long periods
in dry environments such as cereal.


1. Rushdy AA, Stuart JM, Ward LR, et al: National outbreak of
_Salmonella_ Senftenberg associated with infant food. Epidemiol
Infect 1988; 120(2): 125-8 (abstract available at

It is curious that _S._ Agona is linked to the uncommon food vehicle
(breakfast cereal) in 2 outbreaks from the same company a decade
apart. Of note, it is not specifically stated that the 2008 and the
1998 strains are genetically distinct. - Mod.LL]

[see also:
Salmonellosis, municipal water supply - USA (04): (CO), co-pathogens
Salmonellosis, municipal water supply - USA (CO) 20080324.1106
Salmonellosis, serotype Paratyphi B, raw tuna - USA (03) 20080218.0649
Salmonellosis, serotype Paratyphi B, raw tuna - USA 20080127.0343
Salmonellosis, human, pet turtles - USA 20080125.0317
Salmonellosis, serotype Newport - USA: (SD) 20080115.0190
Salmonellosis - USA: (MT, TX, PA) RFI 20080107.0090

1,986 posted on 04/17/2008 7:02:00 AM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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To: All

Futurist: An Electronic Doomsday


Mark Stencel, CQ Columnist

The absurdity of Americans’ casual dependence on all things electronic
revealed itself to me recently in a restaurant men’s room. First a
set motion detector required me to wave continuously, like a stranded
castaway trying to signal a passing plane, just to keep the lights on.
the electric paper towel dispenser jammed.

This reliance on gadgetry extends from mechanical toothbrushes and
car keys to life-saving medical equipment and complex systems for
and securing bank records. It also explains why some security experts
fear a
potentially continent-crippling electromagnetic pulse attack on the

Doomsday scenarios involving electromagnetic pulse weapons are a
product of
Cold War nuclear tests in the early 1960s. Those tests showed that
high-altitude nuclear blasts create far-reaching atmospheric effects
could instantly shut down power grids. They also could, at least in
fry almost anything that plugs into a wall, attaches to a phone line or
depends on sensitive circuitry. Electrical systems might be knocked
for weeks, if not months, disrupting or disabling transportation,
communication, health and financial systems, as well as many other
public services.

The threat was serious enough that U.S. and Soviet forces began
critical military components against such effects - while incorporating
concept into strategies for countering each other’s technological
in a potential nuclear conflict.

With increased concerns about the worldwide proliferation of nuclear
know-how and missile technology since the Cold War, some defense
have put the possibility of an attack using an electromagnetic pulse
high on their lists of homeland security threats. Conventional nuclear
weapons, bioterrorism and cyberwarfare remain on those lists, too. But
idea of a foe kicking the nation’s metaphorical power cord out of the
effectively turning back time for millions of people for months or
seems to stir the imagination of those who make policy.

Speculating about Iran’s intentions at a 2005 Senate hearing, former
Speaker Newt Gingrich warned of the “catastrophic impact” of the
electromagnetic pulse from “a single Iranian nuclear missile,” which he
“could quickly turn a third or more of the United States back to a 19th
century level of development.”

Gingrich’s testimony echoed the conclusions released the previous year
by a
commission created by Congress to study that exact threat. The panel’s
findings were dire: An electromagnetic pulse from certain kinds of
blasts could create “unprecedented cascading failures of our major
infrastructure,” and the arduous recovery from such an attack “would
seriously degrade the safety and overall viability of our nation.”

Gauging the Threats

Scary predictions like that have long made so-called e-bombs good
for Hollywood writers, who have woven similar weapons into the plot
lines of
recent TV shows such as “24,” “Jericho” and “Dark Angel.” But the
also is inspiring government action, and not just at the federal level.
Maryland, officials are considering forming a state-level task force to
at how to protect critical infrastructure from electromagnetic pulses,
and a
state technology grant is funding a pilot project designed to help
officials, utilities, hospitals and others think through their needs
preparing for such an attack (

Where the potential damage from an electromagnetic pulse actually falls
the grand scheme of “when, not if” threats to our way of life is hard
say. A Congressional Research Service report reiterates much of the
congressional commission’s findings. But CRS also notes that “some
discount the likelihood of a large-scale EMP attack” and question “the
extent of possible damage, stating that the critical infrastructure
survive.” Critics of the panel have accused the commissioners of
exaggerating the dangers to justify increased spending on ballistic
defenses, which members of the panel also have strongly advocated.

The specific threat from an electromagnetic pulse is ultimately less
significant than the fear on which it is based: the potential loss of
electronic infrastructure of modern life. Appreciating that
doesn’t require a rogue nation to hurl a nuclear missile high into our
skies. The cascading human and system failures that left millions of
Floridians in the dark in February and the even more widespread
blackout in 2003 underscore the current fragility of the U.S. power

Many of the commission’s recommendations for heading off an
doomsday - especially those that involve disaster planning and
electrical and telecommunications systems - might be prudent
They would prepare the United States for all manner of man-made
calamity, as
well as natural disasters, including hurricanes, earthquakes and
solar storms. Most important, they address the real source of our fear,
which is the target, not the weapon.

Mark Stencel is deputy publisher and a technology columnist for
magazine, published by Congressional Quarterly Inc. For a complete
of his columns, click

First posted March 30, 2008 12:35 p.m.

1,987 posted on 04/17/2008 7:11:40 AM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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To: All; LibertyRocks; gardengirl; DAVEY CROCKETT

If you are interested in writing, do you know this site?

LOL, I have read the newsletter for years, it has tips, warnings about scams they pull on writers, etc....

Back Issues (with Lots of paying markets) are at:

See the entire list with details here:

1,988 posted on 04/17/2008 7:37:23 AM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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To: All

South Korea Raises Bird Flu Alert, Troops On Standby

April 16, 2008

South Korea on Wednesday issued a nationwide bird flu alert, deployed troops and put firefighters on standby to try to contain the spread of the disease, officials said.

The agriculture ministry said in a statement the “orange” vigilance level was extended to the whole country after previously covering only the badly hit southwest.

The ministry said it had confirmed 20 outbreaks involving the H5 virus, of which at least six were the deadly H5N1 subtype, since the first case was reported in Gimje, 260 kilometres (162 miles) south of Seoul, in early April.

It is investigating 14 more suspected cases, including one on a farm in Pyeongtaek, 70 kilometres south of Seoul.

Officials have slaughtered 2.2 million chickens and ducks in and around infected farms. These are mainly in the South and North Jeolla provinces, a hub of the poultry industry.

“As avian influenza is spreading, the military has decided to help slaughter and bury poultry in the infected areas,” a defence ministry spokesman said.

The spokesman said an initial contingent of about 200 troops was deployed in and around the Gimje area Wednesday to help cull chickens and ducks.

A separate group of about 180 soldiers had already been manning checkpoints to help control movements in infected areas.

The National Emergency Management Agency ordered local firefighters to be ready to help with disinfecting vehicles and farms or other tasks, although it said they would not take part in culls.

“We’ll do whatever we can do to prevent the bird flu outbreaks from spreading nationwide, which is now a national concern,” Kim Kook-Rae, a senior agency official, told AFP.

Authorities have yet to fully explain why the outbreaks are not abating, but said Tuesday that a poultry dealer was under investigation for breaching quarantine restrictions.

The dealer was found to have taken hundreds of ducks from an infected Gimje farm and supplied them to retailers and restaurants in other regions.

The agriculture ministry said it had located 141 restaurants or farms which had recently been visited by the dealer, and had so far slaughtered poultry at 34 of the total.

South Korea reported seven cases of H5N1 infection between November 2006 and March last year, resulting in the temporary suspension of poultry exports to Japan, Hong Kong, Taiwan and elsewhere.

But last June the World Organisation for Animal Health classified the country as free from the disease.

The H5N1 strain has killed more than 230 people worldwide since late 2003. No South Koreans have contracted the disease.

Source AFP

1,989 posted on 04/17/2008 8:34:50 AM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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To: All; Uncle Ike; MHGinTN; JDoutrider; LucyJo; toomanygrasshoppers; processing please hold; ...

If you have any doubts about what you are to be getting prepared for, then take a look at this page, it has turned into a U.S. news and threat page, there is a lot happening here at home, as well as all over the world.;page=4851

There are also several alerts posted on this thread today.

1,990 posted on 04/17/2008 9:09:17 AM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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To: All

KFC Chicken (clone)

3 lb chicken
1/4 c lemon juice
1 1/2 c baking mix
1 tsp paprika
1/4 tsp paprika
2 TBS melted butter
2 envelopes Italian dressing
3 TBS flour
2 tsp salt
1/2 tsp sage
1 c milk
oil for frying

Soak chicken in lemon juice for 30to 60 min. Drain. Combine dry
ingredients. In separate bowl whisk butter and milk. Dip chicken in
milk then flour mix. Fry until brown and arrange on cookie sheet and
bake ate 350 until juices run clear.

1,991 posted on 04/17/2008 9:20:24 AM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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To: nw_arizona_granny


1,992 posted on 04/17/2008 9:35:04 AM PDT by AmericaUnite
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To: nw_arizona_granny

These are the latest to come down the pike. If you use the link in my sig then they’ll send you emails on the topics you may be interested in. I choose only the life threatening as I’m fighting malnourishment due to a surgery performed in June ‘06. When I had the surgery I was a healthy 104 lbs at 5’0”, now the most I’ve been able to weigh is 90 with the lowest being 78. Right now I’m hovering around 85 lbs. I sure do miss having some padding on my backside since not having much if any sure makes sitting for long very uncomfortable.

I’ve had blood tests where the only thing which came back as normal were the good and bad type of cholestrol. Spent a week back in October being fed through a pik line as well as having meals. Right before Christmas I spent 3 days in the hospital where they could keep an eye on me while I went through the prep for an endoscopy and colonoscopy. So life has been a real adventure for me for a couple of years now. Anyway, enough about me! Here’s what I’ve received the last couple of days. Thanks for the welcome!

Salmonella Illnesses in Multiple States may be Linked to Recently Recalled Cereal
Sat, 12 Apr 2008 13:40:00 -0500

The recalled products were distributed nationally under the Malt-O-Meal brand name as well as under private label brands including Acme, America’s Choice, Food Club, Giant, Hannaford, Jewel, Laura Lynn, Pathmark, Shaw’s, ShopRite, Tops and Weis Quality. The cereals have “Best If Used By” dates from April 8, 2008 (coded as “APR0808”) through March 18, 2009 (coded as “MAR1809”).


Pulmuone Wildwood, Inc. Issues Allergy Alert on Undeclared Eggs in Leek and Oriental Noodle Fried Dumplings (April 16)
Thu, 17 Apr 2008 05:44:00 -0500

Pulmuone Wildwood, Inc. is recalling 1,000 cases of Leek and Oriental Noodle Fried Dumplings, because they may contain undeclared eggs. The product affected is packaged in a white resealable 25.4 oz pouch with the UPC code 801114-306338 and the Code dates 2/2/2009, 2/9/2009 and 3/6/2009.

1,993 posted on 04/17/2008 9:43:46 AM PDT by Sally'sConcerns ( - Class I (life threatening) recalls email alert sign-up)
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To: All

free four patch quilt pattern

free 9 patch quilt pattern

free quilt pattern

free soft doll patterns

1,994 posted on 04/17/2008 10:10:56 AM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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To: AmericaUnite

Hello, welcome to the thread.

I do hope you will join in, there is more to learn, then I have time to post.

1,995 posted on 04/17/2008 10:16:24 AM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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To: Sally'sConcerns

Sally, you have had a time of it, I will pray that they solve this as soon as possible.

Finding tempting things to eat is often a problem.

Thank you for the alerts, they may help someone who would miss them.

1,996 posted on 04/17/2008 10:18:47 AM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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To: nw_arizona_granny

Thanks so much. I think I’ll be learning more than contributing.

1,997 posted on 04/17/2008 10:23:28 AM PDT by AmericaUnite
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To: All


1 1/2 - 2 lb. round steak
2 tbsp. flour
1 sliced green pepper
1 tsp. salt
1/8 tsp. pepper
2 tbsp. salad oil
1 lg. onion, sliced
1 (16 oz.) can tomatoes, cut up
1 stalk celery, thinly sliced
1 tbsp. thick bottled steak sauce

Cut steak into serving size pieces. Coat with flour, salt and pepper.
In large skillet or slow cooking pot with browning unit, brown meat in
Pour off excessive fat.

In slow cooking pot, combine meat with tomatoes, onion, green pepper
and steak sauce. Cover pot and cook on low for 6 to 8 hours or until

Thicken juices with additional flour, dissolved in a small amount of
water, if desired.

Makes 5 or 6 servings. Serve with mashed potatoes.

1,998 posted on 04/17/2008 11:12:39 AM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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To: AmericaUnite

Laughing and saying, you are welcome, join in any time.

Without readers, we have no need for the thread.

1,999 posted on 04/17/2008 11:15:42 AM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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To: All

Cherry Delight

1 can dark sweet pitted cherries
1 can (about 16 oz.) crushed pineapple
1 8 oz. pkg. cream cheese, softened
1 pkg. marshmallows
1 small container of whipped topping
Chopped pecans (optional)

Drain cherry and pineapple juices into a medium sauce pan.

Dissolve cream cheese in juices over low heat.

Add marshmallows and dissolve.

Cool completely and fold in cherries, pineapple and whipped topping.

Pour into serving dish or bowl and chill for a few hours to set.

2,000 posted on 04/17/2008 11:19:54 AM PDT by nw_arizona_granny ( SURVIVAL, RECIPES, GARDENS, & INFO)
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