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Aggressive eating machines spotted on our coast (OR, WA)
The News Tribune ^ | April 27, 2008 | Les Blumenthal

Posted on 04/27/2008 9:24:39 AM PDT by jazusamo

WASHINGTON – They definitely aren’t your garden-variety calamari. The jumbo squid now lurking off the Pacific Northwest coast could threaten salmon runs and signal yet another change in the oceans brought on by global warming. The squid, which can reach 7 feet long and weigh up to 110 pounds, are aggressive. They’re thought to hunt in packs and can move at speeds up to 15 mph. In Mexico, they are known as diablos rojos, or red devils. There have been reports that they’ll attack divers when threatened.

No one knows why they started appearing in increasing numbers off Washington state and Oregon or how many there are.

But scientists and commercial fishermen have found them in their nets every year since 2004. One ship trawling for Pacific hake captured an estimated 50 tons of the squid in one net haul. Though they usually prefer deep water, between 1,000 and 1,500 squid washed up on the Long Beach Peninsula in southwest Washington in the fall of 2004.

“This is a new phenomenon,” said Jason Phillips, a faculty research assistant at Oregon State University’s Hatfield Marine Science Center in Newport, Ore. A briefing paper from the science center suggested the jumbo squid may already be well-established in the Pacific Northwest.

Canadian fisheries officials said the jumbo squid were first seen in Northwest waters in the early 1950s. But that was a rare event back then.

“It’s not rare anymore,” said Ken Cooke, head of applied technology for the Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans in Nanaimo, B.C. “They were always thought to be a transient visitor. Now it appears they are resident.”

Also known as Humboldt squid, they’ve typically been found off the coast of Mexico, Central America and Peru. Near the town of Santa Rosalia, Mexico, several years ago, an estimated 10 million squid were living in a 25-square-mile area.

In the late 1990s, they appeared in increasing numbers off the central California coast around Monterey Bay. By 2005, jumbo squid were found as far north as Sitka, Alaska.

“There is no question they have moved north and in pretty large numbers off Washington state and Oregon,” said John Field, a biologist with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration based in Santa Cruz, Calif.

At the same time the jumbo squid were moving north, they were also moving south along the South American coast. Chilean fishermen used to catch none. Now, they are catching 200,000 tons a year, mostly for export to Asia, Field said.

“The fact this is happening in both hemispheres could be a sign it is tied in with global warming,” Field said. “We are trying to piece this all together.”

A paper from the Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans concluded that the large number of jumbo squid now found between Oregon and Alaska indicates a profound change in coastal ecosystems.

Others suggest the squid have been able to expand their range because of overfishing of the species’ natural predators, including tuna, sharks and swordfish. But at the same time, the population of another of the squid’s predators, sperm whales, has roughly doubled off the West Coast.

THEY’RE ADAPTING TO CHANGE

The mystery grew more complicated when scientists started talking about a huge bubble of low-oxygen water found deep off the west coasts of North and South America that seems to be expanding, perhaps because of increasing ocean temperatures. Jumbo squid thrive in that low-oxygen zone.

Generally warmer ocean temperatures along the Northwest coast could also be a factor, though jumbo squid can live in colder waters, too.

“They are the poster child in how to succeed in a changing world,” said William Gilly, a Stanford University biology professor.

Jumbo squid are voracious predators known to dine on krill, lantern fish, shrimp, sardines, rockfish and other squid. They are cannibalistic.

Sharp, barbed suckers on their tentacles snare their quarry and drag it to their mouths, where it’s torn to shreds by a baseball-sized beak.

“They are amazing predators,” Cooke said. “They will eat anything and continuously. They don’t have an off-on switch.”

Cooke said jumbo squid can grow up to an inch or so a day, and their life span is no more than two years.

The squid’s favorite food could be Pacific hake, a whitefish often used in fish sticks. The Pacific hake fishery is the biggest on the West Coast, and its populations have been declining as the squids’ range has grown.

“Major fisheries could be affected,” said Louis Zeidberg, a Stanford University researcher. “They can interrupt the normal migration pattern of hake.”

‘A WALL OF TENTACLES’

As for salmon, scientists aren’t sure what impact jumbo squid have had or may have on the dwindling salmon runs of the Pacific Northwest. Zeidberg said there’s anecdotal evidence the squid have been eating salmon. Fields said he has never found remains of salmon in the stomachs of the 500-plus squid he has dissected.

“We don’t know if they are a threat to salmon, but it is certainly plausible,” Gilly said.

The squid could be eating the juvenile salmon as they first enter the ocean. But the juveniles stick close to shore, while the squid prefer the deeper waters off the continental shelf 15 to 50 miles off the coast. Though the squid have been filmed eating hake, most salmon are bigger and can swim faster.

Another theory is that as the squid are eating the smaller fish, also the prey seals and sea lions, the marine mammals have switched to salmon.

But the most-discussed theory focuses on the scary threat the squid present as salmon school up in the ocean and head back to the rivers and streams to spawn.

“They could face a wall of tentacles,” Zeidberg said.

Even if the squid capture only a handful of salmon, that could be enough to disrupt the run as the fish scatter.

“It could be a chain reaction,” Gilly said. “Taking out one salmon could disturb a million salmon.”

While much of the research has focused on the squid populations off the California coast, Cooke said, scientists are hoping to ramp up studies further north.

“We don’t have an understanding of this animal at all,” he said.

One note: As big as a jumbo squid can get, they are nothing compared to the giant and colossal squids that haunt childhood memories of “20,000 Leagues Under the Sea” and Captain Nemo. Though little is known about those squid, they can reach nearly 50 feet in length, and perhaps even bigger


TOPICS: Business/Economy; Miscellaneous; Outdoors
KEYWORDS: calamari; jumbosquid; pacificnorthwest; squid
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Another pic and graphic at link.


ERHARDT KRAUSE/THE SACRAMENTO BEE FILE
Humboldt squid, like this one caught in California in 2006, are showing up in Washington

1 posted on 04/27/2008 9:25:02 AM PDT by jazusamo
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To: sionnsar; george76; girlangler; Grampa Dave; fish hawk

WA Squid Ping!


2 posted on 04/27/2008 9:27:32 AM PDT by jazusamo (DefendOurMarines.org | DefendOurTroops.org)
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To: jazusamo

Blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, global warming. Blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, global warming.


3 posted on 04/27/2008 9:29:30 AM PDT by savedbygrace (SECURE THE BORDERS FIRST (I'M YELLING ON PURPOSE))
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To: jazusamo

Calamari, anyone?


4 posted on 04/27/2008 9:29:33 AM PDT by EggsAckley
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To: jazusamo
change in the oceans brought on by global warming

Is there anything that happens that is not blamed on global warming? Ah Never Mind!

5 posted on 04/27/2008 9:29:42 AM PDT by rocksblues (Folks we are in trouble, "Mark Levin" 03/26/08)
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To: savedbygrace

Yep, they just had to get the global warming thing in.


6 posted on 04/27/2008 9:31:14 AM PDT by jazusamo (DefendOurMarines.org | DefendOurTroops.org)
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To: jazusamo

They don’t have an understanding of these animals and don’t know why they’re headed north. But, one thing for sure................. “they signal yet another change in the oceans brought on by global warming”


7 posted on 04/27/2008 9:31:26 AM PDT by wolfcreek (I see miles and miles of Texas....let's keep it that way.)
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To: Salvation; abcraghead; aimhigh; Archie Bunker on steroids; bicycle thug; blackie; coffeebreak; ...
Flag-Oregon
Oregon Ping

Please notify me via FReepmail if you would like to be added to or taken off the Oregon Ping List.

8 posted on 04/27/2008 9:32:33 AM PDT by jazusamo (DefendOurMarines.org | DefendOurTroops.org)
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To: xcamel; steelyourfaith

Global warming farce!


9 posted on 04/27/2008 9:35:52 AM PDT by jazusamo (DefendOurMarines.org | DefendOurTroops.org)
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To: jazusamo

When you’re stuck with lemons, make lemonade.
When you’re stuck with squid, make calamari!


10 posted on 04/27/2008 9:37:04 AM PDT by Panzerlied ("We shall never surrender!")
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To: jazusamo

Just 10 years ago the waters off of WA were quite warm and sunfish washed ashore, marlins sighted. This was blamed on La Nina. Now it’s global warming? I’m confused.


11 posted on 04/27/2008 9:39:39 AM PDT by llevrok (If you find yourself in a fair fight, your tactics suck)
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To: EggsAckley; Panzerlied

If those jumbos make as good a calamari as the small ones I’d think fisherman would have a gold mine there.


12 posted on 04/27/2008 9:41:38 AM PDT by jazusamo (DefendOurMarines.org | DefendOurTroops.org)
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To: jazusamo
More hysterical Global Warming propaganda. The water temperatures off the northwest U.S. are COLDER than normal for this time of year.

NOAA Map 4/24/2008
13 posted on 04/27/2008 9:46:45 AM PDT by aught-6
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To: aught-6

http://www.osdpd.noaa.gov/PSB/EPS/SST/data/anomnight.4.24.2008.gif


14 posted on 04/27/2008 9:47:44 AM PDT by aught-6
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To: jazusamo
1) "The jumbo squid now lurking off the Pacific Northwest coast could threaten salmon runs and signal yet another change in the oceans brought on by global warming."

2) "No one knows why they started appearing in increasing numbers off Washington state and Oregon or how many there are.

Well... if no one knows then why the heck did the author blame it on global warming-bulls%$t?

15 posted on 04/27/2008 9:48:36 AM PDT by avacado
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To: aught-6

Yes, but we all know the global warming whack jobs don’t pay attention to the facts. :)


16 posted on 04/27/2008 9:50:41 AM PDT by jazusamo (DefendOurMarines.org | DefendOurTroops.org)
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To: jazusamo

From what I understand of this jumbo squid, the flesh isn’t very palatable as it has a high ammonia content.


17 posted on 04/27/2008 9:52:18 AM PDT by BuffaloJack
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To: BuffaloJack

Thanks, I was wondering about that, that’s a shame.


18 posted on 04/27/2008 9:54:35 AM PDT by jazusamo (DefendOurMarines.org | DefendOurTroops.org)
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To: BuffaloJack
From what I understand of this jumbo squid, the flesh isn’t very palatable as it has a high ammonia content.

Use them for fertilizer then.

19 posted on 04/27/2008 9:55:31 AM PDT by xone
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To: jazusamo
Guess I'm gonna need that harpoon again aren't I Esmerelda?"
20 posted on 04/27/2008 9:57:16 AM PDT by big'ol_freeper ("Preach the Gospel always, and when necessary use words". ~ St. Francis of Assisi)
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To: avacado
Well... if no one knows then why the heck did the author blame it on global warming-bulls%$t?

Remember the Marxist motto: "By any means necessary." Lies told to advance world socialism are simply an example of the end justifying the means (in their warped minds).

21 posted on 04/27/2008 9:57:56 AM PDT by Bernard Marx
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To: rocksblues

>>Is there anything that happens that is not blamed on global warming?

I’ve seen a fairly comprehensive list someone put together of all the things blamed on global warming, and the short answer to your question is a very emphatic NO!


22 posted on 04/27/2008 10:00:02 AM PDT by FreedomPoster (<===Non-bitter, Gun-totin', Typical White American)
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To: big'ol_freeper

Hah, I’d forgotten about Esmerelda.


23 posted on 04/27/2008 10:03:27 AM PDT by jazusamo (DefendOurMarines.org | DefendOurTroops.org)
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To: jazusamo
The fact this is happening in both hemispheres could be a sign it is tied in with global warming,” Field said.

Wow, what stunning scientific insight!

24 posted on 04/27/2008 10:04:01 AM PDT by streetpreacher (Arminian by birth, Calvinist by the grace of God)
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To: jazusamo; fish hawk; Grampa Dave
Warning Warning Warning young Will...
25 posted on 04/27/2008 10:14:39 AM PDT by tubebender (and just like that I lost another tag line to Glock Rocks)
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To: jazusamo; tubebender

If they eat sea lions or sea lions eat them, maybe it’s not a bad thing.


26 posted on 04/27/2008 10:28:36 AM PDT by fish hawk (The religion of Darwinism is dying. Thank God!)
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To: EggsAckley

Eat some here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calamari

There used to be a restaurant in San Francisco named Squids. I ate there one time. I think it’s out of business now.

More info about the big ones here: See also: Cephalopod size

Giant squid measuring over 4 metres without its two long feeding tentacles.The giant squid is the second largest mollusc and the second largest of all extant invertebrates. It is only exceeded in size by the Colossal Squid, Mesonychoteuthis hamiltoni, which may have a mantle nearly twice as long. Several extinct cephalopods, such as the Cretaceous vampyromorphid Tusoteuthis and the Ordovician nautiloid Cameroceras may have grown even larger.

Yet, giant squid size, particularly total length, has often been misreported and exaggerated. Reports of specimens reaching and even exceeding 18 m (59 ft) in length are widespread, but no animals approaching this size have been scientifically documented. According to giant squid expert Dr. Steve O’Shea, such lengths were likely achieved by greatly stretching the two tentacles like elastic bands.[3]

Based on the examination of 105 specimens and of beaks found inside sperm whales, giant squid’s mantles are not known to exceed 2.25 m (7.4 ft) in length.[3] Including the head and arms, but excluding the tentacles, the length very rarely exceeds 5 m (16 ft).[3] Maximum total length, when measured relaxed post mortem, is estimated at 13 m (43 ft) for females and 10 m (33 ft) for males from caudal fin to the tip of the two long tentacles.[3] Giant squid exhibit reverse sexual dimorphism. Maximum weight is estimated at 275 kg (606 lb) for females and 150 kg (331 lb) for males.[3]


27 posted on 04/27/2008 10:30:03 AM PDT by garyhope (It's World War IV, right here, right now, courtesy of Islam. TWP VRWC)
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To: rocksblues

Yes, surprisingly many things are blamed on George W. Bush.

Can you believe it?!


28 posted on 04/27/2008 10:32:14 AM PDT by garyhope (It's World War IV, right here, right now, courtesy of Islam. TWP VRWC)
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To: jazusamo; Fiddlstix; Timeout; Entrepreneur; Defendingliberty; WL-law; Genesis defender; ...
"They definitely aren’t your garden-variety calamari. The jumbo squid now lurking off the Pacific Northwest coast could threaten salmon runs and signal yet another change in the oceans brought on by global warming."

Thanx!

That's a great one to send that one along for Dr. John Brignell's Warmlist

 




Beam me to Planet Gore !

29 posted on 04/27/2008 10:33:29 AM PDT by steelyourfaith
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To: jazusamo
A couple of those and you can have a great bbq. Just find a way for McDonalds to make a new sandwich out of it and problem solved.
30 posted on 04/27/2008 10:33:31 AM PDT by mnehring
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To: mnehrling

I was thinking about taking a melon-baller to them and sauteeing up some ‘scallops’ in lemon-butter-garlic.


31 posted on 04/27/2008 10:36:39 AM PDT by txhurl
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To: jazusamo
Global Warming Hysteria, Political Persecution, and Fraud

32 posted on 04/27/2008 10:39:58 AM PDT by george76 (Ward Churchill : Fake Indian, Fake Scholarship, and Fake Art)
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To: FreedomPoster; rocksblues; steelyourfaith

Check the Warmlist link at #29.


33 posted on 04/27/2008 10:40:30 AM PDT by jazusamo (DefendOurMarines.org | DefendOurTroops.org)
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To: george76

Good for Lawrence Solomon, he’ll be branded as a fraud by Gore and his moonbats but that’s a good thing.


34 posted on 04/27/2008 10:44:17 AM PDT by jazusamo (DefendOurMarines.org | DefendOurTroops.org)
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To: txflake

There was a controversy a while back where some restaurants in New York were doing exactly that with skate. They cut the meat to look like scallops and sold them as scallops.


35 posted on 04/27/2008 10:44:29 AM PDT by mnehring
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To: jazusamo

That’s the one!

Pretty amazing.


36 posted on 04/27/2008 10:45:18 AM PDT by FreedomPoster (<===Non-bitter, Gun-totin', Typical White American)
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To: jazusamo

“Also known as Humboldt squid, they’ve typically been found off the coast of Mexico, Central America and Peru.”

....more south of the border invasion......

Maybe we can train the sea lions to eat the squid instead of the Salmon!! Get Al Gore on that right away, will ya?


37 posted on 04/27/2008 10:46:57 AM PDT by AuntB ('If there must be trouble let it be in my day, that my child may have peace." T. Paine)
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To: jazusamo
Yes. It's a variation off of a theme ... and it wouldn't be the first such variation on the Warmlist.

I also took this opportunity to email John a new link, again, for his expired "walrus stampede" link.

38 posted on 04/27/2008 10:48:15 AM PDT by steelyourfaith
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To: aught-6
Exactly, they're feeding closer to the surface, up from 1500 feet, because the surface temperatures are colder than normal. That they would spin that as AGW is apalling.
39 posted on 04/27/2008 10:48:17 AM PDT by Justa (Politically Correct is morally wrong.)
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To: mnehrling

I heard many years ago that shark meat was being stamped to look like scallops and being sold, don’t know if it was true.


40 posted on 04/27/2008 10:49:17 AM PDT by jazusamo (DefendOurMarines.org | DefendOurTroops.org)
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To: jazusamo

“The fact this is happening in both hemispheres could be a sign it is tied in with global warming,” Field said. “We are trying to piece this all together.”

Or maybe it doesn’t have any thing do with “global warming”.

Maybe there are more squid around as part of a natural cycle that we don’t yet understand.


41 posted on 04/27/2008 10:50:17 AM PDT by HereInTheHeartland ("We have to drain the swamp" George Bush, September 2001)
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To: jazusamo

http://www.foodsubs.com/Shelfish.html

Scroll down to scallops, was done with skate, cod, or shark.


42 posted on 04/27/2008 10:54:00 AM PDT by mnehring
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To: AuntB

Well, if these squid eat walrus, Al had better stay out of the water. :-)


43 posted on 04/27/2008 10:54:03 AM PDT by jazusamo (DefendOurMarines.org | DefendOurTroops.org)
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To: jazusamo

While horse riding on an Oregon beach we spotted the torpedo shaped body of one of these squid. The body was about three feet long but there were no arms. There was however, a trail in the sand made by the legs as they crawled away. They made it about 150 feet. We found four of them like that that day. Interesting, eerie and funny all at the same time.

Interesting article till the global warming jackass raised its evil saliva dripping head from the sea.


44 posted on 04/27/2008 10:55:17 AM PDT by Cold Heart
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To: mnehrling

Thanks, it looks like it was true.


45 posted on 04/27/2008 10:59:31 AM PDT by jazusamo (DefendOurMarines.org | DefendOurTroops.org)
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To: Cold Heart
Interesting article till the global warming jackass raised its evil saliva dripping head from the sea.

That was my thought also when I read the article. The whack jobs seem to never miss a chance to promote the tripe.

46 posted on 04/27/2008 11:02:58 AM PDT by jazusamo (DefendOurMarines.org | DefendOurTroops.org)
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To: garyhope

Yet Al the Gorical refuses to answer questions about the increase in prices on food staples that is causing more starvation for third world countries!


47 posted on 04/27/2008 11:17:27 AM PDT by rocksblues (Folks we are in trouble, "Mark Levin" 03/26/08)
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To: jazusamo

“It could be a chain reaction,” Gilly said. “Taking out one salmon could disturb a million salmon.”

And this from a biology professor. Very scientific, not alarmist at all.

Further, global warming is mentioned a couple times in the article, but the Earth wasn’t warming during the period involved, according to the latest stats. Those pesky facts...


48 posted on 04/27/2008 11:31:32 AM PDT by PreciousLiberty
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To: jazusamo
Looks like I better call off Fido's plan to go diving today...
49 posted on 04/27/2008 11:44:22 AM PDT by BenLurkin
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To: BenLurkin

LOL! He must go after dogfish, he shouldn’t be afraid of squid.


50 posted on 04/27/2008 11:51:41 AM PDT by jazusamo (DefendOurMarines.org | DefendOurTroops.org)
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