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Edible weeds
ongoing

Posted on 02/14/2009 10:03:07 AM PST by djf

I have decided to start a thread focusing on edible weeds. Many of the common plants we see everyday are edible, and while most are not hugely palatable or nutritious, a few are truly very good.

If you would like to post a recipe, please post recipes related to these plants only.

As always, an extreme amount of caution is advised. It's probably true that 90 percent or so of plants are actually edible, there is a small percentage that if you eat them, you WON'T have to worry about eating again!

Oleander comes to mind, it would take less than two leaves to kill an average person.

So be careful.


TOPICS: Food; Gardening; Outdoors
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To: CH3CN
Jerusalem artichokes

Just this week I was asking a grocer what ever happened to them.

I never see them for sale anymore.
Used to find them packaged as 'Sun Chokes'.
Good sub for water chesnuts.

51 posted on 02/14/2009 10:45:27 AM PST by Vinnie (You're Nobody 'Til Somebody Jihads You)
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To: djf

If it gets to the point where this is necessary to survive (and will last longer than a bottle of thousand island) then please point me to the oleander.


52 posted on 02/14/2009 10:45:48 AM PST by Free Descendant (Palin Power!)
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To: LucyJo

I knew kudzu would pop up on this thread.


53 posted on 02/14/2009 10:45:49 AM PST by patton (SPQA - the last, the least and the lost)
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To: autumnraine

Makes sense to this Southern gal.


54 posted on 02/14/2009 10:49:31 AM PST by LucyJo
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To: Free Descendant
CAUTION!!! CAUTION!!! CAUTION!!!
Do NOT eat this plant!!!

Oleander

Flowers are white, red or pink. Highly prolific, and used in landscaping. Leaves are also used for suicide in some parts of the world. This plant is DEADLY!!


55 posted on 02/14/2009 10:51:22 AM PST by djf
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To: djf

Speaking of poison ivy. I could do the same when I was a kid, but I learned the hard way that I have changed with age!


56 posted on 02/14/2009 10:52:17 AM PST by LucyJo
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To: djf

Yes, they are beautiful. Thanks for posting the pic!


57 posted on 02/14/2009 10:55:53 AM PST by LucyJo
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To: djf

The poison Hemlock (of Socrates fame) looks similar to Queen Anne’s Lace so be careful.


58 posted on 02/14/2009 10:56:46 AM PST by Vinnie (You're Nobody 'Til Somebody Jihads You)
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To: djf

Violet leaves are good.

I’m a berry lover myself. Blackberries, raspberries, mulberries, wild cherries, wild grapes, yum yum yum!

I also add burdock roots or dandelion roots to my stews when I can, they’re good.

I’ve tried cooking with acorns, but I think I messed up the leaching part because it had a bitter aftertaste. Acorns need the tannins leached out by grinding them and then soaking in several changes of water. I got impatient.

Here’s my favorite recipe:

Berry Noodles:
1 cup berries (fresh, frozen, or canned)
1 tablespoon lemon juice
sugar to taste
1/3-1/2 cup noodles (Thick, homemade noodles are best)

If using store-bought noodles, cook according to package directions until almost tender. If using fresh-made noodles you can skip this step.
Bring berries, lemon juice, and sugar to a boil, stirring constantly. Add a bit of water if its too thick. Add noodles and simmer gently until noodles are done. Serve hot or cold.

Goes well with ice cream.


59 posted on 02/14/2009 10:57:07 AM PST by Ellendra (Most eco-freaks wouldn't know nature if it bit them on the butt . . . and it often does!)
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To: djf

PLEASE be very careful with ‘wild carrot’ or Queen Anne’s Lace. It resembles very closely Wild Parsnip and Water Hemlock which are both extremely poisonous. Even experts are frequently confused by them.


60 posted on 02/14/2009 10:57:12 AM PST by blindsangamon
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To: djf
Black raspberries

Widely distributed berry plant. Many folks are surprised to learn that berries that grow on vines with thorns are mostly from the rose family. These things are worth every scratch, they are truly delicious.


61 posted on 02/14/2009 11:00:16 AM PST by djf
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To: djf

The smoke from burning oleander is poisonous also.

Growing up in S. Fla. where many plants are poisonous we learned a rule of thumb.

If the plant has milky sap, consider it poisonous until found otherwise.


62 posted on 02/14/2009 11:00:55 AM PST by Vinnie (You're Nobody 'Til Somebody Jihads You)
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To: goodwithagun; djf

I found this thread really interesting. My mother and I spent a good part of the morning talking about Pawpaw trees.

The pawpaw is apparently making a comeback too.

It has been called by a number of names through the years. The one I like best is ‘poor man’s banana’. The fruit has a creamy texture and taste similar to banana.


63 posted on 02/14/2009 11:02:01 AM PST by LucyJo
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To: blindsangamon; Vinnie

Do they smell like carrots? That’s how I always identify QA Lace. Pull it out and it smells like a carrot.

Thanks for the warning. That’s the kind of stuff I wanted the thread to be about.


64 posted on 02/14/2009 11:02:30 AM PST by djf
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To: Gabz; gardengirl; Diana in Wisconsin

Garden Weed Ping -— Yum?


65 posted on 02/14/2009 11:03:10 AM PST by Red_Devil 232 (VietVet - USMC All Ready On The Right? All Ready On The Left? All Ready On The Firing Line!)
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To: Battle Axe

66 posted on 02/14/2009 11:03:53 AM PST by JoeProBono (A closed mouth gathers no feet)
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To: djf
Please stay away from the seeds of Hedysarum alpinum or Hedysarum Mackenzii.


67 posted on 02/14/2009 11:04:42 AM PST by x
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To: djf

Acorns aren’t a “weed” but they can be eaten if boiled for 2 hours - draining off the water whenever it ( the water) become “tea” colored.


68 posted on 02/14/2009 11:05:36 AM PST by GOPJ (What's caused 19 deaths, makes travel difficult, and won't melt til April? Global Warming.FR:Dentist)
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To: djf

What sort of wine would go well with that?


69 posted on 02/14/2009 11:05:59 AM PST by Free Descendant (Palin Power!)
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To: Ellendra

Shell the acorns, put them in a bulap bag, and sink it in a moving creek for a couple of weeks.


70 posted on 02/14/2009 11:09:18 AM PST by patton (SPQA - the last, the least and the lost)
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To: djf
Horseradish

Have it in my garden, as it grows well here. Most are familiar with ground horseradish root, or wasabi, but the leaves are also quite edible, good in salads, and get large! Widely distributed in North America.


71 posted on 02/14/2009 11:09:31 AM PST by djf
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To: patton

I’ve never eaten kudzu, but I thought ‘prolific’ was almost understatement as a description of how it grows. Don’t know the nutritional values, but we would never starve to death for lack of it in our neck of the woods.


72 posted on 02/14/2009 11:10:39 AM PST by LucyJo
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To: djf

You come stay in my countly for awhile!
Before rong, you know what weeds you can eat!
Cuz dat's all you can find!

73 posted on 02/14/2009 11:11:08 AM PST by uglybiker (AAAAAAH!!! I'm covered in BEES!)
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To: Free Descendant

Dom Perignon, I guess.
Might as well enjoy your last six hours or so!


74 posted on 02/14/2009 11:11:36 AM PST by djf
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To: Battle Axe
Most green bugs are ok ...

A few years ago I would have thought this thread a little nutty. Now I know I'll be checking back. By the way, what's the problem with yellow, red and black bugs? Do they taste bad or are they dangerous to eat? And what's Dr. Thunder?

75 posted on 02/14/2009 11:11:38 AM PST by GOPJ (What's caused 19 deaths, makes travel difficult, and won't melt til April? Global Warming.FR:Dentist)
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To: djf

Thanks for the thread. :-)


76 posted on 02/14/2009 11:14:12 AM PST by LadyPilgrim ((Lifted up was He to die; It is finished was His cry; Hallelujah what a Savior!!!!!! ))
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To: LucyJo

Roots are starch, leaves are salad greens.

You can cure world hunger with that stuff.

Oh, and goats love it.


77 posted on 02/14/2009 11:14:28 AM PST by patton (SPQA - the last, the least and the lost)
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To: djf
Huckleberries

Yur basic wild blueberry. Sadly, mostly grows at higher elevations. But I've seen (and et) them in the Adirondacks, the Rockies, and the Cascades.


78 posted on 02/14/2009 11:16:28 AM PST by djf
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To: LucyJo

Oops, young leaves are salad greens, old leaves are spinach.


79 posted on 02/14/2009 11:16:44 AM PST by patton (SPQA - the last, the least and the lost)
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To: autumnraine

All my life I have eaten poke salad and never did any thing but boil it and fry it up with eggs. I’m in my seventh decade and feel great.


80 posted on 02/14/2009 11:17:57 AM PST by ontap (Just another backstabbing conservative)
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To: djf

The classic book on edible wild plants is Euell Gibbon’s “Stalking the Wild Asparagus”.
Some of you may remember the commercial he did for Post Grape Nuts back in the 70’s: “Ever eat a pine cone? Some parts are edible.”


81 posted on 02/14/2009 11:19:51 AM PST by hawkboy
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To: djf
Oleander comes to mind, it would take less than two leaves to kill an average person.

Several years ago an older couple two houses up from us invited us to join 'em with other friends for New Years Eve....we noticed the fireplace was stoked up with his oleander trimmings.

We didn't stay long.....the older couple stopped getting older a few years afterwards (unrelated, I hope....we don't generally use fireplaces here in the desert).

82 posted on 02/14/2009 11:20:34 AM PST by ErnBatavia (Here's hoping the Kennedy family trust is in deep....with Madoff)
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To: LucyJo

“James Dickey says in his poem “Kudzu” -

That you must close your windows
At night to keep it out of the house. “

http://geography.about.com/library/misc/uckudzu.htm


83 posted on 02/14/2009 11:24:54 AM PST by patton (SPQA - the last, the least and the lost)
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To: hawkboy
In fact wild asparagus is quite common in Washington state. Trouble is, you'd have to locate it the year before, because after it shoots up and out, it's basically inedible. But if you do find it, nothing will stop you from transplanting it into your garden!



84 posted on 02/14/2009 11:26:40 AM PST by djf
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To: GOPJ

Generic Dr Pepper!


85 posted on 02/14/2009 11:27:49 AM PST by ontap (Just another backstabbing conservative)
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To: patton

One of my cousins used to barbeque a goat for the family reunion each year. Thankfully, it was a pot luck event, so I never ate the goat. lol.

However, if times get really hard it’s good to know that we have our means of survival at hand.


86 posted on 02/14/2009 11:28:15 AM PST by LucyJo
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To: patton

That’s ok. I like spinach. Ha.


87 posted on 02/14/2009 11:29:16 AM PST by LucyJo
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To: djf
Dill

Not sure about the distribution of this plant, but I know it grows locally. If you have a rose garden, it would also be good to have dill, as the ladybugs absolutely love the stuff!


88 posted on 02/14/2009 11:30:48 AM PST by djf
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To: 2banana

This is a topic I could write about at some length. There are a tremendous number of edible wild plants. Fifteen years ago when I was out of work and going through a divorce, I had about $10 left every month for groceries, so I supplanted my menu with pond fish and wild plants.

There is a big difference between ‘edible’ and ‘nutritious’. Things like dandelions and purslane are fine salad greens, vitamin rich, but have few calories. Some of my favorites are:

One of the best greens is lambsquarters, which is tasty, and does not get tough in hot summer weather like most other greens do. The seeds are nutrient rich as well.

Dandelion flowers should be considered a food source, as well. The pollen-rich flowers have more nutrients and calories than the leaves. You can use them in stir-fries, or as a generic vegetable filler in breads, meat-loafs, etc.

Sassafras leaves can be dried and powdered, and used as a thickening agent in stews.

Acorns are very nutritious, full of fat, carbs and protein. They also have a lot of tannic acid, so they must be crushed and soaked for some days before consumption. Ground, they can be mixed with flour in breads and biscuits.

Walnuts and hickory nuts. A bit labor intensive to open, but very calorie-rich.

Cat-tails are tremendously useful. The tuberous roots are starchy, and the catkin pollen is a good flour substitute.

Blackberries, blueberries, mulberries, raspberries, serviceberries, strawberries, sumac berries, elderberries, rose hips, ground cherries. ‘Nuff said. Not every wild berry is edible, some are poisonous, make a positive ID before you eat.

The inner bark on some trees is edible. Hickory, poplar, birch, and white pine are a couple. In winter, this may be the only food source you can find.

Any grass seed is edible. Foxtail grows anywhere. It’s very high fiber, but can provide starches.

Day Lily roots - related to the onion. Not every lily root is edible, wait until the bloom to make a positive ID.

Wild asparagus - a good springtime veg.

THe problem with wild plants as a food source is that they are pretty calorie-poor They are a good vitamin source, but hard to get enough calories from them. They can supplement salads, stir-fries and stews, but you really need a primary calorie source.

In an survival situation, look for unconventional sources. Pumpkins are something often overlooked. On November 1st, you can get all you want for free. The pumpkin meat is very nutritious, and the seeds rich in fat and protein. You can thin-slice the flesh and dry it to preserve it.

Plain old corn is great. If you live near a corn field you can forage a quick meal in an emergency (I do not advocate theft!) THe young ears can be eaten whole when the kernals are just forming. The stalks are full of sugar-rich sap. Dried field corn can be roasted in oil, where it pops somewhat like popcorn. Salted, it is a great snack. You can make hominy from corn by boiiling it with wood-ashes. THis loosens the hull, and converts the amino acids to make it more nutritious.

There is also a lot of wild game, although hunting in an urban or suburban environment is not always appreciated!

Read up on the American Indians. They were better nourished than the Europeans of the day, and they really knew what they were doing.


89 posted on 02/14/2009 11:32:29 AM PST by blindsangamon
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To: djf
Wild Asparagus grows around here near running water. We pick it in late spring.



I'm also partial to prickly pears. They're tasty, but an acquired taste because of the seeds. Like a mouthful of birdshot.


90 posted on 02/14/2009 11:33:09 AM PST by CowboyJay (Stop picking on Porkulus. He's not fat, he's just big-boned.)
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To: djf

Huckleberries grow in the South. My grandmother and I use to go huckleberry pickin’, and blackberry pickin’. Yum.


91 posted on 02/14/2009 11:34:25 AM PST by LucyJo
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To: ontap

My daddy loved eating it just as you describe. My m-i-l cooked it for years until she turned cooking duties over to the young’uns. She is in her late eighties.


92 posted on 02/14/2009 11:37:27 AM PST by LucyJo
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To: djf

I’ve enjoyed cattail often.

Best time to harvest the edible tips is when the upper half (pollen stick) is about exposed from the green sheath in the spring and the lower half is still wrapped in the sheath. Harvest both if you are hungry or the supply of cattails is sparse, harvest only the pollen top if you are picky. Use snippers.

Boil them in lightly salted water for 4 or so minutes until tender, like Asparagus in a large frying pan. They will be soft, almost to where the pollen fibers fall off. Drain and serve.

Add a little butter, maybe sprinkle on spices, and enjoy while they are hot on the stick. The flavor is really nice, on par with good corn on the cob but richer. You can get an appetite for it, and every spring it becomes a craving. The pollen tips are easier to eat, you get more good food for less picking, while the lower parts are a little different flavor, more like spinach than corn. Still very good.

The trick is to catch them on the day the tops are out but the bottom parts are still in the sheath. LIke strawberries or Zuccini, you have to pick them on the day they are ready. It calls for watching the patch you want to pick.


93 posted on 02/14/2009 11:41:16 AM PST by Sundog (Atlas Shrugged needs to be required reading . . . Which character are you?)
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To: blindsangamon

I didn’t know that is how hominy is made - neat!

Meanwhile, this kudzu site is so funny, I was in tears -

http://www.kudzufest.net/kudzugrow.html


94 posted on 02/14/2009 11:41:20 AM PST by patton (SPQA - the last, the least and the lost)
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To: blindsangamon

Something also to consider is to keep in mind location of old abandoned farmhouses. Many of these will have perennials like roses, asparagus, rhubarb, blackberries, chives, still growing in long-forgotten garden beds.


95 posted on 02/14/2009 11:41:46 AM PST by blindsangamon
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To: blindsangamon

Great post. I knew much of the info, but it was good to be reminded of that and good to learn the other.


96 posted on 02/14/2009 11:43:00 AM PST by LucyJo
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To: djf
Oregano

While not exactly a "weed", it is edible and very hardy. Used for ground cover in some parts of the world. I put it in my garden last year and it's already coming back gangbusters, so if I didn't manage to kill it, it must be immortal or something!


97 posted on 02/14/2009 11:44:39 AM PST by djf
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To: Sundog

Thanks! I know where there is quite a large group near here in uncontaminated water, and I was planning on trying them this spring.


98 posted on 02/14/2009 11:46:37 AM PST by djf
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To: PfluegerFishin
"watch out for cows parsnip though - youll get wicked blisters"

Never heard them be called cow parnips. Wild parsnip, yes.

The juice does cause blisters which later leave scars and take months to disappear.

The trick to picking parsnips is to do it at sunset or sunrise. Never in full sun or in high humidity. Sweat activates the blistering also.

I found the best and easiest time to pick them is during or right after a rainstorm while wearing gloves. Never had a case of blisters using this method. The scent that wild parnips emit is delightfully refreshing. This is the only part I enjoy about wild parsnips.

99 posted on 02/14/2009 11:49:41 AM PST by 1_Rain_Drop
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To: ontap

I guess I have been taught that for so long, I just do it now without thinking. One time I didn’t do it but once and I had a bad case of the loosey gooseys. Maybe it was just a coincidence, but it made me real particular about it.

Could have been the area we were in though, like some DDT or something sprayed a few decades back. No idea.


100 posted on 02/14/2009 11:50:02 AM PST by autumnraine (Freedom's just another word for nothing left to lose- Kris Kristopherson)
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