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Transparent Aluminum Is ‘New State Of Matter’
Science Daily ^ | (July 27, 2009) | staff

Posted on 07/27/2009 11:22:27 AM PDT by saganite

Oxford scientists have created a transparent form of aluminium by bombarding the metal with the world’s most powerful soft X-ray laser. ‘Transparent aluminium’ previously only existed in science fiction, featuring in the movie Star Trek IV, but the real material is an exotic new state of matter with implications for planetary science and nuclear fusion.

In the journal Nature Physics an international team, led by Oxford University scientists, report that a short pulse from the FLASH laser ‘knocked out’ a core electron from every aluminium atom in a sample without disrupting the metal’s crystalline structure. This turned the aluminium nearly invisible to extreme ultraviolet radiation.

''What we have created is a completely new state of matter nobody has seen before,’ said Professor Justin Wark of Oxford University’s Department of Physics, one of the authors of the paper. ‘Transparent aluminium is just the start. The physical properties of the matter we are creating are relevant to the conditions inside large planets, and we also hope that by studying it we can gain a greater understanding of what is going on during the creation of 'miniature stars' created by high-power laser implosions, which may one day allow the power of nuclear fusion to be harnessed here on Earth.’

(Excerpt) Read more at sciencedaily.com ...


TOPICS: Science
KEYWORDS: aluminium; aluminum; coldfusion; engineering; fusion; science; startrek; stringtheory
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"Hello computer. Computer"?
1 posted on 07/27/2009 11:22:27 AM PDT by saganite
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To: saganite

“Is it worth something to ya laddie; or should I just punch up ‘clear’”?


2 posted on 07/27/2009 11:23:33 AM PDT by GunRunner
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To: saganite

Star Trek IV?


3 posted on 07/27/2009 11:23:50 AM PDT by silverleaf (If you can't be a good example, at least don't be a horrible lesson)
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To: saganite
http://mattdavid.net/wp-content/uploads/2009/01/scotty-trek4.jpg

Agggh, laddie, we had transparent aluminum twenty years ago!

4 posted on 07/27/2009 11:24:50 AM PDT by Izzy Dunne (Hello, I'm a TAGLINE virus. Please help me spread by copying me into YOUR tag line.)
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To: saganite

Its gonna be useful in the nuclear wessels.


5 posted on 07/27/2009 11:24:52 AM PDT by Armedanddangerous (I think youre so full of inconsolable rage you don't care who you hurt)
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To: saganite

Make like Clark Kent and watch the coffee perk. Yeah! Bring it on!


6 posted on 07/27/2009 11:24:56 AM PDT by 668 - Neighbor of the Beast ("Silence in the face of evil is itself evil: God will not hold us guiltless.")
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To: silverleaf

Save the whales.


7 posted on 07/27/2009 11:25:03 AM PDT by Petronski (In Germany they came first for the Communists, And I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Communist...)
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To: silverleaf

8 posted on 07/27/2009 11:25:11 AM PDT by Izzy Dunne (Hello, I'm a TAGLINE virus. Please help me spread by copying me into YOUR tag line.)
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To: saganite

9 posted on 07/27/2009 11:25:27 AM PDT by SlowBoat407 (Achtung. preparen zie fur die obamahopenchangen.)
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To: saganite

“Use the keyboard? How crude.”


10 posted on 07/27/2009 11:26:23 AM PDT by Da Coyote
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To: Petronski

Collect the whole set!


11 posted on 07/27/2009 11:26:30 AM PDT by silverleaf (If you can't be a good example, at least don't be a horrible lesson)
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To: saganite

Transparent aluminium but will hold beer???


12 posted on 07/27/2009 11:27:07 AM PDT by Vaduz
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To: saganite

“A keyboard....how quaint.”


13 posted on 07/27/2009 11:27:13 AM PDT by Erik Latranyi (Too many conservatives urge retreat when the war of politics doesn't go their way.)
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To: saganite
‘Transparent aluminium’ previously only existed in science fiction

Um, hello? Sapphire is transparent aluminum...

14 posted on 07/27/2009 11:27:55 AM PDT by B-Chan (Catholic. Texan. Monarchist. Any questions?)
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To: Da Coyote

The funny part was he was obviously an excellent typist.


15 posted on 07/27/2009 11:28:12 AM PDT by MrB (Go Galt now, save Bowman for later)
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To: saganite

*In a Scottish accent


16 posted on 07/27/2009 11:28:36 AM PDT by bintenn
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To: silverleaf

Just a damn minute, admiral.


17 posted on 07/27/2009 11:28:47 AM PDT by P8riot (I carry a gun because I can't carry a cop.)
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To: silverleaf

18 posted on 07/27/2009 11:30:33 AM PDT by P8riot (I carry a gun because I can't carry a cop.)
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To: GunRunner
“Is it worth something to ya laddie; or should I just punch up ‘clear’”?

"Not now, Madeline!"

19 posted on 07/27/2009 11:31:22 AM PDT by Erik Latranyi (Too many conservatives urge retreat when the war of politics doesn't go their way.)
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To: saganite

Fanscinating, Captain.


20 posted on 07/27/2009 11:32:00 AM PDT by FormerRep
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To: Da Coyote

That was “How quaint!”


21 posted on 07/27/2009 11:32:00 AM PDT by mdmathis6
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To: saganite

SCOTT: Well, this a fine place you have here, Doctor Nichols.
NICHOLS: Thank you. I must say, Professor, your knowledge of engineering is most impressive.
McCOY: Back home, we call him the miracle worker.
NICHOLS: Indeed. ...May I offer you something, gentlemen?
SCOTT: Doctor Nichols, I may be able to offer something to you.
NICHOLS: Yes?
SCOTT: I notice you’re still working with polymers.
NICHOLS: Still? What else would I be working with?
SCOTT: Ah, what else indeed? I’ll put it another way. How thick would a piece of your plexiglass need to be, at sixty feet by ten feet to withstand the pressure of eighteen thousand cubic feet of water?
NICHOLS: That’s easy, six inches. We carry stuff that big in stock.
SCOTT: Aye, I’ve noticed. Now suppose, ...just suppose, ...I was to show you a way to manufacture a wall that would do the same job but be only one inch thick. Would that be worth something to you, eh?
NICHOLS: You’re joking?
McCOY: Perhaps the professor could use your computer.
NICHOLS: Please.
SCOTT: Computer... Computer!
(McCoy hands him the computer mouse which Scott tries to use as a microphone)
SCOTT: Ah! Hello computer?
NICHOLS: Just use the keyboard.
SCOTT: The keyboard. ...How quaint.
(Scott rapidly types a formula into the computer that appears on the monitor screen)
NICHOLS: Transparent aluminum?
SCOTT: That’s the ticket, laddie.
NICHOLS: It would take years just to figure out the dynamics of this matrix.
McCOY: Yes, but you’d be rich beyond the dreams of avarice.
SCOTT: So, is it worth something to you? Or should I just punch up ‘clear’.
NICHOLS: No! No! (a female employee comes into the office) ...Not now Madeline! ...What exactly did you have in mind?
McCOY: Well, a moment alone, please. ...Do you realise of course, if we give him the formula, we’re altering the future.
SCOTT: Why? How do we know he didn’t invent the thing!
McCOY: Yeah!


22 posted on 07/27/2009 11:32:05 AM PDT by Erik Latranyi (Too many conservatives urge retreat when the war of politics doesn't go their way.)
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To: saganite
The FLASH laser, based in Hamburg, Germany, produces extremely brief pulses of soft X-ray light, each of which is more powerful than the output of a power plant that provides electricity to a whole city.

The Oxford team, along with their international colleagues, focused all this power down into a spot with a diameter less than a twentieth of the width of a human hair. At such high intensities the aluminium turned transparent.

Crikey! Wouldn't you?

23 posted on 07/27/2009 11:33:18 AM PDT by SamuraiScot
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To: P8riot

Double Dumb A$$ on you!
And why the H@ll not?

(great movie!)


24 posted on 07/27/2009 11:34:08 AM PDT by silverleaf (If you can't be a good example, at least don't be a horrible lesson)
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To: saganite
....The discovery was made possible with the development of a new source of radiation that is ten billion times brighter than any synchrotron in the world (such as the UK’s Diamond Light Source). The FLASH laser, based in Hamburg, Germany, produces extremely brief pulses of soft X-ray light, each of which is more powerful than the output of a power plant that provides electricity to a whole city.

Sounds like we will be producing and using this Transparent Aluminum as soon as we can build a few hundred nuclear power plants to power up those Flash lasers to mass produce this stuff.

25 posted on 07/27/2009 11:34:56 AM PDT by ReformedBeckite
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To: B-Chan
"Sapphire is transparent aluminum... "

I'm not a gemologist, but aren't precious gems just partially aluminum? Don't they bond with carbon in some kind of crystalline structure, refracting the light in varying ways to create the perception of color?

26 posted on 07/27/2009 11:35:04 AM PDT by OldDeckHand (No Socialized Medicine, No Way, No How, No Time)
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To: B-Chan
Sapphire is transparent aluminum

Partially true. Aluminum with Oxygen. Al2O3. Single crystal. And you can have nearly tranparent polycrystalline Al2O3 too. And one more, AlON is Aluminum OxyNitride is transparent and like Sapphire, used for missle nose cones and armor.

27 posted on 07/27/2009 11:35:07 AM PDT by blasater1960 ( Dt 30, Ps 111, The Torah is perfect, attainable, now and forever)
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To: saganite

This is just what I need for my BMW R100RS. Last week I replaced the old charging system on the bike with a more powerful after-market system. The new alternator, which sticks out the front of the engine behind the front wheel, looks almost exactly like that heart-insert thing that Tony Stark/Iron Man has in his chest in the movie (only without the “glow”).

I was thinking as I installed it on the bike that it was way too cool-looking to cover up; that it should be “out there for all to see”. But, since the alternator needs protection from the weather and road grime I had no choice but to re-install the cast aluminum front engine cover and hide it from sight.

But NOW, along come these Oxford scientists with the perfect solution to my dilemma.

I wonder, if I were to send them an engine cover for purposes of making a mold, if they would be willing to make me a clear engine cover. It’s worth a try, right?


28 posted on 07/27/2009 11:36:38 AM PDT by WayneS (Respect the 2nd Amendment; Repeal the 16th)
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To: saganite

Finally!
I’ll be able to see what all those leftovers in the fridge are now!


29 posted on 07/27/2009 11:37:00 AM PDT by libertarian27 (Ingsoc: Life, Liberty and the Department of Happiness)
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To: Petronski

Wave the Sails!


30 posted on 07/27/2009 11:37:17 AM PDT by WayneS (Respect the 2nd Amendment; Repeal the 16th)
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To: saganite
Military: New Aluminum Windows Stop .50-Caliber Bullet

posted: 18 October 2005 05:01 pm ET

A new type of transparent armor made of aluminum could one day replace glass in military vehicles.

The product is called aluminum oxynitride. It is being tested by the Army and the University of Dayton Research Institute in Ohio.

The material is a ceramic compound with a high compressive strength and durability, according to an Army statement issued this week. It performs better than the multilayered glass products currently in use, and its about half the weight. It is virtually scratch-resistant.

"The substance itself is light-years ahead of glass," said 1st Lt. Joseph La Monica, who heads the research.

Glass is still used in the new process, being sandwhiched between an outer layer of the polished aluminum oxynitride and a polymer backing.

.50-caliber test

In a test this summer, the product held up to a .50-caliber sniper's rifle with amor-piercing bullets. Traditional glass armor did not survive the test.

------- snip

31 posted on 07/27/2009 11:38:10 AM PDT by Islander7 (If you want to anger conservatives, lie to them. If you want to anger liberals, tell them the truth.)
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To: silverleaf

I gotta watch it again tonight. I’ve got em all, even the bad ones.


32 posted on 07/27/2009 11:38:23 AM PDT by P8riot (I carry a gun because I can't carry a cop.)
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To: saganite

Seriously, this process was done back in the 1990’s. We even had discussions and pictures of it here on Free Republic. I have one of the pics archived somewhere in my old backups. It showed a square piece of transparent aluminum mounted in a wooden base, and you could see a lighted candle through it.


33 posted on 07/27/2009 11:39:13 AM PDT by tarheelswamprat
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To: saganite

Of course, I would like the transparent property of my new engine cover to last more than a few femtoseconds, whatever they are.

I guess it’s back to the drawing board!


34 posted on 07/27/2009 11:40:25 AM PDT by WayneS (Respect the 2nd Amendment; Repeal the 16th)
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To: Vaduz

Transparent beer.


35 posted on 07/27/2009 11:40:49 AM PDT by eCSMaster
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To: tarheelswamprat

I’ll be checking back here occasionally for the posted pic.


36 posted on 07/27/2009 11:41:11 AM PDT by P8riot (I carry a gun because I can't carry a cop.)
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To: SlowBoat407
"It would take years just to figure out the dynamics of this matrix."
37 posted on 07/27/2009 11:41:11 AM PDT by FortWorthPatriot
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To: tarheelswamprat

Yeah, but this one is a new state of matter. So there!


38 posted on 07/27/2009 11:41:42 AM PDT by saganite (What would Sully do?)
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To: P8riot

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e31md_qPqRo

Don’t forget the wrath of KHANNNN!


39 posted on 07/27/2009 11:42:29 AM PDT by silverleaf (If you can't be a good example, at least don't be a horrible lesson)
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To: GunRunner

How do we know he didn’t make the stuff.


40 posted on 07/27/2009 11:43:35 AM PDT by puppypusher (The world is going to the Dogs.)
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To: ReformedBeckite

Yep. Should be any day now...

;^)


41 posted on 07/27/2009 11:43:42 AM PDT by WayneS (Respect the 2nd Amendment; Repeal the 16th)
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To: saganite

Recycled aluminum clothing.

-PJ

42 posted on 07/27/2009 11:45:31 AM PDT by Political Junkie Too (This just in... Voting Republican is a Terrorist act!)
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To: Political Junkie Too

I can’t wait for transparent recycled aluminum clothing!


43 posted on 07/27/2009 11:46:19 AM PDT by saganite (What would Sully do?)
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To: saganite
nearly invisible to extreme ultraviolet radiation... Let me guess. "Extreme UV" means beyond the visible spectrum? In other words, this stuff isn't transparent at all? Kinda like 0bammy and company?
44 posted on 07/27/2009 11:46:51 AM PDT by bobsatwork
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To: saganite

What we need is Rearden metal!


45 posted on 07/27/2009 11:47:05 AM PDT by Kirkwood ( O||||||O)
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To: saganite

“There be whales here!”


46 posted on 07/27/2009 11:49:47 AM PDT by Buck W. (The President of the United States IS named Schickelgruber...)
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To: Kirkwood
What we need is Rearden metal!

Which this administration would promptly confiscate and rename "miracle metal".

47 posted on 07/27/2009 11:50:12 AM PDT by SlowBoat407 (Achtung. preparen zie fur die obamahopenchangen.)
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To: saganite

I may be showing my age here, but I’m kinda thinking Wonder Woman and her invisible airplane!


48 posted on 07/27/2009 11:50:26 AM PDT by sonofagun
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To: P8riot; saganite
I’ll be checking back here occasionally for the posted pic.

I just tried a Google search for "transparent aluminum" and the pic I was referring to popped right up.

http://www.rense.com/general20/transparentalum.htm

Some sources refer to it as "transparent alumina", a ceramic oxide made from finely powdered aluminum subjected to intense heat. Perhaps some metallurgists here can explain the distinction between this and what is being described in the new article.

49 posted on 07/27/2009 11:50:56 AM PDT by tarheelswamprat
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To: B-Chan

So are emeralds and rubies.


50 posted on 07/27/2009 11:52:21 AM PDT by Blood of Tyrants (Obamacare: all the efficiency of the DMV and all the compassion of the IRS.)
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