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Bringing bison back to North American landscapes
University of Calgary ^ | Mar 2, 2010 | Unknown

Posted on 03/02/2010 7:08:12 AM PST by decimon

University of Calgary wildlife biologists involved in American bison international survey

The next 10 to 20 years could be extremely significant for restoring wild populations of American bison to their original range, including the Canadian Rockies; but for this to happen, more land must be made available for herds to roam free, government policies must be updated and the public must change its attitude towards bison, according to a new international study on the species co-authored by University of Calgary experts.

The publication released today by the International Union for Conservation of Nature, American Bison: Status Survey and Conservation Guidelines 2010, reports on the current status of American bison in the wild and in conservation herds, and makes recommendations on how to ensure that the species is conserved for the future.

"Although the effort to restore bison to the plains of North America is considered to be one of the most ambitious and complex undertakings in species conservation in North America, it will only succeed if legislation is introduced at a local and national level, with significant funding and a shift in attitude towards the animal," says Simon Stuart, Chair, IUCN Species Survival Commission.

This publication will provide important guidance for the Canadian Rockies Bison Initiative, a local effort that proposes to restore bison in the eastern slope watersheds of the Banff National Park. "The guidelines will have great application to local projects such as the CRBI, looking at ecological restoration of wild bison in the mountain areas west of Calgary," says U of C Faculty of Environmental Design Professor and co-editor of the study Cormack Gates, who is also co-chair of the IUCN/SSC Bison Specialist Group.

Cliff White, research director for the Canadian Rockies Bison Initiative and an adjunct professor in EVDS says that the IUCN report provides "state-of-the-art" guidelines to use science and traditional knowledge to plan the return of wild bison to an important homeland in the Rocky Mountain landscape. White anticipates greater support towards the local initiative and is currently working with several governmental and non-governmental organizations such as Parks Canada and the Eleanor Luxton Historical Foundation that have an interest in restoring bison.

Harvey Locke, spokesperson for the Eleanor Luxton Foundation, said the foundation is pleased with the comprehensive review of the status and ecology of the buffalo provided in the IUCN report. "We are very dedicated as an institution to the integrity of the history, culture and ecology of the Banff Bow Valley and will make every effort to support the reintroduction of bison there as a wild species," Locke says.

Five hundred years ago, tens of millions of American bison roamed free on the plains of North America, from Alaska to northern Mexico. Now the American bison – which includes both plains and wood bison - is listed as Near Threatened on IUCN's Red List of Threatened Species™. As of 2008, there were approximately 400,000 bison in commercial herds in North America, some 93 percent of the continental population. But little progress has been made in recent decades to increase the number of animals in conservation herds, which are managed carefully for their genetic diversity and ecological roles. In 2008, there were 61 plains bison conservation herds in North America containing about 20,500 animals, and 11 conservation herds of wood bison, containing nearly 11,000 animals.

"While substantial progress in saving bison from extinction was made in the 20th Century, much work remains to restore conservation herds throughout their vast geographical range," Gates says. "The key is recognition that the bison is a wildlife species and to be conserved as wildlife, it needs land and supportive government policies."

The survival of bison populations is affected by many factors, including limited habitat and severe winters. Yet the greatest challenge is to overcome the common perception that the bison, which has had a profound influence on the human history of North America, socially, culturally and ecologically, no longer belongs on the landscape.

"The decimation of the American Bison in the late 1800s inspired the first recovery of bison and an entire conservation movement that protected wildlife and wild places across North America," says Keith Aune, Senior Conservation Scientist, Wildlife Conservation Society. "The IUCN Status Survey and Conservation Guidelines provide a new framework for inspiring a second recovery of bison and restoring functional grassland ecosystems."

Bison have the best chance of full recovery as wildlife by being allowed to roam freely across hundreds of thousands or even millions of hectares. Making this possible poses one of the biggest challenges for restoring bison herds as both public and private landowners will need to give their support.

"The bison is the largest land mammal in North America, and yet it is perhaps the most neglected icon," says Steve Forrest, WWF Northern Great Plains Manager for Conservation Science.

"These guidelines provide a roadmap for bringing the bison back to its rightful place as a keystone of the great plains."

###

Editor's notes:

American Bison: Status Survey and Conservation Guidelines 2010 was edited by Cormack Gates, Curtis Freese, Peter Gogan and Mandy Kotzman, and is the product of more than three years of cooperative effort by numerous contributors.

The production of the report was made possible with funding from several non-governmental organizations and government agencies including the World Wildlife Fund, the Wildlife Conservation Society, the University of Calgary Faculty of Environmental Design, the American Bison Society, the US Geological Survey and the US National Parks Service.

PDF version of the report and high-resolution photos are available at www.iucn.org


TOPICS: Agriculture; History; Outdoors; Pets/Animals
KEYWORDS: bison; godsgravesglyphs

1 posted on 03/02/2010 7:08:12 AM PST by decimon
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To: decimon
Yellowstone bison going to Turner's ranch
2 posted on 03/02/2010 7:12:01 AM PST by JoeProBono (A closed mouth gathers no feet)
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To: JoeProBono

Tool and a half that Turner is, he deserves credit for his personal contribution to conservation.


3 posted on 03/02/2010 7:17:42 AM PST by Wilderness Conservative
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To: decimon
"While substantial progress in saving bison from extinction was made in the 20th Century, much work remains to restore conservation herds throughout their vast geographical range," Gates says. "The key is recognition that the bison is a wildlife species and to be conserved as wildlife, it needs land and supportive government policies."

Bison have the best chance of full recovery as wildlife by being allowed to roam freely across hundreds of thousands or even millions of hectares. Making this possible poses one of the biggest challenges for restoring bison herds as both public and private landowners will need to give their support.

Reads to me as they're insinuating eminent domain issues if they want them roaming freely...

4 posted on 03/02/2010 7:17:47 AM PST by bcsco (Obama: Hokus Pokus POTUS)
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To: JoeProBono

The inimitable Ted.


5 posted on 03/02/2010 7:18:04 AM PST by decimon
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To: decimon

“Bringing bison back to North American landscapes”

I wonder how powerful a rifle I’ll need for that?


6 posted on 03/02/2010 7:18:32 AM PST by Grunthor (Does The Name "Obama" Appear In any Hawaii Birth Database?)
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To: bcsco
Reads to me as they're insinuating eminent domain issues if they want them roaming freely...

Could be if you don't "volunteer."

7 posted on 03/02/2010 7:19:30 AM PST by decimon
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To: Grunthor
I wonder how powerful a rifle I’ll need for that?

I don't know but don't miss and hit a wolf.

8 posted on 03/02/2010 7:20:43 AM PST by decimon
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To: decimon

“I don’t know but don’t miss and hit a wolf.”

No way, I like wolves.....in pictures or far, far away from me and mine. Plus I hear they taste horrible.j/k


9 posted on 03/02/2010 7:23:31 AM PST by Grunthor (Does The Name "Obama" Appear In any Hawaii Birth Database?)
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To: JoeProBono

Some years ago, on a visit through Yellowstone, my wife and I drove up behind a Cadillac stopped along the road because of two buffalo that were trying to cross the road to a stream. Both buffalo were standing adjacent to the car, one having already crossed. We had stopped a number of yards behind the scene.

Just then, a woman exited the passenger door and began taking photos of the nearest buffalo, which was standing a few yards away. We couldn’t believe it, and waited, fearing the buffalo may attack (we’d heard of at least two attacks over the radio on our trip to the park). Nope. The buffalo just stood there.

Finally, the woman got back in the car, the car drove away, and we waited for the buffalo to cross the road. Once gone, we drove away as well.

Some people are absolutely clueless...


10 posted on 03/02/2010 7:23:49 AM PST by bcsco (Obama: Hokus Pokus POTUS)
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To: decimon
Dumb idea. Bison carry burceloisis(sp?). Fatal to cattle. Price of beef will go up some more.
11 posted on 03/02/2010 7:24:28 AM PST by mad_as_he$$ (usff.com)
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To: Grunthor
I wonder how powerful a rifle I’ll need for that?

I'd love to hunt one with my 1886 40-82 Winchester, but even that would be a little light...

12 posted on 03/02/2010 7:26:21 AM PST by bcsco (Obama: Hokus Pokus POTUS)
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To: decimon
There was a scheme that surfaced, about 15 years ago, to cram all people into the Malthusian Death-pit cities, returning all rural land to the wild, known as "Agenda 21".

Here's a map illustrating the concept:

This looks to be related.

13 posted on 03/02/2010 7:26:56 AM PST by DuncanWaring (The Lord uses the good ones; the bad ones use the Lord.)
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To: bcsco

“I’d love to hunt one with my 1886 40-82 Winchester, but even that would be a little light...”

I’ve got a 30.06 I got from my gramps that oughtta do the trick.


14 posted on 03/02/2010 7:29:04 AM PST by Grunthor (Does The Name "Obama" Appear In any Hawaii Birth Database?)
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To: Grunthor

The same one that slaughtered the great herds should do quite nicely.

Anything in .45-70 will work just fine.


15 posted on 03/02/2010 7:29:54 AM PST by NVDave
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To: Grunthor
I’ve got a 30.06 I got from my gramps that oughtta do the trick.

Nothing lighter than the 180 grain bullet, I'd say, but an even heavier one may be better. They used to hunt them with .50 cal. Sharps.

16 posted on 03/02/2010 7:33:37 AM PST by bcsco (Obama: Hokus Pokus POTUS)
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To: decimon
Now the American bison – which includes both plains and wood bison - is listed as Near Threatened on IUCN's Red List of Threatened Species™.

There are very nearly .5M bison, but they're still "threatened?"

17 posted on 03/02/2010 7:34:19 AM PST by Sherman Logan (Never confuse schooling with education.)
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To: mad_as_he$$

It would be very interesting to hit one of those in a vehicle traveling 70 mph. Which will happend if they’re allowed to “roam free,” which means no fences.


18 posted on 03/02/2010 7:35:47 AM PST by Sherman Logan (Never confuse schooling with education.)
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To: NVDave
Anything in .45-70 will work just fine.

Yeah, .45 or above. They used to hunt them with .50 cal. Sharps. I haven't shot my 1886 Winchester in decades, but when I did, I had to neck down .45-70 casings to fit the 40 cal. It shortened the casing a little, but worked.

19 posted on 03/02/2010 7:36:06 AM PST by bcsco (Obama: Hokus Pokus POTUS)
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To: bcsco

Yea, forgot about the .50-70 Sharps.

It wasn’t until we moved to Wyoming that we learned firsthand just how early the herds were destroyed - the slaughter really was getting going as early as 1870. The southern herd was largely destroyed by 1872 or so.


20 posted on 03/02/2010 7:44:52 AM PST by NVDave
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To: decimon

Bison...yum.
a Maryland bison farm: www.gunpowderbison.com and they will ship!


21 posted on 03/02/2010 7:47:55 AM PST by Katya (Homo Nosce Te Ipsum)
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To: NVDave

It really didn’t take long to destroy the herds. But there were a lot of hunters. Hides were at a premium and it created an industry for awhile.

The military also encouraged it because it took their main source of food away from the Indians, prompting them to accept treaties and go on the reservations.


22 posted on 03/02/2010 7:52:57 AM PST by bcsco (Obama: Hokus Pokus POTUS)
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To: Katya

We have, or had (don’t know if they still are around or not...), a bison farm not far away from us here in North-Central Illinois. I never stopped, so don’t know if they sold local or not. But I’m pretty sure it was a commercial operation, selling to a national restaurant market.


23 posted on 03/02/2010 7:56:47 AM PST by bcsco (Obama: Hokus Pokus POTUS)
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To: DuncanWaring

All of that red makes it look an RNC wet dream.


24 posted on 03/02/2010 8:04:16 AM PST by decimon
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To: NVDave
Go Old School and drive them off cliffs.
25 posted on 03/02/2010 8:04:46 AM PST by Deaf Smith (When a Texan takes his chances, chances will be taken that's for sure.)
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To: DuncanWaring

Explaination of the map and on the continued efforts to get the Biodiversity Treaty parts and pieces enacted one way or another:

http://www.takingliberty.us/Narrations/usa/usa/player.html


26 posted on 03/02/2010 8:13:27 AM PST by PIF
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To: decimon
In case this idiot missed it, Bison never left North America. There are a ton of them in Yellowstone and various ranches around the country. When he says, "give more land for their range" he is taking about farm land. Bison numbered in the millions at one time and migrated from Canada to the southern limits of the US, they took up millions of acres of land and there is no way that we could support huge herds like that again.

In my county in Northern CA there was a ranch that grew Bison, but because they allowed hunters to go in and shoot some of them whenever the rancher wanted to harvest them, the greenies raised he** and the ranch went out of business. Now, instead of seeing Bison wandering the hills, we see cows, deer and other animals, but no bison.

Greenies have been the death of this country and they continue to dance on our corpse.

One of the biggest scams of the country is the myth that Buffalo went extinct, they were down to just a few but they rallied, thanks to Yellowstone and certain ranchers.

27 posted on 03/02/2010 8:39:45 AM PST by calex59
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To: bcsco

Guess they want another Johnson County War. OR: they have no clue what happens when free-range cattle bump up against widescale farming.


28 posted on 03/02/2010 8:43:36 AM PST by BelegStrongbow (Dear Leader: you have two ears and one mouth. Start using them in proportion.)
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To: BelegStrongbow
OR: they have no clue...

BINGO!

29 posted on 03/02/2010 8:46:32 AM PST by bcsco (Obama: Hokus Pokus POTUS)
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To: Sherman Logan
Yikes. I have seen cars vs cattle several times. Cars loose.
30 posted on 03/02/2010 8:58:52 AM PST by mad_as_he$$ (usff.com)
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To: decimon

OK, a bison isn’t a killer whale. They’re still big, wild animals. When I went to Yellowstone a few years back, the rangers advised staying as far away from a bison as they did the grizzly bears.

Not that it made any difference to most people.


31 posted on 03/02/2010 8:59:07 AM PST by chesley (Lib arguments are neither factual, logical, rational, nor reasonable. They are, however, creative.)
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To: Sherman Logan
It would be very interesting to hit one of those in a vehicle traveling 70 mph.

Exactly what I was thinking.

32 posted on 03/02/2010 9:02:54 AM PST by T Minus Four (I already have a Savior. It's a President I'm looking for.)
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To: decimon

Wish I had room to raise a few. Buffalo meant is excellent and very low in cholesterol.


33 posted on 03/02/2010 9:15:52 AM PST by chris_bdba
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To: Grunthor

.45-70 should do the trick. Back in the day, they used up to .50-110, but those were all black-power cartridges.


34 posted on 03/02/2010 9:20:25 AM PST by ArrogantBustard (Western Civilization is Aborting, Buggering, and Contracepting itself out of existence.)
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To: chesley
Not that it made any difference to most people.

See my post #10.

35 posted on 03/02/2010 9:53:21 AM PST by bcsco (Obama: Hokus Pokus POTUS)
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To: ArrogantBustard

I’ve read where the 1886 Winchester (mine’s .40-82) was also chambered for the .50-110 at one time. It was called the ‘buffalo express’ or some such...


36 posted on 03/02/2010 9:55:58 AM PST by bcsco (Obama: Hokus Pokus POTUS)
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To: decimon

“wood bison”


I have heard of bison in the forests of the American Northeast, that are no longer there. I am intrigued by this. Are there still wood bison? Where do they live? How are they different from the plains bison?
Wouldn’t those folks in Pennsylvania and New York love to have some wandering around again? If bison expansion is being encouraged out west, surely the east will want to participate, too? Right?


37 posted on 03/02/2010 11:12:08 AM PST by married21
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To: ArrogantBustard

The 45-70 and its variants killed most of the buffalo. 45-70, 45-90,45-100, 45-110 and the 45-120 are all good. The 50s came out at the very end of the shooting, the early 1880s, and didn’t play that much of a role.

45-70 is the proper size for a buffalo gun, but I would get a Past shoulder pad, (Magnum) as the recoil can really damage (yes, damage) your shoulder. These guns are very near artillery.

My favorite buffalo rifle is my H&R Buffalo Classic. Based on a very early design (1860s) it looks like an English sporting rifle with a break open action.

It is a real screamer.......


38 posted on 03/02/2010 11:56:03 AM PST by texmexis best
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To: JoeProBono
There are lots of signs on Turner's ranch offering bison meat for sale. The signs read 'meat or harvest' and list a couple of telephone numbers.

I had a bison ribeye a couple of weeks ago and it is difficult to put into words the degree of delicious.

39 posted on 03/02/2010 12:04:03 PM PST by JustaDumbBlonde (Don't wish doom on your enemies. Plan it.)
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To: bcsco

Indeed, so.


40 posted on 03/02/2010 12:38:31 PM PST by chesley (Lib arguments are neither factual, logical, rational, nor reasonable. They are, however, creative.)
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To: married21
Not sure about East of the Appalachian Mountains, but Bison sure ranged West of them. You can check here for more on Bison, but I'd think there are better references to be found.
41 posted on 03/02/2010 12:56:28 PM PST by bcsco (Obama: Hokus Pokus POTUS)
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To: chesley

My wife and I still vividly recall that day. We both thought the lady was a goner. I’ve forgotten where they were from, but it doesn’t matter. One can be an idiot and live anywhere...


42 posted on 03/02/2010 12:58:44 PM PST by bcsco (Obama: Hokus Pokus POTUS)
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To: JustaDumbBlonde

My first, and only, buffalo steak was at the Buckhorn Excnange Restaurant in Denver. Wonderful! I bookmarked the above link for the Buffalo website. I’m going to order a couple T-bones.


43 posted on 03/02/2010 1:01:10 PM PST by bcsco (Obama: Hokus Pokus POTUS)
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To: DuncanWaring
More of the old Buffalo Commons BS. Depopulate the area between the Mississippi and the Rocky Mountains. Fits in with Agenda 21.
44 posted on 03/02/2010 1:50:48 PM PST by kitchen (One battle rifle for each person, and a spare for each pair.)
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To: texmexis best
These guns are very near artillery.

I guess you won't be asking to shoot my 5 1/2 pound, fiberglass stocked, 16.5 inch barrel, .45-70 Guide Gun, eh?

Unfortunately, you would have to dive to see it. It was lost in a tragic ice fishing mishap.

45 posted on 03/02/2010 2:17:18 PM PST by kitchen (One battle rifle for each person, and a spare for each pair.)
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To: decimon

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Thanks decimon.

Just adding to the catalog, not sending a general distribution. To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list.
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46 posted on 03/02/2010 4:30:31 PM PST by SunkenCiv (Freedom is Priceless.)
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To: NVDave

The Native Americans were working on destroying the herds long before the paleface arrived. The paleface just used more efficient tools and the Injuns were too few in number to affect the herds significantly.

A common fallacy is that the Native Americans never killed more than they needed and were careful to preserve the herds of wild animals. In fact, they had absolutely no concept of animal management whatsoever.


47 posted on 03/02/2010 9:35:20 PM PST by Jeff Chandler (:: The government will do for health care what it did for real estate. ::)
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To: Jeff Chandler

Oh yea — herding them off a bluff is a pretty blunt tool when all you want is one per household.


48 posted on 03/02/2010 9:57:12 PM PST by NVDave
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To: chris_bdba
Wish I had room to raise a few. Buffalo meant is excellent and very low in cholesterol.

We love it!....elk too.

49 posted on 03/02/2010 10:02:16 PM PST by Kakaze (Exterminate Islamofacism and apologize for nothing.....except not doing it sooner!)
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To: kitchen

“I guess you won’t be asking to shoot my 5 1/2 pound, fiberglass stocked, 16.5 inch barrel, .45-70 Guide Gun, eh?”

Au contraire, I would love to shoot your guide gun. I love the 45-70 caliber as the gun does everything well. 150 grain bullet for rabbit, 48 gauge shotgun (410 is 63 gauge)or a 575 grain bullet for the big stuff. And all of these can be done in modern powder or balck powder. A wonderful cartridge.


50 posted on 03/03/2010 8:26:52 AM PST by texmexis best
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