Skip to comments.KING CAROL OF RUMANIA ABDICATES IN FAVOR OF HIS SON PRINCE MICHAEL (9/6/40)
Posted on 09/06/2010 7:08:19 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
Plus a special guest map from Michael Kordas, With Wings Like Eagles, showing the air defenses of England and Wales, August 1940.
Unfortunately this leads to Antonescu leading Romania to the Axis.
Date: 6th September 1940
Enemy action by day
Three main attacks were launched during the day, all in the South Coast of England, and the Thames Estuary area. During the morning, a raid approached Portland, but no attack developed. A few small raids in the Bristol/North Wales/Liverpool areas and one raid appeared near Leicester and flew out to sea near Tangmere. During engagements with the enemy, our fighters destroyed 44 enemy aircraft (plus 20 probable and 17 damaged). Our casualties amounted to 22 aircraft, of which 7 pilots are killed or missing.
Two small raids from the Dutch Cost inland from Harwich, one penetrating to Northampton, and in the afternoon one raid 10 miles out to sea along the Norfolk coast towards the Wash.
First Attack: 0840-0950 hours, raids totalling some 300 enemy aircraft crossed the Coast between Dover and Dungeness and spread out fanwise, some raids penetrating to Biggin Hill and one as far as North Weald. The raids were intercepted by our fighters and most of the day's enemy casualties were inflicted during this attack.
Second Attack: 1255-1400, raids totalling some 200 enemy aircraft crossed the coast again between Dover and Dungeness, followed by further raids. The majority of raids did not penetrate beyond Kent and Sussex, but some appeared to go as far as Debden and Hornchurch. No 11 Group was reinforced by 4½ Squadrons during this attack.
Third Attack: 1745-1845 hours. Two raids each of some 50 enemy aircraft, crossed the coast between Maidstone towards the Thames Estuary. The main target towards Hornchurch but turned back via Maidstone. Seventeen Squadrons were detailed to meet this attack by 11 Group, and one Squadron over North Weald and Hornchurch from 12 Group. It is reported that after this attack two ME110's landed almost undamaged, at Manston and Hawkinge.
One early reconnaissance from Cherbourg to Portland, Swanage and Selsey Bill.
One raid of 20+ aircraft from Cherbourg at 1147 hours approached Portland on a ten mile front, and a further raid of 6+ aircraft was plotted at the same time, but an attack did not develop, and only two aircraft were seen near Portland. Between 1400-1500 hours, small hostile patrol in Lyme Bay.
At 1700 hours, a small raid flew over North Wales to Liverpool.
At 1600 hours, two high reconnaissance raids off the coast at Aberdeen.
Enemy activity was on a very reduced scale.
From 2015 hours, a few raids flew towards London via the Thames Estuary and Kent. There were no raids in this area after 0030 hours.
Scattered raids were plotted through the Midlands and in South Wales, but no raids were plotted into this country after 0100 hours, and up to 0400 hours activity was very slight.
Suspected mine-laying raids on East Coast as far North as the Humber.
At 2115 hours two raids were plotted off Aberdeenshire Coast in vicinity of two convoys.
Fighter Command Serviceable Aircraft as at 0900 hours, 6th September 1940
|34 Me109||14 Me109||6 Me109|
|3 Me110||2 Me110|
|1 Do17||3 Do17|
|6 Ju88||3 Ju88||4 Ju88|
Home Security Reports
U-boat attacks surfaced to avoid sonar
Friday, September 6, 1940 www.onwar.com
In the North Atlantic... U-65 guides U-47 to convoy SC-2. During the night (September 6-7) U-47 sinks 3 ships by attacking while surfaced. This tactic effectively counters the sonar [referred to by the British as ASDIC because it was developed by the Allied Submarine Detection Investigation Committee] equipped escorts.
Over Britain... The German attacks on the British airfields continue. Effort is wasted on less vital aircraft factories. They attack a more important airplane plant at Brooklands. The RAF is now flying more sorties per day than the combined total of the German bombers and fighters.
In Britain... The King and Queen visit RAF Fighter Command headquarters at Bentley Priory, Stanmore (Middlesex). Meanwhile, a German agent, Caroli, lands by parachute in Oxon and he is arrested almost immediately.
In Vichy France... General Weygand resigns from the government. He takes command of Vichy French forces in north Africa.
In Romania... King Carol abdicates in favor of Prince Michael. Later in the month it is announced that the fascist Iron Guard is to be the only legal political party.
September 6th, 1940
RAF Bomber Command: 4 Group (Whitley). 10 Sqn. 1 aircraft missing from Berlin. Crew killed.
Bombing - oil targets at Berlin.
10 Sqn. Five aircraft. All bombed. Opposition severe, one FTR.
Battle of Britain:
RAF Fighter Command: Two main operations today. The first coming between 09:00 and 10:00 when No. 303 Polish Squadron, tackling Ju88s and Do 17s over Kent along with 249 Squadron, was set upon by Bf109s which quickly disposed of five Hurricanes.
Main rail lines at Oxten and Caterham had been damaged slightly, also Hawker’s at Brooklands and Pobjoy’s Rochester works.
The second operation came when it was just dark at 20:43 (Double Summer Time being in operation), when bombs fell on West Ham damaging houses, railway lines and the Victoria Docks causing 55 casualties. More bombing involved Woolwich, Southwark and London’s south-east suburbs, where over 70 casualties were reported.
At 3.00 am, Gosta Catroli, a Swedish national trained by the German Secret Service “Abwerh”, parachuted from a Dornier Bomber and landed near Yardley, Hastings.
Catroli’s mission was to report by means of his radio, on conditions in Britain. He was arrested during the evening on the day he arrived, and on interrogation he was ‘turned’ and agreed to assist the British authorities.
As a direct result, another agent will be arrested in the same district in a months time. (William L. Howard)
Corvette HMS Campanula commissioned.
HMCS Margaree ex-HMS Diana, a Decoy or D-class fleet destroyer, was commissioned into the RCN at Londonderry, Northern Ireland. She was purchased for $886,847, approximately the average cost of the five C-class destroyers purchased previously by the RCN. All other old A- to I-class fleet destroyers transferred to the RCN subsequently during the war were presented as gifts to the Government of Canada in return for the stationing of Canadian Tribal-class destroyers with the British Home Fleet. (Dave Shirlaw)
FRANCE: Generalissimo Maurice Gustav Gamelin, former commander of Allied forces in France, is arrested by the Vichy government and charged with responsibility for France´s entry into the war and the resulting disaster.
He is later interned by the Germans in Northern Italy and is released and repatriated in 1945. He died in 1958. (Jack McKillop)
GERMANY: U-134 and U-406 laid down. (Dave Shirlaw)
ROMANIA: Bucharest: King Carol of Romania today surrendered to the dictator General Ion Antonescu and abdicated in favour of his son, Prince Michael.
The king, who will seek asylum in Switzerland, declared: “I have decided to abdicate in face of the misfortunes which have come to this country. I hope by this sacrifice to save my country.” This is the second time that Carol has given up his throne. He renounced his right of succession in 1925 for love of his mistress, Magda Lupescu, before returning to turn his son off the throne in 1930.
MIDDLE EAST: Italian aircraft make three raids on Marsa Matruh and inflict some damage. It is believed that two attacking machines were damaged by British ground defences.
CANADA: HMS Duchess arrives in Halifax harbour, bringing the members of the Tizard Mission and a black metal box containing, amongst other things, six examples of the cavity magnetron. This would later be described as “the most important cargo to reach our (i.e. American) shores”. (Cris Wetton)
The USN destroyers USS Aaron Ward (DD-132), USS Buchanan (DD-131), USS Crowninshield (DD-134), USS Hale (DD-133), USS Abel P. Upshur (DD-193), USS Welborn C. Wood (DD-195), USS Herndon (DD-198) and USS Welles (DD-257) arrive at Halifax, Nova Scotia, along with destroyer USS Russell (DD-414), with Commander Destroyers, Atlantic Fleet (Captain Ferdinand L. (Reichmuth) embarked, and destroyer tender USS Denebola (AD-12). These are the first of the “flushdeck” destroyers to be transferred under the “Destroyers-For-Bases” deal. Contrary to popular opinion, none of the eight ships to be transferred were taken directly from reserve status and handed over to the RN. All eight ships had been recommissioned at least during 1939 and all had been engaged in operations on the neutrality patrols. Two ships were recommissioned considerably earlier and had served for extended periods with both the US Atlantic and Pacific Fleets; Crowninshield (1930) and Buchanan (1934). Denebola was present to provide last-minute running repairs before the transfer was completed. All eight destroyers were decommissioned from the USN on 09 Sep and commissioned into the RN on the same day. USS Crowninshield was commissioned as HMS Chelsea (I35). She reached Devonport, England, on 28 Sep 1940 and was assigned to the Sixth Escort Group, Western Approaches Command, for local escort duty. In Nov 42, Chelsea became one of eight flushdeckers lent to the RCN. She served with Canadian forces until the Dec 43, operated with both the Mid-Ocean Escort Force and Western Escort Forces. Chelsea returned to Londonderry, Northern Ireland, on 26 Dec 43 and, in early 44, was reduced to reserve status in the Tyne estuary. On 16 Jul 44, she was transferred to Russia and renamed Derskni. “By the long arm of coincidence” (as British Prime Minister Churchill puts it) the Royal Navy crews assigned to man the ships arrive simultaneously. (Jack McKillop)
U.S.A.: The first development contracts (W535 ac-15429) for the prototype Consolidated XB-32 and Boeing XB-29 are signed. This will produce two XB-29s and a static test. The price is $3.6 million. (Jack McKillop)
URUGUAY: The warm generosity with which the U.S. meets the British request for ships contrasts markedly with the cold response to the Uruguayan government’s request to purchase three destroyers. U.S. Minister to Uruguay Edwin C. Wilson recounts an interview with “a leading Uruguayan” who complains: “Having been exhorted to cooperate in continental defence, we want to build up our pitifully non-existent Navy, and we ask you to let us have two or three old destroyers that have been lying useless in your ports since the last war. You handed over fifty of these destroyers to Great Britain, and we see pictures reproduced in the papers of quantities of these ships tied up in your ports, looking like so many toy vessels in a shop window. Yet, you tell us that you find it impossible to let us have even a single one of these.” Secretary of State Hull confidentially informs Minister Wilson that the USN believes “that the strategic situation in the North Atlantic does not permit the disposal of any destroyers to Uruguay at the present time, the more so as this would inevitably lead to similar requests from other American republics for [the] purchase of destroyers.” (Jack McKillop)
ATLANTIC OCEAN: Escorting convoy OA205, corvette HMS Godetia is rammed and sunk by the merchantman SS Marsa north of Ireland 3 miles off Alatacarry Head at 55 18N, 05 57W. She is the first ‘Flower’ class to be lost.
Day 372 September 6, 1940
Battle of Britain Day 59. At 3 AM, an armed German parachutist dressed in civilian clothes with a Swedish passport and British identity card lands in Northamptonshire to report on damage to airfields. He is injured by landing on his wireless set and is discovered in a ditch in Denton by a farmer at 5.20 PM. With continued good flying weather, Luftwaffe stays with the successful tactics of recent days. They send 3 raids up the Thames Estuary and across Kent at 9 AM, 1 PM and 6 PM, again splitting up to attack RAF airfields at Heston, Kenley and Biggin Hill. Hawker aircraft factory at Brooklands and oil storage tanks at Thameshaven are bombed for the second day. Luftwaffe loses 37 fighters and 7 bombers. RAF loses 22 fighters (7 pilots killed, 1 taken prisoner when his Spitfire is shot down in France). The situation is becoming critical for RAF with 295 fighters lost (171 badly damaged) and 103 pilots killed (128 wounded) since August 24.
British submarine HMS Tribune attacks U-56 40 miles West of Isle of Lewis, Outer Hebrides, Scotland (all torpedoes miss U-56). Luftwaffe bombs merchant ships around Ireland, damaging British MV Melbourne Star (180 miles West of Ireland, under repair for 1 month) and Greek SS Aegeon (in the Irish Sea, 30 miles Southeast of Dublin). http://www.melbournestar.co.uk/index.html
British aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal, battleships HMS Barham and HMS Resolution and 10 escort destroyers depart Gibraltar bound for Freetown, Sierra Leone, for refueling. They will join cruisers HMS Devonshire and HMAS Australia to cover landings at Dakar by Free French troops under General De Gaulle (supported by 8,000 British troops).
Despite RAFs needs for the Battle of Britain, 30 more Hurricanes are flown off aircraft carrier HMS Argus to Takoradi in the British colony of Gold Coast, West Africa, to be flown 3600 miles overland to RAF Abu Sueir in Egypt.
By "now" Stalin is beginning to receive numerous intelligence reports of the coming German invasion, all of which he chooses to ignore, calling them British disinformation.
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