Skip to comments.U.S. Navy Cold Fusion Research
Posted on 05/13/2011 12:58:17 PM PDT by B4Ranch
U.S. Navy Cold Fusion Research
The LENR-CANR.org library includes several papers by U.S. Navy researchers at the China Lake Naval Weapons Laboratory, the Naval Research Laboratory and Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center (SPAWARS). Here are some examples:
Miles, M., NEDO Final Report - Electrochemical Calorimetric Studies Of Palladium And Palladium Alloys In Heavy Water. 2004, University of La Verne.
Szpak, S., et al., Thermal behavior of polarized Pd/D electrodes prepared by co-deposition. Thermochim. Acta, 2004. 410: p. 101.
A sample IR camera video clip that was shown by Frank Gordon during ICCF10. It is described in the ICCF10 paper and PowerPoint slides titled, Polarized D+/Pd-D2O System: Hot Spots and �Mini-Explosions�. The video clip shows two views, Surface and Profile:
I like the Nickel reactor better.
and here is the most operational phrase in the entire article...
It is time for government funding organizations to invest in this research.
Almost tracks the loss in value of the American Dollar. Hmmmm
The Navy setup (Polarized D+/Pd-D2O System: Hot Spots and Mini-Explosions) uses palladium deposited on a nickel mesh. I wonder if the source of the reaction has more to do with the nickel than the palladium?
[ The Navy setup (Polarized D+/Pd-D2O System: Hot Spots and Mini-Explosions) uses palladium deposited on a nickel mesh. I wonder if the source of the reaction has more to do with the nickel than the palladium? ]
They could have been overlooking the nickel in the reactors because of the emphasis on the exotic metals like Platinum and palladium and bolongnium. Smart people a lot of time overlook the blindingly obvious and I say this as a smart person.
>>Smart people a lot of time overlook the blindingly obvious and I say this as a smart person.<<
Now I know why I am being kept around.
I don’t know if the palladium could perhaps cause some of the same reactions as the nickel does during transmutation. Anything is possible these days.
This is a portion of an article from one of the many magazines I subscribe to. May/June Issue by Jeanne Manning
Italians Enter “Cold Fusion” Fight
(Could their invention change the Energy Game?)
An Energy Catalyzer is the new item on the energy frontier at the time of this writing. Italian engineer Andrea A. Rossi and Professor Sergio Focardi of the University of Bologna announced a technology for a reaction that produces excess heatat low cost and in quantities that would make it commercially useful. It involves a catalytic reaction between nickel, hydrogen, and some secret elements, but they avoid calling it cold fusion. At this time it looks like the Italians do have a viable
technology that uses commonly available materials, doesnt produce carbon dioxide, doesnt produce radioactive waste, and will be economical to build.
Will their government support their venture, or at least refrain from interfering? As reported on Rossis website
and by researcher Sepp Hasslberger, the Italian inventor already knows what happens to an energy-related technology
that vested interests consider disruptive to their profits. In the 1970s and 1980s Rossi was building garbage disposal
facilities that burned household garbage and used the recovered heat. He also learned how to turn garbage into fuel that could be burned in the same way as coal, oil and gas. By 1989 his company, Petroldragon, was making 20 tons of fuel oil a day. Then the attacks began.
Government bureaucrats began by taxing his fuel as if he was producing alcohol, making his fuel extremely expensive. Perhaps they feared loss of some fuel-tax revenue, but the tax rate they hit Rossi with was overkill. Rossi fought the unjust tax, and then the bureaucracy ramped up the level of challenge. The bureaucrats claimed that the garbage stockpile in his factory wasnt raw material for his process but instead was a fraudulent attempt to hide and treat toxic garbage. He of course had no license for
toxic garbage because he wasnt doing that. So instead of being thanked and encouraged for trying to produce an ecologically sustainable fuel that didnt come from petroleum deposits, Rossi was imprisoned on trumped up charges. Later, after one of his companies was forced into bankruptcy, he was again imprisonedfor not paying his creditors.
Despite those traumatic experiences, it seems that he is one of those relentless inventors who doesnt give up. His Energy Catalyzer doesnt involve burning fuel. Only a tiny amount of hydrogen gas is consumed, which indicates a low energy nuclear reaction, not hydrogen combustion. Rossi and Focardis announcement didnt bring much positive attention from the mainstream media. In January those institutions either stayed away from the story or gave it the usual misleading spin. For instance, in referring to the 1989 announcement in which electrochemists Stanley Pons and Martin Fleishmann claimed to have demonstrated cold fusion, PhysOrg.com recently wrote but their experiment could not be reproduced.
That was true only for a matter of months around 20 years ago. However what I consider the most outrageous untruth in
the PhysOrg article is this: Since then, all other claims of cold fusion have been illegitimate.
Whoever wrote that hadnt done their homework. All the writer had to do was to go to a serious website such as www.lenrcanr.org and see the huge collection of published scientific papers from laboratories around the world, many announcing excess heat and even transmutationchanging one element into another.
The Fleischmann/Pons effect did indeed stretch accepted science beyond what was known about fusion, and prestigious hot-fusion laboratories did fail to reproduce the effect during the months after the announcement, but is the media stuck back in 1989?
Over the years the Fleischmann/Pons process has been replicated hundreds of times with variations. Im fed up with knee-jerk journalists repeating the so-called received wisdom. For instance, last month a writer in a British Columbia business magazine tossed off the phrase the cold fusion hoax of the late 980s. Such phrases have created an unwarranted character assassination of the electrochemists Martin Fleischmann and Stanley Pons, whose mistake was in prematurely announcing their discoverynot hoaxing.
Meanwhile back in Italy at a press conference in Bologna attended by about 50 invited guests, Rossi and Focardi demonstrated their device. After a brief warm-up, its reaction chamber starts self-heating and they claim it can produce 12,400 watts of heat power with an input of just 400 watts into the electric heating element. They are well beyond the research phase; the plan is to start shipping
devices for industrial use this spring and start mass production by the end of this year.
The Italian scientists also claim transmutation, saying that their fusion reaction produces copper as well as cheap power. (They estimate that electricity can be generated at a cost of less than one cent per kilowatthour significantly less than coal or natural gas power plants.)
It isnt the everymans backyard project, however; youd have to have a nuclear expert involved in building an Energy Catalyzer of this type. Rossi and Focardi say that the reaction produces radiation, which indicates that its at the level of atoms nuclei. However they add that the radiation is completely shielded by lead so that none of it escapes the apparatus. No radioactivity is left in the fusion cell after its turned off, so theres no nuclear waste.
Sepp Hasslberger reports that Rossis reactor can be run without problems in an industrial environment. It is expected that industrial sized reactor units will be mounted in shipping containers for easy transportability. It will be more difficult to obtain permits for individual household-type units, because of the requirement for complete automatic and safe operation under all circumstances.
For now, trained personnel that care for maintenance are still necessary, so household units seem to be about a decade in the future yet.
Thanks for the ping. I’ve been following the Navy guys for quite a while. They have been doing some serious work. Their work on track-etch detection of high energy alpha particles seemed pretty conclusive to me. Some physicists have claimed to have de-bunked it, but I haven’t traced that debunking down and studied it yet....just no time.
I have a hunch there could be some intentional omittances (I hope) or perhaps honest to goodness misinformation in the Navy files. Just my suspicions.
cold fusion ping list
Good point. With military research, the motto ought to be "what they show is a lot less than what they know".
If the e-cat is unambiguously validated, there will be a lot of research projects started to see if the effect is unique to nickel, or if the same effect can be achieved with cheaper metals like aluminum.
With e-cat technology, Rossi could make a country independent of foreign fuel imports. The economic and national-security implications are obvious.
This means that low-level bureaucrats would be overruled from the top. This also means that all it takes is ONE country to decide that this stuff is a good thing and make implementation a national priority. Successful widespread implementation should smooth the way elsewhere (although that's not completely certain -- France gets about 75-80% of its electricity from nuclear without problems, but that hasn't smoothed things for nuke power elsewhere)
If I were going to look, my first choice would be titanium. It spontaneously forms hydrides somewhat like nickel and palladium do. Follow-up would be nickel/titanium alloys/composites. Pretty much everything I've read says "whatever" it is that is going on happens at "dislocations" (cavities, grain boundaries) in the solid substrate. The more "dislocations", the higher the reactivity. Right now, my mental picture is something along the lines of "electron holes" that form in semiconductors.
I think your hypothesis is very plausible (and I apologize in advance if I repeat it back to you in a few months after forgetting it was your idea in the first place, like I did with ammonia-cycle cooling).