Skip to comments.How Medieval Knights remade Poland's ecosystems
Posted on 06/01/2011 6:47:16 PM PDT by SunkenCiv
In 1280, victorious Teutonic Crusaders began building the world's largest castle on a hill overlooking the River Nogat in what is now northern Poland. Malbork Castle became the hub of a powerful Teutonic state that crushed its pagan enemies and helped remake Medieval Europe. Now, ancient pollen samples show that in addition to converting heathens to Christians, the Crusaders also converted vast swathes of Medieval forests to farmlands.
In the early-13th century, Prussian tribes living in the south-eastern Baltic became a thorn in the side of the Monastic State of Teutonic Knights, which was formed in 1224 in what is now Germany and Poland. To remove the thorn, and protect Christian converts in the region, the Teutonic Order launched a series of crusades. By the 14th century, the conquests had produced a state that ruled over more than 220,000 people, Alex Brown and Aleks Pluskowski of the University of Reading in the United Kingdom report in the Journal of Archeological Science, including new colonists who settled into fortified towns and castles.
To understand how these historic shifts changed Europe's environment, past researchers have relied on hints from old maps and papers, such as those showing how much timber or stone a wealthy Knight used to build his castle. Brown and Pluskowski, however, turned to a different kind of historical record: the pollen grains that become trapped in the layers of mud that line waterbodies. By analyzing shifts in the pollen, researchers can reconstruct everything from past climates to landscape changes.
(Excerpt) Read more at conservationmagazine.org ...
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great post. where do you find this stuff?
Marienburg has only been in Poland for a few decades.
In fact only since the conclusion of the great rape of central and eastern Europe by russia and her allies during the last century.
When speaking in the timeframe of ecosystems, Marienburgs present location seems rather immaterial.
Al Gore would know. He invented it after all.
Looks like Heidelburg,
If they were monastic, where did they get 220k people?
Oh, and I am going to build a Tutonic shrine in NY on my farm.
That ought to f((k with people for a couple of thousand years.
After all, I am a 3rd degree mason. So are my sons.
Here’s one for you.
“A UFO base underground of the Malbork Castle”
I gotta get me one of theze
My eyes do that when I get fingered, too.
Which reminds me, I’m due for my annual exam...
I’ll do it for half-price this time.
I was passed the link in FReepmail.
I think the comment about the Teutonic knight was “Semi-Chivalric, semi-Monastic, and semi-Christian.”
Anyway, they got the 220K people by conquering them. Someone has to raise food and livestock for the Order.
LOL - I had not heard that.
Priceless! A little creepy, but priceless.
In 1242 the Knights invaded Novgorod, one of the precursors of the Russian state, intent on converting the Russians to western Catholicism. The Battle of Lake Peipus, or Battle of the Ice was won decisively by Alexander Nevsky and the Russians, as memorialized in the beautifully filmed propaganda piece by Eisenstein. The boundary between the Baltic States and Russia remains the border between western Christianity and Orthodoxy.
In 1410 the Knights were defeated in the Battle of Grunwald, losing to the rising Polish-Lituanian power. Eventually, they were relegated to a few possessions in the Holy Roman Empire.
Not exactly. I believe the area was swiped from Poland by Prussia in the first of the Polish Partitions in 1772. It had been Polish for some centuries prior to that.
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