Free Republic
Browse · Search
General/Chat
Topics · Post Article

Skip to comments.

Secrets of Egypt: 'Spectacular' archaeological site provides details of ancient life
University of Delaware UDaily ^ | June 7, 2011 | Ann Manser

Posted on 06/12/2011 11:11:01 AM PDT by SunkenCiv

On the edge of Egypt's eastern desert, known to natives as "the red land," Berenike thrived as a trading port for goods from Europe, Asia and southern Arabia. Sidebotham's digs have turned up such varied items as Indian-made pottery and beads, a figurine of Venus, timbers made of cedar from Lebanon, a clay jar containing decorative silver pieces, Roman glass, sapphires and other gems, a mother-of-pearl cross and sliver of Turkish marble used as veneer for walls. One large jar found embedded in the courtyard floor of a temple contained nearly 17 pounds of black peppercorns, which had been imported from India in the first century.

In addition to such objects, the project also has yielded much information about life in and around the city, Sidebotham said. Findings include elephant teeth and what was likely a holding pen for the animals used as ancient military vehicles, artifacts from several religions and a variety of deities and evidence of 12 different written languages including one that is as yet unidentified.

(Excerpt) Read more at udel.edu ...


TOPICS: History; Science; Travel
KEYWORDS: berenike; egypt; epigraphyandlanguage; godsgravesglyphs; india; navigation; romanempire

Berenike and the Ancient Maritime Spice Route Berenike and the Ancient Maritime Spice Route
by Steven E. Sidebotham
California World History Library
Hardcover


1 posted on 06/12/2011 11:11:10 AM PDT by SunkenCiv
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

Romans and Barbarians: Four Views from the Empires Edge, 1st Century AD Romans and Barbarians:
Four Views from the Empire's Edge,
1st Century AD

by Derek Williams
At Empires Edge At Empire's Edge:
Exploring Rome's Egyptian Frontier

by Robert B. Jackson
[T]he scenic Myos Hormos Road between the Red Sea and the Nile served as a vital artery through the Eastern Desert. Halfway along its path, in Wadi Hammamat, an astounding collection of graffiti and inscriptions attest to its commercial and political importance... These inscriptions, for example, reveal that Queen Hatshepsut's famous expedition to the land of Punt began along this route to the sea.

2 posted on 06/12/2011 11:15:51 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Thanks Cincinna for this link -- http://www.friendsofitamar.org)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

Travel in the Ancient World The Ancient Mariners
Travel in the Ancient World
by Lionel Casson
The Ancient Mariners
by Lionel Casson

3 posted on 06/12/2011 11:15:51 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Thanks Cincinna for this link -- http://www.friendsofitamar.org)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

To: StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; 1010RD; 21twelve; 24Karet; 2ndDivisionVet; 31R1O; ...

· GGG managers are SunkenCiv, StayAt HomeMother, and Ernest_at_the_Beach ·
· join list or digest · view topics · view or post blog · bookmark · post a topic · subscribe ·

 
 Antiquity Journal
 & archive
 Archaeologica
 Archaeology
 Archaeology Channel
 BAR
 Bronze Age Forum
 Discover
 Dogpile
 Eurekalert
 Google
 LiveScience
 Mirabilis.ca
 Nat Geographic
 PhysOrg
 Science Daily
 Science News
 Texas AM
 Yahoo
 Excerpt, or Link only?
 


To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list.
 

· History topic · history keyword · archaeology keyword · paleontology keyword ·
· Science topic · science keyword · Books/Literature topic · pages keyword ·


4 posted on 06/12/2011 11:16:50 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Thanks Cincinna for this link -- http://www.friendsofitamar.org)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv

If I were 30ish and single, I would head over there and volunteer. What an adventure.


5 posted on 06/12/2011 11:19:19 AM PDT by Mercat
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

http://www.archbase.com/berenike/english1.html

http://www.archbase.com/berenike/UCstudentLA3.html
http://www.archbase.com/berenike/trench6.JPG

http://www.ling.upenn.edu/~jason2/papers/bnikeppr.htm
http://www.ling.upenn.edu/~jason2/papers/fig3and4.jpg


6 posted on 06/12/2011 11:21:41 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Thanks Cincinna for this link -- http://www.friendsofitamar.org)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

Coins featuring elephants are among the finds.

Secrets of Egypt

7 posted on 06/12/2011 11:21:52 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Thanks Cincinna for this link -- http://www.friendsofitamar.org)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

To: Mercat

The adventure is taylor made for healthy seniors! My first wife would get a kick out of digging around in Egypt finding detritus.


8 posted on 06/12/2011 11:22:33 AM PDT by MHGinTN (Some, believing they can't be deceived, it's nigh impossible to convince them when they're deceived.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 5 | View Replies]

To: Mercat

It’s a great way (I believe) to help out — it’s archaeological tourism, one pays for everything oneself, is worked like a dog, is generally employed in countries which could blow up at any minute, it’s hot and dry, and one can’t take home anything one finds (unless one contracts typhus from excavating an ancient latrine, for example).

I’d like to try it, but I’m not 30ish any longer. :’)


9 posted on 06/12/2011 11:24:01 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Thanks Cincinna for this link -- http://www.friendsofitamar.org)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 5 | View Replies]

South Indians in Roman Egypt?

South Indians in Roman Egypt?

10 posted on 06/12/2011 11:29:34 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Thanks Cincinna for this link -- http://www.friendsofitamar.org)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

PAP - Science and Scholarship in Poland

Serwis Nauka w Polsce - PAP SA
2009-05-20 12:00

U.S. and Polish archaeologists successful at Berenike

Fragments of pottery with inscriptions in one of pre-Islamic languages have been found by a U.S-Polish team of archaeologists near Berenike, a Greco-Roman harbour on the Egyptian Red Sea coast. The finds confirm that Berenike was the most active Red Sea port during Hellenistic and Roman times. Inscriptions and other written materials found in Berenike have been written in 12 different languages. This attests to the cosmopolitan mix of people who lived in or passed through the town.

Berenike was founded by Ptolemy II Philadelphus in 285-246 B.C.

The international team of archaeologists led by professor Steven Sidebotham of the University of Delaware and Iwona Zych of the Warsaw University Mediterranean Archaeology Department have resumed excavation at Berenike after an eight-year break. AT

11 posted on 06/12/2011 11:39:46 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Thanks Cincinna for this link -- http://www.friendsofitamar.org)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

Archaeologists working at the ancient Red Sea port of Berenike in Egypt have found shards of pottery inscribed in 12 different languages.

The finds confirm that Berenike was the most active Red Sea port during Hellenistic and Roman times. Inscriptions and other written materials found in Berenike have been written in 12 different languages. This attests to the cosmopolitan mix of people who lived in or passed through the town.

Berenike was founded by Ptolemy II Philadelphus in 285-246 B.C. [Sevaan Franks, May 22, 2009]


Inscribed pottery attests to Red Sea port activity
Inscribed pottery attests to Red Sea port activity

12 posted on 06/12/2011 11:39:49 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Thanks Cincinna for this link -- http://www.friendsofitamar.org)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

Spice Pages: Pepper (Piper nigrum, Black Peppercorns)
Carbonized pepper from archeological excavations in Berenike (5. century)[above]

Dehydratized pepper from archeological excavations in Berenike (5. century) [below]


Spice Pages: Pepper (Piper nigrum, Black Peppercorns)

13 posted on 06/12/2011 11:47:47 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Thanks Cincinna for this link -- http://www.friendsofitamar.org)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

Berenike Berenike

14 posted on 06/12/2011 11:47:53 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Thanks Cincinna for this link -- http://www.friendsofitamar.org)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Hydaspes

15 posted on 06/12/2011 11:49:02 AM PDT by James C. Bennett (An Australian.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 7 | View Replies]

The glass from the site was often well preserved and included rare pieces such as fragments from mythological bowls, painted glass and cased glass as well as numerous more utilitarian pieces. These glasses, along with other finds from the site, give a picture of a thriving and often opulent community based at a port to which came the exotic goods from the Indian Ocean trade.

For part of the year it seems that most of the occupants of Berenike moved inland to the site of Sikkait which may have had a function rather similar to that of Simla under the British Raj, a place of retreat for families and officials during certain periods of the year. The glass from Sikkait is similarly rich, though the scale of excavations at the site has been less than for Berenike. [Dr. Paul Nicholson]


Dr. Paul Nicholson

16 posted on 06/12/2011 11:54:42 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Thanks Cincinna for this link -- http://www.friendsofitamar.org)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

Ring cairn graves at Berenike, burials of the Blemmyes? [Shanna Kennedy]

Ring cairn graves at Berenike, burials of the Blemmyes? [Shanna Kennedy]

17 posted on 06/12/2011 11:59:13 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Thanks Cincinna for this link -- http://www.friendsofitamar.org)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

To: James C. Bennett

Thanks!


18 posted on 06/12/2011 12:00:56 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (Thanks Cincinna for this link -- http://www.friendsofitamar.org)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 15 | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv
I’d like to try it, but I’m not 30ish any longer. :’)

Thank goodness I'm long past 30ish, too; when I was that age, I was dumb enough to have tried it. *<];-')

19 posted on 06/12/2011 2:11:34 PM PDT by ApplegateRanch (Made in America, by proud American citizens, in 1946.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 9 | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv

later>>>>


20 posted on 06/12/2011 2:22:36 PM PDT by Ditter
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv

Years ago, I drove by the Berenice site and then headed inland. Drove for at least eighty miles until arriving at the Nile. The only sight of greenery occurred inland about twenty miles where a camel had died and a bush had grown up around its remains. Stopped halfway to have a Stella beer and was immediately surrounded by swarms of flies. How they survived in that barren land I will never know.


21 posted on 06/12/2011 4:03:58 PM PDT by Melchior
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 9 | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv

My translation may not be grammatically correct, but I’m pretty sure it says “VISIT WALL DRUG!”


22 posted on 06/12/2011 5:54:03 PM PDT by blueunicorn6 ("A crack shot and a good dancer")
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 12 | View Replies]

Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.

Free Republic
Browse · Search
General/Chat
Topics · Post Article

FreeRepublic, LLC, PO BOX 9771, FRESNO, CA 93794
FreeRepublic.com is powered by software copyright 2000-2008 John Robinson