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Found: Ancient Warrior's Helmet, Owner Unknown (Greek Mercenary Helmet, Circa 600 B.C.)
Live Science ^ | 28 February 2012 | Owen Jarus, LiveScience Contributor

Posted on 02/28/2012 9:07:41 PM PST by DogByte6RER

Found: Ancient Warrior's Helmet, Owner Unknown

Photobucket

A Greek bronze helmet, covered with gold leaf and decorated with snakes, lions and a peacock's tail (or palmette), has been discovered in the waters of Haifa Bay in Israel. But how this helmet ended up at the bottom of the bay is a mystery.

The helmet dates back around 2,600 years and likely belonged to a wealthy Greek mercenary who took part in a series of wars, immortalized in the Bible, which ravaged the region at that time. Archaeologists believe that he likely fought for an Egyptian pharaoh named Necho II.

Dredging discovery

The helmet was discovered accidentally in 2007 during commercial dredging operations in the harbor. After it was discovered, conservators with the Israel Antiquities Authority went to work cleaning it and archaeologists began to analyze it.

They discovered that it is very similar to another helmet found in the 1950s near the Italian island of Giglio, about 1,500 miles (2,300 kilometers) away. That helmet has been dated to around 2,600 years ago, something which helped the researchers arrive at a date for the Haifa Bay helmet.

"The gilding and figural ornaments make this one of the most ornate pieces of early Greek armor discovered," writes Jacob Sharvit, director of the Marine Archaeology Unit with the Israel Antiquities Authority, and John Hale, a professor at the University of Louisville, in a summary of their research being presented at the meeting.

This Greek warrior likely would have been a very wealthy individual, as few soldiers could afford such an ornate helmet. The researchers aren't sure where the helmet was made, though they suspect the warrior could be from one of the Greek colonies in Ionia, on the west coast of modern-day Turkey.

Greek warrior loses helmet

(Excerpt) Read more at livescience.com ...


TOPICS: Chit/Chat; History; Military/Veterans; Outdoors; Religion; Society; Travel
KEYWORDS: ancientwarfare; antiquities; archaeology; bc; ggg; giglio; godsgravesglyphs; haifa; helmet; helmets; hoplite; israel; lostandfound; oldtestament; pharaoh
Photobucket

Snakes curl above the eyelids of the helmet, flanked by a peacock's tail (or palmette). CREDIT: Photo courtesy Israel Antiquities Authority, cropped by Owen Jarus.

1 posted on 02/28/2012 9:07:51 PM PST by DogByte6RER
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To: SunkenCiv

Gods Graves Glyphs material ... ping


2 posted on 02/28/2012 9:09:50 PM PST by DogByte6RER ("Loose lips sink ships")
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To: DogByte6RER

Were they expecting a nametag?


3 posted on 02/28/2012 9:15:01 PM PST by doc1019 (Romney will never get my vote!)
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To: doc1019

Perfect...Greece should claim ownership and auction it off. Maybe that will get them out of hock.


4 posted on 02/28/2012 9:22:30 PM PST by ibytoohi
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To: DogByte6RER

Looks like he got bonked on the (his) right side of the head. That might explain how it wound up in the drink.


5 posted on 02/28/2012 9:24:04 PM PST by tumblindice (Nuke Hollywood from orbit. It's the only way to be sure.)
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To: DogByte6RER

IBTHT Pics arrive.


6 posted on 02/28/2012 9:27:55 PM PST by Michael.SF. (When you hear hooves, think horses, not zebras.)
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To: doc1019

Hoping more likely - because then they could get 200 years of academic arguments out of it: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Negau_helmet


7 posted on 02/28/2012 9:35:16 PM PST by vladimir998
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To: DogByte6RER

I’m always amazed that people would wear something so ornate into battle.

Then again, look at any pre-World War I military arm....


8 posted on 02/28/2012 9:45:17 PM PST by M1903A1 ("We shed all that is good and virtuous for that which is shoddy and sleazy... and call it progress")
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To: DogByte6RER

I bet this guy’s gunny was seriously PO’ed when he dropped his lid in the ocean.


9 posted on 02/28/2012 9:47:49 PM PST by PGR88
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To: tumblindice

“Looks like he got bonked on the (his) right side of the head. That might explain how it wound up in the drink.”

Lol, yep!


10 posted on 02/28/2012 10:04:42 PM PST by Beowulf9
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To: M1903A1

11 posted on 02/28/2012 10:21:22 PM PST by bunkerhill7 (Golden helmet ???? - Who knew?)
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To: doc1019

this would have been a prized possession. maybe the most expensive item a lot of these guys owned, so if they could write, yeah i’d say their name was carved inside it someplace.


12 posted on 02/28/2012 10:38:42 PM PST by RitchieAprile
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To: bunkerhill7

using that as a field stool would be, uh, problematic..


13 posted on 02/28/2012 10:39:58 PM PST by RitchieAprile
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To: RitchieAprile

14 posted on 02/28/2012 10:51:38 PM PST by bunkerhill7 (Not Trojan Golden helmets ???? - Who knew?)
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To: RitchieAprile

not after “don’t ask, don’t tell”


15 posted on 02/29/2012 2:38:53 AM PST by Pollster1 (Natural born citizen of the USA, with the birth certificate to prove it)
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To: DogByte6RER; StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; decimon; 1010RD; 21twelve; 24Karet; ...

 GGG managers are SunkenCiv, StayAt HomeMother & Ernest_at_the_Beach
Thanks DogByte6RER, nice find.

To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list.


16 posted on 02/29/2012 4:32:20 AM PST by SunkenCiv (FReep this FReepathon!)
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To: DogByte6RER

Wow! fantastic example of metalsmith work


17 posted on 02/29/2012 4:44:57 AM PST by bert (K.E. N.P. +12 ..... Crucifixion is coming)
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To: DogByte6RER
There are a few of these type of ancient Greek helmets at the Metropolitan Museum in NYC, and what always strikes me about them is their size. The ones I've seen could not be worn these days by anyone over ten years old, and even then it would be a tight fit, especially if they wore any type of padding underneath. It gives you a whole new perspective when you consider that the man-killing Achilles was probably about the size of today's 6th grader.
18 posted on 02/29/2012 5:12:07 AM PST by PUGACHEV
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To: PUGACHEV

Those small helmets could well be armorer’s models made to display the maker’s craft.


19 posted on 02/29/2012 9:22:22 AM PST by Pelham (Vultures for Romney. We pluck your carcass)
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To: bunkerhill7

An American Pickelhaube? Wow...who had those?

Specifically, I was thinking of the typical rifle or pistol issued before World War I really got into swing. Fit, finish and design that often rivaled the better sporting arms of the day. Some of that standard came back between the wars, but was never quite the same.


20 posted on 02/29/2012 10:24:29 AM PST by M1903A1 ("We shed all that is good and virtuous for that which is shoddy and sleazy... and call it progress")
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To: Pelham; PUGACHEV

The helmets at the Metropolitan Museum are full size replicas. PUGACHEV’s comment got a chuckle out of me, I remember going to the Met as a kid and thinking the same thing, ‘wtf I wouldn’t even fit in this helmet.’


21 posted on 02/29/2012 10:35:05 AM PST by JerseyHighlander
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To: M1903A1

Then again, look at any pre-World War I military arm....

Your right - the Brown Bess is a beautiful weapon.

But so is the 1903A3 in its own right, as well as the Garand
:)

I know as I have all three.


22 posted on 02/29/2012 6:41:36 PM PST by ZULU (LIBERATE HAGIA SOPHIA!!!!!)
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To: DogByte6RER

So would this have belonged to a Spartan?

“Throughout their adult lives, the Spartiates continued to be subject to a training regime so strict that, as Plutarch says, “... they were the only men in the world with whom war brought a respite in the training for war.”

Bravery was the ultimate virtue for the Spartans: Spartan mothers would give their sons the shield with the words “Return With it or carried on it!”

Was just thinking, what an amazing warrior wore that helmet, Spartan or not. Be interesting to know his tale.


23 posted on 03/11/2012 8:23:43 PM PDT by Beowulf9
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To: Beowulf9
More likely the helmet came from a Carian mercenary. There are a number of references to Carians in the historical books of the OT. Moreover, the Carians seem to have had a significant role in developing the armored warrior who became the hoplite over time. Caria was a mountainous area but located on the sea routes along the Mediterranean. The area apparently had metal deposits and was one where smithing evolved to a high art.
24 posted on 03/11/2012 8:33:26 PM PDT by robowombat
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To: robowombat

A hoplite. So interesting. Just don’t know enough about this time, but I should read more.

Whenever it seems I cannot do something, achieve something, I think of these sorts of men who were about, mostly because my grandfather told me and my own father told me the tales of their bravery and strength.

What can be achieved with good leadership. What men CAN be.

“The area apparently had metal deposits and was one where smithing evolved to a high art.”

Even the smithy strove for his best. I expect partially because he was inspired by them. Beautiful work on that helmet.


25 posted on 03/11/2012 9:01:39 PM PDT by Beowulf9
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