Skip to comments.Empuries: The Ancient Greek Town of Spain
Posted on 04/07/2012 8:17:56 AM PDT by SunkenCiv
The most western ancient Greek colony documented in the Mediterranean is revealing its secrets through the development of a Document Centre on Greek trade and presence in Iberia, according to the creators of the Iberia Graeca centre.
Empúries, formerly known by its Spanish name Ampurias, was a town on the Mediterranean coast of the Catalan comarca of Alt Empordà in Catalonia, Spain. It was founded in 575 BC by Greek colonists from Phocaea with the name of Emporion, meaning "market". It was later occupied by the Romans, but in the Early Middle Ages, when its exposed coastal position left it open to marauders, the town was abandoned.
The ruins are midway between the Costa Brava town of L'Escala and the tiny village of Sant Martí.
The ancient Greek colony has been gathering the attention of archaeologists over the years for its unique and well-preserved construction, with the first excavations of 1908 progressing so far that the site ranks first now in tourist arrivals. Some 200,000 tourists and another 35,000 students from across Spain and neighboring France are visiting Empúries every year.
Empúries was founded on a small island at the mouth of the river Fluvià, in a region inhabited by the Indigetes. This city came to be known as the Palaiapolis, the "old city" when, around 550 BC, the inhabitants moved to the mainland, creating the Neapolis, the "new city".
After the conquest of Phocaea by the Persian king Cyrus II in 530 BC, the new city's population increased considerably through the influx of refugees. In the face of strong pressure from Carthage, the city managed to retain its independent Hellenic character.
(Excerpt) Read more at eu.greekreporter.com ...
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Greece for Sale on eBay
By Stella Tsolakidou on April 6, 2012
I remember that place! I bought a t-shirt there. Great gyros!
Specifically, to Mohammedan jihading pirates.
Emporiae was the starting point for Roman operations in Spain in the Second Punic War. Later it was undoubtedly a flourishing city, but an invasion of the Franks between 256 and 262 was apparently a catastrophe for the city. It continued to be the site of a bishopric in the Visigothic period until the Arab conquest.
Massilia/Massalia (Marseilles) was a Phokaian colony.
I can’t put my finger on a name, but I am under the impression there were other Greek colonies further to the Southwest, down the coast from Ampurias.
The Wikipedia article on "Tartessos" has a map showing Mainake a little to the east of Malacca (Malaga).