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ALLIED FLIERS HIT JAPANESE CARRIER; CORREGIDOR BOMBED 12 TIMES IN DAY (4/13/42)
Microfilm-New York Times archives, Monterey Public Library | 4/13/42 | Hanson W. Baldwin

Posted on 04/13/2012 4:53:33 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson

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TOPICS: History
KEYWORDS: milhist; realtime; worldwarii
Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
Reading assignment: New York Times articles delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread
1 posted on 04/13/2012 4:53:40 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
Battle of Bataan, 1942
The Far East and the Pacific, 1941 – American Carrier Operations, 7 December 1941-18 April 1942
Micronesia, Melanesia and New Guinea: Japanese Centrifugal Offensive-Japanese Fourth Fleet and South Seas Detachment Operations, December 1941-April 1942
Luzon, P.I., 1941: Centrifugal Offensive, 10 December 1941-6 May 1942-Fourteenth Army Operations on Luzon
Netherlands East Indies, 1941: Japanese Centrifugal Offensive, December 1941-April 1942, Sixteenth Army and Southern Force (Navy) Operations
Southern Asia, 1941: Japanese Centrifugal Offensive (and Continued Operations), January-May 1942
Eastern Europe, 1941: Soviet Winter Offensive – Operations, 6 December 1941-7 May 1942
North Africa, 1940: Rommel’s Second Offensive, 21 January-7 July 1942
2 posted on 04/13/2012 4:55:06 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
Warship Damaged – 2
Island Holds On – 3-4
War News Summarized – 3
R.A.F. Runs into Fierce Fight Over France, Loses 14 Planes – 5
Nazis Withdraw Column in Libya – 5
Air Power in the War-III – 6
The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on Fighting in Various Zones – 7-8
3 posted on 04/13/2012 4:56:49 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1942/apr42/f13apr42.htm

Mountbatten appointment made public
Monday, April 13, 1942 www.onwar.com

Lord MountbattenFrom London... Despite his junior rank, Rear Admiral Lord Mountbatten (Dickie) is appointed Chief of Staff of Combined Operations with a seat on the British Chiefs of Staff Committee. This date is the public announcement of the appointment which occurred on March 18th.

In Burma... The Japanese break through the British defense in the Irrawaddy Valley forcing the British and Chinese to retreat to new positions at Magpwe. The Chinese 6th Army is moved from the Shan States to Manadaly.


4 posted on 04/13/2012 4:59:27 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://homepage.ntlworld.com/andrew.etherington/frame.htm

April 13th, 1942 (MONDAY)

UNITED KINGDOM: Rear Admiral Lord Mountbatten is appointed Chief of Combined Operations and functions as a member of the British Chiefs of Staff Committee. This appointment announced today was effective March 18.

FINLAND: Colonel Aarne Snellman, CO of the Finnish 17th Division is seriously injured at his divisions command post at Vaaseni (Vazhiny by River Svir in Olonets Isthmus) when it is attacked by Soviet night bombers. (Mikko Härmeinen)

LITHUANIA: Vilna: Feldwebel Anton Schmid, an Austria NCO in the German Army assigned to duties in occupied Lithuania is executed. He is guilty of providing food and medicines to Jews assigned to his workshop, and also of helping Jews escape from the ghetto and warning them of imminent SD ‘Aktionen’. (Russ Folsom)

GERMANY: The German radio announces the finding of mass graves in Katyn, Poland, filled with the bodies of thousands of Polish officers. (Mikko Härmeinen)

BURMA: Allied forces retreat to Magwe, leaving the oilfields of central Burma exposed to the Japanese.

COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: The last boat of US Navy Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron 3 is transferred to the US Army.

Australia-based B-25 Mitchells bomb targets in the Philippines for the second consecutive day. Staging through Del Monte Airfield on Mindanao, the B-25s take off just after midnight on 12/13 April and bomb shipping at Cebu on Cebu Island and installations at Davao on Mindinao. Later in the day the B-25s again attack Davao, bombing the dock area. (Jack McKillop)

PACIFIC OCEAN: Submarine USS Grayling (SS-209) torpedoes and sinks a Japanese merchant cargo ship off the southwest tip of Shikoku, Japan. (Jack McKillop)

SOUTH PACIFIC: Vice Admiral Robert L Ghormley, USN, is assigned as Commander-in-Chief South Pacific (COMSOPAC). He is to command all Allied base and local defence forces (land, sea, and air) in the South Pacific Islands, with the exception of New Zealand land defences. (Jack McKillop)

BURMA: Allied forces retreat to Magwe, leaving the oilfields of central Burma exposed to the Japanese.

U.S.A.: The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) mandates that the minimum program time required of TV stations is cut from 15 hours to four hours a week for the duration of the war. (Jack McKillop)


5 posted on 04/13/2012 5:01:05 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

6 posted on 04/13/2012 5:10:44 AM PDT by CougarGA7 ("History is politics projected into the past" - Michael Pokrovski)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
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7 posted on 04/13/2012 5:15:42 AM PDT by CougarGA7 ("History is politics projected into the past" - Michael Pokrovski)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Darn we are stilling losing this war I hope it turns around soon.


8 posted on 04/13/2012 5:24:22 AM PDT by vicar7 ("Polls are for strippers and cross-country skiers" Sarah Palin)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Despite his junior rank, Rear Admiral Lord Mountbatten

It doesn't hurt Mountbatten that he is a cousin of the King and friend of Churchill.


9 posted on 04/13/2012 5:28:08 AM PDT by iowamark
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To: CougarGA7

Cougar

From reading this week’s LIFE magazine, it is obvious I need to go get some Vitalis for my hair and start using Lifebuoy to stop the B.O. if I ever hope to work out with Jane Russell.

And that’s pretty much what I got out of it.


10 posted on 04/13/2012 5:31:30 AM PDT by henkster (Wanted: Politicians willing to say "No" to people. No experience required.)
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To: vicar7

Yes we are still losing the war...on the face of it. But the Axis margin is much thinner than most people, including Axis leaders, realize.

In preparation for this coming June’s event in the Central Pacific, I am re-reading Paschall & Tully’s “Shattered Sword, The Untold Story of the Battle of Midway.” At this time the Japanese are making their next set of plans, and Yamamoto is obsessed with bringing American fleet carriers out to the “decisive battle.” Paschall & Tully have pointed out that at this time, the Japanese margin of superiority in the war is really just two ships: Shokaku & Zuikaku, the two fleet carriers of Carrier Division 5. The Japanese won’t get another fleet carrier until Taiho is completed in 1944, but they know America is building at least 11 Essex class carriers right now. The fleet striking force of Kido Butai’s six carriers is Japan’s one and only strategic weapons system, and it’s numerical superiority will end in no more than two years. If that force is lost earlier, the Japanese will have lost their naval superiority which they can never again regain.

You’d think they would appreciate stuff like this....


11 posted on 04/13/2012 5:40:42 AM PDT by henkster (Wanted: Politicians willing to say "No" to people. No experience required.)
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To: CougarGA7
Great story in LIFE on Navy ace Butch O'Hare. He will be receiving the Medal of Honor from FDR in a few days.


12 posted on 04/13/2012 5:58:41 AM PDT by iowamark
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Washington Times: Dollittle Raid 70th Anniversary


13 posted on 04/13/2012 6:11:22 AM PDT by iowamark
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To: iowamark

Oops. Should read Doolittle.


14 posted on 04/13/2012 6:13:06 AM PDT by iowamark
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To: iowamark

Thanks, iowamark. I am really itching to watch all the videos at the link. The Washington Times did a good job with that. If you feel like posting this again on the 18th it would fit in with the day’s news and we might have some new readers.


15 posted on 04/13/2012 6:24:18 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

bump

I keep reminding myself that most Americans back then did not have a lot of access to information about aircraft and stuff that we have today. A lot of people likely knew next to nothing about the military technology. It probably made all of this even scarier.


16 posted on 04/13/2012 6:35:51 AM PDT by GeronL (The Right to Life came before the Right to Pursue Happiness)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Apparently before 1945 the term “United Nations” meant the WWII Allies.


17 posted on 04/13/2012 6:37:52 AM PDT by wideminded
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To: henkster
Better to fight a battle now (early 1942), when the Japanese Navy is at its strongest vis-a-vis the U.S. Navy, rather than wait for the United States economic power to kick in. By bad luck and bad planning the Japanese Navy got shattered at Midway, instead of some battle in late 1943 to early 1944.

Of course an even better idea would have been to not start the war in the Pacific at all. But the Japanese politicians at the top had already foreclosed that option.

18 posted on 04/13/2012 6:55:31 AM PDT by Cheburashka (It's legal to be out at night in spacesuits, even carrying a rag dolly. Cops hauled us in anyway.)
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To: magslinger

ping


19 posted on 04/13/2012 7:17:42 AM PDT by Vroomfondel
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

“Vice Admiral Robert L Ghormley, USN, is assigned as Commander-in-Chief South Pacific (COMSOPAC). He is to command all Allied base and local defence forces (land, sea, and air) in the South Pacific Islands, with the exception of New Zealand land defences. (Jack McKillop)”

He turned out to be a disaster as I recall...he pulled the Operation Watchtower task force away from Guadalcanal following the disaster of Savo Island (essentially leaving the newly-landed Marines to fend for themselves), and he radioed the Marines holding Henderson Field that they were authorized to discuss surrender if they thought it necessary.


20 posted on 04/13/2012 9:47:34 AM PDT by M1903A1 ("We shed all that is good and virtuous for that which is shoddy and sleazy... and call it progress")
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To: wideminded

That’s actually the origin for what would eventually become the UN. The allies were referred to as the United Nations and when FDR put together his proposal for the League of Nations II, he decided to use that reference for the name of the new world organization.


21 posted on 04/13/2012 10:14:23 AM PDT by CougarGA7 ("History is politics projected into the past" - Michael Pokrovski)
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To: henkster

I don’t see a downside to that. Who wouldn’t want to work out with Jane Russel?


22 posted on 04/13/2012 10:16:12 AM PDT by CougarGA7 ("History is politics projected into the past" - Michael Pokrovski)
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To: iowamark

I thought Butch died defending his carrier in the S.P., anyway- according to Bill Stern (radio sports show star)- Butch was the son of mob lawyer, to Al Capone.


23 posted on 04/13/2012 10:41:43 AM PDT by urtax$@work (The only kind of memorial is a Burning memorial !)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson; CougarGA7; henkster; iowamark
Headline: "Air Power in the War-III – 6"

Thanks for cluing me into the Hanson Baldwin articles.
His comments today on Air Power are particularly prescient.

Please note his frequent references to "future wars."
No nonsense about a "war to end all wars" from Baldwin, in 1942.

24 posted on 04/14/2012 5:14:32 AM PDT by BroJoeK (a little historical perspective....)
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To: henkster

I guess it is not always how many things you can break but how fast you can replace what is broke and have more breakers or weapons. The Allies were able to out produce there enemies while becoming very proficient at breaking things including their enemies will.


25 posted on 04/14/2012 6:17:12 AM PDT by vicar7 ("Polls are for strippers and cross-country skiers" Sarah Palin)
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To: henkster

Btw I really do appreciate Homer’s post find them very interesting even important. I look forward to them daily and search when I miss them.


26 posted on 04/14/2012 6:40:03 AM PDT by vicar7 ("Polls are for strippers and cross-country skiers" Sarah Palin)
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To: vicar7

The epitome of this is the construction of the American “Large Cruisers” of the Alaska class. They were beautiful ships, but had no real role in warfare when they were being commissioned in 1944. Why did we build them? Simple. Because we could.

Other nations like Britain and all the Axis powers scrounged their limited resources to try to build what they needed, and generally failed. The United States built whatever it wanted, including the Alaska class ships and atomic weapons, because we could.


27 posted on 04/14/2012 7:28:42 AM PDT by henkster (Wanted: Politicians willing to say "No" to people. No experience required.)
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