Free Republic
Browse · Search
General/Chat
Topics · Post Article

Skip to comments.

The oldest farming village in the Mediterranean islands is discovered in Cyprus
PhysOrg ^ | May 15, 2012 | CNRS

Posted on 05/15/2012 7:39:27 PM PDT by SunkenCiv

Previously it was believed that, due to the island's geographic isolation, the first Neolithic farming societies did not reach Cyprus until a thousand years after the birth of agriculture in the Middle East... However, the discovery of Klimonas, a village that dates from nearly 9000 years before Christ, proves that early cultivators migrated to Cyprus from the Middle Eastern continent shortly after the emergence of agriculture there, bringing with them wheat as well as dogs and cats...

The archaeologists have found a few votive offerings inside the building, including flint arrowheads and green stone beads. A great many remnants of other objects, including flint chips, stone tools and shell adornments, have been discovered in the village. The stone tools and the structures erected by these early villagers resemble those found at Neolithic sites from the same period on the nearby continent. Remains of carbonized seeds of local plants and grains introduced from the Levantine coasts (including emmer, one of the first Middle Eastern wheats) have also been found in Klimonas.

An analysis of the bone remains found on the site has revealed that the meat consumed by these villagers came from the hunting of a small wild boar indigenous to Cyprus (the only large game on the island at the time), and that small domestic dogs and cats had been introduced from the continent. This would indicate that these early farming societies migrated from the continent shortly after the emergence of agriculture there. In addition, their ability to move a whole group of people long distances shows that they had already mastered maritime navigation at the dawn of the Neolithic period.

The Klimonas site will be excavated until the end of May 2012, and a new round of excavations will begin in 2013.

(Excerpt) Read more at phys.org ...


TOPICS: History; Science; Travel
KEYWORDS: agriculture; animalhusbandry; cyprus; godsgravesglyphs; helixmakemineadouble; heyerdahl; huntergatherers; khirokitia; sturtmanning
The oldest farming village in the Mediterranean islands is discovered in Cyprus



The communal building in Klimonas partially excavated. It measures 10 m in diameter. Credit: J.-D. Vigne, CNRS-MNHN. This image is available from the CNRS photo library.




Small shell pendant left as an offering in the large communal building of Klimonas. Credit: J.-D. Vigne, CNRS-MNHN. This image is available from the CNRS photo library.

The oldest farming village in the Mediterranean islands is discovered in Cyprus

1 posted on 05/15/2012 7:39:37 PM PDT by SunkenCiv
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

Archaeologists uncover early Neolithic activity on Cyprus
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/chat/2620214/posts


2 posted on 05/15/2012 7:42:30 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (FReepathon 2Q time -- https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

To: StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; decimon; 1010RD; 21twelve; 24Karet; 2ndDivisionVet; ...

 GGG managers are SunkenCiv, StayAt HomeMother & Ernest_at_the_Beach
To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list.


3 posted on 05/15/2012 7:45:46 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (FReepathon 2Q time -- https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv

wheat?

Why would wheat be the first crop there? :p


4 posted on 05/15/2012 7:46:18 PM PDT by GeronL (The Right to Life came before the Right to Pursue Happiness)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 2 | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv

wheat?

Why would wheat be the first crop there? :p


5 posted on 05/15/2012 7:46:18 PM PDT by GeronL (The Right to Life came before the Right to Pursue Happiness)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 2 | View Replies]

To: GeronL

Maybe they didn’t like going against the grain.


6 posted on 05/15/2012 7:48:01 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (FReepathon 2Q time -- https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 4 | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv

The home of “squeaky cheese”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halloumi

I had hoped to go there some day


7 posted on 05/15/2012 7:49:21 PM PDT by mylife (The Roar Of The Masses Could Be Farts)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv


8 posted on 05/15/2012 7:52:40 PM PDT by garjog
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 2 | View Replies]

To: mylife

Sounds like a great reason to go!


9 posted on 05/15/2012 7:55:01 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (FReepathon 2Q time -- https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 7 | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv

Oh.

heh.

That is so bad.


10 posted on 05/15/2012 7:56:20 PM PDT by GeronL (The Right to Life came before the Right to Pursue Happiness)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 6 | View Replies]

To: GeronL

Furrow a FReeper, I’m not all that funny.


11 posted on 05/15/2012 8:06:05 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (FReepathon 2Q time -- https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 10 | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv

I have lots of friends who have been there.

The squeaky cheese is truly iconic of the place.
Lots of kabobs.

They call it squeaky cheese because it squeaks on your teeth even when it has been grilled over a fire.

They say the Roman ruins in Turkish held Cyprus are really cool.


12 posted on 05/15/2012 8:07:53 PM PDT by mylife (The Roar Of The Masses Could Be Farts)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 9 | View Replies]

To: mylife

Quite lovely pendant.


13 posted on 05/15/2012 9:16:36 PM PDT by Ciexyz
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 12 | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv
Maybe they didn’t like going against the grain.

Could be a lot of truth in that little pun.

It could be that the first settlers came from where wheat was first domesticated (Anatolia, I believe I read somewhere).

Wouldn't want to go against the grain if you only have one to go with.

14 posted on 05/15/2012 9:23:24 PM PDT by seowulf ("If you write a whole line of zeroes, it's still---nothing"...Kira Alexandrovna Argounova)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 6 | View Replies]

To: mylife

I’d like to visit both sides of the green line.


15 posted on 05/16/2012 2:22:30 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (FReepathon 2Q time -- https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 12 | View Replies]

Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.

Free Republic
Browse · Search
General/Chat
Topics · Post Article

FreeRepublic, LLC, PO BOX 9771, FRESNO, CA 93794
FreeRepublic.com is powered by software copyright 2000-2008 John Robinson