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100 Trillion Good Bacterias Are Living In Human Body: Report
iTech Post ^ | June 14, 2012 | Sarah Martinez

Posted on 06/15/2012 8:30:43 PM PDT by nickcarraway

Do you think bacteria, fungi and other microbes are harmful for your body? Discard the thought right away as a recent research has mapped and revealed that 100 trillion good bacteria are living in and on human body at every point of time and are contributing to good health.

The report presented on Wednesday was the result of a five-year, $173 million-worth US government initiative called the Human Microbiome Project which attempted to better examine bacteria, fungi and organisms - while all human bodies harbor trillions of bacteria but what they really are, how they differ from one person's body to another, how they coexist in harmony, play a significant role in digestion, synthesizing certain vitamins, forming immunity against disease-causing bacteria and more.

"Most of the time we live in harmony with them," said Eric Green, director of the National Human Genome Research Institute. But sometimes the harmony breaks down and we fall sick, cautioned Green.

The project, which was funded by the National Institutes of Health, involved 200 scientists at 80 institutions and bacteria taken from 242 healthy people and samples were taken from mouth, nose, skin, intestine and vagina. Researchers studied the DNA-sequencing machines used to map DNA in the Human Genome Project.

"This gives us a reference set of genes and microbes from healthy individuals," said James Servalovic, director of the Texas Children's Microbiome Center at Baylor College of Medicine and one of the researchers.

"This is really a new vista in biology," said Phillip Tarr, director of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition at Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis and one of the leaders of the Human Microbiome Project.

With the accomplishment, new avenues to research genetic predisposition will be open, believe scientists.

"It's likely this work will lead to new treatments for [the inflammatory bowel disorder] Crohn's disease, new treatments for diabetes and metabolic diseases, new treatments for even other diseases, like eczema," said Michael Fischbach to Wall Street Journal, a biologist at the University of California, San Francisco. Fischbach, however, was not part of the project.

Going ahead, scientists will do similar research sampling microbiomes of children, elderly and also Africans and South Americans. Diseased people will also be studied to discover how microbes play in maintaining health or causing disease.

The findings are published by Nature and the Public Library of Science.


TOPICS: Food; Health/Medicine; Science
KEYWORDS: bacteria; health; probiotics

1 posted on 06/15/2012 8:30:58 PM PDT by nickcarraway
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To: nickcarraway
K. I'm gonna need some rent money. I figure a penny each per month, and trillions of them turn into something I can use.

/johnny

2 posted on 06/15/2012 8:39:55 PM PDT by JRandomFreeper (Gone Galt)
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To: nickcarraway

However, it is always that one bad Bacteria that causes all the problems.


3 posted on 06/15/2012 8:42:52 PM PDT by doc1019 (Voting for the better of two evils is still voting for evil.)
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To: doc1019
Well now, the good bacteria keeps the bad bacteria away..When you sign on with the antibiotic regimen, that kills the good bacteria which once kept the bad away..
4 posted on 06/15/2012 8:52:20 PM PDT by hope
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To: nickcarraway

There are all sorts of twists and turns to this.

In the GI tract there are typically 300-1000 types of bacteria, of which around 30 occupy almost all the space and prevent blooms of other types. There are also a lot of other microorganisms, and a vast number of viruses, most of which are bacteriophages, because they attack bacteria.

A fetus has a fairly bacteria free GI tract, and they get their first big culture from their mother while being born and through her milk. For about two weeks after birth, they are still using residuals from their mother’s immune system to protect them as well, and this is when they develop their flora.

They keep this collection of microorganisms until they begin solid food, which creates a new intestinal flora very different from their first. This changes once or twice more in adapting to adult food and regional differences.

Importantly for a vast length of time there was another component to this mix: parasites. Our immune system and our flora both adapted to deal with parasites that modern man rarely has.

In turn, this may confuse our immune system which then attacks the body with any number of auto-immune diseases, from asthma to arthritis, Crohn’s disease to IBS.

Some medical researchers are now looking for the chemical signature of parasites, as it could trick a confused immune system like this into returning to normal.


5 posted on 06/15/2012 8:52:27 PM PDT by yefragetuwrabrumuy
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To: nickcarraway

The importance of maintaining a good balance of flora is already known. The Gut and Psychology Syndrome by Dr. Natasha Campbell-McBride(www.gapsdiet.com), Healing the Vicious Cycle by Elaine Gottschall. It is good to see this information making it to mainstream medicine.


6 posted on 06/15/2012 8:53:31 PM PDT by blackpacific
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To: nickcarraway

Think of your body like your front lawn. The good bacteria are the grass, and the bad bacteria are the weeds. If you take care of your lawn, cutting and watering it, the grass will mostly choke out the weeds. Same thing with your body, if you are living a healthy lifestyle.


7 posted on 06/15/2012 8:53:31 PM PDT by Boogieman
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To: nickcarraway

The importance of maintaining a good balance of flora is already known. The Gut and Psychology Syndrome by Dr. Natasha Campbell-McBride(www.gapsdiet.com), Healing the Vicious Cycle by Elaine Gottschall. It is good to see this information making it to mainstream medicine.


8 posted on 06/15/2012 8:53:44 PM PDT by blackpacific
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To: Boogieman
if you are living a healthy lifestyle.

Bwahahhaahahahaha. What? Hangonasecondgottagetabeerandcigarette...

/johnny

9 posted on 06/15/2012 8:57:58 PM PDT by JRandomFreeper (Gone Galt)
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To: nickcarraway; a fool in paradise; Slings and Arrows; Daffynition; JoeProBono
Kills the bad boy bacteria!


10 posted on 06/15/2012 8:58:33 PM PDT by Revolting cat! (Subvert the dominant paradise!)
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To: hope
Well now, the good bacteria keeps the bad bacteria away.

That is why so many people die of bacterial infections every day?

So, just so I understand, you are suggesting that we forgo all antibiotics?

Just as an aside ... a short term treatment of antibiotics to get rid of the bad bacteria, then a return to normal living without antibiotics seems to work in most cases. And has been working for all these many years. Better than the alternative.

11 posted on 06/15/2012 9:09:22 PM PDT by doc1019 (Voting for the better of two evils is still voting for evil.)
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To: doc1019
So many ways that you can boost your immune system to fight. Once you get on one regimen of antibiotics then all bets are off. One regimen of tetracyclomine will shut down your immune fighting system...If you are a frequent user of antibiotics you will have years of hurt. The key is to not take these in situations that really don't require them. There are so many immune building natural products to fight infections, both viral and bacterial...Antibiotic overuse is a sure kill..It is a suttle kill. Most infections begin in the colon, where the good bacteria is to fight infection..man made antibiotics destroy good bacteria along with the bad...I thankfully was taught this by my sons pediatrician years ago while fighting an inner ear infection that got way out of hand do to antibiotic overuse. It is in every case though. My father was over prescribed for infection of the lungs...he ended up with diverticulitis. A result for him of over subscribed antibiotics.
12 posted on 06/15/2012 9:28:54 PM PDT by hope
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To: JRandomFreeper

Well, a beer and a smoke won’t do too much to screw up your guts, I think. I had a problem a few years back because I just wasn’t eating right, not getting enough sleep, that kind of thing.

I tried handling it with a few different over-the-counter meds but after a few days of increasingly painful stomach cramps, I went to the hospital. The doctors couldn’t figure out what was wrong with me for 16 hours, and gave me no solid food, which just caused other problems. I noticed the stuff they gave me in an IV drip, which was just a different OTC med, immediately made my symptoms disappear. Finally some doc came back and told me I had an “irritated small intestine” and they wanted to hold me overnight and do a colonoscopy.

I said “no thanks”, got the same meds they were giving me at the drugstore, went home, and just made sure I ate better, getting a bit more fiber and some yoghurt in me. After a week, I never had the problem again.


13 posted on 06/15/2012 9:37:51 PM PDT by Boogieman
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To: hope

Not the fault of antibiotics, just the over subscription. Antibiotics have save more lives then any ‘natural’ remedy.

Penicillin is a great example ... how many lives would have been lost to venereal disease or how many lives would have been lost to bacterial infections during our many wars if it were not for penicillin?


14 posted on 06/15/2012 9:40:24 PM PDT by doc1019 (Voting for the better of two evils is still voting for evil.)
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To: nickcarraway

Well, they all most have held one heck of a party in my stomach last week. I felt the dancing all night long.

Bac Teria and his band of reknown performed, featuring a million instruments and voices in disharmony.

I’ve got to condo-out some of these guys in order to get some sleep.


15 posted on 06/15/2012 9:48:44 PM PDT by MadMax, the Grinning Reaper
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To: nickcarraway

Well, they all must have held one heck of a party in my stomach last week. I felt the dancing all night long.

Bac Teria and his band of reknown performed, featuring a million instruments and voices in disharmony.

I’ve got to condo-out some of these guys in order to get some sleep

typo fixed.


16 posted on 06/15/2012 9:49:38 PM PDT by MadMax, the Grinning Reaper
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To: doc1019

Yes, that’s the key..I don’t rule them out..just that the overuse has destroyed immunity in so many ways.


17 posted on 06/15/2012 9:50:14 PM PDT by hope
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To: hope

No argument here. I just don’t want to count them out as a help in our overall survival.


18 posted on 06/15/2012 9:53:08 PM PDT by doc1019 (Voting for the better of two evils is still voting for evil.)
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To: nickcarraway
"Bacterias"?

"Bacteria" is already the plural form - the singular form is "bacterium".

19 posted on 06/15/2012 9:54:04 PM PDT by reg45 (Barack 0bama: Implementing class warfare by having no class!)
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To: nickcarraway

And we have one bad one living in the white hut.


20 posted on 06/15/2012 10:14:30 PM PDT by crz
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To: crz

Ha, yep...a parasite that’s been treated with the wrong prescription!


21 posted on 06/15/2012 10:27:59 PM PDT by hope
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To: doc1019

First, Penicillin is ‘natural’, we just found a way to remake it in the laboratory, though most modern antibiotics are artificial.

But more importantly, with the newly emergent strains of antibiotic resistant bacteria, the existing class of antitbiotics might eventually become largely useless. And you might think, “Ah! The market will just make some more!” Alas, developing a new antibiotic seems to have a rapidly diminishing risk/reward and the rate of development of new antibiotics has been shrinking to zero. The trouble is that being lower lifeforms, bacteria evolve extremely rapidly, faster than the markets produce newer drugs. This might herald an entirely different mode of treatment, just like Penicillin heralded a massive shift in treatment of bacteria-induced diseases. There are in fact ‘natural’ alternatives like Bacteriophages (look them up).


22 posted on 06/15/2012 11:10:31 PM PDT by kroll
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To: nickcarraway

There is a reason you don’t want to bury your system constantly in anti-biotics, but only when you need them. You not only kill the bad stuff with anti-biotics, but the good stuff too.


23 posted on 06/15/2012 11:20:54 PM PDT by Freedom_Is_Not_Free (REPEAL OBAMACARE. Nothing else matters.)
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To: doc1019

As an added point, the issue is not about being natural or man-made, but about efficacy. How effective and safe is a given substance in attacking a particular disease? That needs to be established by double blind clinical testing. The trouble with what we normally refer to as ‘natural’ remedies is just that they have not been established which means we must assume that they don’t quite work. But there are lots of natural extracts that have directly been used in fighting diseases like Penicillin and Quinine (Malaria).


24 posted on 06/15/2012 11:35:03 PM PDT by kroll
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To: doc1019

Yeah. One bad microbe spoils it for the other ninety-nine trillion, nine hundred ninety-nine billion, nine hundred ninety-nine million, nine hundred ninety-nine thousand, nine hundred ninety-nine of them.


25 posted on 06/15/2012 11:46:12 PM PDT by Erasmus (BHO: New supreme leader of the homey rollin' empire.)
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To: nickcarraway

100 trillion minus 10...I just washed my hands.


26 posted on 06/16/2012 2:04:39 AM PDT by count-your-change (You don't have to be brilliant, not being stupid is enough.)
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To: nickcarraway

Ugh.


27 posted on 06/16/2012 2:39:48 AM PDT by Jack Hammer
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To: hope
Yes, that’s the key..I don’t rule them out..just that the overuse has destroyed immunity in so many ways.

Antibiotics do not affect the immune system. Taking them might kill off some of the "good" bacteria, which can, in some cases, leave you susceptible to an opportunistic infection like C. difficile.

If you want to avoid drugs that affect the immune system, avoid steroids. They suppress the immune system. If a physician prescribes them for a specific purpose, the benefit probably outweighs the risk, but otherwise...

28 posted on 06/16/2012 4:56:21 AM PDT by exDemMom (Now that I've finally accepted that I'm living a bad hair life, I'm more at peace with the world.)
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To: reg45

>> “Bacterias”? <<

Yep. Decent article, illiterate headline.


29 posted on 06/16/2012 5:02:38 AM PDT by Hawthorn
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To: kroll

>> bacteria evolve extremely rapidly, faster than the markets produce newer drugs <<

Yeah, but I submit that new drugs would be developed much faster if we didn’t have such a stupid regulatory regime at the FDA, and if we could have reasonable reforms of the tort laws.


30 posted on 06/16/2012 5:05:57 AM PDT by Hawthorn
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To: yefragetuwrabrumuy

For a particularly disturbing therapy, see:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fecal_bacteriotherapy


31 posted on 06/16/2012 5:23:09 AM PDT by Sherman Logan
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To: Sherman Logan
For a particularly disturbing therapy, see:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fecal_bacteriotherapy


I know someone whose relative had to do this because of a long-term infection with C. dificile. It worked.
32 posted on 06/16/2012 5:26:56 AM PDT by aruanan
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To: doc1019
However, it is always that one bad Bacteria that causes all the problems.

Bad bacteria triumph when good bacteria stand by and do nothing.
33 posted on 06/16/2012 5:29:27 AM PDT by aruanan
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To: aruanan

Did not say it wasn’t effective.

Said it was disturbing.

Brings to mine the curse, “Eat s*** and die.”

Or perhaps in this case live. :)


34 posted on 06/16/2012 5:36:25 AM PDT by Sherman Logan
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To: nickcarraway

I welcome our good bacteria overlords.


35 posted on 06/16/2012 5:41:41 AM PDT by Yardstick
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To: aruanan

LOL! Good one.


36 posted on 06/16/2012 7:20:52 AM PDT by doc1019 (Voting for the better of two evils is still voting for evil.)
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To: Sherman Logan

37 posted on 06/16/2012 7:29:36 AM PDT by TheCause ("that these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States")
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To: Sherman Logan

There are levels to disturbing. Fecal bacteriotherapy has quietly been around for years, done by pragmatic doctors who had run out of other options for patients with destroyed or fouled up flora.

It made the medical community as a whole, however, cringe. Much of this can be explained because during their early studies, medical students get huge blocks of study about pathogens, and most of them turn into bacteriophobes at almost a neurotic level, at some point. It is hard to overcome that, psychologically.

What may have tipped the balance in favor of “good bacteria” are the drug resistant strains that are quite common today. The first response is to sterilize everything, but that is ineffective, because the problem is not contamination, but caused by the overuse of antibiotics.

Most of us have *some* antibiotic resistant bacteria in our bodies right now. But the “good” bacteria keep them in check by taking up all the available space. But when, due to injury or sickness, radiation, chemotherapy or especially antibiotics damage or wipe out the vast majority of the “good” intestinal flora, the drug resistant bacteria have a population explosion. A small amount of those bacteria are relatively harmless, but a large amount can be very destructive, or deadly.

Hospitals that get hit with an epidemic of drug resistant bacteria almost certainly overuse antibiotics. While they desperately try to clean every surface, it does not reduce the epidemic one bit. What does work is putting strict controls on the use of antibiotics. Only permitting the use of a specific antibiotic against a known infection.

Even more dramatic is the discovery that some severe autoimmune diseases can be at least temporarily neutralized by giving the patient an infection of *parasites*.

There is a human parasite called a “human whipworm”, that used to be quite common. A similar whipworm, found only in pigs, cannot live in the human body for more than a week or two, but when given to a person with life threatening Crohn’s disease, quickly normalizes their immune system, if not permanently, then for a long time.

Likewise, severe, life threatening asthma can be treated with hookworm, which used to be endemic to America, but has almost been eradicated here.

So it is a functional, interactive triangle of the human immune system, the bacterial flora, and parasites.

But wait, there’s more!

Since the 1920s, I believe, medicine has known about bacteriophage viruses, viruses that attack certain bacteria strains. The assumption was that they could be used like antibiotics against infection. However, like antibiotic resistance, bacteria adapt to viral threats to protect themselves, and they do so even faster than they do for antibiotics. So bacteriophages can only be used in very strict circumstances, for a short time, and accompanied by antibiotics.

But back to the gross, and bacteriophobic.

Humans have a zone on their skin, from about knees to navel, front and back, called the “coliform zone”. On this skin, there is a dense layer of coliform (fecal) bacteria, with far more pathogenic bacteria in it than most elsewhere on the body.

This is why it is important to wash your hands after going to the bathroom. Not because you have urine or feces on your hands, though you might, but because you have been touching the skin of the coliform zone.

Coliform bacteria is so unique to a person that it is almost like a fingerprint. And having dozens or hundreds of unique bacteria causes a major problem when two people have sex. They exchange a huge number of foreign to them bacteria.

It is like a massive septic infection. Commonly, women who only have their native coliform culture are prone to “yeast infections” when they have sex with someone who has had many partners, resulting in a “super coliform culture”.

Such a person is like getting a hundred small infections all at once. Very taxing to the immune system. And it is also frequently confused with a venereal disease, making the young woman very unhappy.


38 posted on 06/16/2012 7:34:58 AM PDT by yefragetuwrabrumuy
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To: yefragetuwrabrumuy

Interesting.

However,I’d like to point out that not all coliform bacteria are in the fecal coliform group.

Most coliforms are found in soil and the general environment. Fecal coliforms are a subgroup.


39 posted on 06/16/2012 8:56:01 AM PDT by Sherman Logan
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To: nickcarraway; Revolting cat!; Slings and Arrows

Obama is lining up to give them the right to vote this election...


40 posted on 06/16/2012 8:57:13 AM PDT by a fool in paradise (The media ignored the 40th anniversary of Bill Ayers' Pentagon bombing but not Watergate. Ask Why.)
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To: Revolting cat!
A professor of chemistry wanted to teach his 5th grade class a lesson about the evils of liquor, so he produced an experiment that involved a glass of water, a glass of whiskey, and two worms.

"Now, class, closely observe the worms," said the professor while putting a worm into the water. The worm in the water writhed about, happy as a worm in water could be.

He then put the second worm into the whiskey. It curled up and writhed about painfully, then quickly sank to the bottom, dead as a doornail.

"Now, what lesson can we learn from this experiment?" the professor asked.

Lil' Johnny, who naturally sits in back, raised his hand and wisely, responded confidently, "Drink whiskey and you won't get worms!"

41 posted on 06/16/2012 9:02:43 AM PDT by a fool in paradise (The media ignored the 40th anniversary of Bill Ayers' Pentagon bombing but not Watergate. Ask Why.)
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To: Sherman Logan

I gather “coliform” is sometimes used, such as in medicine, as shorthand for coliform concentrations which contain other bacteria. By themselves, the coliform types are generally harmless, yet serve as an indicator of the likely presence of other bacteria, both harmless and pathogenic.

For example, health departments frequently test water for its level of coliform bacteria, beyond a certain concentration the assumption being that sewage or other source of contamination has been introduced.

Granted some forms of coliform bacteria, such as e. coli, can have dangerously pathogenic strains.


42 posted on 06/16/2012 9:41:20 AM PDT by yefragetuwrabrumuy
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To: Hawthorn
stupid regulatory regime at the FDA

It is stupid no doubt and also a bit behind the times. Take the example of the Bacteriophages that I was talking about - these are viruses which normally exist EVERYWHERE in nature and feed on bacteria. Since they are viruses, they evolve faster than the bacteria that they eat. Before penicillin was discovered, Phages were one of the treatments being considered for treatment of bacterial infections but they required a lot more understanding than what we did then (but do now). Unfortunately because they evolve so rapidly naturally, the FDA would treat each new strain of Phages as a new drug requiring an entire set of Phase - I-III trials. The FDA's regulatory regime is not prepared to compete with nature at the moment. Though its not a given that even with less regulation, antibiotics would work. Sometimes you actually need paradigm shifts.
43 posted on 06/16/2012 11:06:52 AM PDT by kroll
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