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Open Source Is Becoming a Military Necessity
The Street ^ | 17 August 2012 | Dana Blankenhorn

Posted on 08/18/2012 11:59:23 AM PDT by ShadowAce

One of the biggest lies told about open source is that it's insecure.

In letting just anyone use your code, that has to include the bad guys. They're bound to find a way to compromise it, the thinking goes.

But that's not the way it works in real life. Having every potential victim working on your neighborhood code watch turns out to deliver more security, not less.

Having everyone who might be the victim of an online break-in organized, finding bugs, writing and testing fixes, constantly improving security tools, works.

Don't believe me? Well, maybe you'll believe the National Security Agency or the Department of Homeland Security. The open source process works for them, too.

For a decade, one of the most popular intrusion prevention and detection systems has been Snort, created by Martin Roesch. But the company he built around that software, Sourcefire, only gives away the basic package. If you need extensions, if you want a more complete system, you have to pay. That code is controlled by Sourcefire.

There is nothing unusual in that. Many open-source businesses create free community and paid "enterprise" editions of their software. This is what Red Hat(RHT) is all about -- you can download Fedora Linux free or buy Red Hat Enterprise Linux. In both cases you get to see the code, but with the paid version you get the support needed to run it professionally.

But this model didn't work with Snort. The Department of Homeland Security, the military, and the NSA could not be "held hostage" to Sourcefire for improvements to the code, or for the specialized suite needed to protect the nation.

So the Department of Homeland Security got together with major contractors and formed their own open source project, the Open Information Security Foundation. OISF has its own intrusion system, called Suricata, whose syntax is based on Snort, so if you are accustomed to one you can use the other.

But Suricata will be a complete system, not just a "sniffer," as intrusion detection products are colloquially known. The whole Suricata suite will be open source. This process is now expanding, as I noted here at TheStreet.com on Monday.

In May, the National Security Agency co-hosted an Open Source Security Industry Day at a Johns Hopkins facility in Fort Meade, Md. As ZDNet's Steven J. Vaughan-Nichols reported, agency people described their needs for open source and urged suppliers to include open source in their offerings.

John Weathersby of the OSS-Institute, which is now affiliated with Georgia Tech in Atlanta, told me most of the day was devoted to small "breakout" sessions, where contractors answered hard, detailed questions put to them by key government customers. The affair wasn't just a series of sales pitches, he said. It was the first step in a negotiation.

Among the open source projects the NSA supports is Security Enhanced Linux (SE-Linux), for which it has developed an access control module called Flask, hosted at the University of Utah. Open source and security, in other words, do go together.

Open source can only provide tools. Procedures are also needed to assure that people maintain security. So the Cloud Security Alliance offers an integrated stack of such procedures, called the GRC Stack. GRC stands for Governance, Risk management and Compliance. This is maintained in an open process with the support of both contractors and software vendors.

Point is, open source and security do mix. They mix well. With more businesses moving toward cloud technology, much of it based on open source software, they are going to be doing a lot more mixing.


TOPICS: Computers/Internet
KEYWORDS: linux; security
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1 posted on 08/18/2012 11:59:28 AM PDT by ShadowAce
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To: rdb3; Calvinist_Dark_Lord; Salo; JosephW; Only1choice____Freedom; amigatec; stylin_geek; ...

2 posted on 08/18/2012 12:00:12 PM PDT by ShadowAce (Linux -- The Ultimate Windows Service Pack)
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To: ShadowAce
Security = 1/convenience.

/johnny

3 posted on 08/18/2012 12:05:49 PM PDT by JRandomFreeper (Gone Galt)
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To: JRandomFreeper

The formula "security = 1 / convenience" is a formula I can understand. What I don't understand is what the advantages are to moving an organization's date "to the cloud" where hands unknown have access to it. I've heard people say "you don't have to invest in bandwidth or the knowledge base to maintain the systems". But that seems more like an excuse to be "dumb and lazy" as a company at the risk of leaking company information. Why the push to centralize to cloud locations rather than remaining distributed?


4 posted on 08/18/2012 12:49:31 PM PDT by so_real ( "The Congress of the United States recommends and approves the Holy Bible for use in all schools.")
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To: so_real
Got me. I have no clue why handing over the crown jewels of any company to some 'cloud' seems to make sense to some management types.

I expect to see some pretty bloody reprisals after the first multi-million dollar loss of data in the 'cloud'.

/johnny

5 posted on 08/18/2012 12:55:39 PM PDT by JRandomFreeper (Gone Galt)
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To: so_real

“Why the push to centralize to cloud locations rather than remaining distributed?”

I’ll claim ignorance here, but I thought “the cloud” was the definition of distributed computing and data management.

Various futurists have been arguing that the value of data is rapidly approaching zero during this age of accelerating change and ubiquitous information access. Put another way, the half life of a good idea is getting shorter and shorter. Business models based on husbanding data as if it has value (the crown jewels) are going to fade away and be replaced by business models built on the concept of exploiting new and publicly available data more rapidly than your peers.

I fear that if these predictions are true, the U.S. government and its love of classified data will fail to compete with faster governments not married to protecting mountains of information or data. Many of our larger businesses could follow suit.

We live in interesting times.


6 posted on 08/18/2012 1:40:51 PM PDT by LaserJock
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To: JRandomFreeper
Slight modification:

Security = (1/convenience)*(RND(10)-1) Where RND(10) is a function that generates a random # from 1 to 10. In other words. Increasing, inconvenience may or may not increase security. For example. Maxwell Smart has to go through 10 sets of automoatic doors, followed by dialing the correct number in a phone booth before he can enter CONTROL headquarters. But if he left a window open, the doors and phone booth provide zero protection against enemy infiltration. Password routines so complex that users resort to placing sticky notes on or under their keyboards show the "Laffer curve" of secure passwords. At some point you get worse results, not better.
7 posted on 08/18/2012 1:50:46 PM PDT by Dr. Sivana ("I love to hear you talk talk talk, but I hate what I hear you say."-Del Shannon)
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To: LaserJock

You are exactly correct...the value of data is plummeting. As we trend towards perfect information, it seems like markets will begin to correct instantly almost removing short term profit takers and liquidity from the markets.

As consumers increasingly use engines like amazon and google products, retailers will continue to die off and the profit model will continue to be destroyed.

I don’t know where it all ends. Combine this with the automation trend it seems we in a negative feedback loop that doesn’t have an obvious solution. I don’t know what happens when there are just no jobs and no ways for 80% of the population to make any money.


8 posted on 08/18/2012 1:50:59 PM PDT by willyd
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To: willyd
I see what you're saying, but I'm a bit more optimistic. I think profit making opportunities will proliferate in this new world. They'll just be brief. Agility will be the key to long term success. It may be that we're seeing the beginning of the end of the age of great empires - nations as well as businesses. The age of the empowered individual or small team is emerging. If this is true, then nations filled with industrious people who value personal responsibility will prosper. This could be very good for the U.S. - if we don't let government infantalize us first!
9 posted on 08/18/2012 1:59:01 PM PDT by LaserJock
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To: ShadowAce
So the Department of Homeland Security got together with major contractors and formed their own open source project

DykeNet?

10 posted on 08/18/2012 2:25:37 PM PDT by montag813
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To: LaserJock

The way it was explained to me, is that the cloud is everywhere. You put your data in the cloud, and it is stored on any number of physical machines, in any number of countries, so you never have to worry about a disk failure losing it, or a segment of the network going down making it unavailable. That sounds great until you wonder who has access to it. Do you really want your competitors to know who your vendors are? the names of your most productive sales people? the target objectives for your next sales campaign or media blitz? etc, etc. I don't have a problem with library and audio visual material being ubiquitous. But there are just some things better kept under lock and key.


11 posted on 08/18/2012 2:46:01 PM PDT by so_real ( "The Congress of the United States recommends and approves the Holy Bible for use in all schools.")
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To: so_real
“But there are just some things better kept under lock and key.”

I agree. Even in a full-on information age, there will be a need to protect some data. I'm thinking it's a tiny amount though.

12 posted on 08/18/2012 3:12:53 PM PDT by LaserJock
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Donate here!


FReepers who believe in and support our pro-life, pro-family, pro-limited government conservative causes, enjoy reading and participating on FR, think it's a worthwhile endeavor and would like to help us keep it going.
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13 posted on 08/18/2012 3:13:00 PM PDT by RedMDer (https://support.woundedwarriorproject.org/default.aspx?tsid=93destr)
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To: JRandomFreeper

14 posted on 08/18/2012 3:15:08 PM PDT by wally_bert (There are no winners in a game of losers. I'm Tommy Joyce, welcome to the Oriental Lounge.)
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To: RedMDer

Already posted


15 posted on 08/18/2012 3:22:11 PM PDT by don-o (He will not share His glory and He will NOT be mocked! Blessed be the name of the Lord forever.)
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To: don-o

Knock it off!


16 posted on 08/18/2012 3:37:05 PM PDT by Jim Robinson (Resistance to tyrants is obedience to God!!)
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To: Jim Robinson

Knock off commenting on the thread spam which you used to forbid?

Knock THAT off?


17 posted on 08/18/2012 3:52:47 PM PDT by don-o (He will not share His glory and He will NOT be mocked! Blessed be the name of the Lord forever.)
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To: don-o; RedMDer

RedMDer’s posts are not spam. He’s helping tremendously with our FReepathon and I appreciate it very much.


18 posted on 08/18/2012 3:55:34 PM PDT by Jim Robinson (Resistance to tyrants is obedience to God!!)
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To: don-o; RedMDer

Look, if we had to go to commercial advertising to pay for this site, you’d probably see several with every click. They only raise a tiny fraction of a cent per impression.


19 posted on 08/18/2012 3:57:57 PM PDT by Jim Robinson (Resistance to tyrants is obedience to God!!)
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To: Jim Robinson

Thanks Boss.


20 posted on 08/18/2012 4:00:06 PM PDT by RedMDer (https://support.woundedwarriorproject.org/default.aspx?tsid=93destr)
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To: Jim Robinson; RedMDer

He’s an incredible, wonderful, hard working member of our FReepathon team. :)


21 posted on 08/18/2012 4:04:17 PM PDT by trisham (Zen is not easy. It takes effort to attain nothingness. And then what do you have? Bupkis.)
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To: Jim Robinson

Which is why I’ve been a monthly donor since a few months after I signed up. I question the value of the (not) spam. Just my opinion.


22 posted on 08/18/2012 4:04:58 PM PDT by don-o (He will not share His glory and He will NOT be mocked! Blessed be the name of the Lord forever.)
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To: trisham; Jim Robinson

23 posted on 08/18/2012 4:06:31 PM PDT by RedMDer (https://support.woundedwarriorproject.org/default.aspx?tsid=93destr)
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To: RedMDer

It’s all true. :)


24 posted on 08/18/2012 4:10:00 PM PDT by trisham (Zen is not easy. It takes effort to attain nothingness. And then what do you have? Bupkis.)
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To: don-o

Well, thank you very much, but in MY opinion, the reminders on the threads help tremendously.


25 posted on 08/18/2012 4:11:15 PM PDT by Jim Robinson (Resistance to tyrants is obedience to God!!)
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To: don-o; onyx; trisham; TheOldLady; DJ MacWoW; JoeProBono; RedMDer; musicman; Lady Jag; MEG33; ...

And I’m extremely grateful for our FReepathon team who work tirelessly to keep these fundraisers moving, especially during slow days like today. Thank you ALL very much!!


26 posted on 08/18/2012 4:14:57 PM PDT by Jim Robinson (Resistance to tyrants is obedience to God!!)
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To: so_real
What I don't understand is what the advantages are to moving an organization's data "to the cloud" where hands unknown have access to it.

Companies increasingly outsource their IT to foreigners so they don't really care. It's all about price. A virtual data center of 100 servers can be created in the cloud in 2 days, while the track record in many IT shops is 2 months to provision a single physical server. The price of cloud computing is amazingly dirt cheap. Eventually companies will move to inhouse or more local cloud infrastructure.

Here's an intro to Amazon web services: http://aws.amazon.com/resources/webinars/

27 posted on 08/18/2012 4:31:42 PM PDT by Reeses (An optimist believes the Republicans nominated their best. A pessimist knows they did.)
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To: Jim Robinson; onyx; RedMDer; TheOldLady; Lady Jag; deoetdoctrinae; STARWISE; musicman; moose07; ...

Thank you for Free Republic, Jim.


28 posted on 08/18/2012 4:32:54 PM PDT by trisham (Zen is not easy. It takes effort to attain nothingness. And then what do you have? Bupkis.)
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To: Jim Robinson; RedMDer; don-o; trisham

Thank you very much, dearest Jim. As it happens, RedMDer works harder than anyone, and he holds the full time job! Talk about dedication, RedMDer is his name. I might add, his creations are some of our very best.


29 posted on 08/18/2012 4:33:30 PM PDT by onyx (FREE REPUBLIC IS HERE TO STAY! DONATE MONTHLY! IF YOU WANT ON SARAH PALIN''S PING LIST, LET ME KNOW)
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To: trisham; Jim Robinson; onyx

Dittos!


30 posted on 08/18/2012 4:38:12 PM PDT by RedMDer (https://support.woundedwarriorproject.org/default.aspx?tsid=93destr)
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To: RedMDer
Thank You for your hard work on these FReepathon threads, RedMDer, as well as all the other regulars.

It's appreciated by many and myself!

31 posted on 08/18/2012 4:39:39 PM PDT by jazusamo ("Intellect is not wisdom" -- Thomas Sowell)
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To: jazusamo

Thank You for that and for your dedication, hard work, donations and thoughtful informative posts as well.


32 posted on 08/18/2012 4:44:01 PM PDT by RedMDer (https://support.woundedwarriorproject.org/default.aspx?tsid=93destr)
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To: Reeses

We’ve been huge users of cloud based technology for a very long time. I can remember working for weeks and months on systems designs back in the 70’s and 80’s and we’d develope huge complex flow charts with boxes and circles and arrows pointing every which way. But there was always one cloud shaped symbol on the most critical systems chart that was labeled, and then a miracle happens here.


33 posted on 08/18/2012 4:55:01 PM PDT by Jim Robinson (Resistance to tyrants is obedience to God!!)
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To: Jim Robinson

34 posted on 08/18/2012 5:27:52 PM PDT by deoetdoctrinae (Gun free zones are playgrounds for felons.)
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To: Jim Robinson
Thank you, Jim Robinson, for sponsoring the best Conservative site on the world-wide-web. It is, and we appreciate it and you with our support and our contributions.


Click The Pic

35 posted on 08/18/2012 5:49:32 PM PDT by vox_freedom (America is being tested as never before in its history. May God help us.)
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To: Jim Robinson; RedMDer
Grateful thanks to all the FR team for their work to raise the contributions that keep FreeRepublic going.

I don't mind the prompts and graphics in the threads during a FReepathon, not one bit. To me they're a reminder:

FREEDOM IS NOT FREE.

NEITHER IS A GREAT WEBSITE!

That's why I became a monthly donor myself some way back. Just want to do my little part.

God Bless America, and God Bless the Free Republic team who is working to keep her free!

36 posted on 08/18/2012 5:51:59 PM PDT by dayglored (Listen, strange women lying in ponds distributing swords is no basis for a system of government!)
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To: onyx; All

Information in the cloud or wherever it is: Yesterday, I put my name in search and up came all this information on me. I then put in my friend’s name, and lots of info. came up on him and his wife’s name was also there. They can turn their computers on and send email, but they don’t know how to use the internet. For instance, someone gave him a Kindle one Christmas and he didn’t use it for a year until I visited them so I could connect it to Amazon for him. Yet, there is all this information on him on the net.

My name has a facebook acct. but I don’t write there and have no picture there. Have never done twitter at all.

Working in the Republican Party or other political organizations will get your name on the web even if you don’t put it there (like me).

What I am saying, is, if you are alive and take any action at all, information about you will be on the web.

I really don’t like that and I can’t get that info. off there.


37 posted on 08/18/2012 5:53:29 PM PDT by Marcella (PREPARE)
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To: don-o; I_be_tc; onyx; trisham; TheOldLady; DJ MacWoW; JoeProBono; RedMDer; musicman; Lady Jag; ...

Don-o, we appreciate you and all of our monthly donors and ALL of our donors very, very much. FR could not survive without your loyal support.

But here’s what’s happening. We have about 800 loyal monthly donors who contribute a good portion of our funding needs. And then another 1500-1600 donors who make up the rest. And many of our monthly or regular donors end up donating twice or more during the FReepathons too.

And the FReepathons are taking longer to complete. And for many reasons. One is the economy. Many of our members have had to cut back on expenses just to get by. Another is lack of enthusiasm. As the godless liberals take more and more control over our government and our society, and as the Republican party continues failing to slow it down, and worse are actually becoming part of the problem, our members are getting discouraged.

And the members who are not super pissed at the Republicans lack of ability to get the job done, get super pissed at me for no longer supporting the obviously failing, ineffective RINO candidates.

So, even though we’ve always been able to raise the funds we need, it’s taking longer to do so. Out of the 200,000 or more people who visit FR every day, sometimes many times a day, we have less than 2% of them who actually donate to help keep the site going.

It does get very discouraging at times. This fundraiser happens to be running a couple days ahead of the pace set by the prior fundraisers this year, and I hope the pace continues.

We’re getting real close to the yellow right now and then we’ll be on the home stretch. The “300 FReepers with $50 challenge” issued by I_be_tc last week was hugely successful and I suspect the next batch of checks received at the PO Box will have several more of those. When Amy next picks up at the PO Box, it’ll be the first batch received since that challenge was issued.

God bless our monthly, dollar-a-day, and mail-in donors. When we process their batches of contributions as received, they keep our FReepathons bumping along nicely.

And the efforts of our dedicated FReepathon teams on the threads help urge new members to become donors. If more of our members who use and enjoy FR daily would help support the site, these fundraisers wouldn’t take so long.

Plus, we have the New Monthly Donor campaign going strong. TheOldLady and her team of generous NMD Sponsors and our dedicated FReepathon teams are doing a terrific job of keeping the number of monthly donors from falling off as discouraged people drop out of that program.

So, please do not give our hard working FReepathon team members a hard time. As I said, if we had to depend on commercial advertising, we’d probably have to have 5 or 6 ads on every page. And that would be 24/7, 365 days per year.

And commercial advertising is very intrusive. I’m noticing lately that when I visit news sites and the blogs that are posted here I’m seeing more and more ads that are personally aimed directly at me. I’m noticing that if I search for something on google, or look at something on Amazon, etc, they’re placing tracking cookies on my computer and whenever I visit news sites or blogs, even the friendly conservative sites, I’m getting ads for the products I just viewed.

Now, a lot of people are not going to like that. They’re going to turn off the cookies or find ways to block the ads in the first place, then the revenue falls off. And don’t even want to talk about the demands the advertisers will put on us regarding content and commentary. Chick-Fil-A, anyone?

It’s a never ending vicious cycle. Thank God for our loyal FReepers!!


38 posted on 08/18/2012 5:53:56 PM PDT by Jim Robinson (Resistance to tyrants is obedience to God!!)
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To: Jim Robinson

OK Jim, I am mailing you a check for $50.


39 posted on 08/18/2012 5:58:37 PM PDT by Ditter
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To: dayglored

Thank you very much, dayglored!!


40 posted on 08/18/2012 6:00:01 PM PDT by Jim Robinson (Resistance to tyrants is obedience to God!!)
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To: vox_freedom

Thank you very much, vox_freedom!!


41 posted on 08/18/2012 6:00:53 PM PDT by Jim Robinson (Resistance to tyrants is obedience to God!!)
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To: Jim Robinson; TheOldLady; onyx; All

Thank you and your team for their very hard work and thanks
for keeping this site ad-free. Facebook ads annoy the heck
outta me!

Keep the faith! FReeRepublic will survive and become stronger!


42 posted on 08/18/2012 6:01:13 PM PDT by LUV W (Debating the foolish brings no benefit.)
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To: Ditter; I_be_tc

Woo hoo!! Thank you very much, Ditter!!


43 posted on 08/18/2012 6:05:41 PM PDT by Jim Robinson (Resistance to tyrants is obedience to God!!)
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To: Jim Robinson

Jim, I only wish I could give more. If I could invest in some securities and have the gains each month go straight to you, I’d do it in a heartbeat. I’m changing jobs and living arrangements in the next few weeks - when the dust settles, maybe I can ratchet things up.


44 posted on 08/18/2012 6:09:11 PM PDT by arderkrag (ABOs are Romneybot trolls. LOOKING FOR ROLEPLAYERS. Check Profile.)
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To: RedMDer
B T T T ! ! ! ©

45 posted on 08/18/2012 6:11:12 PM PDT by vox_freedom (America is being tested as never before in its history. May God help us.)
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To: Jim Robinson; onyx; TheOldLady; DJ MacWoW; trisham; musicman; The Cajun; JoeProBono; Lady Jag; ...

The Place for Conservatives
Why Donate?
Free Republic is funded solely by contributions made by liberty loving grassroots conservatives like you who enjoy and use it. We take no money from and are not beholden to outsiders or corporate string pullers or party king makers.
We are
Beholden to no one!



46 posted on 08/18/2012 6:11:42 PM PDT by RedMDer (https://support.woundedwarriorproject.org/default.aspx?tsid=93destr)
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To: Marcella

That’s the down side of the Internet. It hurts. Personal privacy is lost.

God bless and keep you, dearest Marcella. You’re the very best.


47 posted on 08/18/2012 6:12:13 PM PDT by onyx (FREE REPUBLIC IS HERE TO STAY! DONATE MONTHLY! IF YOU WANT ON SARAH PALIN''S PING LIST, LET ME KNOW)
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To: LUV W

Thank you very much, LUV W!!


48 posted on 08/18/2012 6:13:54 PM PDT by Jim Robinson (Resistance to tyrants is obedience to God!!)
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To: arderkrag

Thank you very much, arderkrag! Good luck and God bless.


49 posted on 08/18/2012 6:15:25 PM PDT by Jim Robinson (Resistance to tyrants is obedience to God!!)
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To: Jim Robinson; don-o; I_be_tc; RedMDer; trisham; TheOldLady; DJ MacWoW; STARWISE; Lady Jag; ...
Thanks very much again dearest Jim, for Free Republic, and now for your explanation (again) of our FReepathon's length of time, which your fabulous team doesn't mind at all, because we know our endeavor is totally worthy!!

I'm also including our very generous FReeper New Monthly Donor sponsors in my ping and hope I haven't omitted anyone, knowing my faulty memory for such matters, along with some very loyal members who always bump our threads and donate extra every FReepathon.


50 posted on 08/18/2012 6:29:25 PM PDT by onyx (FREE REPUBLIC IS HERE TO STAY! DONATE MONTHLY! IF YOU WANT ON SARAH PALIN''S PING LIST, LET ME KNOW)
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