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Roman military camp dating back to the conquest of Gaul throws light on a part of world history
Institute of Pre- and Protohistory ^ | Friday, September 14, 2012 | Dr. Sabine Hornung

Posted on 09/15/2012 7:36:07 PM PDT by SunkenCiv

In the vicinity of Hermeskeil, a small town some 30 kilometers southeast of the city of Trier in the Hunsrueck region in the German federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate, archaeologists from Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) have confirmed the location of the oldest Roman military fortification known in Germany to date. These findings shed new light on the Roman conquest of Gaul. The camp was presumably built during Julius Caesars’ Gallic War in the late 50s B.C. Nearby lies a late Celtic settlement with monumental fortifications known as the "Hunnenring" or "Circle of the Huns," which functioned as one of the major centers of the local Celtic tribe called Treveri. Their territory is situated in the mountainous regions between the Rhine and Maas rivers...

The special historical significance of the Hermeskeil military camp lies in its relationship to the neighboring Treveran settlement "Hunnenring". Based on the findings of their recent excavations, Hornung and her team were able to confirm that this settlement was abandoned by its inhabitants around the middle of the 1st century B.C. Before the identification of the camp near Hermeskeil, however, it was only possible to speculate that this abandonment had had something to do with the Gallic War. In his "De Bello Gallico," Julius Caesar reported that the tribe of the Treveri was split into anti-Roman and pro-Roman factions. The anti-Roman faction, led by the aristocrat Indutiomarus and his relatives, fomented unrest that resulted in Roman reprisals in 54/53 B.C. and 51 B.C., over the course of which the Treveran resistance to the invaders was broken. The discoveries near Hermeskeil have potentially provided the first direct archaeological evidence for this dramatic episode in world history.

(Excerpt) Read more at uni-mainz.de ...


TOPICS: History; Science; Travel
KEYWORDS: france; germany; godsgravesglyphs; romanempire
View of the gateway paving stones with a shoe nail between the stones

Roman military camp dating back to the conquest of Gaul throws light on a part of world history

1 posted on 09/15/2012 7:36:15 PM PDT by SunkenCiv
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To: SunkenCiv

ping


2 posted on 09/15/2012 7:40:57 PM PDT by dalebert
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To: SunkenCiv

I saw a History channel show about the conquest of Gaul, the Romans would be seen as evil today.


3 posted on 09/15/2012 7:41:55 PM PDT by GeronL (The Right to Life came before the Right to Pursue Happiness)
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To: StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; decimon; 1010RD; 21twelve; 24Karet; 2ndDivisionVet; ...

 GGG managers are SunkenCiv, StayAt HomeMother & Ernest_at_the_Beach
To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list.


4 posted on 09/15/2012 7:42:34 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: GeronL
Apart from the sanitation, medicine, education, wine, public order, irrigation, roads, the fresh water system and public health, what have the Romans ever done for us?

--Reg
People's Front of Judea

5 posted on 09/15/2012 7:50:35 PM PDT by ExGeeEye (Wait a minute! Romney doesn't suck? I'm trying to keep up.)
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To: SunkenCiv

Vercingetorix lives!


6 posted on 09/15/2012 7:53:07 PM PDT by Standing Wolf
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To: ExGeeEye

lol.


7 posted on 09/15/2012 7:53:25 PM PDT by GeronL (The Right to Life came before the Right to Pursue Happiness)
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To: GeronL

Heh... the Gauls would also be seen as evil... and the Etruscans... and the Carthaginians... and the Greeks... and the Persians...


8 posted on 09/15/2012 7:59:31 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: SunkenCiv

Gallia Est Omnis Divisa in Partes Tres

(about the only thing I remember from my Latin classes)


9 posted on 09/15/2012 8:02:14 PM PDT by smokingfrog ( sleep with one eye open (<o> ---)
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To: smokingfrog

Heh... that’s in reference to post-Roman Gaul, upon the death of Charlemagne.


10 posted on 09/15/2012 8:07:29 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: smokingfrog

theres also the ever popular “sum, es, est, sumus, estis, sunt”..


11 posted on 09/15/2012 8:08:01 PM PDT by RitchieAprile
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To: SunkenCiv

Bring it, Chianti drinkers.

12 posted on 09/15/2012 8:19:26 PM PDT by SnuffaBolshevik (In a tornado, even turkeys can fly.)
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To: SunkenCiv

Reminds me of the “Asterix and Obelix” comic books... those were fun.


13 posted on 09/15/2012 8:24:59 PM PDT by Moorings
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To: SunkenCiv

Paving stones are important to the curb appeal of a home. The shoe nail needs to go.......sand would work better. I’m going to go out on a limb here, sunkenciv, but I estimate that a young barbarian couple would be willing to pay........20 cows for this charming rancher that really shows pride of ownership!


14 posted on 09/15/2012 8:35:02 PM PDT by blueunicorn6 ("A crack shot and a good dancer")
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To: SunkenCiv

Great PX they got there at that Roman military camp.....

“Whaddya got to drink?”

“Shoe nails.”

“Better’n rocks, I guess. Gimme a six-pack of shoe nails.”


15 posted on 09/15/2012 8:39:31 PM PDT by blueunicorn6 ("A crack shot and a good dancer")
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To: SunkenCiv

I guess it was standard military practice to slaughter entire cities, not just the Romans.


16 posted on 09/15/2012 8:45:44 PM PDT by GeronL (The Right to Life came before the Right to Pursue Happiness)
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To: GeronL
"I guess it was standard military practice to slaughter entire cities, not just the Romans."

I think the Romans usually tried to avoid that kind of waste. Julius Caesar sold thousands of Gauls into slavery after the battle of Alesia and became extremely wealthy because of it.

17 posted on 09/15/2012 8:59:29 PM PDT by Flag_This (Real presidents don't bow.)
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To: SunkenCiv

Gallia est omnis divisa in partes tres


18 posted on 09/15/2012 9:25:08 PM PDT by Pelham (Liberate the White House)
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To: RitchieAprile

Semper Ubi Sub Ubi.


19 posted on 09/15/2012 9:26:49 PM PDT by Pelham (Liberate the White House)
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To: Pelham

good advice.


20 posted on 09/15/2012 9:32:09 PM PDT by RitchieAprile
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To: smokingfrog; GeronL
about the only thing I remember from my Latin classes

Careful, or you will be forced to post Romani Ite Domum 100 times before sunrise.


21 posted on 09/15/2012 10:17:38 PM PDT by Pilsner
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To: GeronL

There was often a lot of bloodshed, back then, they weren’t all gumdrops trees and sugarplums as conquerors are today. :’) However, most people inside a siege were not fighters, they’re just home having a cookout when the whole thing started, and they didn’t usually have a summer place to go to and lay low for a while. IOW, people would surrender when the walls were breached.

It wasn’t unheard of for fortified cities to just bag it and invite the conqueror in, y’know, if it appeared that the invading army was enormous and had siege equipment, or the crops were still in the field (that’s a good time to go be a bloodthirsty conqueror), or the menfolk were away (military operation, or more likely just out doing something related to food, herding, or trading).

The Assyrians would just march right in, and after the city either surrendered or was taken by force, they’d levy an annual tribute. The tribute would be used in part to pay off the financing for their own conquest, which is kinda rude, really. The longer a town resisted, the more expensive it was for the Assyrians, so the tribute would be higher. That made it more likely that the town wouldn’t be able to come up with the money, and they’d just say, screw ‘em. So the Assyrians would have to go back.

The Assyrian army was unlike most great empires in that it retained what Jimmy Carter would call its ethnic purity. They persisted for a long, long while, marching all over the Near East, into N Africa, Anatolia, and perhaps as far north as the Crimea. Some of the later Assyrian kings didn’t spend a lot of time besieging a city, and just brought overwhelming force to break the place in a matter of days. That saved a lot of marching later.

Of course, there weren’t that many people sad to see them go when the Babylonians, Scythians, and Medes joined forces and stormed and sacked Nineveh.


22 posted on 09/16/2012 6:47:57 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: SnuffaBolshevik

:’)


23 posted on 09/16/2012 6:48:13 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: Standing Wolf; Moorings

Shaw (I think it was) had Caesar say, “would that he were a Roman” about Vercingetorix; the HBO series “Rome” had the V-man killed in Caesar’s triumphal parade. The real guy wound up living out his life on a pension, in Rome.

BTW, if I had a time machine that flies, I’d go back to get aerial views of the Battle of Alesia, a siege within a siege.


24 posted on 09/16/2012 7:02:48 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: smokingfrog

“All Gaul is divided into three parts...”


25 posted on 09/16/2012 7:21:02 AM PDT by ops33 (Senior Master Sergeant, USAF (Retired))
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To: Pelham

But “where”?


26 posted on 09/17/2012 4:12:25 AM PDT by 1010RD (First, Do No Harm)
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