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NAZISí STALINGRAD CHIEF CAPTURED, ONE OF LAST 2 POCKETS WIPED OUT (2/1/43)
Microfilm-New York Times archives, Monterey Public Library | 2/1/43 | Drew Middleton, Robert Trumbull, Olin Downes

Posted on 02/01/2013 4:55:17 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson

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TOPICS: History
KEYWORDS: milhist; realtime; worldwarii
Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
Reading assignment: New York Times articles delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
1 posted on 02/01/2013 4:55:26 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
North Africa, 1941: Pursuit to Tunisia, November 1942-February 1943
Tunisia 1942: Axis Initiative-Situation 14 February 1943, and Operations Since 1 January
Southwest Russia, 1942: Soviet Winter Offensive, Operations, 13 December 1942-18 February 1943
The Far East and the Pacific, 1941: Status of Forces and Allied Theater Boundaries, 2 July 1942
India-Burma, 1942: Allied Lines of Communication, 1942-1943
2 posted on 02/01/2013 4:56:00 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Continued from January 14.

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John Toland, The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936-1945

3 posted on 02/01/2013 4:57:11 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
16 Generals Taken – 2
French Line Yields (Middleton) – 3-4
U.S. Captive on Italian Submarine Sunk by British, Tells of Rescue – 4
Doenitz Pledges U-Boat Warfare Backed by Total Nazi Sea Power – 5
War News Summarized – 5
Knox Bombed in Pacific Trip; Americans ‘Masters’ There (Trumbull) – 6-7
Curbs on Negroes Laid to Air Forces – 7-8
Toscanini Changes Verdi’s Line in Hymn to Read ‘Italy Betrayed’ (Downes) – 8
Presentation of Poetry Award – 9
The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 10-12
4 posted on 02/01/2013 4:59:58 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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Comment #5 Removed by Moderator

To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1943/feb1943/f01feb43.htm

US Marines land near Cape Esperance
Monday, February 1, 1943 www.onwar.com

American Marines land on Guadalcanal [photo at link]

In the Solomon Islands... On Guadalcanal, US forces land at Verahue near Cape Esperance where the Japanese evacuation begins. The Americans are aware of Japanese naval activity but they believe it to be Japanese reinforcements arriving for a new offensive. In fact, 20 Japanese destroyers remove about 5000 troops. One of the destroyers is sunk by an American air attack.

On the Eastern Front... The Soviet offensive toward Kharkov continues. They capture Svatovo between Kupyansk and Starobelsk.

In Burma... British forces renew the attack on Donbaik, in the Arakan, but they do not make any gains.


6 posted on 02/01/2013 5:03:16 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://homepage.ntlworld.com/andrew.etherington/frame.htm

February 1st, 1943

UNITED KINGDOM:
Minesweeper HMS Shepparton commissioned.

Submarine HMS Subtle laid down.

Submarine HMS Surf laid down.

Escort carrier HMS Trouncer laid down. (Dave Shirlaw)

GERMANY: Rastenburg: Hitler holds a military conference at which he accuses his generals of disloyalty.

Baron Maximilian von Weichs, Ewald von Kleist and Ernst Busch are promoted to Field Marshal. (Glenn A. Steinberg and Steen Ammentorp)
U-794 laid down

U-488 commissioned. (Dave Shirlaw)

MEDITERRANEAN SEA: The fast minelayer HMS Welshman, which took urgent stores to Malta from Alexandria during the siege, is sunk by the U-boat U-617 45 miles east of Tobruk at 32 12N, 24 52E. There are 152 casualties. (Alex Gordon)(108)

An explosion occurred at 0615 in the diesel engine room of U-77, resulting in some damage to the boat

NORTH AFRICA: American tanks and infantry are battered at German positions in Faid Pass (In Tunisia, roughly east-northeast from Kasserine). (Michael Ballard)
On 30 January von Arnim’s Fifth Panzer Army had driven the French out of the Faid Pass and then attacked them at Pichon. Combat Command A of the U.S. 1st Armored Division then attempted to retake Faid, but was repulsed. Other U.S. and British forces (I don’t know which units) were sent to Pichon and restored some stability along the front. About two weeks later Faid Pass was one of the staging points for the German counteroffensive against the U.S. Army around Kasserine. (Keith Allen)

NEW GUINEA: The Australians repel the Japanese less than 400 yards from Wau airfield.

SOLOMON ISLANDS: The 2nd Btn 132nd Regiment with 4 75mm howitzers of the 4th Battery 10th Marines is landed on the south coast of Guadalcanal north of Verahue. A Japanese recon pilot reports the escorting destroyers as cruisers. This misidentification results in an airstrike which sinks destroyer DeHaven 2 miles southeast of Savo Island in the afternoon. Six Japanese planes attack. Three of them are shot down but the remaining three drop their bombs and flee. The hits destroyed the bridge, killing the captain. A fourth bomb split the hull plates and the DeHaven capsized and sank with 167 of her men from a crew of 299. (Dave Shirlaw)

18 Japanese destroyers make the trip down the slot to Guadalcanal. They are on the first of the evacuation runs. Loading 4,935 troops as Kamimbo and Cape Esperance against fierce opposition from US PT Boats, they return to the Shortlands with the loss of one destroyer, Makikumo. Either a mine or torpedo for a PT boat left her without power and she was scuttled. US destroyers Radford, Fletcher and Nicholas are spotted by a “Pete” which drops flares. The loss of surprise renders any chance of success for Captain Briscoe and Desron 21 futile.

NEW ZEALAND: Bill Paull lands in Wellington. These US Marines arrive after spending six months on Tulagi and Guadalcanal. (William T. Paull)

CANADA: Destroyer HMCS Columbia commenced refit Saint John, New Brunswick.

Trawler HMS Liscomb collided with minesweeper HMCS Minas off Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Frigates HMCS Antigonish, St Stephen, Capilano, Strathadam, Northumberland, Wulastock, Stone Town, Hallowell, Royalmount (ex-Alwington), Poundmaker, Tisdale, Hardrock, Ste Agathe, Victoriaville, Pressiville, Toronto (ex-Giffard), Ste Therese, Lasalle, Coaticook, St Pierre, Prestonian (ex-Beaucharnois, Sea Cliff, Rouyn, Buckingham (ex-Royalmount), Inch Arran, Sussexvale (ex-Valdorian), Carlplace, Foster and Megantic ordered. (Dave Shirlaw)

U.S.A.: In response to a growing need for Naval Intelligence Officer (NIO) support to senior government diplomatic and military staffs, an 8-10 week school, built on the NACIOS (Naval Air Combat Intelligence Officers School) concept, was established for advanced intelligence training. (William L. Howard)

Destroyer USS Cogswell laid down.
Aircraft carrier USS Bon Homme Richard laid down.

Minesweepers USS Pinnacle, Phanton and Peril laid down.

Heavy cruiser USS Bremerton laid down.

Destroyer USS Stevens commissioned.

(Dave Shirlaw)

The USN aircraft colour scheme is changed so that the upper portion of the fuselage is painted flat sea blue with flat intermediate blue applied to the fuselage sides, vertical tail and rudder surfaces. The upper surfaces of the wings and horizontal tail surfaces are to be painted semi gloss sea blue and the under surfaces to be painted flat insignia white. (Jack McKillop)

ATLANTIC OCEAN: At 2310, MFV Joseph Elise was shelled and sunk by U-66 after a torpedo had missed at 2300. (Dave Shirlaw)


7 posted on 02/01/2013 5:04:42 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Paulus (left), and his aides Col. Wilhelm Adam (right) and Lt.-Gen. Arthur Schmidt (middle), after their surrender in Stalingrad

8 posted on 02/01/2013 7:23:19 AM PST by abb
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To: Homer_J_Simpson; abb

And so it ends . . . .


9 posted on 02/01/2013 12:42:52 PM PST by colorado tanker
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To: abb

Hitler expected Paulus to commit suicide but as a Roman Catholic he could not.


10 posted on 02/01/2013 1:36:03 PM PST by Mikey_1962 (Obama: The Affirmative Action President.)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
A BTT and another fervent thanks for this project.

And so it ended for the 6th Army. Hitler was angry they didn't fight to the last cartridge - they nearly did - which will tell you all you need to know about Hitler.

11 posted on 02/01/2013 1:40:15 PM PST by Billthedrill
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To: abb
Served Paulus right for his timidity back around 08/31/42 when Gen Hoth of the 4th army radioed Paulus requesting the 6th army immediately attack southward while his 4th army attacked northward in order to encircle the Soviet 62nd and 64th armies west of Stalingrad. Paulus dithered for 48 hours during which time both Soviet armies were able to withdraw into Stalingrad and the rest is history.
12 posted on 02/01/2013 2:43:45 PM PST by fso301
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To: fso301

“Served Paulus right for his timidity back around 08/31/42 when Gen Hoth of the 4th army radioed Paulus requesting the 6th army immediately attack southward while his 4th army attacked northward in order to encircle the Soviet 62nd and 64th armies west of Stalingrad. Paulus dithered for 48 hours during which time both Soviet armies were able to withdraw into Stalingrad and the rest is history.”

In the long run it would not have mattered. The Germans were already doomed. Even if the Germans had taken Stalingrad they were going to lose the war. Their loses from the winter of 1941-1942 assured their defeat.


13 posted on 02/01/2013 5:28:10 PM PST by HenpeckedCon (What pi$$es me off the most is that POS commie will get a State Funeral!)
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To: fso301

“Served Paulus right for his timidity back around 08/31/42 when Gen Hoth of the 4th army radioed Paulus requesting the 6th army immediately attack southward while his 4th army attacked northward in order to encircle the Soviet 62nd and 64th armies west of Stalingrad. Paulus dithered for 48 hours during which time both Soviet armies were able to withdraw into Stalingrad and the rest is history.”

In the long run it would not have mattered. The Germans were already doomed. Even if the Germans had taken Stalingrad they were going to lose the war. Their loses from the winter of 1941-1942 assured their defeat.


14 posted on 02/01/2013 5:32:27 PM PST by HenpeckedCon (What pi$$es me off the most is that POS commie will get a State Funeral!)
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To: HenpeckedCon
In the long run it would not have mattered. The Germans were already doomed. Even if the Germans had taken Stalingrad they were going to lose the war. Their loses from the winter of 1941-1942 assured their defeat.

Alternate history gets pointless but I generally suspect the Germans still had a chance to knock Russia out of the war if they quickly took Stalingrad and continued down the Volga to Astrakhan and the Caspian shore.

By controlling the Caspian shore at Astrakhan, the Germans would deprive Russia of Caspian pipeline oil and greatly hamper the Lend-Lease route up through Iran.

15 posted on 02/01/2013 5:57:43 PM PST by fso301
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