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One of the world's oldest sun dial dug up in Kings' Valley
Phys.Org ^ | 03-15-13 | Provided by University of Basel

Posted on 03/19/2013 6:41:34 AM PDT by Red Badger

During archaeological excavations in the Kings' Valley in Upper Egypt a team of researchers from the University of Basel found one of the world's oldest ancient Egyptian sun dials. The team of the Egyptological Seminar under the direction of Prof. Susanne Bickel made the significant discovery while clearing the entrance to one of the tombs.

During this year's excavations the researchers found a flattened piece of limestone (so-called Ostracon) on which a semicircle in black color had been drawn. The semicircle is divided into twelve sections of about 15 degrees each. A dent in the middle of the approximately 16 centimeter long horizontal baseline served to insert a wooden or metal bolt that would cast a shadow to show the hours of the day. Small dots in the middle of each section were used for even more detailed time measuring. The sun dial was found in an area of stone huts that were used in the 13th century BC to house the men working at the construction of the graves. The sun dial was possibly used to measure their work hours. However, the division of the sun path into hours also played a crucial role in the so-called netherworld guides that were drawn onto the walls of the royal tombs. These guides are illustrated texts that chronologically describe the nightly progression of the sun-god through the underworld. Thus, the sun dial could also have served to further visualize this phenomenon. During this year's excavation in cooperation with the Egyptian authorities and with the help of students of the University of Basel over 500 mostly fragmentary objects that had been recovered in former seasons were documented and prepared for further scientific examination. This also includes all the material of the lower strata of tomb KV 64 found in 2012. Inside the roughly 3500 year old tomb Basel researchers had discovered a sarcophagus that was holding the mummy of a woman named Nehemes-Bastet.


TOPICS: Astronomy; History; Science; Society
KEYWORDS: 18thdynasty; 22nddynasty; archaeology; egypt; ggg; godsgravesglyphs; kv64; nehemesbastet; nehmesbastet
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To: Red Badger
Wow! It's solar operated!
21 posted on 03/19/2013 10:36:47 AM PDT by N. Theknow (Kennedys=Can't drive, can't ski, can't fly, can't skipper a boat, but they know what's best for you.)
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To: N. Theknow

At sundown.........


22 posted on 03/19/2013 10:37:33 AM PDT by Red Badger (Lincoln freed the slaves. Obama just got them ALL back......................)
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To: Tijeras_Slim
There’s only 12 segments, how does it work at night?

Depends on whether you hold the flashlight in the left hand or right hand.

It's either running fast or slow.

23 posted on 03/19/2013 10:38:12 AM PDT by N. Theknow (Kennedys=Can't drive, can't ski, can't fly, can't skipper a boat, but they know what's best for you.)
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To: Red Badger

 GGG managers are SunkenCiv, StayAt HomeMother & Ernest_at_the_Beach
Thanks Red Badger.

Just adding to the catalog, not sending a general distribution.

To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list.


24 posted on 03/19/2013 7:42:46 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (Romney would have been worse, if you're a dumb ass.)
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