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The Day The Earth Cooled -- (September 26, 2008--from the Archives of WUWT?)
Watts Up With That? ^ | September 26, 2008 | by Anthony Watts

Posted on 04/11/2013 2:36:54 PM PDT by Ernest_at_the_Beach

This is a familar set of issues in one article. – Anthony

By INVESTOR’S BUSINESS DAILY | Posted Thursday, September 25, 2008 4:20 PM PT

Environment: The solar wind is slowing, but Al Gore is still spewing hot air. The Oscar winner is promoting civil disobedience to stop energy and economic growth as the first U.S. emissions cap-and-trade program begins.

Speaking before Bill Clinton’s Global Initiative, junk science advocate Gore called on young people to take the law into their own hands because the climate, he claims, is a-changin’. He told the gathering in New York City that “the world has lost ground to the climate crisis” and the time for action is now.

“If you’re a young person looking at the future of this planet and looking at what is being done right now, and not done, I believe we have reached the stage where it is time for civil disobedience to prevent the construction of new coal plants that do not have carbon capture and sequestration,” Gore said to loud applause.

His comments come two weeks after a British jury acquitted six Greenpeace activists accused of causing property damage at a power plant. The jury felt the “protest” was acceptable because the “protesters” feared the plant would contribute to global warming.

Luddites of the world, unite!

On the same day Gore spoke, scientists involved in NASA’s Ulysses project reported that the intensity of the sun’s solar wind was at its lowest point since the beginning of the space age – one more indication that the sun, the biggest source of energy affecting the Earth, is getting quiet.

The weaker solar wind appears to be due to changes in the sun’s magnetic field, but the cause is unknown. Sunspots, which normally fluctuate in 11-year cycles, are at a virtual standstill. In August, the sun created no visible spots. The last time that happened: June 1913.

The results of the Ulysses spacecraft’s mission, according to Jet Propulsion Laboratory project scientist Ed Smith, show that “we are in a period of minimal activity that has stretched on longer than anyone anticipated.”

The consequences for Earth are enormous. The lack of increased activity could signal the start of what is known as a Maunder Minimum, an event that occurs every couple of centuries and can last as long as a century. It leads to extended periods of severe cooling such as what happened during the Little Ice Age.

It may already be happening. The four major agencies tracking Earth’s temperature, including NASA’s Goddard Institute, report that the Earth cooled 0.7 degree Celsius in 2007, the fastest decline in the age of instrumentation, putting us back to where the Earth was in 1930.

The climate is changing, but not in the direction Al Gore thinks. As the Earth demonstrably cools under a weakening sun, a 10-state coalition on Thursday held the nation’s first carbon allowance auction to deal with a warming trend that may have ended a decade ago.

They will impose a minor league version of the Lieberman-Warner economy-killing cap-and-trade rationing system in which emissions are limited by a progressively lowered cap. Emission permits are auctioned off by government, making it a cap-and-tax system. Permits can be traded or sold between companies like baseball cards.

The Lieberman-Warner bill would mandate emission cuts of 44% below 2007 levels. The Environmental Protection Agency estimates that it would cost as much as $3 trillion a year in lost GDP in an economy of roughly $14 trillion. It dwarfs the current financial crisis. But then, it’s for a good cause – right, Al?

The New York-based Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative, launched Thursday, strives to freeze CO2 emissions through 2014 and then gradually reduce them to 10% below current levels by 2018. The states participating are Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island and Vermont.

Like its bigger cousin, it’s a job- and growth-killing plan in a time of economic crisis. As the sun slows and the Earth cools, it’ll mean higher energy prices during colder and snowier winters.

Al Gore’s hippie legions may have to wear their winter coats.

TOPICS: Conspiracy; Science; Weather
KEYWORDS: climatechange; globalcooling; globalwarming; globalwarminghoax; solarcycles

1 posted on 04/11/2013 2:36:54 PM PDT by Ernest_at_the_Beach
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To: All
Now to some useful facts:


H-K Project
Extra-cyclic activity


The yearly sunspot number from 1610 to the present.

When examining the long-term direct record of sunspot observations, it is immediately apparent that the length and amplitude of the 11-year sunspot cycle is not constant. The figure at right shows the yearly sunspot number over the past 380 years. At the beginning of this record, it appears that the sunspot cycle apparently ceased for almost 70 years. One simple explanation would be that there simply were no observations during that time. Another would be that astronomers of that time period were simply not very good at observing, or did not make accurate records of the sunspot number.

However, neither of these explanations are true. First of all, some of the astronomers of that time period were Galileo, Scheiner, Hevelius, Halley, and Herschel. Their observations of other celestial bodies show their prowess; incompetence simply was not the issue. There is no reason to believe that they ignored the Sun. Several reports of sunspots during this time period actually made note of the fact that their seeing a sunspot was considered out of the ordinary for that time period.

Therefore, we are forced to conclude that the Sun does experience occasional lulls in its activity. Using other proxies of long-term activity, such as the 14C abundance, we can see that the Sun goes into these quiescent periods every few centuries. At present we seem to be experiencing the opposite phenomenon; the most recent four cycles are among the most active ever recorded.

Understanding what causes the 11-year sunspot cycle has eluded scientists for centuries, so it goes without saying that we don't understand why it should vary as much as it does, let alone almost vanish completely from time to time. The 30-year record of activity for sun-like stars compiled by the HK Project is just beginning to investigate this phenomenon.

Extra-Cyclic Activity in Solar-like stars

Distribution of activity for 73 field stars close to the Sun in mass and mean level of activity.

A survey of stars close to the Sun in mass and activity shows the distribution at left. The arrows above the distribution show the range of activity seen by the Sun from the expected activity level in the Maunder Minimum to sunspot maximum, with the line left of center indicating the activity at sunspot minimum. From this, it appears that as many as 25% of the stars surveyed could be in a Maunder Minimum-like state. Therefore, the Sun might spend up to 25% of its time at present under similar conditions.

Distribution of activity for solar-type stars in the solar-age open cluster Messier 67, and the younger cluster NGC 752.

This figure on the right, shows a similar distribution of activity for two open clusters, Messier 67, which is nearly the same age as the Sun, and NGC 752 which is about 2 billion years younger than the Sun. The arrow above the M67 histogram has the same meaning as in the previous plot. Using open clusters to test the frequency of Maunder minima is preferred because it can be assumed that the age of all the stars in the cluster is nearly equal. Therefore, the distribution observed is more likely to be accurate than using field stars whose ages are not well-known. The distribution for M67 is similar to the field star distribution, and about 1/4 of the stars have low activity similar to the Maunder Minimum. In comparison, the younger open cluster of NGC 752 have very few inactive stars, but the fact that there is a few suggests that Maunder minimum episodes could occur, but a lower frequency than that of stars closer in age to the Sun.

Monitoring Extra-Cyclic Activity

Unfortunately, the Maunder Minimum occurred just after the invention of the telescope. Therefore there are few records immediately preceeding it to see how the Sun behaved as it was beginning. There are records at the end of the Maunder Minimum, and one feature appears to be that the length of sunspot cycle varied more than it does at the present, from 8 to 13 years. In the hopes that we can learn more about extra-cyclic activity, the HK Project has begun observing several inactive stars. Some of these stars may be in Maunder Minimum states, and therefore, long-term monitoring may show changes in their behavior as they come out of this inactive phase.

Two stars with similar mass and rotation. One star's long-term activity has been decreasing over the past 30 years, suggesting it might be entering a Maunder Minimum-like phase.
HD 9562 which has had almost constant activity since 1966. Other evidence suggests that it is in a Maunder Minimum-like state.

At the same time, a few of the stars which have been observed since 1966 are beginning to show long-term behavior. In the left panel of the above figure, two stars with similar mass and rotation period are shown. Because their mass and rotation are similar, they should have nearly the same level of activity. However, the activity of 54 Piscium (HD 3651) has been decreasing steadily since before 1966. The most recent activity maximum is as low as the activity minimum seen in the early 1970's. This star could be entering a Maunder minimum. On the right is HD 9562, a star close to the Sun in mass. It's activity has only a very small increasing trend over 30 years. From its spectrum, the rotation period must be less than 25 days (i.e., close to the Sun's) but its activity it much lower than the Sun's. Therefore, it is very likely that this star is currently in a Maunder Minimum.

Continued observations of all of these stars will hopefully provide clues as to what the Sun's behavior will be over the coming centuries. An important effect of this research is the investigation of how long-term variations of solar activity like the Maunder Minimum affect the Earth. The time period of the Maunder Minimum also corresponds to a period called the ``Little Ice Age'', when summers in Europe were short and winters were severe. Therefore, further analysis of extra-cyclic stellar activity could provide important clues to a better understanding of changes in the Sun and their impact on the Earth's climate.

2 posted on 04/11/2013 2:41:58 PM PDT by Ernest_at_the_Beach ((The Global Warming Hoax was a Criminal Act....where is Al Gore?))
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To: SunkenCiv; Marine_Uncle; Fred Nerks; Carry_Okie; blam; Lorianne; Twotone; bigbob; NormsRevenge; ...


3 posted on 04/11/2013 2:43:26 PM PDT by Ernest_at_the_Beach ((The Global Warming Hoax was a Criminal Act....where is Al Gore?))
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To: Ernest_at_the_Beach; 11B40; A Balrog of Morgoth; A message; ACelt; Aeronaut; AFPhys; AlexW; ...

Global Warming PING!

You have been pinged because of your interest in environmentalism, alarmist wackos, mainstream media doomsday hype, and other issues pertaining to global warming.

Freep-mail me to get on or off: Add me / Remove me

Please ping me to all note-worthy threads on global warming.

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4 posted on 04/11/2013 2:45:42 PM PDT by Tolerance Sucks Rocks (Drag Me From Hell!)
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To: Ernest_at_the_Beach

May as well have comefrom WKRP....

“It’s raining turkeys!”

5 posted on 04/11/2013 2:49:32 PM PDT by illiac (If we don't change directions soon, we'll get where we're going)
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To: Ernest_at_the_Beach

I had commented on this on a related thread a few days ago. There is a scientist that had worked for NASA that had found cyclical sunspot activity. His name is John L Casey and he had recently published a book entitled “Cold Sun”. I bought the book and was completely amazed! He basically states that “global warming” had ended in 2007-2008. At that time the earth began to start a 2-3 decade cooling cycle all based on a decrease of solar winds and sunspot activity. The cycle lasts about 30 years. He stated that global warming was one of the biggest frauds our government has pulled over on the American public in recent history. He stated that the coldest year in this particular cooling cycle we are in now will be 2031. It is a very good read. He basically trashes the global warming crowd as well.

6 posted on 04/11/2013 2:53:02 PM PDT by alabama_heart
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To: Ernest_at_the_Beach
"The solar wind is slowing, but Al Gore is still spewing hot air."
He had better watch it. He's liable to blow up one of these days.
7 posted on 04/11/2013 2:55:49 PM PDT by Marine_Uncle (Galt level is not far away......)
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To: SunkenCiv; Marine_Uncle; Fred Nerks; Carry_Okie; blam; Lorianne; Twotone; bigbob; NormsRevenge; ...


8 posted on 04/11/2013 3:02:42 PM PDT by Ernest_at_the_Beach ((The Global Warming Hoax was a Criminal Act....where is Al Gore?))
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To: All

Whops...too many windows open...sorry for the double ping.

9 posted on 04/11/2013 3:08:21 PM PDT by Ernest_at_the_Beach ((The Global Warming Hoax was a Criminal Act....where is Al Gore?))
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To: Ernest_at_the_Beach

Thirty years worth of BS down the drain for Gore. Another liberal lie exposed.

10 posted on 04/11/2013 5:09:33 PM PDT by spawn44 (MOO)
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To: Ernest_at_the_Beach

I think we should all be seeking a happy ending.

11 posted on 04/11/2013 5:16:56 PM PDT by Paladin2
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To: Ernest_at_the_Beach

Duuuude, the Sun has nothing to do with climate or global warming. It is mostly due to fossil energy use by people like Albert Gore Jr. Get a grip /s

12 posted on 04/11/2013 5:18:35 PM PDT by eyedigress ((zOld storm chaser from the west)/ ?s)
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