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A discovery that changed the antiquity of humankind who lived in Indian subcontinent
The Hindu ^ | Monday, May 27, 2013 | T.S. Subramanian

Posted on 05/29/2013 6:12:45 PM PDT by SunkenCiv

One hundred and fifty years ago, on May 30, 1863, young geologist Robert Bruce Foote bent down and picked up a stone tool on the Parade Ground at Pallavaram cantonment, near Chennai...

It was a hand-axe made of a hard rock called quartzite. Prehistoric man had crafted it to dig out tubers and roots from the soil, butcher animals he had hunted and take out the meat, and so on. As Foote, then a 29-year old assistant geologist in the Geological Survey of India (GSI), cradled the hand-axe and looked at it transfixed, he recognised it to be a Palaeolithic tool. (Palaeo means old, lith means stone. Prehistory is that part of history before written records began).

At one stroke, his discovery changed the antiquity of humankind who lived in the Indian subcontinent. It put India on the world map of prehistory. Recent research has established that such tools used by Palaeolithic population in India could be dated to 1.5 million years before the present.

Four months after this discovery, on September 28, 1863, Foote and his best friend and colleague in the GSI, William King, made another seminal discovery. They found numerous stone tools, including hand-axes, cleavers and flake tools, at Attirampakkam, near the Kortallayar river, in Tiruvallur district, 60 km from Chennai. Prehistoric man had used them to hunt animals gathering around waterholes and exploit plant and aquatic resources. Foote found some more stone tools later at Pallavaram and was convinced that a Palaeolithic population had lived in India.

Two types of dating done in France at the request of Shanti Pappu and Kumar Akhilesh, specialists in Tamil Nadu’s prehistory, have established that the stone tools found at Attirampakkam could be dated to 1.5 million years. The methods used were paleomagnetic and cosmogenic nuclide burial dating.

(Excerpt) Read more at thehindu.com ...


TOPICS: History; Science; Travel
KEYWORDS: godsgravesglyphs; india; paleolithic
The stone hand-axe discovered by Robert Bruce Foot on the Parade Ground at Pallavaram cantonment and a stone cleaver found by Foote and his colleague William King at Attirampakkam, 60 km from Chennai. Photo: R. Ravindran

The stone hand-axe discovered by Robert Bruce Foot on the Parade Ground at Pallavaram cantonment and a stone cleaver found by Foote and his colleague William King at Attirampakkam, 60 km from Chennai. Photo: R. Ravindran

1 posted on 05/29/2013 6:12:45 PM PDT by SunkenCiv
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To: StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; decimon; 1010RD; 21twelve; 24Karet; 2ndDivisionVet; ...

 GGG managers are SunkenCiv, StayAt HomeMother & Ernest_at_the_Beach
To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list.


2 posted on 05/29/2013 6:13:12 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (Romney would have been worse, if you're a dumb ass.)
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To: SunkenCiv

Interesting article; more and more the old theory of everything “Out of Africa” seems to get weaker with each new discovery. I know Leakey would hate it, but the newer technology for dating and the new discoveries seem to point to the fact that human beings were much more widespread and adaptable than originally thought.


3 posted on 05/29/2013 7:56:49 PM PDT by 5th MEB (Progressives in the open; --- FIRE FOR EFFECT!!)
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To: 5th MEB

I thought DNA studies already established the validity of the OOA theory.


4 posted on 05/29/2013 9:08:41 PM PDT by James C. Bennett (An Australian.)
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To: SunkenCiv

And then they were wiped out 74,000 years ago.


5 posted on 05/29/2013 11:54:44 PM PDT by UnbelievingScumOnTheOtherSide (REPEAL WASHINGTON! -- Islam Delenda Est! -- I Want Constantinople Back. -- Rumble thee forth.)
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To: 5th MEB

Interesting article; more and more the old theory of everything “Out of Africa” seems to get weaker with each new discovery.

**
Yeah, I wonder how so many scientists came to be among those who try to fit the data to a hypothesis instead of vice versa.


6 posted on 05/30/2013 5:00:29 AM PDT by Bigg Red (Restore us, O God of hosts; let your face shine, that we may be saved! -Ps80)
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To: SunkenCiv

Archaeologists have a heck of an eye. To me they’d be “rocks.”


7 posted on 05/30/2013 5:46:00 AM PDT by Little Ray (How did I end up in this hand-basket, and why is it gettingthe so hot?)
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To: 5th MEB

Interesting article; more and more the old theory of everything “Out of Africa” seems to get weaker with each new discovery. I know Leakey would hate it, but the newer technology for dating and the new discoveries seem to point to the fact that human beings were much more widespread and adaptable than originally thought.

Multiple waves following the coastlines would make more sense, remeber in the last 2 million years there were a lot of times the sea levels were much lower due t ice ages, so a lot of evidence is under the coastal plains...

Also humans are more semi-aquatic than some of the evolutionists would have us to belive...


8 posted on 05/31/2013 10:45:11 AM PDT by GraceG
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To: UnbelievingScumOnTheOtherSide; SunkenCiv; All

Actually I read an article recently about research in India which showed human settlement both before and after Toba separated by a bed of Toba’s ash. It may have been in Archaeology Magazine.


9 posted on 06/12/2013 7:08:25 PM PDT by gleeaikin
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To: UnbelievingScumOnTheOtherSide; SunkenCiv; All

Actually I read an article recently about research in India which showed human settlement both before and after Toba separated by a bed of Toba’s ash. It may have been in Archaeology Magazine.


10 posted on 06/12/2013 7:08:25 PM PDT by gleeaikin
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To: UnbelievingScumOnTheOtherSide

Toba super-volcano catastrophe idea ‘dismissed’
BBC News | Jonathan Amos
Posted on 05/02/2013 7:34:42 PM PDT by SunkenCiv
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/chat/3015183/posts

and from the “save the replacement theory” desk:

Modern humans did not settle in Asia before the devastating eruption of Sumatra’s volcano Mount Toba 74,000 years ago
http://www.hud.ac.uk/research/researchnews/archaeogeneticresearchrefutesearlierfindings.php


11 posted on 06/13/2013 4:13:01 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (McCain or Romney would have been worse, if you're a dumb ass.)
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