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Native Native American dogs
Dienekes Anthropology Blog ^ | 11 July 2013 | Dienekes Anthropology Blog

Posted on 07/11/2013 8:26:22 PM PDT by Theoria

Pre-Columbian origins of Native American dog breeds, with only limited replacement by European dogs, confirmed by mtDNA analysis

Barbara van Asch et al.

Dogs were present in pre-Columbian America, presumably brought by early human migrants from Asia. Studies of free-ranging village/street dogs have indicated almost total replacement of these original dogs by European dogs, but the extent to which Arctic, North and South American breeds are descendants of the original population remains to be assessed.

Using a comprehensive phylogeographic analysis, we traced the origin of the mitochondrial DNA lineages for Inuit, Eskimo and Greenland dogs, Alaskan Malamute, Chihuahua, xoloitzcuintli and perro sín pelo del Peru, by comparing to extensive samples of East Asian (n = 984) and European dogs (n = 639), and previously published pre-Columbian sequences. Evidence for a pre-Columbian origin was found for all these breeds, except Alaskan Malamute for which results were ambigous.

No European influence was indicated for the Arctic breeds Inuit, Eskimo and Greenland dog, and North/South American breeds had at most 30% European female lineages, suggesting marginal replacement by European dogs. Genetic continuity through time was shown by the sharing of a unique haplotype between the Mexican breed Chihuahua and ancient Mexican samples.

We also analysed free-ranging dogs, confirming limited pre-Columbian ancestry overall, but also identifying pockets of remaining populations with high proportion of indigenous ancestry, and we provide the first DNA-based evidence that the Carolina dog, a free-ranging population in the USA, may have an ancient Asian origin.

Pre-Columbian origins of Native American dog breeds, with only limited replacement by European dogs, confirmed by mtDNA analysis


TOPICS: History
KEYWORDS: agriculture; animalhusbandry; carolinadog; dixiedingo; dna; dog; dogs; godsgravesglyphs; helixmakemineadouble; precolumbian

1 posted on 07/11/2013 8:26:22 PM PDT by Theoria
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To: SunkenCiv
' the Carolina dog, a free-ranging population in the USA, may have an ancient Asian origin.'

Woof, ping.

2 posted on 07/11/2013 8:27:04 PM PDT by Theoria
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To: Theoria
Catahoula Cur

Catahoula Cur

3 posted on 07/11/2013 8:43:14 PM PDT by BBell (The Blue Dog is Stupid)
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To: AnAmericanMother; Titan Magroyne; Badeye; SandRat; arbooz; potlatch; afraidfortherepublic; ...
WOOOF!

Computer Hope

The Doggie Ping list is for FReepers who would like to be notified of threads relating to all things canid. If you would like to join the Doggie Ping Pack (or be unleashed from it), FReemail me.

4 posted on 07/11/2013 8:44:28 PM PDT by Joe 6-pack (Qui me amat, amat et canem meum.)
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To: Theoria

This is how you tell a dog is a Native American dog:

1) How do you spot the difference between an a regular canine and a Rez dog?

Throw each one in the oven at 400 degrees for 20 minutes.

The canine should come out tender and moist.

The Rez dog will come out with a towel wrapped around his waist saying,
“Damn that was a good sweat!”

AND.....

2) REZ DOGS
Between the reservation and the city, there is a road that marks the boundary lines. On one side of the road are the rez dogs, and they just kind of lie around staying cool. On the city side are the city dogs, and they always chase cars as they go down the road, barking, “Bow-wow, Bow-wow”.
One day the city dogs ask the rez dogs, “How come you never chase cars with us?”

The rez dogs respond, “What’s the point, it’s just a waste of time. The cars don’t do anything when you chase them.”

The city dogs tell the rez dogs that they think its just a lot of fun, so finally the rez dogs agree to try it just once. The next car comes down the road, and the dogs from both sides chase the car.

The city dogs bark, “Bow-wow, Bow-wow.”

And the rez dogs chase too, barking, “Bow-wow, Bow-wow, Bow-wow, Bow-wow ...........aaaaaaaaaaaaaye!”


5 posted on 07/11/2013 9:16:28 PM PDT by Redcitizen (.)
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To: Theoria
Xoloitzcuintle?

That looks remarkably like an alleged chupacabra corpse found in Texas a while back.

6 posted on 07/11/2013 9:19:00 PM PDT by null and void (Republicans create the tools of oppression, and the democrats gleefully use them!)
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To: null and void


The Chinese have eaten Dog meat for over 7,000 years.
7 posted on 07/12/2013 12:44:40 AM PDT by goron (If this be treason, make the most of it! - Patrick Henry)
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To: Redcitizen

My kids just got back from a mission trip on an Indian Reservation - will share this. They got a kick out of all the rez dogs running around.

The one leader found out the hard way to keep the windows rolled up. Opened the door one morning and two of them scared the heck out of her as they bailed out of her car!


8 posted on 07/12/2013 12:57:19 AM PDT by 21twelve ("We've got the guns, and we got the numbers" adapted and revised from Jim M.)
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To: BBell

My mom adopted a catahoula. He’s 4 now, and he’s a monster dog. I can definitely see how they’d be used in hunting. He’s all muscle, VERY fast if not a little gangly, and his head is enormous. I would not want to get bitten by him.


9 posted on 07/12/2013 5:20:12 AM PDT by rarestia (It's time to water the Tree of Liberty.)
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To: Theoria
Francis Parkman told some pretty funny stories about the eating habits of our Native American brothers and sisters.
10 posted on 07/12/2013 5:33:24 AM PDT by metesky (Brethren, leave us go amongst them! - Rev. Capt. Samuel Johnston Clayton - Ward Bond, The Searchers)
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To: Theoria
We don't go to Mexico anymore but we did for years. We always saw dogs we called Mexican Yellow Dogs wandering the streets. I always thought they were Carolina Dogs in origin. We have a Black Mouth Cur and I have often wondered if they came from the Carolina.
11 posted on 07/12/2013 6:58:19 AM PDT by Ditter
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To: Joe 6-pack

I have seen an American Indian dog. Cool dog; but you can’t crate them.


12 posted on 07/12/2013 8:24:47 AM PDT by freekitty (Give me back my conservative vote; then find me a real conservative to vote for)
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To: 21twelve

LOL! that happens on every reservation. The rez dogs don’t know what collars are for. You gotta watch out for the cats too.


13 posted on 07/12/2013 7:33:13 PM PDT by Redcitizen (.)
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To: Theoria; StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; decimon; 1010RD; 21twelve; 24Karet; ...
Thanks Theoria. Missed your ping.

14 posted on 07/20/2013 2:44:31 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (McCain or Romney would have been worse, if you're a dumb ass.)
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Precolumbian keyword (minus two useless topics), newest to oldest:
15 posted on 07/20/2013 3:58:45 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (McCain or Romney would have been worse, if you're a dumb ass.)
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To: null and void

Is that one in the background really a dog?


16 posted on 07/20/2013 4:09:32 PM PDT by Bigg Red (Restore us, O God of hosts; let your face shine, that we may be saved! -Ps80)
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To: Bigg Red

Yes, oddly enough. Apparently a cousin of the Mexican hairless.


17 posted on 07/20/2013 4:10:53 PM PDT by null and void (Republicans create the tools of oppression, and the democrats gleefully use them!)
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