And we needed these two to tell us that better weapons changes things.
I think the politically correct term is "assault bow".
Another aspect of the bow, is it takes time to master it. This gives full-time warriors a big advantage over farmers who don’t have much time to practice archery.
***These villages often were surrounded by a palisade or a ditch, and bodies buried at these sites frequently have arrowheads lodged in their bones, indicating that the bow and arrow were used as military weapons.****
But, but we’ve been taught for the last thirty five years that pre-Colombian culture was a paradise on earth, till the evil white men arrived!
Some society flourished without the bow, such as the Capellans. They relied heavily on the kligat, a type of boomerang.
Larger populations could have resulted in all sorts of changes to society, and the bow and arrow might have been only one of a myriad of technologies and/or social arrangements to have affected these cultures.
There are many twists and turns to this. For example, few woods make suitable bows, and even then, most can only be used to make “short bows”. If the bows are too long, they will break.
The exception is the Welsh or English longbow, made of Yew, that first made its appearance known in the 7th Century, but was still a strategic advantage over the short bow in the Battle of Agincourt (1415), best known for the Shakespeare play, Henry V.
Unfortunately for those in warmer and drier climates, though they obtained Yew bows, the wood soon dried out and they broke in ordinary use.
Back to primitive times, the use of bows and arrows was quite different on an individual basis, compared to the tactics of a group. With spears, the emphasis on the group was, for example, a single animal. But arrows were so efficient that as soon as an animal was down, the group could concentrate fire on another animal.
In turn, this forced some degree of nomadic behavior, as once animals were killed, they had to be processed on the spot before they rotted. This included tanning hides, smoking and grinding meat, carving bones into tools, etc.
And with human conflicts involving bows and arrows, spears and other weapons still played a major part.
James Burke figured that out over 30 years ago.
WATCH VIDEO: http://youtu.be/IGcYGwqb3So
Mughal Conposite Bow and Horse Archery