Skip to comments.Downfall of Ancient Greece Caused by 300-Year Drought
Posted on 10/25/2013 4:43:00 AM PDT by Renfield
A 300-year drought may have caused the demise of several Mediterranean cultures, including ancient Greece, new research suggests.
A sharp drop in rainfall may have led to the collapse of several eastern Mediterranean civilizations, including ancient Greece, around 3,200 years ago. The resulting famine and conflict may help explain why the entire Hittite culture, chariot-riding people who ruled most of the region of Anatolia, vanished from the planet, according to a study published in August in the journal PLOS ONE. Lost golden period
Even during the heyday of Classical Greek civilization, there were hints of an earlier culture that was lost. Homer's "Iliad," written in the eighth century B.C. about a legendary war between Sparta and Troy, paints a picture of sophisticated Greek city-states, which archaeological evidence suggests once existed. [The 7 Most Mysterious Archaeological Discoveries]
"The classical Greek folks knew from the very beginning that they were coming out of a dark age," said Brandon Lee Drake, an archaeologist at the University of New Mexico, who was not involved in the study.
The ancient Hittite empire of Anatolia began a precipitous decline around 3,300 B.C. Around the same time, the Egyptian empire was invaded by marauding sea bandits, called the Sea People, and the ancient Mycenaean culture of Greece collapsed. Over the next 400 years, ancient cities were burned to the ground and were never rebuilt, Drake said.....
(Excerpt) Read more at weather.com ...
You’re saying they experienced the horrors of anthropogenic global warming even back then??!? You mean Al Gore was born 3,180 years too late?
Fuzzy history meets fuzzy math.
Those darned CO2-belching chariots did them in, I tell ya.
Heed thee this warning!
The Sea People: Phoenecians, or ‘Philistines’?
Another theory is that a Nubian named ‘Barackles’ tried to integrate Sythians into the Pelopennes while installing Hippocrates as Dictator, taking the greatest part of Mycenaens’ wages for healthcare.
It was a tragedy in three parts.
Climate change even way back then!! What a shame there was no algor to warn them :(
Sodom and Gomorah would have been destroyed in this time period right along with these other immoral civilizations. Sounds like God was “chrono-forming” the world to shape history and peoples for the coming Messiah.
Obviously it wasn’t CO2. The Yak teams pulling the chariots were belching out too much methane in their flatulence. They tried natural cork to curb the hockey stick effect, but that clearly didn’t work.
The Trojan War was not a war between Sparta and Troy, even if Helen was the wife of King Menelaus of Sparta. The traditional Greek version of the war, for what it’s worth, has a coalition of warriors from all over Greece taking part, led by Agamemnon, king of Mycenae and brother of Menelaus. The most memorable Greek heroes were not Spartans—men such as Achilles, Odysseus, Nestor, Ajax, Diomedes.
There are two lists of “Sea Peoples” in Egyptian records. One of the names is “Peleset” which is agreed to be the Phlistines (who were immigrants to the land of Canaan, not originally inhabitants of the region later known as Philistia).
There is abundant evidence to indicate that Troy, and the Trojan war, didn't happen in the Mediterranean at all, but in northern Europe, perhaps as a struggle of early Celts; and that Homer was merely reciting his version of an older conflict, the news of which has passed widely throughout ancient Europe. I suggest a reading of the book Where Troy Once Stood, by Iman Jacob Wilkens, for a good exposition of an alternate interpretation of the particulars of that conflict.
Whether there really was a Trojan War is disputed. Maybe something similar happened in Celtic Europe (not unlikely given they were all a bunch of bloodthristy Indo-European tribes), but the Greeks would have known nothing of anything in northern Europe. It's possible there was an older story about a siege that happened to be applied to the ruins at Troy after Greeks settled in the area.
I think Sodom And Gomorrah were destroyed years earlier with this incident:
Yes. That was intended to read “3300 years ago”, not “3300BC”. The whole article is about the period from about 1500BC through 800BC.
Huh. I thought it was the Romans kicking the Greeks in the teeth and taking all their stuff that did them in?
Looks like another dark age is coming to the whole planet
Clever! Are you sure about the Pelopennes? I heard they were they were the Pelosinnines... They were said to have to write the cunniform in order to know what was in it.
The article mentioned a specific time period but it seemed somewhat flexible in its descriptions of societies some centuries before and after that period. Abraham was told that his descendants would spend 400 years in Egypt some 2 centuries before it Happened.(Jacob actually took the Hebrews into Egypt. Abraham witnessed the destruction of S and G a year before his son Isaac was born, approx. at 100 years old. Israel came into its land approximately 1400 bc
and spent 40 years in the winderness then approximately 50 years subduing their new land and another 400 years as a theocratic republic. Another 400 years of Kings Starting about 1000 bc. Then the 70 years of captivity followed by 400 “silent years” where there was no open prophecy. Finally, the Greeks, Antiochus and the Ptolemies, then Rome.
It’s not that I disagree with the article, I just think that the period of disasters needs it’s start date pushed back to about 1700 to 1900 BC(if you count the world wide famine that Genesis records as occurring when Joseph co ruled Egypt with Pharoah). (Sand G would have been destroyed approx. 1900 to 2050 bc). It may very well have been this famine that really cemented Egypt as the world and agricultural power of it’s day. Joseph was about 30 years old when he began to rule and he died at 110 years old...some 70 to 80 years into Israel’s prophesied sojourn in Egypt. It might be claimed that Israel’s 400 years in Egypt started with Joseph’s death since Moses was 80 years old when he led Israel out of Egypt and Israel had technically been in Egypt for 483 years.(80 years with Joseph, then 400 years with a series of Pharoahs who eventually forgot about Joseph and his salvation of Egypt).
I thought that seemed awfully early for the Myceneans/Minoans.
Who/What When (B.C.) Peoples of the Sea Sebennytic Dynasty
(20th = 28th, 29th, 30th)
404-340 p195 Xenophon, the Ten Thousand 401-400 p200 Nepherites est native rule 399-393 p200 Spartan King Agesilaus
successful in Asia Minor
396-395 p39 Corinthian War 395-387 p40 Athenian Iphicrates
introduces warfare innovations
391 p41 King Evagoras of Cyprus
rebels against Artaxerxes II
390 p40 Evagoras defeated 381 p41 Ramses III 379-361 p200 Ramses III revolts against Persia 377-376 p45 Athenian Chabrias destroys Spartan fleet 376 p42 Persia and Greece allied
against Ramses III
374-373 p41 Ramses III battles
Persian satrap Pharnabazus and Greek Iphicrates
374-373 p47 Agesilaus leaves for Egypt 361 p200 Tachos (Ramses IV) 361-355 p81 Nectanebo II (Ramses VI) 355-339 p201 Demosthenes against Philip 351 p201 31st dyn
second Persian domination of Egypt
343-333 p162 Aristotle in Macedonia 343-332 p201 Nectanebo II flees Egypt 339 p160 Alexander succeeds Philip 336 p201 Alexander the Great in Egypt 332 p163 Macedonian dynasty 332-308 p195 Death of Alexander 323 p177 Ptolemy, son of Lagus 323-308 p201 Ptolemy I (Soter) 308-285 p201