Skip to comments.Pollen Study Points to Drought as Culprit in Bronze Age Mystery (Global Warming in Ancient Times)
Posted on 10/26/2013 6:42:44 AM PDT by SeekAndFind
More than 3,200 years ago, life was abuzz in and around what is now this modern-day Israeli metropolis on the shimmering Mediterranean shore.
To the north lay the mighty Hittite empire; to the south, Egypt was thriving under the reign of the great Pharaoh Ramses II. Cyprus was a copper emporium. Greece basked in the opulence of its elite Mycenaean culture, and Ugarit was a bustling port city on the Syrian coast. In the land of Canaan, city states like Hazor and Megiddo flourished under Egyptian hegemony. Vibrant trade along the coast of the eastern Mediterranean connected it all.
Yet within 150 years, according to experts, the old world lay in ruins.
Experts have long pondered the cause of the crisis that led to the collapse of civilization in the Late Bronze Age, and now believe that by studying grains of fossilized pollen they have uncovered the cause.
In a study published Monday in Tel Aviv: Journal of the Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University, researchers say it was drought that led to the collapse in the ancient southern Levant.
Theories have included patterns of warfare, plagues and earthquakes. But while climate change has long been considered a prime factor, only recently have advances in science given researchers the chance to pinpoint the cause and make the case.
The journal reports that an unusually high-resolution analysis of pollen grains taken from sediment beneath the Sea of Galilee and the western shore of the Dead Sea, backed up by a robust chronology of radiocarbon dating, have pinpointed the period of crisis to the years 1250 to 1100 B.C.
(Excerpt) Read more at nytimes.com ...
Drought also destroyed the Mayans.
a) Al Gore
b) advanced technology
c) burning fossil fuels in excess
d) libtard democrats
The idea that a couple degrees rise in average temperature alone could bring down a civilization is fantasy. Now, a five degree temperature drop? That could be a real problem.
I have just gone through the iTunes University Yale Course on Ancient Greece taught by Professor Donald Kagan and the collapse of the Crete and Mycenae cultures was one of the turning points before the rise of Ancient Greece. This is what is great about the ongoing archeology and anthropology studies, to help flesh out the hidden areas of our past.
FYI: Prof.Kagan’s course is free and by his side comments to his class In 2009, he was not in any way a typical Yale Prof, he appears to be rather conservative!
Knowing what caused or didn’t cause a nation’s demise only satisfies our curiosity. Nothing can be done to stop the climatological changes in our future. We can only learn how to deal with them.
And we don’t need Al Gore’s arrogance and narcissism to aid us. What a dork he is.
I was under the impression that the climate cycle that caused the end of Egypt’s New Kingdom, the Trojan War, etc., was global cooling, not global warming.
Drought doesn’t necessarily result from rising temperatures.
My remark was referring to the thread’s title. From my own research, I have found there were four periods within recorded history, each lasting for more than a century, when the world’s average temperatures were higher than today, and there were cooler periods between those warming periods. One of the warming periods appears to have ended during the reign of Ramses II, giving us one more reason why the Egyptian economy tanked after he was gone. The most recent warming period was from 800 to 1200 A.D., and helped Europe get out of the Dark Ages.
So did they have HUMMERS back then?”
Santorine was 300 or 400 years before the period under discussion. I am going to check out my Volcano Encyclopedia to see if I can find something else. Of course, volcanoes are not the only possibility.
There was an eruption on Santorini about 200 BC; there was no “supereruption” there in historical times, the caldera is prehistoric, possibly antedating the presence of humans in the area.
So eliminate the Sun! That needs to be Algore's crusade.
Who/What When (B.C.) Peoples of the Sea Sebennytic Dynasty
(20th = 28th, 29th, 30th)
404-340 p195 Xenophon, the Ten Thousand 401-400 p200 Nepherites est native rule 399-393 p200 Spartan King Agesilaus
successful in Asia Minor
396-395 p39 Corinthian War 395-387 p40 Athenian Iphicrates
introduces warfare innovations
391 p41 King Evagoras of Cyprus
rebels against Artaxerxes II
390 p40 Evagoras defeated 381 p41 Ramses III 379-361 p200 Ramses III revolts against Persia 377-376 p45 Athenian Chabrias destroys Spartan fleet 376 p42 Persia and Greece allied
against Ramses III
374-373 p41 Ramses III battles
Persian satrap Pharnabazus and Greek Iphicrates
374-373 p47 Agesilaus leaves for Egypt 361 p200 Tachos (Ramses IV) 361-355 p81 Nectanebo II (Ramses VI) 355-339 p201 Demosthenes against Philip 351 p201 31st dyn
second Persian domination of Egypt
343-333 p162 Aristotle in Macedonia 343-332 p201 Nectanebo II flees Egypt 339 p160 Alexander succeeds Philip 336 p201 Alexander the Great in Egypt 332 p163 Macedonian dynasty 332-308 p195 Death of Alexander 323 p177 Ptolemy, son of Lagus 323-308 p201 Ptolemy I (Soter) 308-285 p201