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Scientists Push Back the Clock on Early Human Finds
Popular Archaeology ^ | December 01, 2013 | unattributed

Posted on 12/03/2013 7:08:24 PM PST by SunkenCiv

New dating indicates... a well-known group of early Homo (early human) fossils discovered in previous investigations at Koobi Fora in the Turkana Basin of East Africa have an age range that is older than previously estimated.

Led by archaeologist Josephine C.A. Joordens of the Netherlands' Leiden University, the researchers combined magnetostratigraphy and strontium (Sr) isotope stratigraphy techniques to develop a new age constraint range for 15 selected hominin fossils found in deposits on the Karari Ridge of the Koobi Fora region in the eastern Turkana Basin (Kenya). Magnetostratigraphy measures the polarity of Earth's changing magnetic field at the time a stratum (layer) was deposited. Strontium isotope stratigraphy involves measuring the ratios of Strontium isotopes in sediments to determine relative ages between successively deposited sediments. The fossils included key specimens such as cranium KNM-ER 1470, partial face KNM-ER 62000 and mandibles KNM-ER 1482, KNM-ER 1801, and KNM-ER 1802, all well-known among scientists and scholars involved in human evolution research. The fossil KNM-ER 1470, for example, has been classified as belonging to the early human species Homo rudolfensis, discovered by Bernard Ngeneo in 1972 and considered a possible theoretical contender for being ancestral to the human line. It has been dated to about 1.9 million years BPE.

Now, however, the results of their tests and analyses show a new age-range constraint of between 1.945 ± 0.004 and 2.058 ± 0.034 Ma, making the fossil finds older than previously estimated, and providing a sharper, more specific age range for their deposit.

(Excerpt) Read more at popular-archaeology.com ...


TOPICS: History; Science; Travel
KEYWORDS: africa; godsgravesglyphs; turkanaboy
Homo rudolfensis skull (KNM ER 1470) reconstruction displayed at Museum of Man, San Diego. Durova, Wikimedia Commons

Homo rudolfensis skull (KNM ER 1470) reconstruction displayed at Museum of Man, San Diego. Durova, Wikimedia Commons

1 posted on 12/03/2013 7:08:24 PM PST by SunkenCiv
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To: StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; decimon; 1010RD; 21twelve; 24Karet; 2ndDivisionVet; ...

2 posted on 12/03/2013 7:08:52 PM PST by SunkenCiv (http://www.freerepublic.com/~mestamachine/)
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To: SunkenCiv
BPE

I propose BGF...

Before Government Funding...

3 posted on 12/03/2013 7:15:40 PM PST by bigheadfred
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To: SunkenCiv

I remember this guy! We were at a Rolling Stones concert in Milwaukee.


4 posted on 12/03/2013 7:18:00 PM PST by blueunicorn6 ("A crack shot and a good dancer")
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To: SunkenCiv

Bogus report. World was created only 4000 years ago!


5 posted on 12/03/2013 7:19:22 PM PST by entropy12 (Zero thanks to all who stayed home and helped elect Acorn lawyer Zero.)
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To: SunkenCiv

I believe they voted for Obama, too.


6 posted on 12/03/2013 7:20:35 PM PST by ExCTCitizen (Ben Carson/Rand Paul or Sara/Nikki in 2016)
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To: SunkenCiv

not homo sapien

MAY be related to our line (that also means may not be)

But let them keep guessing one day we will all know the truth


7 posted on 12/03/2013 7:23:54 PM PST by Nifster
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To: blueunicorn6

musta been some really lousy acid


8 posted on 12/03/2013 7:40:49 PM PST by bigheadfred
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To: SunkenCiv

Interesting. Thanks for posting.


9 posted on 12/03/2013 7:43:04 PM PST by onedoug
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To: onedoug
Interesting. Thanks for posting.

I second that.

10 posted on 12/03/2013 7:46:54 PM PST by Standing Wolf (No tyrant should ever be allowed to die of natural causes.)
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To: bigheadfred

It was some of that stamp acid from the 70s. I didn’t actually have the stamps so me and this guy were licking the front top right of old envelopes. I did two days in the county pen.....for littering. Turns out “The Man” wants you to put those soggy envelopes in a garbage can instead of throwing them on the ground. It was police brutality. I got a paper cut.


11 posted on 12/03/2013 8:06:27 PM PST by blueunicorn6 ("A crack shot and a good dancer")
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To: blueunicorn6

i can only assume you still have both kidneys


12 posted on 12/03/2013 8:34:45 PM PST by bigheadfred
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To: SunkenCiv

Homo rudolfensis Did he have a very shiny nose?
It looks like someone broke a club over it.


13 posted on 12/03/2013 8:48:42 PM PST by tumblindice (America's founding fathers: All armed conservatives.)
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To: SunkenCiv

I’m no forensic paleopathologist, or whatever, but look at the breaks in the facial bones and skull.
Since it’s not likely a gunshot wound, doesn’t it look like this poor schlub got poleaxed right across his noggin?
Alabama fan?


14 posted on 12/03/2013 9:28:26 PM PST by tumblindice (America's founding fathers: All armed conservatives.)
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To: SunkenCiv

I’m anxiously awaiting the discovery of a two million year old pacemaker.


15 posted on 12/03/2013 10:11:32 PM PST by clearcarbon
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To: bigheadfred

Nope. I lost one in a poker game in Schenectady. You’d think that three queens would be a winning hand, but the dealer had four queens.


16 posted on 12/04/2013 8:10:32 AM PST by blueunicorn6 ("A crack shot and a good dancer")
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To: entropy12

No, 6016 years ago.


17 posted on 12/04/2013 9:31:56 AM PST by Verginius Rufus
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To: blueunicorn6

Gimme Shelter

18 posted on 12/04/2013 11:58:40 AM PST by blam
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To: tumblindice

I’ve been tempted to poleaxe some Alabama fans, but I simmered down and left for a restaurant without a jukebox. ;’)

The deformations are probably just due to burial.


19 posted on 12/04/2013 7:51:54 PM PST by SunkenCiv (http://www.freerepublic.com/~mestamachine/)
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To: clearcarbon

“In a few minutes there will be no doll. There can’t be. I’m sorry.”


20 posted on 12/04/2013 7:52:26 PM PST by SunkenCiv (http://www.freerepublic.com/~mestamachine/)
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To: onedoug

My pleasure!


21 posted on 12/04/2013 8:02:55 PM PST by SunkenCiv (http://www.freerepublic.com/~mestamachine/)
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To: bigheadfred; blueunicorn6; entropy12; ExCTCitizen

:’)


22 posted on 12/04/2013 8:03:53 PM PST by SunkenCiv (http://www.freerepublic.com/~mestamachine/)
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To: entropy12; Verginius Rufus; SunkenCiv; Nifster
entropy12: "Bogus report. World was created only 4000 years ago!"

Verginius Rufus: "No, 6016 years ago."

Nifster: "not homo sapien
MAY be related to our line (that also means may not be)"

Science has dozens of different methods for dating ancient materials.
When several of them produce converging results -- as is the case here -- that is as close as science can ever get to the truth of a matter.
Judeo-Christian traditions, and most denominations today, have long recognized such scientific findings as valid.

Homo Rudolfensis, circa 2.0 million years ago:

As for who begat whom -- there are several known ancient pre-human homo species, sub-species, etc., any one of which may, or may-not, have been our direct ancestors.
No way to tell, so far.

But there are also a growing number of more recent fossils sometimes identified as sub-species of homo sapiens, including:

Among some of these there is DNA evidence of relatively recent interbreeding, if not direct ancestry.

23 posted on 12/05/2013 5:30:30 AM PST by BroJoeK (a little historical perspective....)
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To: BroJoeK

and I understand Genesis to mean that mankind since Adam are God created….

most of the rest of this type of reporting reminds me of the days of Nebraska man….. perhaps you are aware of that silliness?


24 posted on 12/05/2013 7:32:38 AM PST by Nifster
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To: BroJoeK

and just for the record having scientific ‘consensus’ leads to such notions as anthropomorphic global warming (aka man made climate change).

The evolutionary sciences keep trying to find ways to explain that which does not exist in their evidence set. That is not a scientific approach in any field.

I don’t really care what the ‘denominations’ accept as scientific findings.

Try reading the Screw Tape Letters for reference


25 posted on 12/05/2013 7:35:49 AM PST by Nifster
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To: blueunicorn6
You’d think that three queens would be a winning hand, but the dealer had four queens.

at least you dint get jacked that would have been not so very good... i shuddders...

26 posted on 12/05/2013 11:40:24 AM PST by bigheadfred
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To: Nifster
Nifster: "and I understand Genesis to mean that mankind since Adam are God created…."

I take Genesis to record God's creations, with no specificity as to how He did it.
I also take Genesis to record the moment in history, when pre-human became fully human:

Nifster: "most of the rest of this type of reporting reminds me of the days of Nebraska man….. perhaps you are aware of that silliness?"

Similar only in the sense that this particular report records a very careful scientific re-evaluation of previous results.
So, it shows science at its best, reconsidering and slightly correcting previous conclusions.
It a small sense, it's like all those DNA analyses used years later to free men previously convicted of murder -- a literal case of: "the truth shall set you free".

As for that alleged Nebraska Man -- consider: on another current FR thread, we see yet another lame-brained "scientist", this one suggesting ancestral interbreeding between pigs and monkeys.
Point is: lots of scientists have proposed lots of wacky ideas, ideas quickly shot-down by careful examination of existing evidence, never-mind new experiments.

That's how science is supposed to work, donchknow?

27 posted on 12/05/2013 12:39:52 PM PST by BroJoeK (a little historical perspective....)
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To: BroJoeK

Of course, “Lucy in the sky with Diamonds” is all the proof I need lol...


28 posted on 12/05/2013 2:02:52 PM PST by entropy12 (Zero thanks to all who stayed home and helped elect Acorn lawyer Zero.)
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To: Nifster
Nifster: "The evolutionary sciences keep trying to find ways to explain that which does not exist in their evidence set.
That is not a scientific approach in any field."

In fact, science itself deals in two basic elements: facts and theories.
A scientific fact is simply a confirmed observation, i.e., we can confirm with careful measurements the times for the sun's rising and setting.
A scientific theory is a confirmed natural-explanation for those observed facts, i.e., the sun's risings and settings are explained by the earth's daily rotations.

So evolution theory, like every other scientific theory, tries to find the best possible natural-explanation for the facts we can observe.

Nothing more, nothing less, FRiend.

29 posted on 12/07/2013 7:09:33 AM PST by BroJoeK (a little historical perspective....)
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To: BroJoeK

Unfortunately, evolution is being taught as FACT not theory.

When science disproves a theory (which has happened to evolutionary theory , hence to ever ‘evolving’ theories that come out from time to time) it is discarded and a new hypothesis is presented for testing.

Evolutionary theory cannot be tested by any modern technique. There is hence no way to ‘prove’ it. There are plenty of examples of where it has been shown to be flat out wrong.

None of that is science. Your training in test is obviously lacking. Observations are not sufficient for theory or testing


30 posted on 12/07/2013 9:23:56 AM PST by Nifster
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To: BroJoeK

Your desire to ‘prove’ evolution and to suggest that some how non-science is really science is very disturbing.

Do not bother trying to reply or explain. your best efforts have fallen short and only underscore the inability of true science to add to ‘evolutionary theory’


31 posted on 12/07/2013 9:29:07 AM PST by Nifster
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To: Nifster
Nifster: "Unfortunately, evolution is being taught as FACT not theory."

One difference between fact and theory is that facts are observed, while theories are explanations.
So there are literal mountains of facts (i.e., fossils, geology, DNA) helping to confirm evolution theory.
These are correctly taught as facts.
Some explanations (i.e., basic evolution) are correctly taught as confirmed theories.
Other explanations (i.e., origins of life) are correctly taught as unconfirmed hypotheses.

That's just basic science, and if some science teachers blur the lines between fact, hypothesis and theory, that's too bad, but I've never seen it.

Nifster: "When science disproves a theory (which has happened to evolutionary theory , hence to ever ‘evolving’ theories that come out from time to time) it is discarded and a new hypothesis is presented for testing."

Perhaps you've forgotten basic science terminology?
First, a proposed explanation is called a "hypothesis".
In order to qualify as "hypothesis", the explanation must meet the first requirement of science: a natural explanation for natural processes, plus, it must take into account all the known facts relating to it.
As an example, if I were to propose that the Moon is made of green cheese, that would not qualify as a serious hypothesis.

The hypothesis must also be testable and falsifiable.
If an appropriate test fails to falsify, then the hypothesis is considered as "confirmed", which graduates it to the status of "theory".
And "confirmed theory" is as high as it goes in natural-science.

And basic evolution (speciation through 1-descent with modifications and 2-natural selection) is a confirmed theory, confirmed innumerable times, never seriously falsified.
Of course, there are many unconfirmed hypotheses (i.e., origin of life) related to evolution, and these do indeed change as new data & ideas are developed.

Nifster: "Evolutionary theory cannot be tested by any modern technique.
There is hence no way to ‘prove’ it.
There are plenty of examples of where it has been shown to be flat out wrong."

In fact, basic evolution theory has been tested and confirmed innumerable times, never seriously "disproved".
More than that, evolution can be observed every day, in the records of DNA mutations left in every species.
Thus it is today possible to quantify degrees of separation between similar sub-species & species, and confirm the time of their last common ancestors.

Indeed, if you've studied your own dogmas carefully, you'd note how they confess to something they call "micro-evolution", while denying something they pretend to be "macro-evolution".
In fact, the only difference between them is short-term versus long-term.
The two processes are exactly the same (descent with modifications plus natural selection) over different periods of time.

In short, once you've observed "micro-evolution", you've also observed "macro-evolution", since in reality, they are the same thing.

Of course, if you wish to provide evidences which you suppose "disproves" evolution, I'll be happy to review them with you, and show you the real truths of the matters.

Nifster: "None of that is science.
Your training in test is obviously lacking.
Observations are not sufficient for theory or testing."

For any hypothesis to qualify as a "theory", it must pass some tests capable of falsifying it.
Basic evolution theory has passed many tests, and never been seriously falsified.

So now, if you wish to get down into the many specifics, we can do that...

32 posted on 12/08/2013 2:59:51 AM PST by BroJoeK (a little historical perspective....)
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To: Nifster
Nifster: "Your desire to ‘prove’ evolution and to suggest that some how non-science is really science is very disturbing."

Sorry for your disturbance, FRiend, but the truth of the matter is that evolution theory is part of "real science", and whatever you might propose is most likely not.
So, if you wish to cite some specifics, I'll be happy to review them with you.

Nifster: "Do not bother trying to reply or explain.
your best efforts have fallen short and only underscore the inability of true science to add to ‘evolutionary theory’."

Sorry, but "true science" is not what you claim.
Rather, it's what natural-scientists say, and that includes ideas incorporated in the term "evolution".

Of course you are free -- totally -- to discount and disbelieve anything real scientists report, and nobody will interfere with you, so long as you don't call your own ideas, "science".
They're not.

33 posted on 12/08/2013 3:13:12 AM PST by BroJoeK (a little historical perspective....)
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To: BroJoeK

Your definition of science is ridiculous…

“Sorry, but “true science” is not what you claim.
Rather, it’s what natural-scientists say,”

You obviously have never taken a course in the hard sciences. No physicist, chemist, or engineer I know would make such a silly statement.

Post all you want I will no longer bother to post back to you…..pearls before swine and all


34 posted on 12/08/2013 8:50:14 AM PST by Nifster
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