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Disease and trauma within collapsing Indus Civilisation
Past Horizons ^ | 12-25-2013

Posted on 12/27/2013 3:02:52 AM PST by Renfield

During the third millennium BCE, the Indus Civilisation flourished in what is now northwest India and Pakistan. Between 2200-1900 BCE the culture was characterised by long-distance exchange networks, carefully planned urban settlements such as Harappa and Mohenjo Daro that had sophisticated sanitation facilities, standardised weights and measures, and a sphere of influence that extended over a million square kilometres of territory.

The culture was seemingly at its height when the end came (collapse attributed to climatic change) but recent research published in both the open access journal PLoS ONE and an earlier 2012 article in the International Journal of Palaeopathology has expanded on this hypothesis. A climatic collapse

Recent palaeoclimate reconstructions from the Beas River Valley demonstrates hydro-climatic stress due to a weakened monsoon system may have impacted urban centres like Harappa by the end of the third millennium BCE. However, the impact of environmental change was compounded by disruptions to the regional interaction sphere.

Lead author in both these studies, Gwen Robbins Schug, an Associate Professor of Anthropology at the Appalachian State University, explained, “we assessed evidence for palaeopathology to infer the biological consequences of climate change and socio-economic disruption in the post-urban period at Harappa”...

(Excerpt) Read more at pasthorizonspr.com ...


TOPICS: History; Science
KEYWORDS: archaeology; aryaninvasion; disease; epigraphyandlanguage; godsgravesglyphs; harappa; harappan; indus; indusvalley; tamil
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1 posted on 12/27/2013 3:02:52 AM PST by Renfield
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To: SunkenCiv

Ping

I’m taking Mrs. Renfield to Charleston to celebrate our 25th anniversary. I’ll be out of commission for a week or so.


2 posted on 12/27/2013 3:04:08 AM PST by Renfield (Turning apples into venison since 1999!)
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To: Renfield
However, the impact of environmental change was compounded by disruptions to the regional interaction sphere.

What, in the name of St Noah of Webster, is a "regional interaction sphere?"

3 posted on 12/27/2013 3:36:31 AM PST by SES1066 (Quality, Speed or Economical - Any 2 of 3 except in government - 1 at best but never #3!)
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To: SES1066

I find it impossible to read anything that uses “BCE.” It is an immediate giveaway that there is some defective thinking going on.


4 posted on 12/27/2013 3:57:19 AM PST by Vehmgericht
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To: Renfield

Shoot, I thought this was a Prepper article about the disease and trauma in the US during OUR coming collapse.


5 posted on 12/27/2013 4:00:50 AM PST by Lazamataz (Early 2009 to 7/21/2013 - RIP my little girl Cathy. You were the best cat ever. You will be missed.)
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To: Renfield

This article sounds like someone with something to prove to support his politically correct assumptions about our society now.


6 posted on 12/27/2013 4:52:17 AM PST by arthurus (Read Hazlitt's Economics In One Lesson ONLINEhttp://steshaw.org/economics-in-one-lesson/)
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To: Renfield
"Observations of the intersection between climate change and social processes in proto-historic cities offer valuable lessons about vulnerability, insecurity, and the long-term consequences of short-term strategies for coping with our own climate change."

There was not a lot of evidence presented indicating that climate change causes those in the privileged ranks of soceity to bash in the skulls of those less fortunate. However, if I were Michael Mann, I would be very, very careful.

7 posted on 12/27/2013 5:05:03 AM PST by norwaypinesavage (Galileo: In science, the authority of a thousand is not worth the humble reasoning of one individual)
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To: Vehmgericht
I, on the other hand, interpret BCE as Before Christian Era, in which form it makes perfect sense.

BC, on the other hand, means Before Christ. When exactly was that? If Christ is God, and God is eternal, then there cannot be a time before Christ.

8 posted on 12/27/2013 5:12:22 AM PST by reg45 (Barack 0bama: Implementing class warfare by having no class.)
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To: Vehmgericht
I find it impossible to read anything that uses “BCE.” It is an immediate giveaway that there is some defective thinking going on.

Me, too.

Just to annoy these so-called "historian-experts," I play dumb and ask 'em what does "BCE" stand for?

"Before the Common Era."

"Oh? Common to what? Oh...I notice the zero point for your measurement JUST HAPPENS to correspond to Christ's birth...do you mind if I call it 'Before the Christian Era'?"

Then sit back, relax, watch the apopleptic fit set in. ;)

9 posted on 12/27/2013 5:16:54 AM PST by sauron ("Truth is hate to those who hate Truth" --unknown)
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To: SES1066

I took a technical writing class in college many moons ago. We had a guest speaker one day who handed out these neat triple wheels to generate buzz phrases to jazz up our work. Meant in complete satire, that sort of thing has clearly now become serious academic work.

Read about the buzzword generator here; worthwhile:
Cohen buzzword generator
http://www.horton.com/cohenbuzzword.htm


10 posted on 12/27/2013 5:25:44 AM PST by FreedomPoster (Islam delenda est)
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To: Renfield

Translation: Climate change berry berry bad; women, children, minorities hardest hit.


11 posted on 12/27/2013 5:44:02 AM PST by Zeppo ("Happy Pony is on - and I'm NOT missing Happy Pony")
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To: sauron

Technically, Jesus wasn’t born in 1 AD, but several years before.


12 posted on 12/27/2013 5:45:49 AM PST by James C. Bennett (An Australian.)
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To: sauron

How about “GAL” and stop obsessing about trivia like abbreviations for brevity?


13 posted on 12/27/2013 6:22:22 AM PST by John Valentine (Deep in the Heart of Texas)
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To: sauron

The concept of “Common Era” dates back to the 17th Century - it’s nothing new. The designation CE/CBE was originally developed by Jewish scholars in the 19th Century to secularize scientific writing - Anno Domini just doesn’t pass muster in some cultures. Considering the contributions of Jewish academics in Europe, it’s quite understandable.


14 posted on 12/27/2013 6:46:22 AM PST by stormer
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To: Renfield
The culture was seemingly at its height when the end came (collapse attributed to climatic change)...

When they say climatic change do they by chance mean mass immigration from inferior cultures mixed with rampant homosexuality? Maybe I'm just projecting.

15 posted on 12/27/2013 6:55:14 AM PST by Pan_Yan (Who told you that you were naked? Genesis 3:11)
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To: Renfield
Whenever I see “BCE” I stop reading.The same goes with this piece.
16 posted on 12/27/2013 7:23:30 AM PST by Gay State Conservative (Osama Obama Care: A Religion That Will Have You On Your Knees!)
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To: Renfield; StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; decimon; 1010RD; 21twelve; 24Karet; ...
Thanks Renfield.

17 posted on 12/27/2013 8:24:08 AM PST by SunkenCiv (http://www.freerepublic.com/~mestamachine/)
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To: stormer; John Valentine; James C. Bennett; reg45

Thanks.


18 posted on 12/27/2013 8:27:21 AM PST by SunkenCiv (http://www.freerepublic.com/~mestamachine/)
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To: SES1066
What, in the name of St Noah of Webster, is a "regional interaction sphere?"

I think you see one whenver Chris Christie walks fast.

19 posted on 12/27/2013 8:35:08 AM PST by COBOL2Java (I'm a Christian, pro-life, pro-gun, Reaganite. The GOP hates me. Why should I vote for them?)
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To: Renfield

Hmm, I think in “normal people English” this translates to “They had a drought, then farmed their land to dust trying to continue to squeeze crops out of the soil.”. Do I get a cookie?


20 posted on 12/27/2013 8:52:41 AM PST by Fire_on_High (RIP City of Heroes and Paragon Studios, victim of the Obamaconomy.)
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