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Microfilm-New York Times archives, Monterey Public Library | 1/19/44 | W.H. Lawrence, Milton Bracker, Joseph M. Levy, Frederick Graham, Harold Callender, Drew Middleton

Posted on 01/19/2014 4:26:03 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson


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TOPICS: History
KEYWORDS: milhist; realtime; worldwarii
Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
1 posted on 01/19/2014 4:26:04 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Leningrad and Ukraine Offensives – Operations, 2 December 1943-30 April 1944
Allied Advance to Volturno River, Reorganization, and Attack on Gustav Line (17 January-11 May 1944)
Anzio-Cassino Area, 1943: Attempts to Cross Rapido and Garigliano Rivers, 17-20 January 1944. Anzio Landing, 22 January 1944. German Counterattack at Anzio, 16-19 February 1944
New Guinea and Alamo Force Operations: Clearing the Huon Peninsula and Securing the Straits, 19 September 1943-26 April 1944
Cartwheel, the Seizure of the Gilberts and Marshalls, and Concurrent Air and Naval Operations, 30 June 1943-26 April 1944
The Far East and the Pacific, 1941: Original Allied Strategic Concept, May 1943; Situation in Pacific, 1 November 1943
2 posted on 01/19/2014 4:26:53 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
[Continued from January 17.]

19 January. The rest of the 128th RCT began to arrive. (This put the bulk of the 32d Division in the Task Force and General Gill took over command of the entire operation).

Major General H.W. Blakeley, USA, Ret., The 32d Infantry Division in World War II

Homer’s father is part of the 128th RCT (Co. F, 2nd Battalion).

3 posted on 01/19/2014 4:27:35 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
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Winston S. Churchill, Closing the Ring

4 posted on 01/19/2014 4:28:46 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
Bid Laid to Nazis – 2
New Push Opened (Lawrence) – 3
Americans Crack Defenses of Cassino from Two Sides (Bracker) – 4
Air Attacks Rally Anti-Axis Bulgars (Levy) – 4-5
One-Man Air Force Belittles His Feat (Graham) – 5-6
War News Summarized – 5
German Prisoners in Africa Begin to Realize that Reich Cannot Win (Callender) – 6
U.S. Indian Troops Advance at Arawe – 7
Churchill Steals Show in Commons (Middleton) – 8
Winston Churchill Returns to London (photos) – 8-9
Cape Gloucester: Through Rain, Mud and Swamps the Marines Push against the Japanese (photos) – 10-12
Air Power and the War (by Alexander P. de Seversky) – 13
Backing War Bond Drive before Going to the Attack (photo) – 13
Post-War Policies-II (by Hanson W. Baldwin) – 14
The Texts of the Day’s War Communiques – 15

Editorials – 16-18
Out of the Shadows
France in Italy
National War Service
Argentina’s Earthquake
The New AEF Gets Ready
A Fine Governor
Safeguarding a Surplus
Results are What Count
Topics of the Times

5 posted on 01/19/2014 4:30:19 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Germans forced back from Leningrad
Wednesday, January 19, 1944

On the Eastern Front... Forces of the Soviet Leningrad Front capture Krasnoye Selo, Popsha and Peterhof. A link is thereby established between the 42nd Army and the 2nd Shock Army. About 100 miles south, forces of the Soviet Volkhov Front threaten to encircle German forces near Novgorod.

In Italy... The British 10th Corps (part of US 5th Army) continues attacking. The British 5th Division captures Minturno.

6 posted on 01/19/2014 4:31:03 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

January 19th, 1944 (WEDNESDAY)

UNITED KINGDOM: Submarine HMS Vivid commissioned.

DENMARK: Copenhagen: Early today, German military patrols swept through the deserted streets of Copenhagen, occupied all the city’s police stations and disarmed and arrested the entire police force. The move, ordered by SS Lt-Gen Gunther Pancke, followed the capture by a German patrol vessel of a boatload of refugees fleeing to Sweden. The Germans believe the Danish police have been aiding the escape of wanted Danes. Last week, the chief of the police passport department and his assistant fled to Sweden to escape arrest.

U-484, U-1168 commissioned

U-1013 launched.

U.S.S.R.: Soviet troops of the 59th Army take Novgorod, and push on to Estonia.

In a co-ordinated offensive by the garrison troops and the armies of the Volkhov front, the Russians have torn a 25-mile gap in the German siege lines.

In doing so they have smashed seven enemy divisions and captured 37 of the long-range guns which have been systematically bombarding the city in an attempt to fulfill Hitler’s threat to destroy it when it was first besieged in September 1941. Tonight the Germans are reeling back from the beleaguered city. Columns if grim-faced Russian soldiers swing through its battered streets heading, south to Krasnoye Selo or out across the ice of Kronstadt Bay to Oranienbaum where a pocket of Russians has held out since the first days of the siege.

The pocket was reinforced in great secrecy before the battle opened a week ago. Men of the Second Shock Army were ferried in by boat at night. They hid by day, and when they came storming out they took the Germans by surprise.

ITALY: British forces establish bridgeheads on the north side of the Garigliano.
Backed by naval gunfire, troops of the British X Corps led by General Richard McCreery have crossed the lower Garigliano river in landing craft and established vital bridgeheads on the northern bank.

Minturno falls to the US 5th Army, which now attempts to cross the heavily defended Rapido river. The 56th Division succeeds in the crossing; however fierce German fire has stopped a crossing by the 46th Division. German commander, General von Vietinghoff, is transferring two armoured divisions to face the new threat.

PACIFIC: From Glen Boren’s war diary aboard the USS BUNKER HILL:

Got underway by 0600. By noon, we had the air group safely aboard with only one problem, The tail hook pulled out of Fox 13 and it crashed into the barrier and messed it up quite a bit.

The Destroyer “Burns” is with us again and I have been trying to get to it to see a friend from home...We are escorted by five Battleships this time A first also. We soon learned we were headed for Funafute.

Jack McKillop adds from DANFS (101) On 8 December 1943, Alabama, along with five other fast battleships, carried out the first Pacific gunfire strike conducted by that type of warship. Alabama’s guns hurled 535 rounds into enemy strong points, as she and her sister ships b ombarded Nauru Island, an enemy phosphate-producing center, causing severe damage to shore installations there. She also took the destroyer Boyd (DD-644), alongside after that ship had received a direct hit from a Japanese shore battery on Nauru, and brought three injured men on board for treatment.

She then escorted the carriers Bunker Hill (CV-17) and Monterey (CVL-26) back to Efate, arriving on 12 December. Alabama departed the New Hebrides for Pearl Harbor on 5 January 1944, arrived on the 12th, and underwent a brief drydocking at the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard. After replacement of her port outboard propeller, and routine maintenance, Alabama was again underway to return to action in the Pacific.

USS Indiana (BB-58)
Indiana steamed to Pearl Harbor 21 October 1943, and departed 11 November with the support forces designated for the invasion of the Gilbert Islands. The battleship protected the carriers which supported the Marines during the bloody fight for Tarawa.

USS Massachusetts (BB-59)
Massachusetts arrived at Noumea, New Caledonia, 4 March 1943. For the next months she operated in the South Pacific, protecting convoy lanes and supporting operations in the Solomons. Between 19 November and 21 November, she sailed with a carri er group striking Makin, Tarawa, and Abemama in the Gilberts; on 8 December she shelled Japanese positions on Nauru; and on 29 January 1944 she guarded carriers striking Tarawa in the Gilberts.

USS North Carolina (BB-55)
With Enterprise, in the Northern Covering Group, North Carolina sortied from Pearl Harbor 10 November for the assault on Makin, Tarawa, and Abemama. Air strikes began 19 November, and for 10 days mighty air blows were struck to aid marines a shore engaged in some of the bloodiest fighting of the Pacific War. Supporting the Gilberts campaign and preparing the assault on the Marshalls, North Carolina’s highly accurate big guns bombarded Nauru 8 December, destroying air facilities, beach defence revetments, and radio installations. Later that month, she protected Bunker Hill (CV-17) in strikes against shipping and airfields at Kavieng, New Ireland and in January 1944 joined Fast Carrier Striking Force 68, Rear Admiral Marc M itscher in command, at Funafuti, Ellice Islands.

USS Washington (BB-56)
Washington tarried at Efate for less than two weeks. Underway on Christmas Day, flying Rear Admiral Lee’s flag, the battleship sailed in company with her sistership North Carolina and a screen of four destroyers to conduct gunnery pra ctice, returning to the New Hebrides on 7 January 1944.

Eleven days later, the battleship departed Efate for the Ellice Islands. Joining TG 37.2-carriers Monterey and Bunker Hill and four destroyers en route, Washington reached Funafuti, Ellice Islands, on 20 January. Three days lat er, the battleship, along with the rest of the task group, put to sea to make rendezvous with elements of TF 58, the fast carrier task force under the overall command of Vice Admiral Marc A. “Pete” Mitscher. Becoming part of TG 58.1, Washington screened the fast carriers in her group as they launched air strikes on Taroa and Kwajalein in the waning days of January 1944. Washington, together with Massachusetts and Indiana, left the formation with four destroyers as screen and shelled Kwajalein Atoll on the 30th. Further air strikes followed the next day.

CANADA: Minesweeper HMS Felicity launched Toronto, Ontario.

Escort carrier USS Lunga Point laid down.

Destroyer escort USS Walter C Wann launched.

Minesweeper USS Invade laid down.

Destroyer escorts USS Jenks and Cofer commissioned.

Escort carrier USS Saginaw Bay launched.

ATLANTIC OCEAN: U-641 Sunk in the North Atlantic south-west of Ireland, in position 50.25N, 18.49W, by depth charges from the British corvette HMS Violet. 50 dead (all hands lost). (Alex Gordon)

7 posted on 01/19/2014 4:32:06 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Churchill refuses to give up the idea of a Balkan invasion despite US and Soviet opposition.

8 posted on 01/19/2014 4:54:10 AM PST by iowamark (I must study politics and war that my sons may have liberty to study mathematics and philosophy)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Dr. Eggleston mentioned on page 10 died less than a year ago:

Charleston – DuBose Egleston, Jr., M.D., 98, of Charleston, died Tuesday, April 23, 2013. Visitation will be on Friday, April 26, 2013 at 1:30 P.M. in the chapel at Bishop Gadsden Retirement Home, with a Requiem Mass to follow it at 2. He was born May 9, 1914 in Augusta, Georgia, the son of DuBose Egleston, Sr. and Marie Mahoney Egleston, and the brother of John Marion Egleston. His earliest datable memory was the Great Augusta Fire of March 22, 1916. His father was yardmaster for the Augusta rail yard, and he spoke of riding home with his father on the cattle catcher. He was a classmate of Ty Cobb’s son, Herschel, and he played football with Herschel. He said that Ty Cobb took home movies of the practices. He was an Eagle Scout and a lifeguard, and attended Richmond Academy. He had two uncles and a cousin who were medical doctors, and as a boy he accompanied his Uncle Willie (William Egleston, M.D.) on house calls. He graduated from the University of Georgia Medical College in 1938. While there he was a resident of Virgil P. Sydenstricker, M.D., and he assisted Hervey M. Cleckey, M.D.; he is thanked by name (his name is misspelled) in all copies of Cleckley’s “The Mask of Sanity”. He joined the Army in 1940, studied at the Mayo Clinic, and served in World War II, attaining the rank of Major. He was a combat surgeon for the Chinese during the Salween River Campaign. He took many photographs in China and Burma, and he was present at the opening of the Burma Road. He wrote about his war experiences in a 22-page memoir. He was awarded the bronze star, with oak leaf cluster, and the Breast Order of Cloud (Order of the Cloud and Banner) medal of the Republic of China. He married Genevieve Ruth Morgan, a native of Baton Rouge, on November 10, 1941.

The couple moved to Columbia, South Carolina, in 1947. He shared a general surgery practice with Roger Doughty, M.D. until Doughty’s death a few years later. The couple’s first residence was off of Belt Line Boulevard; his first office was on Devine Street on the second floor above what is now Yesterday’s. He built a new home at 1534 Berkeley Road, and after a few years he built a home at 10 Heathwood Circle next door to Governor James F. Byrnes. Michael Egleston tells the story of neighbor (not Governor Byrnes) asking him to contribute to a fund to buy off a Jewish person who had bought property in the neighborhood, and him refusing, saying he had no problem with the person being Jewish. His office moved many times. I remember that he was on Bull Street and in two places on Hampton Street. He retired in 1988, and moved to Charleston in 2005. He was a member and past president of the Medical Journal Club and the South Carolina Surgical Association, and a board certified member of the American College of Surgeons and the International College of Surgeons.

He loved the game of tennis, playing for much of his life, and he was a contract bridge player; in recent years he worked many jigsaw puzzles. He was an avid reader, and after his retirement he and his wife attended over fifty Elderhostels. He was a great fan of Gamecock football.
In an autobiographical statement he said “You might say I have been a devout Catholic and have prayed twice a day all my life”. He was a 4th degree member of the Knights of Columbus. In Columbia he attended St. Joseph’s Church and in Charleston he attended the Church of the Nativity. Most Saturdays found him and his son, David, at the 5:30 P.M. Saturday Vigil Mass. He was last at this Mass on April 21, 2013. Nativity pastor, the Rev. Thomas Kingsley, will conduct his funeral.

Genevieve (his wife of 67 years) died on January 31, 2009. After Mass he will be buried alongside her in Holy Cross Cemetery, Charleston. Dr. Egleston is survived by three sons David Egleston, M.D. (Francie), Charles (Terry), and Michael (Lee Anne); six grandchildren (DuBose, Anne, Patrick, Sophie, Derrick, and Henry); three great-grandchildren (DuBose, Mills, and Ellie), and by cousin Chelle Delaney Simpson, who called him “Uncle D”, the term used by her parents to describe Dr. Egleston’s father, DuBose Egleston, Sr.

9 posted on 01/19/2014 5:12:11 AM PST by PAR35
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Good post Homer. Very good POW story by Callender.
My goodness, that picture of Maj. Gen. Ruperius makes his left leg look ghastly from the shin down...horrible!.
10 posted on 01/19/2014 5:25:36 AM PST by Tainan (Cogito, ergo conservatus sum -- "The Taliban is inside the building")
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To: Tainan

Looks like he put sand almost to the calf on his left foot.

11 posted on 01/19/2014 1:33:20 PM PST by Ecliptic (.)
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