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Microfilm-New York Times archives, Monterey Public Library | 1/22/44 | Drew Middleton, Ralph Parker, Hanson W. Baldwin

Posted on 01/22/2014 4:47:17 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson


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TOPICS: History
KEYWORDS: milhist; realtime; worldwarii
Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
1 posted on 01/22/2014 4:47:17 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Leningrad and Ukraine Offensives – Operations, 2 December 1943-30 April 1944
Allied Advance to Volturno River, Reorganization, and Attack on Gustav Line (17 January-11 May 1944)
Anzio-Cassino Area, 1943: Attempts to Cross Rapido and Garigliano Rivers, 17-20 January 1944. Anzio Landing, 22 January 1944. German Counterattack at Anzio, 16-19 February 1944
New Guinea and Alamo Force Operations: Clearing the Huon Peninsula and Securing the Straits, 19 September 1943-26 April 1944
Cartwheel, the Seizure of the Gilberts and Marshalls, and Concurrent Air and Naval Operations, 30 June 1943-26 April 1944
The Far East and the Pacific, 1941: Original Allied Strategic Concept, May 1943; Situation in Pacific, 1 November 1943
2 posted on 01/22/2014 4:47:48 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Billboard Top Ten for the Week of January 22, 1944

#1 – “Paper Doll” - Mills Brothers
#2 - “My Heart Tells Me” - Glen Gray, with Eugenie Baird
#3 - “Star Eyes” - Jimmy Dorsey, with Bob Eberly and Kitty Kallen
#4 - “My Shining Hour” - Glen Gray, with Eugenie Baird
#5 – “Boogie Woogie” - Tommy Dorsey
#6 – “Shoo Shoo Baby” - Ella Mae Morse, with orchestra
#7 - “They’re Either Too Young or Too Old” - Jimmy Dorsey, with Kitty Kallen
#8 - “People Will Say We’re in Love” - Bing Crosby, with Trudy Erwin
#9 - “Blue Rain” – Glenn Miller, with Ray Eberly
#10 – “How Sweet You Are” – Kay Armen

3 posted on 01/22/2014 4:48:21 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
U.S. Planes Strike (Middleton) – 2-3
War News Summarized – 3
Rail Center Falls (Parker) – 4
Tito’s Partisans Retake Bosnian Capital; Enemy Claims Capture of Island of Brac – 5
Leading the Yugoslav Partisan Troops against the Nazis (photo) – 5
16 Ships, One a Cruiser, Sunk by British, U.S. Submarines – 6
Woman Spy Links 2 to Ring at Trial – 6
Woman Accused of Using Letters on Dolls to Convey Military Data – 7
Post-War Policies-V (Baldwin) – 8-9
Centralized State Held Peril in U.S. – 9
The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the War – 10-11
Hull Discounts Butler Figures – 11
4 posted on 01/22/2014 4:49:19 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Allies land at Anzio
Saturday, January 22, 1944

American troops land at AnzioIn Italy... Allied forces establish a beachhead at Anzio. The assaulting forces are drawn from the US 6th Corps (Lucas). To the north of the town the US 3rd Division lands. Naval support is provided by forces under the command of Admiral Lowry. To south, the British 1st Division comes ashore. Naval support in the south is provided by forces commanded by Admiral Troubridge. The landings meet light resistance. By the end of the day, 36,000 troops have been deployed and only 13 are killed. The port of Anzio is captured intact. The German commander in chief in Italy, Field Marshal Kesselring requests reserves from OKW while organizing a defensive cordon around the beachhead with improvised units.

5 posted on 01/22/2014 4:50:25 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

January 22nd, 1944 (SATURDAY)

UNITED KINGDOM: Scotland: Loch Ewe: Convoy JW-56B sails for Murmansk. Destroyer HMCS Huron departed Loch Ewe as part of the close escort for a 15-ship convoy to the Kola Inlet. In the summer of 1942, all subsequent Arctic convoys to Russian sailed in the winter months, taking advantage of foul weather and reduced daylight to conceal their movements from German aerial reconnaissance. This was very successful and subsequent losses were negligible. Submarine HMS Terrapin commissioned.

GERMANY: U-399 commissioned.

U.S.S.R.: Soviet forces surround the Germans at Vitebsk.

ITALY: The Allied landings begin at Anzio.

Anzio: Midnight. In the inky blackness, British and American troops of VI Corps, taking part in Operation SHINGLE, boarded landing craft from a convoy of 243 ships that arrived off this small port on the Tyrrhenian Sea tonight. Heavy opposition was expected when the landing craft hit the beaches. The US commander, Major-General John Lucas, was gloomy about the whole affair. “I feel like a lamb being led to the slaughter,” he wrote 13 days ago after a meeting with the supreme commander, General Alexander.

Yet there was no slaughter when the Allied army came ashore. Anzio is deserted, a ghost town; the inhabitants have been evacuated; there were no defenders. The German high command has been totally wrongfooted. As evening fell on Anzio tonight, nearly 50,000 men and 3,000 vehicles have landed with the loss of 13 men, mostly from mines. The road to Rome, 32 miles to the north, is open. Intelligence reports that there are few, if any, German defenders on the route.

But with the memory of the near-debacle at Salerno still fresh in his mind, Lucas is determined to build up his beach-head defences before venturing forth. He had calculated on a rugged defence, and has ordered his army to dig in to fight off counter-attacks.

Lucas’s commander, General Mark Clark, arrived here this evening with General Alexander. The British commander is all for pushing forward with strong mobile forces. Clark has advised Lucas not to “stick his neck out”. Winston Churchill, ever an enthusiast for this invasion, has cabled Alexander to say: “Am very glad you are pegging out claims rather than digging in.” Lucas has established his headquarters in an underground wine cellar and shows no sign of pegging out claims.

Minesweeper USS Portent mined and sunk off Anzio.

Rome: Allied aircraft drop millions of leaflets announcing that liberation is nigh.

PACIFIC: The US invasion fleet (”Galvanic” Assault Force”) sails for the Marshall Islands, opening Operation Flintlock, which aims at their capture.

Aboard the USS BUNKER HILL with Glen Boren: I tried to get to DD 588 but couldn’t get a boat headed that way..

Captain Ballentine, the Bunker Hill skipper announced that he had been promoted to Admiral and would be leaving in the near future.

Mid-afternoon our Intel Officer, Mark Adams looked me up and said that he had just got back from the Island and had something that he figured I would like to have and handed me a copy of the Naval Aviation News dated 1 Jan 1944 and lo and behold, there was my picture right in the center of the cover with a bunch of our pilots in the catwalk of the carrier that we had carrier qualified on, off the coast of California the summer before. Needless to say that I have been proud of that

The carrier that we qualified on was the USS Nassau, Sept, 15 - 18, 1943 off of San Diego.

Frigate USS Everett commissioned.

Minesweeper USS Prime launched.

Destroyer escort USS O’Toole commissioned.

Destroyer escorts USS Willard Keith and William C Lawe laid down.

Submarine USS Pipefish commissioned.
Minesweeper USS Saunter commissioned.

Destroyer escorts USS Thomas F Nickel, Robert Brazier and Lough launched.

ATLANTIC OCEAN: One crewmember from U-984 was washed overboard in the North Atlantic. [Maschinenobergefreiter Hermann Keller].

6 posted on 01/22/2014 4:51:22 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

January 22, 1943:

"Those who did not die from Nazi medical experimentation often carried the effects with them forever.
This woman, imprisoned during the war in the Ravensbrück, Germany, concentration camp, shows the results of an operation to remove the calf muscle of her right leg.
Part of a project led by Dr. Karl Gebhardt, the experimenters even amputated limbs of prisoners for the supposed benefit of injured soldiers.
Almost half of the 24 women who endured these particular experiments died."

7 posted on 01/22/2014 5:21:40 AM PST by BroJoeK (a little historical perspective....)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson; henkster
Under pressure from the IJN and the Japanese occupation of Burma and the Andamans, the British Eastern Fleet retreated from Singapore to Ceylon to the Maldives and ultimately to Kenya. 1944 will see the fleet build back up and get back into action, as today's report shows.

Hanson Baldwin has an interesting piece on postwar military reform. Not many of the proposals were implemented but a new umbrella cabinet department was created, not the "Department of War" but the Department of Defense. The Air Force was separated from the Army. In the reforms, the Marine Corps was almost abolished as duplicative of the Army, but the Corps' many friends saved it.

8 posted on 01/22/2014 12:15:20 PM PST by colorado tanker
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To: colorado tanker; henkster
Hanson Baldwin has an interesting piece on postwar military reform.

This six-part series on post-war policy, beginning Jan. 18 and ending tomorrow, is the longest series we have seen from Baldwin. He covers subjects like the form of an international peacekeeping organization, the size of our peacetime military, the possibility of retaining selective service, merging the services into one body (no more separate army, navy, air force), and whatever he discusses tomorrow. One wartime disclosure he made is that no one in authority he talked to - and he seems to have many sources in Washington - believes the war will be over by 1945.

9 posted on 01/22/2014 2:32:53 PM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson; henkster
Well, but for the atomic bomb, the war would not have been over in 1945, in the Pacific at least. Ultimately, Operation Coronet, the invasion of Honshu, wasn't even planned to take place until March 1946.

If you look at the rate the Russians are chewing up real estate, however, it's pretty easy to envision the end in Europe in 1945, despite our being bogged down in Italy.

10 posted on 01/22/2014 2:46:33 PM PST by colorado tanker
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To: Homer_J_Simpson; colorado tanker

My respect for Baldwin grows with every piece he writes. He was a little shaky at the beginning of the war, but not any more. He has excellent sources of information, and an uncanny ability to piece the information together and predict what will happen. Parker does just as good a job for the Russo-German war, considering he has to pierce the Soviets’ twin veils of secrecy and propaganda.

As for the war being over in 1944, only the greatest optimists think that. We have even landed in France, and despite the fact the Soviets have made huge gains, they still have a long way to go. Some of the more cynical GI’s in the Pacific are saying “Golden Gate in ‘48”

11 posted on 01/22/2014 3:09:56 PM PST by henkster (Communists never negotiate.)
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To: henkster
I absolutely agree as to Baldwin. Best civilian journalist analyst, in my opinion. He obviously has developed some great sources, too.

After the breakout from Normandy, people started getting overly optimistic about the end in Europe. The shock of the Bulge ended that.

12 posted on 01/22/2014 3:25:14 PM PST by colorado tanker
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