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European Hunter-Gatherers, Blue Eyes and Dark Skin?
The Unz Review ^ | 26 Jan 2014 | Razib Khan

Posted on 01/27/2014 8:44:03 AM PST by Theoria

The headlines about this individual having dark skin are well founded, like the Luxembourg hunter-gatherer the sample has ancestral “non-European” copies of most of the major loci which are known to have large effect sizes (SLC24A5, which is now fixed in Europeans, SLC45A2, which is present at frequencies north of 80% in most of Europe, and KITLG, a lower frequency variant known to have a major impact on skin and hair). Additionally, this individual is related to the Ma’lta individual, just like the Swedish hunter-gatherers, but unlike the Luxembourg male (which did predate the Spanish samples by 1,000 years). Lots of functional stuff is in this paper too. Seems like immune adaptations aren’t just a function of agriculture.

One thing I want to note is that I’m not sure how much of the shift toward Finns of the Swedish and Spanish hunter-gatherers is due to Paleolithic European ancestry, vs. admixture with “eastern” elements. Since the Finns seem to have more recent East Asian ancestry excess paleo-Siberian in the Mesolithic samples may shift them in the same direction. The eastward since of the La Brana individuals is really obvious in the world wide PCA, they are farther toward East Asians than any other modern Europeans.

Citation: Nature (2014) doi:10.1038/nature12960

Citation: Nature (2014) doi:10.1038/nature12960

Derived immune and ancestral pigmentation alleles in a 7,000-year-old Mesolithic European:

Ancient genomic sequences have started to reveal the origin and the demographic impact of farmers from the Neolithic period spreading into Europe…The adoption of farming, stock breeding and sedentary societies during the Neolithic may have resulted in adaptive changes in genes associated with immunity and diet4. However, the limited data available from earlier hunter-gatherers preclude an understanding of the selective processes associated with this crucial transition to agriculture in recent human evolution. Here we sequence an approximately 7,000-year-old Mesolithic skeleton discovered at the La Braña-Arintero site in León, Spain, to retrieve a complete pre-agricultural European human genome. Analysis of this genome in the context of other ancient samples suggests the existence of a common ancient genomic signature across western and central Eurasia from the Upper Paleolithic to the Mesolithic. The La Braña individual carries ancestral alleles in several skin pigmentation genes, suggesting that the light skin of modern Europeans was not yet ubiquitous in Mesolithic times. Moreover, we provide evidence that a significant number of derived, putatively adaptive variants associated with pathogen resistance in modern Europeans were already present in this hunter-gatherer.



TOPICS: History
KEYWORDS: creation; dna; evolution; finns; godsgravesglyphs; helixmakemineadouble; multiregionalism; neandertal; neandertals; neanderthal; neanderthals; neolithic; spain

Other Resources:

The Palearctic Conveyor Belt

Brown-skinned, blue-eyed, Y-haplogroup C-bearing European hunter-gatherer from Spain (Olalde et al. 2014)

Spanish hunter-gatherer had blue eyes and dark skin

1 posted on 01/27/2014 8:44:03 AM PST by Theoria
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To: SunkenCiv

Darkies, ping.


2 posted on 01/27/2014 8:44:31 AM PST by Theoria (End Socialism : No more GOP and Dem candidates)
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To: Theoria

took 10,000 years to grow that beard?


3 posted on 01/27/2014 8:44:41 AM PST by morphing libertarian
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To: Theoria

Boner has dark skin.


4 posted on 01/27/2014 8:49:00 AM PST by Paladin2
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To: Theoria

How dark is “dark”? My brother, born in Spain from Spanish parents, has olive skin, blue eyes and dark brown hair.


5 posted on 01/27/2014 8:50:31 AM PST by Former Fetus (Saved by grace through faith)
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To: FReepers
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6 posted on 01/27/2014 8:51:38 AM PST by DJ MacWoW (The Fed Gov is not one ring to rule them all)
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To: Paladin2
Boner has orange dark skin.

Fixed.

7 posted on 01/27/2014 8:52:55 AM PST by central_va (I won't be reconstructed and I do not give a damn.)
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To: Theoria

8 posted on 01/27/2014 8:53:11 AM PST by DannyTN (A>)
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To: Former Fetus

Everything is subjective, and I’m not so certain. Secondly, this wave of migration tested, is pretty recent in terms of Spain. At that point in time, peoples from that area had already crossed over to ‘America’, as some theories believe.


9 posted on 01/27/2014 8:53:18 AM PST by Theoria (End Socialism : No more GOP and Dem candidates)
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To: central_va
"Boner has orange dark skin."

Do they still sell ManTan?

10 posted on 01/27/2014 8:54:13 AM PST by Paladin2
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To: morphing libertarian

They were pretty slow back then.


11 posted on 01/27/2014 8:54:50 AM PST by fini
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To: Theoria
A study said that King Tut was related to half of the European males, now this. It looks like our ancestries are not as homogenous as they want us to believe.
12 posted on 01/27/2014 8:56:07 AM PST by mountainlion (Live well for those that did not make it back.)
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To: Theoria

Pretty sure I saw the guy on the right by the dumpster at the corner liquor store.

13 posted on 01/27/2014 9:01:01 AM PST by Dagnabitt (Amnesty is Treason. Its agents are Traitors.)
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To: Theoria

Sorta looks like the Caveman on the “So simple, even a Caveman can do it” commercials.


14 posted on 01/27/2014 9:05:07 AM PST by MIchaelTArchangel (Have a wonderful day!)
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To: Paladin2

I have blue eyes and dark skin and am not particularly European.


15 posted on 01/27/2014 9:06:04 AM PST by Jewbacca (The residents of Iroquois territory may not determine whether Jews may live in Jerusalem)
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To: Theoria

See Genesis 10.


16 posted on 01/27/2014 9:06:06 AM PST by US Navy Vet (Go Packers! Go Rockies! Go Boston Bruins! See, I'm "Diverse"!)
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To: MIchaelTArchangel

Looks like me after Purim.


17 posted on 01/27/2014 9:07:24 AM PST by Jewbacca (The residents of Iroquois territory may not determine whether Jews may live in Jerusalem)
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To: MIchaelTArchangel

Michael Chiklis.


18 posted on 01/27/2014 9:09:56 AM PST by Theoria (End Socialism : No more GOP and Dem candidates)
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To: Theoria

Tuareg: apparently, the mutation for blue eyes appeared in more than one location.


19 posted on 01/27/2014 9:15:08 AM PST by pierrem15 (Claudius: "Let all the poisons that lurk in the mud hatch out.")
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To: morphing libertarian
took 10,000 years to grow that beard?

Happily some never did.

20 posted on 01/27/2014 9:24:31 AM PST by Fightin Whitey
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To: Theoria

Interesting that these variations in coloring were present so long ago in what is now Spain-I always assumed all that happened after the Romans came to Iberia with their soldiers and slaves from all over the empire and stirred the melting pot more.

My ancestors who came to the new world were mostly Basques from the Pyrenees area of Spain-of course many of them mated with native Americans along the way from what is now Mexico to what is now Texas in the 17th-18th centuries.

Even so, most of us are still light-to-medium olive in color-some of us are darker, but not many. Green and blue eyes, red hair and even dark blonde hair are not uncommon no matter how olive skinned we are. That also supports the theory that some native Americans were descendants of those who had come to the “new world” from that area of Europe far back in antiquity. The distribution of various native American language groups from Canada to S. America certainly supports that theory, as well.


21 posted on 01/27/2014 9:35:10 AM PST by Texan5 (" You've got to saddle up your boys, you've got to draw a hard line"...)
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To: Jewbacca
My point is actually that skin color is overrated as a way to distinguish one person from another.

Given that people can tan from sun and chemicals, it's fairly irrelevant to even use uniquely to define possible clan association.

22 posted on 01/27/2014 9:35:13 AM PST by Paladin2
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To: Fightin Whitey

worth waiting for!


23 posted on 01/27/2014 9:35:36 AM PST by morphing libertarian
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To: Theoria

So? Many of those born and living today in the Mediterranean countries and north africa have darker skin and are still genetic caucasions. Just says that when modern man walked out of africa and left the stupid behind; the further they walked north, the less they relied on melanin to protect their skin; their bodies adapted to their climatic conditions.


24 posted on 01/27/2014 9:44:21 AM PST by RJS1950 (The democrats are the "enemies foreign and domestic" cited in the federal oath)
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To: Theoria

That’s who I was trying to thing of!! Yes, the one in the middle.


25 posted on 01/27/2014 9:48:40 AM PST by Cowboy Bob (They are called "Liberals" because the word "parasite" was already taken.)
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To: Theoria

Did not know Nelly Furtado was a European Hunter-Gatherer.


26 posted on 01/27/2014 9:52:41 AM PST by Buckeye McFrog
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To: Theoria; Pharmboy; StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; decimon; 1010RD; 21twelve; 24Karet; ...
Thanks Theoria. This one is earlier... ...but I'm going to ping this one as well, because of the illustrations.

27 posted on 01/27/2014 4:46:21 PM PST by SunkenCiv (;http://www.freerepublic.com/~mestamachine/)
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To: Fightin Whitey
Some don't grow beard, they marry them...


28 posted on 01/27/2014 4:53:42 PM PST by null and void (We need to shake this snowglobe up.)
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To: Theoria
"Everything is subjective, and I’m not so certain. Secondly, this wave of migration tested, is pretty recent in terms of Spain. At that point in time, peoples from that area had already crossed over to ‘America’, as some theories believe."

Yup.

Immigrants From The Other Side (Clovis Is Solutrean?)

29 posted on 01/27/2014 5:50:13 PM PST by blam
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To: Dagnabitt

He was holding a sign at the underpass bridge by my house.


30 posted on 01/27/2014 6:18:36 PM PST by 1010RD (First, Do No Harm)
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To: blam
Thanks for that link, blam.

It's always been hard for me to believe that humans spent thousands of years, thinking and thinking, before they finally realized that wood could float.

31 posted on 01/27/2014 6:55:56 PM PST by exodus
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To: null and void

Is that one photoshopped, too?


32 posted on 01/27/2014 6:59:05 PM PST by Jane Long (While Marxists continue the fundamental transformation of the USA, progressive RINOs assist!)
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To: exodus
"It's always been hard for me to believe that humans spent thousands of years, thinking and thinking, before they finally realized that wood could float. "

They walked across on the ice during the last Ice Age.

These people have European DNA:

Bye, Bye Beringia (8,000 Year Old Site In Florida)

"At Windover, more ancient human remains were discovered than the total of all others found previously in the New World, and they were the oldest."

Florida Bog People DNA

33 posted on 01/27/2014 7:04:56 PM PST by blam
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To: Jane Long

Who knows?


34 posted on 01/27/2014 7:05:40 PM PST by null and void (We need to shake this snowglobe up.)
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To: Theoria

Works for Vanessa.

35 posted on 01/27/2014 7:10:22 PM PST by Mike Darancette (Do The Math)
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To: Former Fetus

Pic, Please!


36 posted on 01/27/2014 7:33:33 PM PST by GGpaX4DumpedTea (I am a Tea Party descendant...steeped in the Constitutional Republic given to us by the Founders)
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To: GGpaX4DumpedTea

Sorry, he’s hapily married! :-)


37 posted on 01/27/2014 7:56:33 PM PST by Former Fetus (Saved by grace through faith)
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To: Former Fetus

As I am. Just curious about the ‘blue eys, dark skin’. He is cacausian?


38 posted on 01/27/2014 8:49:55 PM PST by GGpaX4DumpedTea (I am a Tea Party descendant...steeped in the Constitutional Republic given to us by the Founders)
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To: blam
Walking across the ice? Possibly, but that seems harder than using a boat. :)

Years ago, I read an article postulating travel by boat along the southern edge of the northern ice cap, from Europe to North America. It suggested that hunters of seals and other marine prey could have been caught in a storm and, trapped by the ocean currents, left no choice but to continue westward, thus discovering America. However, after the bad weather had ended, by following eastward along the ice and porting across the ice when necessary, two-way travel could be possible.

I believe that man noticed that things floated not too long after there was such a thing as a man, and that boat technologies were developed not too long afterward. The self-evident (to me) advantages, while terrifying to a landsman, wouldn't terrify everyone.

Thanks for the links; I'll check them out.

39 posted on 01/27/2014 8:51:40 PM PST by exodus
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To: Theoria

My concern is this is based on ONE individual. I think they would need MORE samples to confirm their allegations or it becomes just another politically correct generated philosophy.

There are LOTS of people who live on a grain diet and they don’t have lighter skin.


40 posted on 01/28/2014 7:12:41 AM PST by ZULU (Magua is sitting in the Oval Office. Ted Cruz/Phil Robertson in 2016.)
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