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Trilobites: Sudden Appearance and Rapid Burial
ICR ^ | Feb 1, 2014 | Tim Clarey, Ph.D

Posted on 02/01/2014 10:34:31 AM PST by lasereye

Trilobites are one of the most popular fossils for collectors and are found all over the world. The Ute Indians used one species as an amulet, and there is even a cave in France called the Grotte du Trilobite that contained a relic made out of one of these extinct marine creatures.1,2

Trilobites are members of the phylum Arthropoda, which includes spiders, insects, and crustaceans. Today, members of this group make up at least 85 percent of the species on Earth and live in every environment. Insects alone account for over 870,000 of these species.1 God designed all arthropods with an exoskeleton (i.e., an outer skeleton) that is segmented into appendages. In Greek, arthron means joint and podos means foot. This exoskeleton does not grow as the animal grows but rather has to be shed— molted—as the animal matures.

Although arthropods dominate the biomass of the planet today, their fossil record is much more limited, with only about 30,000 fossilized arthropod species identified.1 Because most arthropods have an exoskeleton of organic, chitinous cuticle, they decompose easily and don’t preserve well as fossils. A few arthropod groups like the trilobites, whose shells were calcified, were preserved in the Flood. There are over 2,000 genera (the plural of genus, the category above species) of trilobites in the fossil record and thousands of named species.1

Arthropods represent a major part of the great evolutionary mystery called the Cambrian Explosion. In fact, they are one of the most common fossils in Cambrian system strata.1 They appear in the rock layers fully formed—without ancestors. Evolutionist Richard Fortey writes, “And yet how can it be that all this variety [the trilobite fossils] arose apparently instantly at the base of the Cambrian?” He continues, “Where then were these ancestors? Why were they apparently invisible?”2 These questions are easily answered by creationists, who explain the sudden appearance of fossils in the Cambrian system as part of the initial sediments deposited by the Flood. It seems likely that shallow marine organisms would be the first types of animals buried and preserved by advancing floodwaters.

And now trilobite fossils are producing some of the strongest evidence of catastrophic burial. A recent study found that many of these creatures were inundated rapidly while they were still alive!3 Numerous specimens are found in a rolled-up position—like giant roly-polies—to protect themselves from danger. However, a few varieties lacked the design to “lock their shells” and hold the ball-shaped position; these arthropods had to rely on their internal muscles to hold themselves in a rounded shape.

Recently, evolutionists were surprised when they discovered many of these trilobites with non-locking shells in a rolled, protective position. Javier Ortega-Hernandez and his co-authors reported, “After death, the muscles responsible for flexing the trunk would have relaxed, causing the carcass to return to the outstretched position. Thus, the best possibility of preserving rolled olenellids [this type of trilobite] would require rapid burial of live individuals.”3

Entombed in some of the earliest sediments of the great Flood, trilobites discovered in rolled-up positions demonstrate that many were buried while still alive. However, their sudden appearance in strata is not a mystery when viewed in a biblical context—it confirms that the Flood quickly inundated the earth, encapsulating many animals in mud in the process. Science continues to find evidence that confirms the Bible, even in these little rolled-up treasures.

References

  1. Prothero, D. R. 1998. Bringing Fossils to Life: An Introduction to Paleobiology. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 247-258.

  2. Fortey, R. A. 1997. Life: A Natural History of the First Four Billion Years of Life on Earth. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 14, 103.

  3. Ortega-Hernandez, J., J. Esteve, and N. J. Butterfield. 2013. Humble origins for a successful strategy: complete enrolment in early Cambrian olenellid trilobites. Biology Letters. 9 (5): 20130679.

* Dr. Clarey is Research Associate at the Institute for Creation Research and received his Ph.D. in geology from Western Michigan University.


TOPICS: Religion; Science
KEYWORDS: cambrian; creation; evolution; fossils; trilobites

1 posted on 02/01/2014 10:34:31 AM PST by lasereye
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To: lasereye

Excellent satire. Thumbs up


2 posted on 02/01/2014 10:36:57 AM PST by babble-on
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To: lasereye

IIRC, the largest cache of trilobites is found in the Genesee River gorge, Rochester NY. (But that may just be local).


3 posted on 02/01/2014 10:37:14 AM PST by Sacajaweau
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To: babble-on; lasereye

Yes excellent satire. (Do Luddites get satire?)


4 posted on 02/01/2014 10:40:45 AM PST by Vaquero (Don't pick a fight with an old guy. If he is too old to fight, he'll just kill you.)
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To: lasereye

“Entombed in some of the earliest sediments of the great Flood, trilobites discovered in rolled-up positions demonstrate that many were buried while still alive. However, their sudden appearance in strata is not a mystery when viewed in a biblical context—it confirms that the Flood quickly inundated the earth, encapsulating many animals in mud in the process. Science continues to find evidence that confirms the Bible, even in these little rolled-up treasures.”

Right there, all the facts are rolled up in one paragraph further proving Creation Science.

Don’t be surprised if one day very soon, Creation Scientists find the two Trilobites that were aboard the Ark.


5 posted on 02/01/2014 10:46:18 AM PST by Oliviaforever
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To: babble-on

6 posted on 02/01/2014 10:46:23 AM PST by A Formerly Proud Canadian (I once was blind, but now I see...)
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To: lasereye
Trilobites on Klingon had a different evolutionary path.


7 posted on 02/01/2014 10:47:37 AM PST by Rebelbase (Tagline: optional, printed after your name on post)
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To: Sacajaweau

I hunt where many fossils are present south of Rochester down to the southern tier of NY. No trilobites but encrustations of small clam shells and also soft body fossils in the shale from the Devonian period I tend to bring the best ones home. But they are all over.


8 posted on 02/01/2014 10:47:54 AM PST by Vaquero (Don't pick a fight with an old guy. If he is too old to fight, he'll just kill you.)
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To: Oliviaforever
Creation Scientists find the two Trilobites that were aboard the Ark.

They'll know because of the ticket stubs?

/johnny

9 posted on 02/01/2014 10:53:49 AM PST by JRandomFreeper (Gone Galt)
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To: lasereye

As time goes on, more evidence supporting the truth of the Bible is being, and will continue to be discovered. Our God is a God of order, evidence of His hand in creation is everywhere.


10 posted on 02/01/2014 10:53:53 AM PST by A Formerly Proud Canadian (I once was blind, but now I see...)
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To: Rebelbase

Or the Goa ‘ uld

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Goa%27uld_in_water.jpg


11 posted on 02/01/2014 10:54:44 AM PST by njslim (T)
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To: lasereye

12 posted on 02/01/2014 10:55:57 AM PST by JoeProBono (SOME IMAGES MAY BE DISTURBING VIEWER DISCRETION IS ADVISED;-{)
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To: lasereye

Except for the feet and feet of layers which are deposited over spans of time as debris sinks to the bottom and covers what is there. The rolled up trilobites could have been caught by an underwater slide due to an earthquake or volcanism.

I believe that God made it all, but the young Earth interpretations of only six thousand years or so don’t seem to work out. He will undoubtedly explain it all to us one day.


13 posted on 02/01/2014 11:00:06 AM PST by JimRed (Excise the cancer before it kills us; feed & water the Tree of Liberty! TERM LIMITS NOW & FOREVER!)
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To: JRandomFreeper

Read the paragraph again from the article.

The Trilobites that were not on the Ark were in the rolled-up position as they were inundated by the Flood and thus encapsulating them in mud.

The two the were on the Ark would not fit this model and thus could be identified.

Unless of course some huckster evolutionary geologist has already found them and hid or destroyed them as not to destroy that little theory of theirs.


14 posted on 02/01/2014 11:02:45 AM PST by Oliviaforever
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To: Oliviaforever

Noah had an aquarium? Is that Biblical?


15 posted on 02/01/2014 11:09:14 AM PST by Kirkwood (Zombie Hunter)
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To: Kirkwood

I want to know if Noah and family found them good eating with melted butter.


16 posted on 02/01/2014 11:27:46 AM PST by Conservative4Ever (waiting for my Magic 8 ball to give me an answer)
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To: lasereye
Trilobites
17 posted on 02/01/2014 11:47:28 AM PST by fella ("As it was before Noah so shall it be again,")
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To: lasereye
IMO, not Creationism, but earth going through some catastrophe(s) that beat Hell out of her. Tons of skeletons of all species mixed together on the in the Arctic "Ivory islands" (so many tusks found that they were mined for years), shoals of fossilized fish, curled with fins extended (i.e. suffocated) in the UK, etc.

Shift of axis, asteroid slamming into oceans, take your picks. Something big went on that probably wiped out many species on land and in the sea.

18 posted on 02/01/2014 12:16:17 PM PST by Oatka (This is America. Assimilate or evaporate.)
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To: Kirkwood

I have no evidence that there was an aquarium aboard the Ark, but there was likely some sort of tanks that were used to separate fresh water and salt water aquatic life and in one of those was likely the two Trilobites as the remainder were lost in the catastrophic burial as documented in this article.


19 posted on 02/01/2014 1:27:02 PM PST by Oliviaforever
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To: Oliviaforever

Must have been really big tanks to put in all the sharks and whales and such. Plus having to go catch all of them and bring them back to the ark.


20 posted on 02/01/2014 1:38:14 PM PST by Kirkwood (Zombie Hunter)
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To: Kirkwood

“Must have been really big tanks to put in all the sharks and whales and such. Plus having to go catch all of them and bring them back to the ark.”

Without a doubt a complicated process, but perhaps not as difficult as you infer as the salt water aquatic life that could maintain swimming strength throughout the deluge and not be entombed in sediment would not have to be on the Ark’s manifest.

However, those species that could be entombed by sediment and all those in fresh water would have to be placed in such tanks.


21 posted on 02/01/2014 1:48:06 PM PST by Oliviaforever
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To: Oliviaforever
The two the were on the Ark would not fit this model and thus could be identified.

So we can identify the trilobites on the Ark because they're not rolled up? Can you tell me which two on this page are the ones?

And then can you explain why the others aren't rolled up, if that was the characteristic trilobite response to being rapidly inundated?

22 posted on 02/02/2014 12:04:45 PM PST by Ha Ha Thats Very Logical
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To: Ha Ha Thats Very Logical

I did not write the article as it was penned by Dr. Timothy Clarey who is a genuine scientist with a PhD.

It is Dr. Clarey who has done genuine scientific research on trilobites, the Ark and the Great Flood and I bet he knows his business and knows a whole bunch more about the entire 6000 year history of the earth than your ordinary American.


23 posted on 02/02/2014 1:50:19 PM PST by Oliviaforever
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To: Oliviaforever

I know you didn’t write the article, but you wrote the assertion I quoted. I was just asking you to think for yourself about its implications.

As for Dr. Clary’s degree: I’m sure you realize that there are more than a few PhDs out there who think the Earth is older than 6000 years. Or do they not count because they disagree with you?


24 posted on 02/02/2014 6:01:46 PM PST by Ha Ha Thats Very Logical
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