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Steel Manufactured in Scotland 2,500 Years Ago
Archaeology ^ | Wednesday, January 15, 2014 | unattributed

Posted on 02/08/2014 1:10:49 PM PST by SunkenCiv

Scientists have determined that fragments of artifacts recovered from the Broxmouth Iron Age hill fort in the 1970s were forged from high-carbon steel. The objects, which date to between 490 and 375 B.C., may have been tools or weapons. “The process of manufacturing steel requires extensive knowledge, skill and craftsmanship. It is far from straightforward, which is why such an early example of its production tells us so much about the people who once occupied this hill fort,” said Gerry McDonnell of the University of Bradford. The site featured well-preserved roundhouses, hill fort entrances, and an Iron Age cemetery.

(Excerpt) Read more at archaeology.org ...


TOPICS: History; Science; Travel
KEYWORDS: ancientsteel; antoninewall; gaskridge; germanlimes; godsgravesglyphs; hadrianswall; metallurgy; romanempire; scotland; scotlandyet; steel
Broxmouth Iron Age Fort(Courtesy Historic Scotland)

Broxmouth Iron Age Fort(Courtesy Historic Scotland)

1 posted on 02/08/2014 1:10:49 PM PST by SunkenCiv
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To: StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; decimon; 1010RD; 21twelve; 24Karet; 2ndDivisionVet; ...

2 posted on 02/08/2014 1:11:21 PM PST by SunkenCiv (http://www.freerepublic.com/~mestamachine/)
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To: SunkenCiv

But of course... we Scots after all have provided many magnificent scientific discoveries


3 posted on 02/08/2014 1:12:35 PM PST by Nifster
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To: SunkenCiv

Could you add me to your PING list. I love these adventurous finds. Seems like there have been many recent new findings also. Thank you.


4 posted on 02/08/2014 1:14:25 PM PST by DrDude (Does anyone have a set of balls anymore?)
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To: Nifster
we Scots after all have provided many magnificent scientific discoveries

Indeed!

5 posted on 02/08/2014 1:16:58 PM PST by Islander7 (There is no septic system so vile, so filthy, the left won't drink from to further their agenda)
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To: SunkenCiv
may have been tools or weapons

EUREKA!

6 posted on 02/08/2014 1:17:22 PM PST by bigheadfred
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To: bigheadfred

Excalibur


7 posted on 02/08/2014 1:21:10 PM PST by Ray76 (How modern liberals think: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eaE98w1KZ-c)
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To: Islander7; Nifster

the greatest being the invention of tubular steel


8 posted on 02/08/2014 1:21:19 PM PST by bigheadfred
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To: SunkenCiv

9 posted on 02/08/2014 1:23:24 PM PST by ElkGroveDan (My tagline is in the shop.)
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To: bigheadfred
greatest being tubular steel

I woulda figured it was singular malt.

10 posted on 02/08/2014 1:24:11 PM PST by Fightin Whitey
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To: Ray76

The story being that Arthur brought an advanced art of metallurgy to that land and taught them how to extract the metal from the rock—literally drawing the Sword from the Stone.


11 posted on 02/08/2014 1:25:57 PM PST by bigheadfred
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To: Fightin Whitey

Single malt wasn’t an invention it was an Act of G-d.


12 posted on 02/08/2014 1:28:17 PM PST by bigheadfred
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To: SunkenCiv

Please add me to your list? My cousin is married to an archaeologist, and I love everything I can find out about we humans...


13 posted on 02/08/2014 1:29:08 PM PST by Texan5 (" You've got to saddle up your boys, you've got to draw a hard line"...)
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To: bigheadfred

Malt-o-Meal has to be in Top Ten too?


14 posted on 02/08/2014 1:30:09 PM PST by Fightin Whitey
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To: Fightin Whitey
singular malt...besides what would a shooter be without tubular steel
15 posted on 02/08/2014 1:30:17 PM PST by bigheadfred
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To: Fightin Whitey
Malt-o-Meal


16 posted on 02/08/2014 1:35:55 PM PST by bigheadfred
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To: bigheadfred

aaah!!

My study one winter was the Arthur legends. I never heard of the thought you posted.

It seems to be the correct interpretation. The sword came from the stone....... indeed

I believe it


17 posted on 02/08/2014 1:39:51 PM PST by bert ((K.E. N.P. N.C. +12 ..... History is a process, not an event)
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To: Fightin Whitey

I love Malt-o-Meal. Was that invented by the Scots too?


18 posted on 02/08/2014 1:42:41 PM PST by TigersEye (Stupid is a Progressive disease.)
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To: SunkenCiv
Maybe this guy....

....there can be only one.....

19 posted on 02/08/2014 2:19:52 PM PST by spokeshave (OMG.......Schadenfreude overload is not covered under Obamacare :-()
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East Lothian’s Broxmouth fort reveals edge of steel
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-edinburgh-east-fife-25734877


20 posted on 02/08/2014 2:26:17 PM PST by SunkenCiv (http://www.freerepublic.com/~mestamachine/)
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To: Texan5; DrDude

Welcome aboard!


21 posted on 02/08/2014 2:28:45 PM PST by SunkenCiv (http://www.freerepublic.com/~mestamachine/)
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To: SunkenCiv

Andrew Carnegie would be proud! Aye!


22 posted on 02/08/2014 2:51:41 PM PST by john drake (Lucius Accius-Roman,170 BC - "oderint dum metuant" translated "Let them hate so long as they fear")
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To: SunkenCiv

The time period of 490 and 375 BC covers the Greco-Persian Wars, from 499 to 449 BC, and the The Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC), most importantly through the reign of Philip II of Macedon (382–336 BC), father of Alexander the Great.

The Greeks and the Phoenicians were the two big trading peoples in the Mediterranean. The Phoenicians had been conquered by Cyrus the Great in 539 BC, and mostly controlled the southern Mediterranean. In competition with them, the Greeks had established settlements as far west as southern France and Spain, Celtic territory, which went all the way to Scotland.

The Greeks did lose control of these settlements to the Spartans, but at some point, if this steel was imported into Scotland, it could have had half a dozen possible points of origin. Since steel is so much stronger than iron, it would have been of great value.


23 posted on 02/08/2014 3:14:08 PM PST by yefragetuwrabrumuy (WoT News: Rantburg.com)
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To: SunkenCiv

Thank you so much!


24 posted on 02/08/2014 3:27:07 PM PST by Texan5 (" You've got to saddle up your boys, you've got to draw a hard line"...)
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To: bigheadfred

Well, one thing ruins your clip — the skanky tattoos.


25 posted on 02/08/2014 3:37:21 PM PST by Bigg Red (O LORD, our Lord, how majestic is your name in all the earth! Ps 8)
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To: SunkenCiv

No wonder Hadrian feared the Picts.


26 posted on 02/08/2014 3:40:29 PM PST by frithguild (The warmth and goodness of Gaia is a nuclear reactor in the Earth's core that burns Thorium)
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To: Bigg Red
the skanky tattoos

well that the Scots for you

The Picts, known as the 'painted people' were one of the celtic tribes who inhabited Scotland. Named by the Romans, historians think they painted or tattooed their bodies and carved standing stones some of which can still be seen today.

27 posted on 02/08/2014 4:01:01 PM PST by bigheadfred
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To: frithguild

Hadrian just didn’t like the idea of leading (from the rear) troops into battle. He only liked bangin’ boys in the ass and collecting new taxes. His adopted father Trajan was one of, if not the, greatest Roman conquerors, perhaps a difficult act to follow, but that’s not why Hadrian built a rootless Roman city at the site of the drowning of his catamite.


28 posted on 02/08/2014 4:20:45 PM PST by SunkenCiv (http://www.freerepublic.com/~mestamachine/)
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To: bigheadfred

Boy that line o’ shot glasses looks like trubble for a couple old trubble-shooters don’t it...


29 posted on 02/08/2014 4:35:50 PM PST by Fightin Whitey
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To: TigersEye
Single Malt-o-Meal was.


30 posted on 02/08/2014 4:46:15 PM PST by Fightin Whitey
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To: Nifster
But of course... we Scots after all have provided many magnificent scientific discoveries

The top discovery involving a single malt....

31 posted on 02/08/2014 4:50:55 PM PST by EricT. (ARBEIT MACHT FREI- now get back to work you taxpaying peasant!)
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To: Fightin Whitey

Aye, laddie, na tha’s the kinna breafast tha ges the fomli ti the table.


32 posted on 02/08/2014 4:51:17 PM PST by TigersEye (Stupid is a Progressive disease.)
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To: yefragetuwrabrumuy
Thanks, good observations. Related, from the FRchives:
33 posted on 02/08/2014 5:04:02 PM PST by SunkenCiv (http://www.freerepublic.com/~mestamachine/)
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More from the FRchives:
34 posted on 02/08/2014 5:31:03 PM PST by SunkenCiv (http://www.freerepublic.com/~mestamachine/)
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To: SunkenCiv
Steel Manufactured in Scotland 2,500 Years Ago

LOL, WHAT!?

And they're admitting this, and not hiding it - that's even more astonishng than the find! LOL!

35 posted on 02/08/2014 5:37:48 PM PST by Talisker (One who commands, must obey.)
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To: TigersEye
Cheerio lad!


36 posted on 02/08/2014 5:39:12 PM PST by Fightin Whitey
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To: Fightin Whitey

You know you’re drinking the best there is when your cereal bowl floats in mid-air!


37 posted on 02/08/2014 5:42:36 PM PST by TigersEye (Stupid is a Progressive disease.)
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To: TigersEye

Didn’t even notice that lol.

Maybe that spoon has been in there longer than he remembers.

I used to have some of those artifacts in my sink during the Years of Living Derangedly.


38 posted on 02/08/2014 6:02:35 PM PST by Fightin Whitey
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To: SunkenCiv; All

“I forged that steel with me own bare hands, but do they call me Angus the blacksmith? Nae”!


39 posted on 02/08/2014 8:00:59 PM PST by mozarky2 (Ya never stand so tall as when ya stoop to stomp a statist...)
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To: SunkenCiv

Just remember - if it isn’t Scottish, it’s crap.


40 posted on 02/08/2014 8:25:15 PM PST by Free Vulcan (Vote Republican! You can vote Democrat when you're dead...)
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To: EricT.

We’ll that too


41 posted on 02/08/2014 11:04:00 PM PST by Nifster
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To: SunkenCiv

Well, it is where Conan hails from . . .

42 posted on 02/13/2014 12:03:32 PM PST by Buggman (returnofbenjamin.com - Baruch haBa b'Shem ADONAI!)
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