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Dating the Uluzzian
Popular Archaeology ^ | February 09, 2014 | Journal of Human Evolution

Posted on 02/15/2014 6:08:44 PM PST by SunkenCiv

Researchers have securely dated a prehistoric human stone tool industry that is thought to have been used by early modern humans, or possibly late Neanderthals, around the time when early modern humans were beginning to emerge in Europe, arguably sometime between 40,000 to 50,000 years B.P...

The Uluzzian, a prehistoric stone tool techno-tradition represented by lithic artifacts unearthed by archaeologists at cave locations primarily in Italy and Greece, has been a central contender as a possible "transitional" industry between the typical stone tool types (the Mousterian) used by late European Neanderthals and those (Aurignacian, Châtelperronian) of the earliest modern human newcomers to Europe. Uncertainty and debate has historically characterized the exact chronology of the Uluzzian techno-complex, including the identification of the species of human that made and used them. Research within the past few years, buttressed by association of early modern human fossils found in context with Uluzzian tools, has strengthened the suggestion that they belonged to early modern humans.

Now, an international scientific team led by Katerina Douka of the University of Oxford is reporting the results of a new study, concluding that the Uluzzian arose or arrived in what is present-day Italy and Greece shortly before 45,000 years ago, with its latest phases placed at around 39,500 years ago, and "its end synchronous (if not slightly earlier) with the Campanian Ignimbrite eruption".

The Campanian Ignimbrite eruption refers to the eruption of the Archiflegreo volcano around 37,000 years B.P., coincidental or correlated to Middle Paleolithic (beginning 300,000 years ago) to Upper Paleolithic (beginning between 50,000 and 40,000 years ago) cultural transitions and the theorized replacement of Neanderthal populations by anatomically modern humans in southeastern Europe. The replacement theory and the Archiflegreo volcanic eruption as a causal element within this model has been a subject of continuing debate.

(Excerpt) Read more at popular-archaeology.com ...


TOPICS: History; Science; Travel
KEYWORDS: archiflegreovolcano; aurignacian; bpisbeforepresent; campania; campanianignimbrite; campiflegrei; catastrophism; chtelperronian; eruption; godsgravesglyphs; greece; italy; mousterian; neandertal; neandertals; neanderthal; neanderthals; ulluzian; uluzzian; volcanism; volcano
Uluzzian artifacts from Grotta del Cavallo, Apulia, southern Italy. Credit: Annamaria Ronchitelli and Katerina Douka

Uluzzian artifacts from Grotta del Cavallo, Apulia, southern Italy. Credit: Annamaria Ronchitelli and Katerina Douka

1 posted on 02/15/2014 6:08:44 PM PST by SunkenCiv
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To: StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; decimon; 1010RD; 21twelve; 24Karet; 2ndDivisionVet; ...

2 posted on 02/15/2014 6:09:29 PM PST by SunkenCiv (http://www.freerepublic.com/~mestamachine/)
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To: SunkenCiv

I dated Uluzzian but then again, who didn’t.


3 posted on 02/15/2014 6:10:17 PM PST by cripplecreek (REMEMBER THE RIVER RAISIN!)
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To: SunkenCiv

BP?

British Petroleum?


4 posted on 02/15/2014 6:10:59 PM PST by yarddog (Romans 8: verses 38 and 39. "For I am persuaded".)
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To: yarddog
Before present. If I recall correctly, it's measured from the 1950s. It's yet another screwed up dating system that causes no end of havoc when converting from one to the other. I wish they would just stick with the Gregorian calendar.

/johnny

5 posted on 02/15/2014 6:23:47 PM PST by JRandomFreeper (Gone Galt)
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To: SunkenCiv
I know it sounds weird talking about dating that old but..

“You know, if I were a single man, I might ask that mummy out. That's a good-looking mummy,” said Bill Clinton looking at an Incan mummy.

6 posted on 02/15/2014 6:26:23 PM PST by WilliamofCarmichael (If modern America's Man on Horseback is out there, Get on the damn horse already!)
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To: SunkenCiv

Helen Thomas was what, in her mid-20s then?


7 posted on 02/15/2014 6:33:43 PM PST by Extremely Extreme Extremist (15 years of FReeping! Congratulations EEE!!)
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To: yarddog

I put the explanation for BP right in the keywords as I posted this topic.

BP is Before Present, and refers to 1950, when radiocarbon dating was introduced.


8 posted on 02/15/2014 6:46:14 PM PST by SunkenCiv (http://www.freerepublic.com/~mestamachine/)
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To: SunkenCiv

You know, if you take those back to Sears, they’ll give you new ones.


9 posted on 02/15/2014 6:49:21 PM PST by blueunicorn6 ("A crack shot and a good dancer")
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To: cripplecreek

those were the days,.. huh!!


10 posted on 02/15/2014 7:03:33 PM PST by MeshugeMikey ("When you meet the unbelievers, strike at their necks..." -- Qur'an 47:4)
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To: SunkenCiv

When I saw the title, my first thought was, “Well, I might consider dating one, if I were single and I knew what she looked like...”


11 posted on 02/15/2014 7:09:07 PM PST by chajin ("There is no other name under heaven given among people by which we must be saved." Acts 4:12)
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Comment #12 Removed by Moderator

To: cripplecreek; Lazamataz
I dated Uluzzian but then again, who didn’t.

So many times the same has been said about U, Lazzian!

13 posted on 02/15/2014 7:33:31 PM PST by Fightin Whitey
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To: SunkenCiv

I object to the use of the “politically corrected” term B.P..


14 posted on 02/15/2014 11:55:07 PM PST by fella ("As it was before Noah so shall it be again,")
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from this topic article:

> The Campanian Ignimbrite eruption refers to the eruption of the Archiflegreo volcano around 37,000 years B.P.

from 2013:

Volcanic eruption near Naples may have killed Neanderthals
03/06/2013
‘Catastrophic’ event at Campi Flegrei 39,000 years ago
http://www.gazzettadelsud.it/news/english/48995/Volcanic-eruption-near-Naples-may-have-killed-Neanderthals.html


15 posted on 02/16/2014 7:35:41 AM PST by SunkenCiv (http://www.freerepublic.com/~mestamachine/)
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To: SunkenCiv

Hey babe, let’s go back to my place so I can show you my tool . . . collection.


16 posted on 02/18/2014 3:24:39 PM PST by colorado tanker
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To: colorado tanker

The knapping came before, not after, unlike now.


17 posted on 02/18/2014 7:40:09 PM PST by SunkenCiv (http://www.freerepublic.com/~mestamachine/)
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To: 75thOVI; agrace; aimhigh; Alice in Wonderland; AndrewC; aragorn; aristotleman; Avoiding_Sulla; ...
Note: this topic I posted on 2/15/2014. I can't imagine why I didn't add to Catastrophism at the time.

18 posted on 04/12/2014 8:06:49 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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Volcanic eruption near Naples may have killed Neanderthals
Gazetta Delsud | 3/06/2013 | unattributed
Posted on 2/16/2014 11:28:50 PM by SunkenCiv
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/chat/3123810/posts


19 posted on 04/12/2014 8:09:16 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: SunkenCiv
Good evening.

Pardon my ignorance, but what does the designation, "BP" mean?

5.56mm

20 posted on 04/12/2014 8:11:03 PM PDT by M Kehoe
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To: M Kehoe

Before Present

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Before_Present


21 posted on 04/12/2014 8:15:58 PM PDT by Mears
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To: cripplecreek; SunkenCiv
I dated Uluzzian but then again, who didn’t.

She was a real flake. Fun though. After broke off a piece of her you didn't knap. You slept like a rock.

22 posted on 04/12/2014 8:17:15 PM PDT by bigheadfred
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To: Mears
Thanks.

5.56mm

23 posted on 04/12/2014 8:19:29 PM PDT by M Kehoe
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To: M Kehoe
what does the designation, "BP" mean?

BP, in geology and archeology has many possible meanings. There is much confusion. Which is fine with me, since everyone knows exactly what B.C. means. Hopeful BP will die a natural death.

24 posted on 04/12/2014 8:39:33 PM PDT by Praxeologue
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To: M Kehoe

Hi, BP means “before present”, which is due to this being a radiocarbon date, which also means that “present” uses 1950 for its baseline.


25 posted on 04/12/2014 9:21:30 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: bigheadfred

:’)


26 posted on 04/12/2014 9:52:55 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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