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TRUK ATTACKED BY STRONG U.S. SEA-AIR FORCES; RECORD BOMBINGS ANSWER NAZISí ANZIO DRIVE (2/18/44)
Microfilm-New York Times archives, Monterey Public Library | 2/18/44 | George F. Horne, First Lieut. Penn T. Kimball, Second Lieut. William K. Holt, Frank L. Kluckhohn

Posted on 02/18/2014 5:07:28 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson

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TOPICS: History
KEYWORDS: milhist; realtime; worldwarii
Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
1 posted on 02/18/2014 5:07:28 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Leningrad and Ukraine Offensives – Operations, 2 December 1943-30 April 1944
Allied Advance to Volturno River, Reorganization, and Attack on Gustav Line (17 January-11 May 1944)
Anzio-Cassino Area, 1943: Attempts to Cross Rapido and Garigliano Rivers, 17-20 January 1944. Anzio Landing, 22 January 1944. German Counterattack at Anzio, 16-19 February 1944
New Guinea and Alamo Force Operations: Clearing the Huon Peninsula and Securing the Straits, 19 September 1943-26 April 1944
Cartwheel, the Seizure of the Gilberts and Marshalls, and Concurrent Air and Naval Operations, 30 June 1943-26 April 1944
The Far East and the Pacific, 1941: Original Allied Strategic Concept, May 1943; Situation in Pacific, 1 November 1943
2 posted on 02/18/2014 5:07:56 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
Reduction is Begun (Horne) – 2-3
Marines Saw Huge Fleet in Flight over Truk Feb. 4 (by First Lieut. Penn T. Kimball and Second Lieut. William K. Holt, first-time contributors) – 3
Truk Blow Hailed by Admiral M’Cain – 4
War News Summarized – 4
First Air View Ever Made of the Japanese Stronghold of Truk (photos) – 5-6
9 Japanese Ships in Convoy Smashed (Kluckhohn) – 6
Allies Give Ground (by Milton Bracker and C.L. Sulzberger) – 6-7
Asks 48 U.S. Votes at Peace Parley – 7
Gustav Line Strongpoint Knocked Out by the Allies (photo) – 8
52,000 Nazis Killed – 8
1,000 Saved of 2,000 on Ship in Biggest Transport Loss – 9
U.S. 9th Air Force to Lead Invasion (by Frederick Graham) – 9-10
Eisenhower Tours Invasion Camps as Rommel Inspects Nazi ‘Wall’ (by Drew Middleton) – 10
Army Fliers Locate Source of Orinoco – 10
Air Lesson in Italy (by Hanson W. Baldwin) – 11
The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on on [sic] Fighting in Various Zones – 12-13
French Open Trial of Brutal Jailers (by Harold Callender) – 13
3 posted on 02/18/2014 5:09:08 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/feb44/f18feb44.htm

American raid on Truk completed
Friday, February 18, 1944 www.onwar.com

On the Eastern Front... In the north, Soviet forces of 2nd Baltic Front (Popov) capture Staraya-Russa. Volkhov Front (Meretskov) forces take Shimsk.

In the Marshall Islands... In the Eniwetok Atoll, American forces land Engebi and establish a beachhead. The invasion is supported by land-based artillery, as well as naval and air bombardments. Japanese counterattacks are defeated.

In Italy... At Anzio, heavy fighting takes place on the Anzio-Campoleone road (the “Flyover”). German armored reserves (26th Panzer Div. and 29th Panzer Grenadier Div.) are committed to the attack. Allied artillery prevents significant gains. Offshore, the cruiser Penelope is hit again and sinks. Meanwhile, around Cassino, further attacks by Indian, New Zealand forces of the US 5th Army fail to hold the gains made in attacks from the hills north of the monestary and over the Rapido River.

In Washington... President Roosevelt vetoes the Bankhead Bill which proposed to end food subsidies. The veto is upheld by the House of Representatives.

In the Caroline Islands... American forces continue their raid on the Japanese base at Truk. Over the course of the two days, US aircraft log 1250 sorties. The Japanese lose 1 cruiser, 2 destroyers, several other warships and 140,000 tons of shipping to air attack. The battleships Iowa and New Jersey sink 1 cruiser and 2 destroyers. In addition 250 Japanese aircraft are reported destroyed. American submarines sink several more vessels. The US forces lose less than 30 planes and damage is sustained to the carrier Intrepid.


4 posted on 02/18/2014 5:09:59 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/thismonth/18.htm

February 18th, 1944 (FRIDAY)

FRANCE: Amiens: Nineteen RAF Mosquito VIs of Nos. 21, 464 and 487 Squadrons flew out of winter snow at treetop height today to hurl 500-pound bombs against the walls of Amiens jail. The explosions blasted gaps in the western outer wall, which is 20 feet high and three feet thick, and sliced open the main prison block.

This was the top-secret Operation JERICHO, to snatch Resistance leaders 24 hours before they were due to face a firing squad. Their message to rescuers led by the Australian Group-Captain P. Charles Pickard was “better blown up by British bombs that shot by Nazis.”

The first three bombers missed the outer wall. The next two lowered their aim and scored as the next pair hit the guards’ dining room. Finally, there was uproar as the main block was bombed in an effort to blast open cell doors without bloodshed.

But this ambitious operation has had one embarrassing result. Of 258 men freed, 179 are criminals. Some 56 Resistants died, many shot by guards as they ran for the gap. The most valuable man to get out was Louis Vivant, the Maquis leader in the Somme, but the 74 men left in the prison include the prominent patriot, Dr. Mans. The RAF dead include Pickard himself, a veteran of many special operations, including the Bruneval raid, and a “star” in the 1941 film Target for Tonight. (22)

ITALY: Anzio: At 0658, light cruiser HMS Penelope was hit by one torpedo from U-410 (Oberleutnant zur See Horst-Arno-Fenski) and sank rapidly after being hit at 0716 by a coup de grâce 35 miles west of Naples at 40 55N 13 25E. There are 415 casualties, but 85 survivors. She was returning from bombarding enemy positions during the Operation Shingle, the landings at Anzio, in which she was part of the Gunfire Support Group TG 81.8, comprising of light cruiser USS Brooklyn and destroyers USS Woolsey, Mayo, Trippe, Ludlow and Edison. (Alex Gordon and Dave Shirlaw)(108)

U.S.S.R.: Moscow: Gen Ivan S Konev, the commander of the Second Ukrainian Front, is promoted to marshal of the USSR for driving the Germans out of Korsun. General Eisenhower is awarded the Order of Suvorov, First Class.

Soviet forces takes Staraya-Russa and Shimsk.

MARSHALL ISLANDS: US forces land on Engebi Island.

In Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands, the 22d Marine Regiment lands on Engebi Island at the northern tip of the atoll at 0845 hours. This is part of Operation CATCHPOLE. There are over 1,200 Japanese Okinawans and Koreans on the island. Organized resistance ceases at 0800 hours local tomorrow; only 16 of the occupiers are captured. American casualties are 85 KIA and MIA and 521 WIA.

CAROLINE ISLANDS: Task Force 58 (TF 58) under Vice Admiral Raymond A. Spruance repeats a strike on Japanese installations and vessels at Truk; TF 58 planes sink destroyer HIJMS Fumizuki; submarine chaser Ch 29; and motor torpedo boat Gyoraitei No.10.

BISMARCK ARCHIPELAGO: Destroyer Squadron 23 or Task Group 39.4 under Captain Arleigh A. Burke bombards Japanese positions at Kavieng on New Ireland Island; on New Britain Island, Destroyer Squadron 12 under Captain Rodger W. Simpson shells Rabaul, Japanese installations on the Crater Peninsula, and bivouac and supply areas at Vunapope and Cape Gazelle.

In the Indian and Pacific Oceans, 4 Japanese ships are sunk by an RN submarine and USAAF and USN aircraft.

CANADA:
Minesweepers HMCS Thunder, Mulgrave, Bayfield and Georgian departed Halifax for Devonport via the Azores.

Corvette HMCS Trentonian departed Halifax for workups at Bermuda.

Corvette HMCS Riviere Du Loup returned to Halifax from workups at Bermuda.

U.S.A.:
Minesweepers USS Success and Superior laid down.

Destroyer escort USS Tabberer launched.

Frigate USS Pocatello commissioned.

Escort carrier USS Petrof Bay commissioned.

Minesweeper USS Opponent commissioned.

ATLANTIC OCEAN: U-406 is sunk in position 48.32N, 23.36W, by depth charges from the British frigate HMS Spey. 12 dead and 45 survivors. (Alex Gordon)

U-7 sank west of Pillau, in position 54.52N, 19.30E in a diving accident. 29 dead (all hands lost).


5 posted on 02/18/2014 5:10:58 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

“140,000 Peasants Leave Black Sea by Nazi Order.”

More than 1,000 villages, decendants of Germans who had held the land since the 17th century [when the Tsars invited Germans in to farm border areas]. I wonder how many died during the “week-long, 1600-mile trek across ice and snow.”

“Most of the refugees would be employed in war factories,” whether they like it or not.


6 posted on 02/18/2014 8:13:45 AM PST by Tax-chick (The future is not going to take us seriously.)
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To: Tax-chick
“140,000 Peasants Leave Black Sea by Nazi Order.”

I barely glanced at that item when I stuck it in to fill out page 10. Now that you mention it, that is like 3 times the population of my home town here in California being forced to pull up stakes and move off to a murky fate at a remote location. An event that in "normal" times would generate front-page banner headlines is reduced in "interesting" times to a filler item.

7 posted on 02/18/2014 9:07:56 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

The Catholic charitable organization “Aid to the Church In Need” was founded to assist Germans who had been deported from other parts of Europe, such as Czechoslovakia and Russia. It’s not international, but I remember reading in Fr. Van Straaten’s books about the terrible conditions these people faced, both during and after the war.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Werenfried_van_Straaten

http://www.acn-intl.org/pg/home.html?p=EN,,,1.2,,,


8 posted on 02/18/2014 9:13:04 AM PST by Tax-chick (The future is not going to take us seriously.)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

1000 troops die in transport sinking. That was early on in the Italian campaign?

IIRC, troopship in a harbor. Was it a glide bomb?


9 posted on 02/18/2014 9:18:14 AM PST by Rebelbase (Tagline: optional, printed after your name on post)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Truk Blow Hailed by Admiral M’Cain – 4

Too bad Admiral McCain didn't train his young grandson to be a kamikaze. It would have saved the family name.

10 posted on 02/18/2014 12:32:51 PM PST by iowamark (I must study politics and war that my sons may have liberty to study mathematics and philosophy)
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To: Rebelbase; Tax-chick; henkster; Homer_J_Simpson
Baldwin makes an interesting point about the restraints on the use of air power in Italy in WWII. Dark and clouds don't hamper us anymore, but they did during the War. Just checked and Anzio today has over 13 hours of darkness.

Keep tabs on USS Tabberer. She has quite a role to play in what became known as Halsey's Typhoon. She was named for a young pilot assigned to USS Saratoga for the invasion of Guadalcanal who lost his life turning back the Japanese air forces opposing the landings. He was awarded the Navy Cross posthumously.

11 posted on 02/18/2014 1:59:48 PM PST by colorado tanker
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To: Rebelbase; Tax-chick; henkster; Homer_J_Simpson
Here's what I found about the Rohna disaster, a British ship sunk November 26. 1943:

"Seventeen year old British liner/troopship of 8,602 tons, carrying 2,193 passengers including 1,988 US troops, 7 Red Cross personnel and a crew of 198, sailed from Oran, Algieria, bound for Bombay, India, via the Suez Canal. She joined the convoy KMF 26 which consisted of 24 ships in six columns, four ships in each column and escorted by seven British destroyers. Between Algiers and Phillopville the convoy was attacked by around 30 Heinkel 177 bombers of 11/KG-40. The Rohna was hit by a HS 293 'glider bomb' (the world's first guided missile) The troopship, crewed by Indian seamen under British officers and captained by an Australian naval officer, was owned by the British India Steam Navigation Company. The ship sank in less than 30 minutes taking 1,015 US troops and 102 crew members to a watery death. This was the largest loss of American lives at sea during WWII. Between 10.30 PM and midnight, rescue ships, including the minesweeper SS Pioneer, the Red Cross ship Clan Campbell and the Rohna's sister ship HMT Rajula, reported "sailing through a sea of floating bodies". Just over 900 survivors were rescued. Eight of the Heinkel 177s were shot down during the attack. Survivors were landed at Phillopville and taken care of by a British army unit. For reasons of national security details of this tragedy were kept secret for many years." (Phillipeville, a city in N.E Algeria, is misspelled.)

http://members.iinet.net.au/~gduncan/maritime-1a.html#maritime_disasters_1943

12 posted on 02/18/2014 2:15:27 PM PST by colorado tanker
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To: colorado tanker; Rebelbase

That has to be the sinking referred to in today’s news. Good call on the glider bomb, Rebelbase. The Times story was close on the number of dead but they were wrong on location and the means of attack. I wonder why the U.S. was sending 2,000 men to Bombay from Algiers.


13 posted on 02/18/2014 2:32:06 PM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: colorado tanker; Homer_J_Simpson; Rebelbase

Thanks, guys. I saw that item and it didn’t make a lot of sense without context. I’m up to January in the big book on the Italian campaign, and I was sure I hadn’t seen anything about a troopship sinking.


14 posted on 02/18/2014 3:00:15 PM PST by Tax-chick (The future is not going to take us seriously.)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson; Rebelbase
Yes, I'm sure this is the one. Some details were concealed for decades. I suppose they didn't want the enemy to know or guess the destination.

Not much was going on in India by the U.S. Perhaps Army Air Force personnel for the Tenth Air Force, based in India, supplying China over the Hump. There was also a huge supply operation in India, feeding the Hump flights. Or they might have been engineers to work on the Ledo Road, under construction.

15 posted on 02/18/2014 3:01:34 PM PST by colorado tanker
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To: Homer_J_Simpson; colorado tanker; Rebelbase
I wonder why the U.S. was sending 2,000 men to Bombay from Algiers.

Just guessing here. Perhaps B-29 related? Bases in China will soon be operational and a lot of men will be needed in India for flying supplies over the "Hump".

16 posted on 02/18/2014 3:01:47 PM PST by fso301
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To: fso301; Homer_J_Simpson; Rebelbase

That could well be it, fso. The timing would have been about right. It would also explain the secrecy and misdirection, since we didn’t want the Japanese to know we were building B-29 bases in China.


17 posted on 02/18/2014 3:06:28 PM PST by colorado tanker
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