Skip to comments.Powder push
Posted on 02/19/2014 2:29:02 PM PST by Kevmo
Written by Robert Greenyer on 17 February 2014.
We want everyone to know we are renewing our powder research effort and to get the ball rolling, we are pleased to announce the first new associate project member, Dr. Stoyan Sarg who has offered to share his insights with the MFMP.
Stoyan has said that he believes that the MFMPs work at QuantumHeat.org and the process of Live Open Science we are pioneering is the best way to realise this technology for the people and that is why he is supporting us with his significant expertise.
According to Dr. Stoyan Sarg, nickel-hydrogen LENR using nickel powder is the most promising cold fusion process to explore. He supports the idea of a nuclear fusion, known as a proton capture that was initially suggested in relation to LENR by Focardi and Rossi . This process, envisioned to exist only in stars, was not considered feasible according to officially accepted knowledge. However, according to Sargs theory  and the analysis published in his the recent articles [3,4], proton capture is facilitated by hydrogen atoms that are in an intermediate Rydberg state. Sarg claims that in this state, the magnetic field of Rydberg atoms interact constructively with Nickel nuclei which are in a suitable nuclear spin state, the net effect permits the overcoming of the Coulomb barrier. According to Sarg, Rydberg state hydrogen plays an important role in the E-cat reactor of Rossi and the Hyperion reactor of Defkalion DGT group. In the E-cat reactor, the Rydberg state is probably created by using of some radioactive isotope, while in the Hyperion reactor a high voltage discharge is used.
 S. Focardi and A. Rossi, A new energy source from nuclear fusion
 S. Sarg, Structural Physics of Nuclear Fusion: With BSM-SG Atomic Models
 S. Sarg, Physics of Cold Fusion With the BSMSG Atomic Models
 S. Sarg, Nickel-Hydrogen Cold Fusion by Intermediate Rydberg State of Hydrogen: Selection of the Isotopes for Energy Optimization and Radioactive Waste Minimization Experiment not debate
In Stoyan's writings as linked above (please particularly download and read the pdf linked from ) you will learn that he has a theory on which he builds his understanding of what is going on in LENR. Now, the MFMP was set up to explore the claims of others, basically through experimentation, to establish incontrovertible proof of the New Fire. We are not really a theoretical debating organisation, we are simply not qualified. We are learning from the best published material, experts, the crowd and our own experience of what happens when we run a test. Stoyan supports the contribution of Francesco Celani which we are continuing to research, however, he feels he is more able to contribute on the development of Ni-H powder reactor research, ideally with selected 62Ni. There are two types of reactors that he would like to help design:
One suitable for the creation of Rydberg hydrogen via a broad band RF triggering (HV arc) as claimed by Defkalion Green Technologies Another configured to allow the creation of Rydberg hydrogen by low energy radioactive additive (most probably 63Ni) as he supposes is used by the E-cat of Rossi
From an ease of replication point of view down the line, a reactor that does not need a low energy Beta- particle (easily shielded with maximum range of 2.14 inches) source to trigger is more desirable because there is far less chance of difficulties with handling for experimentation, regulators, import/export etc. Also, from our point of view, there are many different claims of HV arcs causing matter modification, including in natures lightening, so exploring this route is not an exploration of a single theory but purely pragmatic.
So initially he thinks we should start with Ni-H and HV where the HV passes through the nickel powder. According to his understanding, the powder must be only of nickel and the gaps must be of sufficient size (5-30um) in order to obtain Rydberg atoms (ion-electron pairs) because they need a minimum gap to oscillate.
In the coming days he says he will publish his draft design for evaluation and discussion and says that we should start testing with powders we can gain access to or can produce before getting too specific. HV System
Ok, great, so he has a basis for understanding how these reactors are working that he is willing to discuss, he has concepts for reactors that he wants us to evaluate but if we are going to test an HV (arc) driven reactor what about the circuit to drive that spark?
Well, Stoyan has a LOT of experience in this area and is willing to share that too!
He is working on a piece of equipment based on Tesla technology which he has modified for use with a suitably designed Ni-H cell to be a broadband frequency emitter. The device consumes only 5 watts, while giving an AC HV about 20 kV. It can be supplied by a battery and is particularly suitable, because Tesla coils generate longitudinal (scalar) waves that penetrate as transients through the equipment. These waves, therefore are very useful because they can pass through the nickel powder, generating Rydberg hydrogen as they do so.
Below are two pictures of the device, which, of course, should be enclosed in a box with control knobs for safety.
Once we have the new design for the HV cell, he says that if we can raise enough funds and provide the resources to openly build the new cell or someone can build it for us, he will also contribute by building the matched AC HV device, similar to the one above, but enclosed in a box. He will also provide the project the schematics, but notes that it is not trivial to get this right, as Tesla technology has specifics that requires accumulated experience. Here is a small videoclip with it operating.
He says the parts for the HV driver will cost about $160 plus his time, but he will contribute this assuming we can come together to make the reactor. Huge thanks
We are totally blown away by his dedication to openness in evaluation of this field and his offers to not only design hardware, but to fund, build and deliver a key component, alongside schematics and be willing to support the open testing of these ideas.
This is only the second time (after the incredible bravery of Francesco Celani) that the MFMP has had a respected scientist actively put forward his ideas and technology for open evaluation. In a research space that is externally dismissed by the industries it threatens and internally restricted by NDAs, investor priorities and clouded by greed and ego, we commend this humanitarian act and urge others to follow suit.
As ever, we ask for your input into this focussed design and evaluation process below, Stoyan has said he will keep a watch on this blog and will provide answers directly.
The Cold Fusion/LENR Ping List
Best book to get started on this subject:
Why Cold Fusion Research Prevailed
Bring it on....
So Nickel power + Hydrogen + Initial heat = Atomic burning of Hydroen and Nickel into copper?
What about taking a pourous ceramic element and vapor depositing nickel onto/into it?
You could make the pourus cereamic electrode with a heating element in it like Nicrome wire inside of it, then put inthe hydrogen gas and heat it up and then turn off the elecment when the reaction becomes self sustaining.
A highly porous object can be made directly from the powder, without a need to vapor deposit it on a substrate. Porous Metal Design Guidebook Section 1 (about 700 kb pdf file)
I would be worried about the control rate and having a runaway reaction. The cereamic could act a a “Buffer” but not sure how “Hot” the reaction would be...
My impresion is that the reaction isn't that fast (and therefore hot). Does regulating the H2 introduction rate modulate the rate of reaction? Maybe there is a gas mixture that quenches the reaction.
Doesn't vapor deposition tend to work just the visible/exposed parts of the object(s) in the chamber?
I'm sure people smarter than I am have looked into fabrication and control options - I was just offering my knee jerk reaction.
[ I’m sure people smarter than I am have looked into fabrication and control options - I was just offering my knee jerk reaction. ]
I had an idea concernign stellar astrophysics!
If there is a reaction that takes place between nickel and hydrogen, should there be a signature in it in supernova explosions? Maybe something like more expected copper than usual showing up in the spectra lines?
Or certain isotopes of Nickel being “used up” in supernova explosions as it reacts with the remaining hydrogen????
Could be a good “proof” of the reaction show in nature.
“Doesn’t vapor deposition tend to work just the visible/exposed parts of the object(s) in the chamber?”
This is pretty much what Schwartz's "NANOR" is. Except that he is formulating his reactant as fully dispersed nanoparticles in a ZrO2 (ceramic) matrix. He calls the ZrO2 a "buffer" that helps dissipate/spread the heat released in the nanoparticles. He has used both Palladium and Nickel in ZrO2 (and I think he is now looking at mixtures of Pd and Ni).
Something like that. Of course, the Pons-Fleischmann Anomalous Heat Effect has been difficult to replicate, which is why the MFMP is working towards the replication effort.
That sounds very close to what Dr. Arata and then Dr. Hagelstein have been doing. As far as I can tell, the porosity increases the surface area of the reactive element...
a runaway reaction.
***A legitimate concern. Pons & Fleischmann saw at least one meltdown; Rossi had one in a demonstration; there are several other references in LENR history.
The difficult part is getting the reaction to work in the first place. It is a very tricky effect.
I think that’s why Rossi has made so much progress compared to others because he got the reaction to initiate much more reliably than anyone else. So he’s had much more tinker-time than any other researcher.
His cryptic announcements over the last 3 years have not given much of a glimpse of help to understand his approach to control of the reaction. The latest inklings seem to be that he’s using heat to control it.
Or certain isotopes of Nickel being used up in supernova explosions as it reacts with the remaining hydrogen???? Could be a good proof of the reaction show in nature.
***There has been some evidence of LENR reactions in nature. But it turns out trying to find it is difficult because the search terms get overwhelmed by the results that the “Nature” journal has published or refused to publish over the years.